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Trained librarians are best, but if you have but little money and must be content to employ some local applicant without experience, insist that the appointee shall immediately make an intelligent study of library methods in some Library School, Summer Library School, or in some small Library.

She should become imbued with "library spirit" and be keenly alive to the tremendous possibilities of her work.

She should learn how to get help from other Librarians, and from the vast store of library experience found in books, when she is puzzled by professional problems.

Few persons in a community have such great opportunities as the Librarian.

Children and the best children's books should be her constant associates and friends, for she may shape the reading, and so the thoughts, of hundreds of impressionable little ones. She should be a leader and a teacher, earnest, enthusiastic and intelligent. She should be able to win the confidence of children and should be wise to lead them by easy stages from good books to the best.

When a board of directors can secure such a Librarian they may. wisely afford to employ her even if her salary eats up a large portion of the income. A Librarian should be in fact, as well as in theory, the responsible head of the Library and should be consulted in all matters relative to its management. Directors should impose responsibilities, grant freedom and exact results."

Should the District Library Commission deem it impossible to pay for the services of a trained librarian, they will surely be able to find in every community some young woman of good education and pleasant manner and address, whose tastes would lead her to undertake her work in the right spirit—at least—and for such a one the six weeks of training in one of the summer training schools would be the means of her undertaking her work with an

intelligence, helpfulness and enthusiasm which would prove invaluable to the interests of the Library.

It would also be wise to engage the services of a trained organizer from one of the Library schools for a few weeks at least, to guide and assist the Librarian in beginning the work, for if it is done properly at first it will not need to be done over again at greater expense of time and money at a later stage of the work after the Library has grown as it needs must with its yearly appropriations from District and State.

Advice and information with regard to permanent librarians, their terms, etc., can also be best obtained by application to the Library schools.

To the Librarian herself may be quoted this advice from one of the strongest and most original of America's librarians, John Cotton Dana: "Be punctual; be attentive; help to develop enthusiasm in your assistants; be neat and consistent in your dress; be dignified but courteous in your manner. Be careful in your contracts; square with your board; be concise and technical; be accurate; be courageous and self-reliant; be careful about acknowledgments; be not worshipped of your work; be careful of your health. Last of all, be yourself?"


Books let us into the souls of men, and lay open to us the secrets of our own. They are the first and last, the most home-felt, the most heart-felt of all our enjoyments. WILLIAM HAZLITT.


Make the regulations few and unobtrusive. Let the atmosphere of the Library be cheerful and orderly, and insist that Librarian and assistants thall treat every one, young and old, ignorant or educated, with a uniform obliging courtesy.

Have open shelves and give the public free access to the



They like to handle and examine the books and it is a valuable part of their education that they should do One may well "give the people at least such liberty with their own collection of books as the bookseller gives them with his. Trust the American genius for self-control. Remember the deference for the rights of others with which you and your fellows conduct yourselves in your own homes, at public tables, at general gatherings" (J. C. Dana), and remember always that the Library can only perform its high functions in proportion to the use it receives.

People will go to a Library because they like to go and not because some one else thinks they ought to, and any policy which imposes unnecessary checks upon the public will help to render the Libraries by just so much the less agreeable and will seriously lessen their usefulness.

Such rules and regulations as are passed should be en-` forced, but see to it that they are as few and as little annoying to the public as possible.

It cannot be too strongly impressed upon those in charge of libraries that the work of greatest consequence in a Free Public Library will probably not take the form of inspiring a book output which is the result of careful research or which will be a valuable contribution to science, art or industry, but rather in the general and gradual elevation of intellectual tone in our small communities, the stimulation of an enduring spirit, an interest in the thought of the world, and in broadening the minds of average men and women. The Free Public Library is the school of the many, but if "the many" play truant it will not be an effective school-they must work in it, play in it, handle its books, and by so doing come to know them, use them, and gain wisdom from that use.

It is strongly urged that all Delaware's Free Libraries should extend their privileges fully and cordially to their country neighbors, and that, should the District Library

Commissions feel it necessary to exact a fee for this extension of the privileges, they will endeavor to make the fee as small a one as possible.

By reading of books, we may learn something from all parts of mankind; whereas by observation we learn all from ourselves, and only what comes within our own direct cognizance. By conversation we can only enjoy the unction of a very few persons, those who are moving, and live at the same time that we do-that is, our neighbors and contemporaries.—WATTS.


Wherever there is a possibility of a reading room there should be one in connection with the Library, for they often prove its most attractive feature. The general atmosphere of this room should be as quiet, cheerful, orderly and inviting as possible.

There should be no signs commanding the users of the Library to do or not to do various things. If the Librarian finds that patrons abuse their privileges, or are noisy or otherwise inconsiderate of the rights of others, she must try to tactfully bring about the change she requires, and she may occasionally post a notice courteously requesting it. Signs giving helpful information to readers are of course permissible, but it should be seen to that they harmonize with the furnishing of the room and are clean. Gray or some other neutral tint is usually preferable to white card board for all such signs.

For use in the reading room, a village Library ought to keep the files of local papers and if the funds permit the expenditure, one or two dailies or a weekly from the nearest large town. It would scarcely be expedient to go further in this direction—the money used could be more usefully applied elsewhere. It may be suggested that local editors are often willing from motives of civic pride, to give the local libraries copies of their papers free of charge,

and they would unquestionably be the more inclined to do so were they assured that the files would be kept for reference.

It is a tie between men to have read the same book; and it is a disadvantage not to have read the book your mates have read, or not to have read it at the same time, so that it may take the place in your culture it does in theirs, and you shall understand their allusions to it, and not give it more or less emphasis than they do. -EMERSON.


More than one little struggling Library has been enabled to hold its own with its small Public by means of two or three sets of Periodicals, and has been enabled by their means to accomplish work which could not have been so well done by the aid of many professed books of reference, the purchase of which would have exhausted the entire book fund. "Given Poole's Index and a complete set of Littell' s Living Age ($6 a year), and of Harper ($4 a year), more work can be done than with twice that number of reference books not periodicals," says Frederic W. Faxon, of the Boston Book Co.

They furnish us with the best fiction, the best poetry, the best discussions of all subjects old and new; the latest science, and beyond all this they draw us into relation with the great outer world and the current of human interests in all fields and on all subjects.

It will do far more to stimulate the mental life of a community and to broaden its horizon, deepen its sympathies, awaken its observation and encourage its aspirations, if the village Library diverts a part of its book fund from acquiring inferior books, and more especially inferior novels, to the purchase and care of good periodicals.

These not only play the part of inciting and creating interests of various sorts, but they are most valuable for reference work. In the better class of reviews, one who

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