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Whose toil to yours is warmth, and graceful pride:

And, oh! be mindful of that sparing board,
Which covers yours with luxury profuse,
Makes your glass sparkle, and your sense

Nor cruelly demand what the deep rains
And all-involving winds have swept away.

James Thomson.-Born 1700, Died 1748.

872.-AUTUMN EVENING SCENE. But see the fading many-colour'd woods, Shade deepening over shade, the country round

Imbrown; a crowded umbrage dusk and dun,
Of ev'ry hue, from wan declining green
To sooty dark. These now the lonesome


Low whisp'ring, lead into their leaf-strown walks,

And give the season in its latest view.

Meantime, light shadowing all, a sober calm

Fleeces unbounded ether: whose least wave
Stands tremulous, uncertain where to turn
The gentle current: while illumined wide,
The dewy-skirted clouds imbibe the sun,
And through their lucid veil his soften'd

Shed o'er the peaceful world. Then is the time,

For those whom virtue and whom nature charm,

To steal themselves from the degenerate crowd,

And soar above this little scene of things:
To tread low-thoughted vice beneath their


To soothe the throbbing passions into peace;
And woo lone Quiet in her silent walks.
Thus solitary, and in pensive guise,
Oft let me wander o'er the russet mead,
And through the sadden'd grove, where scarce
is heard

One dying strain, to cheer the woodman's toil.

Haply some widow'd songster pours his plaint,

Far, in faint warblings, through the tawny


While congregated thrushes, linnets, larks, And each wild throat, whose artless strains so late

Swell'd all the music of the swarming shades, Robb'd of their tuneful souls, now shivering


On the dead tree, a dull despondent flock: With not a brightness waving o'er their plumes,

And nought save chatt'ring discord in their note.

O let not, aim'd from some inhuman eye,
The gun the music of the coming year
Destroy; and harmless, unsuspecting harm,
Lay the weak tribes a miserable prey
In mingled murder, flutt'ring on the ground!
The pale descending year, yet pleasing

A gentler mood inspires; for now the leaf
Incessant rustles from the mournful grove;
Oft startling such as studious walk below,
And slowly circles through the waving air.
But should a quicker breeze amid the boughs
Sob, o'er the sky the leafy deluge streams;
Till choked, and matted with the dreary

The forest walks, at ev'ry rising gale,
Roll wide the wither'd waste, and whistle

Fled is the blasted verdure of the fields;
And, shrunk into their beds, the flowery

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Full-orb'd, and breaking through the scatter'd clouds,

Shows her broad visage in the crimson'd east.

Turn'd to the sun direct her spotted disk, Where mountains rise, umbrageous dales descend,

And caverns deep as optic tube descries,
A smaller earth, gives us his blaze again,
Void of its flame, and sheds a softer day.
Now through the passing clouds she seems to

Now up the pure cerulean rides sublime.
Wide the pale deluge floats, and streaming

O'er the skied mountain to the shadowy vale,

While rocks and floods reflect the quiv'ring gleam;

The whole air whitens with a boundless tide Of silver radiance trembling round the world.

The lengthen'd night elapsed, the morning shines

Serene, in all her dewy beauty bright,
Unfolding fair the last autumnal day.
And now the mounting sun dispels the fog;

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All winter drives along the darken'd air,
In his own loose revolving fields the swain
Disaster'd stands; sees other hills ascend,
Of unknown joyless brow, and other scenes,
Of horrid prospect, shag the trackless plain;
Nor finds the river nor the forest, hid
Beneath the formless wild; but wanders on
From hill to dale, still more and more astray,
Impatient flouncing through the drifted

Stung with the thoughts of home; the thoughts of home

Rush on his nerves, and call their vigour forth

In many a vain attempt. How sinks his soul !

What black despair, what horror, fills his heart!

When for the dusky spot which fancy feign'd,

His tufted cottage rising through the snow,
He meets the roughness of the middle waste,
Far from the track and bless'd abode of man;
While round him night resistless closes fast,
And every tempest howling o'er his head,
Renders the savage wilderness more wild.
Then throng the busy shapes into his mind,
Of cover'd pits, unfathomably deep,
A dire descent! beyond the power of frost;
Of faithless bogs; of precipices huge
Smoothed up with snow; and what is land

What water of the still unfrozen spring,
In the loose marsh or solitary lake,

Where the fresh fountain from the bottom boils.

These check his fearful steps, and down he sinks

Beneath the shelter of the shapeless drift, Thinking o'er all the bitterness of death, Mix'd with the tender anguish nature shoots Through the wrung bosom of the dying man,His wife, his children, and his friends, un


In vain for him the officious wife prepares
The fire fair blazing, and the vestment warm:
In vain his little children, peeping out
Into the mingling storm, demand their sire
With tears of artless innocence. Alas!
Nor wife nor children more shall he behold,
Nor friends, nor sacred home. On every


The deadly winter seizes, shuts up sense,
And o'er his inmost vitals creeping cold,
Lays him along the snows a stiffen'd corse,
Stretch'd out, and bleaching on the northern

James Thomson.-Born 1700, Died 1748.

874.-A HYMN.

These, as they change, Almighty Father, these Are but the varied God. The rolling year

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Thy bounty shines in Autumn unconfined, And spreads a common feast for all that lives.

In Winter awful thou! with clouds and storms

Around thee thrown, tempest o'er tempest roll'd,

Majestic darkness! on the whirlwind's wing, Riding sublime, thou bidst the world adore, And humblest nature with thy northern blast.

Mysterious round! what skill, what force divine,

Deep felt, in these appear! a simple train,
Yet so delightful mix'd, with such kind art,
Such beauty and beneficence combined;
Shade, unperceived, so softening into shade;
And all so forming an harmonious whole;
That, as they still succeed, they ravish still.
But wandering oft, with brute unconscious

Man marks not thee, marks not the mighty hand,

That, ever busy, wheels the silent spheres ; Works in the secret deep; shoots, steaming, thence

The fair profusion that o'erspreads the Spring:

Flings from the Sun direct the flaming day; Feeds every creature; hurls the tempests forth;

And, as on Earth this grateful change revolves,

With transport touches all the springs of life.
Nature, attend! join every living soul,
Beneath the spacious temple of the sky,
In adoration join; and, ardent, raise
One general song! To him, ye vocal gales,
Breathe soft, whose Spirit in your freshness
breathes :

Oh, talk of him in solitary glooms;
Where, o'er the rock, the scarcely waving

Fills the brown shade with a religious awe.
And ye, whose bolder note is heard afar,
Who shake th' astonish'd world, lift high to

Th' impetuous song, and say from whom you rage.

His praise, ye brooks, attune, ye trembling rills;

And let me catch it as I muse along.

Ye headlong torrents, rapid and profound;
Ye softer floods, that lead the humid maze
Along the vale; and thou, majestic main,
A secret world of wonders in thyself,
Sound his stupendous praise; whose greater

Or bids you roar, or bids your roarings fall. Soft roll your incense, herbs, and fruits, and flowers,

In mingled clouds to him; whose Sun exalts, Whose breath perfumes you, and whose pencil


Ye forests bend, ye harvests wave, to him; Breathe your still song into the reaper's


As home he goes beneath the joyous Moon. Ye that keep watch in Heaven, as Earth asleep

Unconscious lies, effuse your mildest beams,
Ye constellations, while your angels strike,
Amid the spangled sky, the silver lyre.
Great source of day! best image here below
Of thy Creator, ever pouring wide,
From world to world, the vital ocean round,
On Nature write with every beam his praise.
The thunder rolls; be hush'd the prostrate

While cloud to cloud returns the solemn hymn.

Bleat out afresh, ye hills: ye mossy rocks, Retain the sound: the broad responsive low, Ye valleys, raise; for the Great Shepherd reigns;

And his unsuffering kingdom yet will come. Ye woodlands all, awake: a boundless song Burst from the groves! and when the restless day,

Expiring, lays the warbling world asleep, Sweetest of birds! sweet Philomela, charm The listening shades, and teach the night his praise.

Ye chief, for whom the whole creation smiles, At once the head, the heart, and tongue of all,

Crown the great hymn! in swarming cities vast,

Assembled men, to the deep organ join
The long-resounding voice, oft breaking


At solemn pauses, through the swelling base;
And, as each mingling flame increases each,
In one united ardour rise to Heaven.
Or if you rather chuse the rural shade,
And find a fane in every secret grove;
There let the shepherd's flute, the virgin's

The prompting seraph, and the poet's lyre,
Still sing the God of Seasons, as they roll.
For me, when I forget the darling theme,
Whether the blossom blows, the Summer-


Russets the plain, inspiring Autumn gleams;
Or Winter rises in the blackening east ;
Be my tongue mute, my fancy paint no


And, dead to joy, forget my heart to beat. Should Fate command me to the farthest verge

Of the green earth, to distant barbarous climes,

Rivers unknown to song; where first the Sun

Gilds Indian mountains, or his setting beam Flames on the Atlantic isles; 'tis nought to


Since God is ever present, ever felt,

In the void waste, as in the city full;

And where he vital breathes, there must be joy.

When ev'n at last the solemn hour shall come,

And wing my mystic flight to future worlds,
I cheerful will obey there, with new

Will rising wonders sing: I cannot go
Where Universal Love not smiles around,
Sustaining all yon orbs, and all their suns;
From seeming evil still educing good,
And better thence again, and better still,
In infinite progression. But I lose
Myself in him, in Light ineffable;

Come then, expressive Silence, muse his praise.

James Thomson.-Born 1700, Died 1748.


"It was not by vile loitering in ease That Greece obtain'd the brighter palm of art,

That soft yet ardent Athens learnt to please,

To keen the wit, and to sublime the heart,
In all supreme! complete in every part!
It was not thence majestic Rome arose,
And o'er the nations shook her conquering

For sluggard's brow the laurel never


Renown is not the child of indolent repose.

Had unambitious mortals minded nought, But in loose joy their time to wear away; Had they alone the lap of dalliance sought, Pleased on her pillow their dull heads to lay,

Rude Nature's state had been our state to


No cities e'er their towery fronts had raised,

No arts had made us opulent and gay;

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O, who can speak the vigorous joy of health ?

Unclogg'd the body, unobscured the mind: The morning rises gay, with pleasing stealth,

The temperate evening falls serene and kind.

In health the wiser brutes true gladness find.

See how the younglings frisk along the meads,

As May comes on, and wakes the balmy wind;

Rampant with life, their joy all joy exceeds:

Yet what but high-strung health this dancing pleasaunce breeds?

James Thomson.-Born 1700, Died 1748.


O Nightingale, best poet of the grove, That plaintive strain can ne'er belong to thee,

Blest in the full possession of thy love:

O lend that strain, sweet nightingale, to me!

'Tis mine, alas! to mourn my wretched fate: I love a maid who all my bosom charms, Yet lose my days without this lovely mate; Inhuman Fortune keeps her from my arms.

You, happy birds! by nature's simple laws Lead your soft lives, sustain'd by Nature's fare;

You dwell wherever roving fancy draws,

And love and song is all your pleasing care:

But we, vain slaves of interest and of pride, Dare not be blest lest envious tongues should blame :

And hence, in vain I languish for my bride; O mourn with me, sweet bird, my hapless flame.

James Thomson.-Born 1700, Died 1748.

877.-HYMN ON SOLITUDE. Hail, mildly pleasing Solitude, Companion of the wise and good, But, from whose holy, piercing eye, The herd of fools and villains fly.

Oh how I love with thee to walk, And listen to thy whisper'd talk, Which innocence and truth imparts, And melts the most obdurate hearts.

A thousand shapes you wear with ease,
And still in every shape you please.
Now wrapt in some mysterious dream,
A lone philosopher you seem;
Now quick from hill to vale you fly,
And now you sweep the vaulted sky;
A shepherd next, you haunt the plain,
And warble forth your oaten strain.
A lover now, with all the grace
Of that sweet passion in your face;
Then, calm'd to friendship, you assume
The gentle-looking Hartford's bloom,
As, with her Musidora, she
(Her Musidora fond of thee)
Amid the long withdrawing vale,
Awakes the rivall'd nightingale.

Thine is the balmy breath of morn,
Just as the dew-bent rose is born;
And while meridian fervours beat,
Thine is the woodland dumb retreat;
But chief, when evening scenes decay,
And the faint landscape swims away,
Thine is the doubtful soft decline,
And that best hour of musing thine.

Descending angels bless thy train,
The virtues of the sage, and swain;
Plain Innocence, in white array'd,
Before thee lifts her fearless head:
Religion's beams around thee shine,
And cheer thy glooms with light divine:
About thee sports sweet Liberty;
And rapt Urania sings to thee.

Oh, let me pierce thy secret cell!
And in thy deep recesses dwell:
Perhaps from Norwood's oak-clad hill,
When Meditation has her fill,

I just may cast my careless eyes
Where London's spiry turrets rise,
Think of its crimes, its cares, its pain,
Then shield me in the woods again.

James Thomson.-Born 1700, Died 1748.


He's not the Happy Man to whom is given
A plenteous fortune by indulgent Heaven;
Whose gilded roofs on shining columns rise,
And painted walls enchant the gazer's eyes;
Whose table flows with hospitable cheer,
And all the various bounty of the year;
Whose valleys smile, whose gardens breathe
the spring,

Whose carved mountains bleat, and forests sing;

For whom the cooling shade in Summer twines,

While his full cellars give their generous wines ;

From whose wide fields unbounded Autumn


A golden tide into his swelling stores;

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