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from the dead, shall also quicken your mortal bodies, by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." "The hour is coming," saith St. John, " in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his (Christ's) voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good unto the resurrection of life, and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation"." In the xvth chapter of the 1st of Corinthians the subject is very fully discussed. "What shall they do," says St. Paul, “which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Why are they then baptized for the dead? But some man will say, how are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened except it die: and that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body which shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain, but God giveth it a body, as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption; it is sown in dishonour, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body."

Q. What is the nature of that spiritual body,

m John v. 28, 29.

with which we shall be clothed, when this mortal shall have put on immortality?

n "

A. We know little on that head, further than, that our spiritual bodies will be exactly suited. to our new state of existence. "It doth not yet appear," says St. John, "what we shall be; but we know that when he (Christ) shall appear, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is". "As is the earthy," says St. Paul, “such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly: and as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven, neither doth corruption inherit incorruption "."

Q. Here you say that " flesh and blood (i. e. the mortal part of man) cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven," whereas at the beginning of the Article you stated the resurrection to be the reproduction of the body, and the re-union of the soul with it. How do you explain this apparent discrepance in other words, how can you say

n 1 John iii. 2.

• 1 Cor. xv. 48. 50. Resurgent Sanctorum corpora sine ullo vitio, sine ullâ deformitate, sicut sine ullâ corruptione, onere, difficultate. St. August. Enchir. ad Laurent. tom. iii. cap. xci.

the mortal part of man is to live again, and still maintain that this corruptible will not inherit eternity? tox

A. At the resurrection our mortal bodies revive; after the resurrection we shall inherit spiritual and glorified bodies suited to our altered state P


Q. When and how do we throw off the incumbrance of the flesh, and become clothed upon with immortality?



4. We presume not to answer this question, except as far as it is revealed. But in fact the difficulty is of no moment, when we consider the power of God, who has made us what we are, and can in the twinkling of an eye, and quicker than thought, change us to whatever pleaseth him. The difficulty becomes still less when we look to a parallel case, the resurrection of Christ. We know he rose from the dead with the same body which hung upon the cross, for St. Thomas felt the print of the nails in his hands and feet. Why then should not we in like manner rise? We know that after his ascension, he assumed a glorified body, for St. Paul has declared it. Why then should not we

P Δει το φθαρτον τούτο ενδύσασθαι αθανασιαν. Το γαρ σωμα τουτο εγείρεται, ενδυσαμενον την αφθαρσίαν μεταποιειται. Εγείρεται μεν ουν τούτο το σωμα· αλλ' ου μενει τοιουτον, αλλα μενει αιώνιον. St. Cyril. Cateches. xviii. § ix.

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do likewise? We have also other accounts of persons rising from the dead; among which are, that of the son of the widow of Sarepta, 1 Kings xvii. 17. Luke iv. 26. That of the Shunamite's son, 2 Kings iv. 32. That of the daughter of Jairus, Mark v. 42. And that of Lazarus, John v. 44. In all these instances the time and manner of the resurrection are particularly stated. And though we do not pretend to say there is any exact similarity in the cases, still they afford an easy and familiar illustration of the nature of our resurrection, and the manner in which it may take place,' and prevent its being thought either impossible, improbable, or strange. "We would only further observe, that as a generation of men will be alive upon the earth at our Saviour's coming to judgment, whose mortal bodies will then assume immortality; so the dead who arise at that awful day, may in like manner be changed.

Q. What is said in Scripture on this point?

• Phil. iii. 21. Heb. ii. 14. 2 Pet. i. 4. 1 Thess. iv. 17. "If," says Bishop Pearson," those which are alive shall be caught up, as they are alive with the same bodies, only changed into glorified and spiritual bodies, that is, with the same bodies spiritualized and glorified; certainly those which were dead shall rise out of their graves to life in the same bodies in which they lived, that they may both appear alike before the judge of the quick and the dead." Art. xi. p. 581.

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Behold," says St. Paul, "I shew


a mystery: we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, death is swallowed up in victory "."


Q. Seeing the change in our bodies will be so very great, inasmuch as " flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven?" how can we be said to rise again the same persons we now are?

A. We continue the same as long as we are conscious to ourselves that we are so. In this consciousness consists the identity. Children are continually and progressively changing in their advance to manhood: youth and old age are very different. Still the person is the same through the whole course of an ever varying existence.

Q. St. Paul says, "Christ shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his

1 Cor. xv. 51. 54.

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