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the old frontier of 1867 between Austria and Hungary;
thence north-eastwards to a point to be fixed on the watershed between the basins of the Raab and the Mur about 2 kilometres east of Toka, being the point common to the three frontiers of Austria, Hungary and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State;
a line to be fixed on the ground, passing between the villages of Bonisfalva and Gedoudvar.
5. With Hungary:
From the point above defined north-eastwards to point 353 about 6 kilometres north-north-east of Szentgotthard,
a line to be fixed on the ground passing through point 353 (Janke B.), then west of the Radkersburg-Szentgotthard road and east of the villages of Nagyfalva, Nemetlak and Rabakresztur;
thence in a general north-easterly direction to point 234 about 7 kilometres north-north-east of Pinka-Mindszent.
a line to be fixed on the ground passing through point 322 (Hochkogel), then south of the villages of Zsamand, Nemetbükkös and Karacsfa, and between Nagysaroslak and Pinka-Mindszent;
thence northwards to point 883 (Trött Kö) about 9 kilometres south-west of Köszeg,
a line to be fixed on the ground passing through points 241, 260 and 273, then east of Nagynarda and Rohoncz and west of Dozmat and Butsching;
thence north-eastwards to point 265 (Kamenje) about 2 kilometres south-east of Nikitsch,
a line to be fixed on the ground, passing south-east of Liebing, Olmod and Locsmand, and north-west of Köszeg and the road from Köszeg to Salamonfa;
thence northwards to a point to be selected on the southern shore of Neusiedler See between Holling and Hidegseg,
a line to be fixed on the ground, passing east of Nikitsch and Zinkendorf and west of Kövesd and Nemet-Pereszteg;
thence eastwards to point 115 situated about 8 kilometres southwest of St. Johann,
a line to be fixed on the ground, crossing the Neusiedler See, passing south of the island containing point 117, leaving in Hungary the branch railway running north-westwards from the station of Mexiko as well as the entire Einser canal, and passing south of Pamhagen;
thence northwards to a point to be selected about 1 kilometre west of Antonienhof (east of Kittsee), being the point common to the three frontiers of Austria, Hungary and the Czecho-Slovak State,
a line to be fixed on the ground, leaving entirely in Hungarian territory the Csorna-Karlburg railway and passing west of WüstSommerein and Kr. Jahrndorf, and east of Andau, Nikelsdorf, D. Jahrndorf and Kittsee.
6. With the Czecho-Slovak State:
From the point above defined north-westwards to the bend of the old frontier of 1867 between Austria and Hungary about 22 kilometres north-east of Berg,
a line to be fixed on the ground, cutting the Kittsee-Pressburg road about 2 kilometres north of Kittsee;
thence northwards to a point to be selected on the principal channel of navigation of the Danube about 42 kilometres upstream from the Pressburg bridge,
a line to be fixed on the ground following as much as possible the old frontier of 1867 between Austria and Hungary;
thence westwards to the confluence of the Morava (March) with the Danube,
the principal channel of navigation of the Danube;
thence the course of the Morava upstream, then the course of the Thaya upstream to a point to be selected about 2 kilometres southeast of the intersection of the Rabensburg-Themenau road with the Rabensburg-Lundenburg railway;
thence west-north-westwards to a point on the old administrative boundary between Lower Austria and Moravia situated about 400 metres south of the point where this boundary cuts the NikolsburgFeldsberg railway,
a line to be fixed on the ground passing through points 187 (Dlouhyvrch), 221 (Rosenbergen), 223 (Wolfsberg), 291 (Raistenberg), 249 and 279 (Kallerhaide);
thence west-north-westwards to the above-mentioned administrative boundary;
thence westwards to a point to be selected about 3 kilometres east of the village of Franzensthal,
the old administrative boundary between Lower Austria and Bohemia;
thence southwards to point 498 (Gelsenberg) about 5 kilometres north-northwest of Gmünd,
a line to be fixed on the ground passing east of the RottenschachenZuggers road and through points 537 and 522 (G. Nagel B.);
thence southwards and then west-north-westwards to a point on the old administrative boundary between Lower Austria and Bohemia situated about 200 metres north of the point where it cuts the Gratzen-Weitra road,
a line to be fixed on the ground passing between Zuggers and Breitensee, then through the most south-easterly point of the railway bridge over the Lainsitz, leaving to Austria the town of Gmünd and to the Czecho-Slovak State the station and railway works of Gmünd (Wolfshof) and the junction of the Gmünd-Budweis and Gmünd-Wittingau railways, then passing through points 524 (Grundbühel), 577 (north of Hohenberg) and 681 (Lagerberg);
thence south-westwards the above-mentioned administrative boundary, then north-westwards the old administrative boundary between Bohemia and Upper Austria to its point of junction with the frontier of Germany.
7. With Germany:
The frontier of August 3, 1914.
The frontiers described by the present Treaty are traced, for such parts as are defined, on the one in a million map attached to the present Treaty. In case of differences between the text and the map, the text will prevail.
Boundary Commissions, whose composition is fixed by the present Treaty, or will be fixed by a Treaty between the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and the, or any, interested States, will have to trace these frontiers on the ground.
They shall have the power, not only of fixing those portions which are defined as "a line to be fixed on the ground," but also, where a request to that effect is made by one of the States concerned, and the Commission is satisfied that it is desirable to do so, of revising portions defined by administrative boundaries; this shall not, however, apply in the case of international boundaries existing in August,
1914, where the task of the Commission will be confined to the reestablishment of sign-posts and boundary-marks.
They shall endeavour in both cases to follow as nearly as possible the descriptions given in the Treaties, taking into account as far as possible administrative boundaries and local economic interests. The decisions of the Commissions will be taken by a majority, and shall be binding on the parties concerned.
The expenses of the Boundary Commissions will be borne in equal shares by the two States concerned.
In so far as frontiers defined by a waterway are concerned, the phrases "course" or "channel" used in the descriptions of the present Treaty signify, as regards non-navigable rivers, the median line of the waterway or of its principal branch, and, as regards navigable rivers, the median line of the principal channel of navigation. It will, however, rest with the Boundary Commissions provided for by the present Treaty to specify whether the frontier line shall follow any changes of the course or channel which may take place, or whether it shall be definitely fixed by the position of the course or channel at the time when the present Treaty comes into force.
The various States interested undertake to furnish to the Commissions all documents necessary for their tasks, especially authentic copies of agreements fixing existing or old frontiers, all large scale maps in existence, geodetic data, surveys completed but unpublished, and information concerning the changes of frontier watercourses.
They also undertake to instruct the local authorities to communicate to the Commissions all documents, especially plans, cadastral and land books, and to furnish on demand all details regarding property, local economic conditions, and other necessary information.
The various States interested undertake to give assistance to the Boundary Commissions, whether directly or through local authorities, in everything that concerns transport, accommodation, labour, mate
rial (signposts, boundary pillars) necessary for the accomplishment of their mission.
The various States interested undertake to safeguard the trigonometrical points, signals, posts or frontier marks erected by the Commission.
The pillars will be placed so as to be intervisible; they will be numbered, and their position and their number will be noted on a cartographic document.
The protocols defining the boundary and the maps and documents attached thereto will be made out in triplicate, of which two copies will be forwarded to the Governments of the limitrophe States and the third to the Government of the French Republic, which will deliver authentic copies to the Powers signatories of the present Treaty.
POLITICAL CLAUSES FOR EUROPE.
Austria renounces, so far as she is concerned, in favour of Italy all rights and title over the territory of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy situated beyond the frontiers laid down in Article 27, 2, Part II, (Frontiers of Austria) and lying between those frontiers, the former Austro-Hungarian frontier, the Adriatic Sea, and the eastern frontier of Italy as subsequently determined.
Austria similarly renounces so far as she is concerned in favour of Italy all rights and title over other territory of the former AustroHungarian Monarchy which may be recognized as forming part of Italy by any treaties which may be concluded for the purpose of completing the present settlement.