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Funds shall be advanced to the mixed commission by the states concerned with the view of facilitating emigration and under conditions fixed by the said commission. The commission shall advance to emigrants, according to the funds available, the value of their real property.


Persons who before the entry into force of the present convention have left the territory of one of the contracting states and have already established themselves in the territory of the state to which they belong by race, religion or language shall have a right to the value of the property left by them in the country which they have left, such value to be that resulting from the liquidation which will be made of the property by the mixed commission.


The expenses of the maintenance and working of the mixed commission and its agencies shall be borne by the governments concerned in proportions to be determined by the commission.


The present convention does not affect the rights accruing to the persons concerned under the provisions of treaties or conventions concluded or to be concluded for the regulation of current matters.


The high contracting parties undertake to make in their respective legislation the modifications necessary to secure the execution of the present convention.


Within the period of one year from its entry into force the present convention shall be open to the adhesion of states with a common frontier with one of the signatory states.

Such adhesion shall be notified through the diplomatic channel to the Government of the French Republic and by it to the signatory

or acceding states and also to the mixed commission. It shall have effect a fortnight after the notification to the French Government.

The present convention shall be ratified and the respective ratifications shall be deposited in Paris by the signatory Powers at the same time as their ratifications of the Treaty of Peace signed at Neuillysur-Seine on the 27th November, 1919. It shall enter into force at the same time as the said treaty shall enter into force as between Greece and Bulgaria.

Done at Neuilly-sur-Seine the twenty-seventh November one thousand nine hundred and nineteen, in one copy, which shall remain deposited in the archives of the Government of the French Republic, and of which authentic copies shall be given to each of the signatory Powers.

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Adopted by the Council of the League of Nations, February 3, 1920.


The duties of the Governing Commission of the Territory of the Saar Basin are defined in the Annex to Section IV of Part III of the Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany, signed at Versailles on 28th June, 1919. The Governing Commission will be responsible to the League of Nations for the execution of these duties in accordance with the stipulations of the Annex. Until experience has been gained, the Council of the League of Nations deems it unnecessary and inadvisable to lay down in advance detailed directions for the commission, other than those given in the Annex.


The Governing Commission will select its own seat, which shall be within the territory of the Saar Basin. The commission will endeavor 1 Official Journal, League of Nations, No. 2, pp. 50-52.

to secure a place which presents the best conditions for easy and rapid dealing with the problems of government, due regard being paid to the facilities of internal and external communications. In this connection the commission will bear in mind the stipulation of paragraph 22 of the Annex, that it shall have the full right of user of all property, other than mines, belonging either in public or in private domain to the Government of the German Empire or the Government of any German State, in the territory of the Saar Basin.


The Governing Commission will have no occupation and no interest except the welfare of the people of the territory of the Saar Basin.


The Governing Commission will determine its own rules of procedure, including rules for the execution of those duties which the commission on its own responsibility may assign to its individual members in order to promote easy and rapid dealing with the problems of government. The chairman of the commission will act as its executive.


The Governing Commission will meet in permanent though not necessarily continuous session. The commission will settle whether, and eventually to what extent, its decisions are valid if taken in the absence of one or more members. If the commission decides that valid decisions may be taken in the absence of one or even of two of the five members, it should, nevertheless, be laid down that no member should be absent from the meetings unless by reason of force majeure, or for other adequate reason. In the event of one of the members being absent, the commission will consider the advisability of postponing its final decisions until the absent member can again attend the meetings. Decisions of particular importance, such as those under paragraph 33 of the Annex, must not be taken except in the presence of all the members of the commission.


Should it be necessary to appoint a substitute for any member of the Governing Commission, the appointment shall be made by the

Council of the League of Nations. Nevertheless, the French member of the Government Commission and the native inhabitant of the Saar Basin, members of the commission, are authorised to appoint, in case of urgency, their own temporary substitutes. A substitute thus appointed shall be entitled to sit and vote as a member of the commission immediately on appointment, except in the case of decisions taken under paragraph 33 of the Annex. This procedure is, however, conditional on the remaining members of the commission expressly agreeing that the absence of the member concerned is satisfactorily accounted for. Further, the appointment of such substitutes shall, on each occasion, be reported, by telegram, to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, who shall inform the Council of the League of Nations. The Council shall decide whether the appointment shall be confirmed. On the same conditions, and in conformity with the stipulations of paragraph 5, the chairman of the commission is authorised to appoint as his temporary substitute another member of the commission.


The original members of the commission will each be entitled from the date of their appointment to a salary at the rate of 100,000 francs a year (the president will receive in addition "frais de représentation," amounting to 50,000 francs per annum), which will be charged by the Governing Commission on the local revenues of the territory of the Saar Basin. The local revenues will also bear all expenses incurred in the execution of the official duties of the commission and of the members thereof (office accommodation, travelling expenses, wages of staff, telegraphic expenses, etc.).

The Secretary-General of the League of Nations will advance temporarily the requisite sums to meet the above expenses from the general fund of the League, making the necessary settlement of account with the commission when it has taken over the funds and revenues of the Saar Basin.


The Governing Commission will report to the Council of the League of Nations, through the Secretary-General, in order to keep the League informed on all questions of interest. The commission will

submit to the Council of the League of Nations proposals with regard to the form and extent of its reports to the Council.



Adopted by the Council of the League of Nations May 19, 1920


Article 1. The commission prescribed by Article 9 of the Covenant shall be entitled: "The Permanent Advisory Commission for Military, Naval and Air Questions." The commission shall be formed of representatives from each nation represented on the Council of the League as follows:

1 military representative

1 naval representative

1 air representative

The same representative may combine the duties of more than one of the above, if his government so desires.

Article 2. Any other states which are members of the League may be invited to send a similar number of representatives to sit on the commission temporarily when a question directly affecting them is under discussion.

Article 3. Whatever the number of representatives from any nation attending the meetings of the commission, or of the subcommissions referred to in Article 6, no national delegation shall be allowed more than one vote.

Article 4. The representatives laid down in Article 1 may be joined by such number of officers as may be necessary according to circumstances, or may call in any "Service" or civil experts whose experience may be useful. In order, however, to facilitate the accommodation of the commission, the governments concerned are recommended not to attach more than two officers for each of the subcommissions laid down in Article 6 as permanent assistants of the above-mentioned representatives.

1 Official Journal, League of Nations, No. 4, pp. 134-136.

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