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11. A union of the teachers of America under the banner of the National Education Association in carrying forward its great program of service; a local organization of teachers in every community to develop public sentiment in support of education and to cooperate in the solution of local educational problems; a state educational association in every commonwealth to develop through state legislation an efficient and adequately supported school system; and the National Educational Association, which shall include all the teachers of the country, to support a national program of education, in co-operation with all forward-looking men and women who realize that only through public education can we hope to preserve our priceless American institutions.

We know of no city in the United States, or elsewhere, which is more progressive in educational lines than the city of Cleveland, Ohio. This sentiment is confirmed by a pamphlet which has just come to hand, entitled, "GIVE YOURSELF A FAIR START," with the sub-title, "Go to High School,-What it is, Why it pays." The pamphlet is published by the Cleveland Board of Eeacation, and describes in words, and by means of multitudes of high-class illustrations, the activities, interests, and results of the school life of that splendid city. It is absolutely convincing in reference to the value of a High School education for any and every boy and girl. Its argument, by its presentation of facts and actual results, is unescapable. The circular accompanying the pamphlet states that it is "part of a campaign being conducted by the Cleveland Board of Education to interest children in high school, and to convince children and parents of the value of a high school education." It has been estimated that less than twelve per cent of the children of the country are actually availing themselves of the opportunity afforded by the high schools to equip them for a larger life. The booklet referred to will be sent on application by the Cleveland Board to all Cleveland pupils at the time of their completing their elementary school work. We wish it might have a national circulation.

Book Reviews

So many books are sent to this department of EDUCATION that it is impossible to review them all. Naturally we feel under obligation to give preference to the books of those publishing houses which more or less frequently use our advertising pages. Outside of the limitations thus set, we shall usually be able and glad to mention by title, authors, and publishers, such books as are sent to us for this purpose. More elaborate notices will necessarily be conditional upon our convenience and the character of the books themselves.

EVERYDAY CHEMISTRY. By Alfred Vivian. American Book Com


An attractive high school book which expounds its subject clearly and interestingly. Although containing more than 550 pages, it is of convenient size and printed in clear type, and it has attractive illustrations. For instance, the frontispiece shows a convincing object-lesson in practical chemistry as applied to an apple orchard, with two rows of trees, those on the left having received an application of five pounds each of nitrate of soda and acid phosphate to the tree, and having produced thirty barrels of apples; while those upon the right were not treated with chemicals and produced only three barrels. This book is a practical text-book and well worth investigation by those who are planning next year's courses in Chemistry. Each chapter closes with a full set of "Exercises."

THE JOY IN WORK. Ten short stories of today. Selected and arranged by Mary A. Laselle, editor of "Short Stories of the New America," "The Home and Country Readers," etc. Henry Holt and Company.

If you are going away by yourself, or in a group of congenial spirits, for a vacation or otherwise, slip a copy of this book into your pocket for a stormy day or an evening around the hotel or camp fireplace. Or, if you are a teacher and want a really good story now and then, to break the monotony, in the English class, you will make no mistake in getting these stories. They are pure English, "dead shot" good stories, fit for most any audience. Brief biographies of the writers are given in the introductory pages.

OLD AT FORTY OR YOUNG AT SIXTY. By Robert S. Carroll, M. D. Macmillan Company.

We wish that every man, woman and child in the United States would read and ponder and practice the precepts of these interesting chapters. It would mean better health, happier homes, more efficient manhood and womanhood, and old age that would be lovely and happy instead of ugly

and wretched, as it now is, so often, even among those who are wellborn and well-educated. The secrets of a wholesome, happy, normal human life are really no secret, they are dependent upon choice, and many choose unwisely and must suffer the consequences. This book will help any intelligent and thoughtful reader to be more wise and strong in his choices and will show him even more plainly the way to comfort, usefulness and happiness in the closing years of his pilgrimage.

THE AMERICAN DEMOCRACY. By S. E. Forman. The Century Company.

Good citizenship is forcefully taught in this volume. It is a needed lesson,-alike for those already Americans and those who are so-called "aliens." The volume is perhaps the most elaborate and inclusive book for students of high school grade upon the market, and admirably arranged. There are Questions on the Text, and Suggestive Questions, and Exercises and Topics for special work at the end of the chapters.

HOW TO STUDY MUSIC. By Charles H. Farnsworth. Introduction by Frank M. McMurray. Macmillan Company.

The title of this suggestive and valuable manual suggests that the pupil's point of view, rather than the teacher's, is emphasized. This is wise and inviting. The book will be equally valuable to teacher and pupil. There is a right way and a wrong way to go at the task. It is easy to create a prejudice and spoil a "career" or close up for life what might have been a lifelong source of joy and inspiration.

AMERICAN HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT. By Matthew Page Andrews, M. A. J. B. Lippincott Company.

This is a thoroughgoing presentation of American history to date, with 142 illustrations and 18 black and white maps in the text and two maps in full color; also frontispiece. The text presents 528 pages of well digested history, a balanced relation of facts, discussion of social customs, economic questions, causes and effects, personalities, public measures, etc. The story is brought down to our own times, and we think that school authorities will look far and long before they will find a better book than this for practical class work in the schoolroom.

DISCIPLINE AND THE DERELICT. By Thomas Arkle Clark. Macmillan Company.

This book consists of a very readable series of discussions of the student who breaks the rules, and what should be done about it. The author studies the borrower, the grafter, the cribber, the fusser, the

loafer, etc., and how each should be regarded and disciplined. It is a bright thought to make a book on such a subject, and this book has been well and sympathetically made. It is fair to all parties, and these cases affect the individual, his comrades, his home folks, the school or college, and society in general. Read the book and square your thought and conduct accordingly, dear reader, whether you are a "kid," a "prof." or a "fond parent."

THE AMERICAN ERA. By H. H. Powers. The Macmillan Company. This is a thought-provoking book. It is the result of the heartstirring, world-shaking events of the past few years, which have brought us face to face with world problems such as no generation of men in all the previous history of the world have had confronting them and clamoring for solution. The author sees "the passing of Europe"; "America the mainstay of the Anglo-Saxons"; he studies the question of the "rehabilitation of Europe," "thrift," "tools," "ownership," "spending," "work and workers," "wages," "what labor wants," "social control of industry," "the tariff," "ships," "democracy," "equality," the "interests," "responsibility," etc. Everyone should think and think hard along the lines of this writer's thinking. It will help us, to learn what he has thought.

THE JUNIOR COOK BOOK. By Clara Ingram Judson. 253 pages, cloth. Barse & Hopkins.

A cook book designed and written especially for the beginners. It tells them about a given recipe in simple terms. It is simple and clear; not concerned with candies and desserts alone, but also includes meats, egg dishes, vegetables, salads, sandwiches, jams, plain breads, muffins, cookies and good things to drink. As a spur to the housekeeping instinct it is distinctly worth while. A very practical book for a birthday or Christmas gift from father or mother to a young daughter.

ETHICS AND NATURAL LAW. By George Lansing Raymond, L. H. D. G. P. Putnam's Sons.

The influence of ethical theories is pointed out in this volume, which has been written during and since the World War and which presents some interesting sidelights upon the causes of the war, which are traced to a false philosophy which gained the ascendancy in Germany and other nations. Two great streams of ethical influence are traced, those resulting from desires of the body and those flowing from the desires of the mind of man. Human experience is conceived and developing along these two lines. The subject is worked out most interestingly, to explain

human history. The application of the theory to the attitude of the several nations involved in the World War makes the philosophical scheme of the author very plain, vivid and convincing. It is a whole. some theory, the acceptance of which in one's thinking and living will make for good citizenship and real religious as well as ethical experience and behaviour.

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. By David Snedden. Macmillan Com


Current vocational problems, rather than the historical development of the idea, are considered in this volume. Besides the elucidation in several chapters, of the meaning of vocational education and its general principles, there are chapters on Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial, Homemaking, and Practical Arts vocations. Also such subjects as the Training of Teachers for Vocational Education, the Probable Economic Future of American Women, Occupational Statistics, etc. The book is a mine of wealth opened by a scholarly and experienced educator to all who wish to work it for their own and others' enrichment.

CHOOSING A CAREER. By Orison Swett Marden. T. Y. Crowell & Company. $2 net.

This is one of the best of the inspirational books for young people written by Dr. Marden. It touches a matter which is absolutely sure to come up in every young man's life, and, indeed, in every young woman's life also, in these days. Dr. Marden has thought this question through and lived it through, and knows how to treat it, not merely theoretically but practieally. We cannot doubt that it will be one of the most useful of his books. We wish that every young person in the United States could have a copy of it put into his hands. This would make for good citizenship, and it might be that the suggestion can be taken up and partly worked out by one of the great "Foundations," or by some private philanthropist, or even by the Government itself. Here are a few sample chapter headings: "Stumbling into an Occupation," "The Relation of Self-Improvement to One's Career," "Mere MoneyMaking is not Success," "Make Growth, not Wealth, your Goal," "The Test of Leadership," "Getting on with Other People." If teachers and superintendents want to find a good book to give away at Christmas, or to recommend to parents for good reading in the home, just bear in mind this one. It is interesting and it has a mission.

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