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in the work of the Laity. He says that he cannot see "why there should not be a House of Laywomen, as well as one of Laymen in every Diocese, provided that there be first of all a Sacred Synod of the Clergy, and that the spheres of the Clergy and laity are carefully demarked according to Catholic precedent and order."

In our own Church, women occupy rather a different place than in the Church of England. As far as I know only a few women, in the Mission Fields, have acted as Lay Readers, yet many in small Missions have been compelled to do the work and hold the offices that in fully organized parishes rest on the shoulders of the men. And our women have taken up these duties very reluctantly. In our parochial organizations, in some of the Dioceses, women have an equal vote with men; though here, again, they seem rather slow in availing themselves of the privilege. One of our late General Conventions has passed a canon permitting the passage of Diocesan canons allowing this practice. Only a few Dioceses have availed themselves of the permission. California has led the Church in the experiment of a House of Laywomen; but the success of this plan is problematical; and no other Diocese has followed the example.

Our women are content to work in the Woman's Auxiliary which meets triennially with the General Convention, and whose Diocesan and Archdeaconry Branches often meet at the same time and place with the Convention and Archdeaconry Meeting. The great and blessed missionary work of this organization keeps women happily busy, especially as it makes it possible for women of special talents to lead and address meetings or to teach Mission Classes. The spiritual work of the Daughters of the King engrosses the attention of women with a special gift for spiritual ministrations. The social labors of the Girls' Friendly Society keeps those busy, who are interested in social betterment. And, finally, the Sisterhoods of the Church and the Order of Deaconesses offer such ample fields of congenial work to women who have a vocation that few have time or occasion to seek for any extension of their labors and influence beyond

the spheres allotted them. It is for this reason, as well as for the reason that our women have ample opportunity to influence the men of their own families, and are not considered as inferior beings at home, that they are not anxious to take away from the men those Church duties which custom and the practice of the Church have put upon the shoulders of the Laymen and the Clergy. F. C. H. W.

"TO HIS GRACE THE LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY:

"Sir:-I am an old man and a soldier and I have never written to a Bishop in my life, but now something has happened. I was brought up in Scotland, a Presbyterian, but since my marriage I have always received the Holy Communion here in the Parish Church. Last week in talking to the Rector I said I had never been confirmed, and he said that unless I were confirmed, or intended to be, he could not administer the Holy Communion to me. I was very angry. Then he showed me the rule in the Prayer Book: "There shall none be admitted to the Holy Communion until such time as he be confirmed, or be ready and desirous to be confirmed.' Now what I ask is, why were we never told of these rules before? Do you think, sir, that an Army man is going to disobey orders? The upshot of it is that I am learning the Catechism (knowing only the Shorter Catchechism) with a view to being confirmed. You will know my name. Some say I blundered in South Africa, none can say that I ever disobeyed orders; and let me, as an old man, give you a word of advice (though from what I hear you hardly need it): Tell your officers to make their rules plain, and let the people know they are meant to be obeyed, then men will respect the Church more than they do. There is an Army rule that no soldier who has committed suicide has military honours at his funeral, and the way that is kept is not by making exceptions.

Believe me to be,

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Your obedient servant."

And then came the name of an old General, known to the whole world for gallantry and valor.-From The Archbishop's Test.

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WE

E have long been familiar with the call of the Church to make sacrifices for the love of God, the salvation of souls, or the conquest of self. Our people everywhere have often made sacrifices to support their parish or mission church; young men have sacrificed brilliant worldly prospects to enter the priesthood; zealous souls have given generously toward the work of extending the influence of the Church into every corner of the world; and those who have been in earnest about their religion have year by year obeyed the Church's Lenten call to self-denial and fasting, and have thereby attained to greater self-control.

Our country is now likewise calling upon us to undergo heroic sacrifices for the defence of our liberties, and the liberties of mankind, against the insolent aggressions of a barbarous military despotism. In the face of the supreme sacrifice which the young men of America are making without a murmur, and the

equally noble sacrifices on the part of their parents, wives, sisters, and sweethearts, the sacrifices which the government is urging the rest of us to make seem merely trifles. And yet one does hear complaints of the hardships imposed by the heatless Mondays, the meatless Tuesdays, the wheatless Wednesdays, and the porkless Saturdays, the Tuesdays without movies, and the nights wtihout electric signs.

Let us see to it that no complaints are heard from us who glory in our Christian inheritance. Certainly those of us who have learned to submit to Catholic discipline in the observance of Lent and Ember Days and Fridays, in obedience to the teaching of the Prayer Book, may feel now that we have not learned our lesson in vain. Our Church training has developed in us a power and willingness to make sacrifices, which stand us in good stead in these days of our country's need. Let us endeavor, quietly and without boasting, to set the example of obedience to those of our fellow citizens who have never been taught the value and the necessity of self-denial.

Preaching on War Subjects

T

HE clergy are often sorely perplexed in these days as to how much they ought to preach about the war. There are many things to be said for and against such preaching. Undoubtedly the clergy may through their sermons give considerable help to the government in the prosecution of the war. They may stimulate recruiting; they may persuade their young men to respond joyously when drafted into service; they may appeal to men and women to fulfil their patriotic duties in paying income taxes, conserving fuel and food, contributing to war relief work, and knitting for the soldiers and sailors. They may do much to convince people of the righteousness of our cause, and the legitimacy of this particular war,-in answer to all the arguments of the pacifists.

On the other hand there are many reasons why the clergy should preach directly on war subjects as infrequently as possible. Their people are hearing about the war every day of the

week from every public speaker, in every theatrical performance, from the raucous cries of the newsboys on the streets, and in every social gathering. They are reading about the war every day in the newspapers and magazines, on flaming posters and government billboards, in circulars and letters that come like snowflakes through the mails, and in the best-selling books of the day. It would seem as if the people ought by all these agencies to be sufficiently impressed, and impelled to fulfil their patriotic duty. Is there not a grave danger that if the clergy from their pulpits are continually to speak on the same subjects, the people may soon become insensible and indifferent to their duty? Or may they not conclude that, to escape from such a fate, they ought to stay away from church altogether?

When we go to church we are supposedly surrounded by an unworldly atmosphere, and brought into vital contact with things unseen and eternal. That ought to result in the renovation of our minds and the refreshment of our souls. It is as if we were permitted now and again to escape from the turmoil and confusion of our daily life, and be lifted up to the wind-swept heights of the mountain, from whose summit we may see heaven and God. If such were our good fortune, we should no doubt return to our difficult tasks in the world greatly stimulated and invigorated.

The clergy, when they give out their Sunday notices, must perforce speak of many matters connected with the war, such as the work of our War Commission. Furthermore no one would deny that it is the duty of the clergy to preach often on intellectual and spiritual difficulties which arise out of the present world crisis. It does seem however that if they aim in their preaching to strengthen and enlighten the faith of their people, to create in their hearts a thirst for righteousness and justice, to move them to greater zeal for the conversion of souls and the extension of the Kingdom, and to make spiritual realities more real to them, they will be doing far more to develop unselfish and patriotic Christian citizens, than they could by preaching directly about the war.

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