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Extract of an official Dispatch from Lord
nada. I have received a communication | perfections. It secured such means of enfrom Valladolid, mentioning that Marshal | joyment as the deplorable situation of Bessieres had gone to France, and that things permitted, but none suited to the General Dorsenne had now the command more favourable condition of affairs, which of the North of Spain. by the grace of the Chief Magistrate, and his sublime and brilliant talents, are apFor-proaching to order, prosperity, and happiness. That in the flourishing state of agriculture, commerce, and navigation, reestablishing morals, religion, and advancing to the highest discipline the public force, such a prospect of security and permanence is afforded which justifies the establishment of a firm and stable Government to insure that prosperity.-The said Council judging for such reasons, that it is necessary to invest the Supreme Authority with all that constitutes the grandeur, dignity and power of Majesty, has resolved:
The enemy has made no alteration in regard to the respective positions which their different corps occupied, since my last dispatch of the 8th inst.; the army of Portugal was in the same positions in the valley of the Tagus, and near Placentia, ou the 12th inst. The army of the north, and the fifth corps, remained as they were on the 12th inst.-It appears very certain that Soult has marched in the direction of Granada, with a large corps of troops.
1. That the establishment of an hereditary Throne is the best expedient for fulfilling this purpose.-2. That the throne shall descend in the male line, to the constant exclusion of females, and that the Sovereign shall be selected from that illusand to the good of the country, and that trious family, unceasingly elevated to glory the Chief of that family shall be the person on whom the Sovereignty shall devolve, as a mark of national gratitude, as on him the political existence of the country has depended.-The nation, by us, the organs of its will, thus confers this high distinction upon that Prince who has main
PORTUGAL.- THE WAR.-- -A Dispatch, of which the following is an extract, was yesterday received at the Office of the Earl of Liverpool, addressed to his Lordship by General Lord Viscount Wellington, dated Fuente Guinaldo, August 31, 1811. The enemy have made no movement of any importance since I addressed your lordship on the 14th. On that evening a detachment of about 1,200 infantry and cavalry, arrived at Gafa, which is on the South side of the mountains which sepa-tained its glory, and to whom its liberty, rate Castile from Estremadura; and on the following morning they surprised a small picquet in St. Martin de Trebejo, under Lieutenant Wood, of the 11th Light Dragoons, whom they made prisoner with ten men, and went off that evening to MoraJegoo, and on the next morning to Monte Hermosso.
HAYTI.(St. Domingo.) New Constitu
its independence, and its happiness may be safely confided. It being proper to create great public Authorities from among the Officers who have devoted themselves to the honour and prosperity of the State, as well for the splendour of the throne as for the reward of their distinguished services, the following law is sanctioned by the said Council.
TITLE 1.Of the Supreme Authority.
1. The President Henry Christophe, is declared to be King of Hayti, under the name of Henry. This distinction, its prerogatives, and immunities, shall be hereditary in his family, in the line of the male and legitimate descendants, according to seniority, and to the exclusion of females.
An Extraordinary Council being convened to determine on the changes the State ought to undergo, the said Council consider that the Constitution of the 17th February, in the year 4 (1807), which was made without social compact, and during the storms of civil war, is not-2. All the Royal Acts shall be done in the adapted to the present condition of the Island, on the following grounds:-That the Constitution mentioned, although suited to the tempestuous circumstances of the country, had many acknowledged im
name of the King, and published and promulgated under the Royal Signet.-3. In defect of male children, the heirship shall pass to the nearest relation of the King, or to the highest rauk.-4. Notwithstanding
this law, the King may adopt the children of any Prince of his kingdom, whom he may think fit to appoint his heirs.-5. If the King should have male children subsequent to such adoption, his own offspring will have the prior right.-6. On the decease of the Sovereign, until the accession of the heir, the affairs of the kingdom shall be governed by the Ministers and the Royal Council, who, being formed into a General Council, shall decide by a majority of votes, the Secretary of State registering
TITLE 11.Of the Royal Family.
7. The Consort of the King is declared Queen of Hayti.-8. The Members of the Royal Family are to receive the titles of Princes and Princesses, and are to be addressed Most Serene Highnesses. The presumptive heir is to be called Prince Royal.-9. Those Princes are Members of the Council of State as soon as they come of age.-10. Neither the Princes or Priucesses shall marry without the King's permission.-11. The King himself is to appoint the Officers of his Palace, in a way suited to the dignity of his crown.-12. There shall be established under the same authority, Palaces and Castles in such situations of the Kingdom as his Majesty shall point out.
TITLE III-Of the Regency. 13. The King is a minor until he be 15 years of age. During his minority a Regent shall be nominated.-14., The Regent shall be 25 years of age at least, and shall either be chosen from the nearest relation of the King, to the exclusion of females, and in defect of such relations, from the Grand Dignitaries of the kingdom.-15. Should the King not have appointed a Regent, the Grand Council shall select a person according to the preceding law.-16. Until the King become of age, the Regent shall be invested with all the attributes of Royalty.-17. But the Regent is not to conclude treaties of peace, alliance, or commerce, or to make declaration of war, until he shall have taken the advice of the Grand Council, the majority of the votes of which on such subjects he is to carry into effect.-18. The Regent is not empowered to nominate to the Grand Dignities of the kingdom, nor to the rank of Generals and Admirals. 19. All the acts of the Regent are to be in the name of the young King.-20. The guardianship of the King is entrusted to his mother; and if he have no mother, to
the Prince the deceased King shall have appointed to this duty. Neither the Regent or his children are to have the guardianship of the young King.
TITLE IV. Of the Grand and Privy Councils.
21. The Grand Council is composed of the Princes of the Blood, and of the Princes, Dukes, and Earls to be chosen by his Majesty, who shall himself determine the number.-22. The President of the Council is the King himself, and in his absence, such noble person as he shall name.-23. The Privy Council is to be chosen by the King from the Grand Dignitaries of the State.
TITLE V. Of the Grand Officers of the
24. The Great Officers of the kingdom are the Grand Marshals of Hayti, and are chosen from among the persons holding the rank of Generals, according to their merit.-25. Their number is to be assigned by the King himself.-26. The places of the Great Officers are to be held during life.-27. Unless they shall be removed by a Royal Order, or from incapacity, and in such cases they shall preserve their title, their rank, and the half of their revenue.
TITLE VI. Of the Ministers of State.
28. The King shall nominate four Ministers of State, the Minister of War and of the Marine, the Minister of the Finances and of the Home Department, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Justice.-29. The Ministers are Members of the Council, and have votes.-30. The Ministers rendering account of their services in person to his Majesty, and receive his commands.
TITLE VII.-Of Oaths.
31. On the King's coming of age, he is to make oath on the Evangelist in the presence of the great Authorities of the Kingdom.-32. The Regent is to do the same on assuming his functions.--33. The. great Officers, the Ministers, and the Secretary of State, are to deliver their oath of fidelity into the hands of the King. TITLE VIII. Of the Promulgation of the Laws.
34. The promulgation of all the Acts of the Kingdom is as follows:-" By the Grace of God and the Constitutional Law of the State, we King of Hayti do declare, greeting."--These public Acts are to conclude as follows;" We command and
order that these Presents under our Seal be directed to all Courts, Tribunals, and Authorities, that they may be transcribed in their Registers, that they themselves, and all others in the Kingdom, may obseeve and obey the same. The Minister of Justice is to promulgate this law."35. The Decrees of Courts of Justice are in the following form:-" By the Grace of God, and the Constitutional Law of the State, do declare greeting. (Then follows the Decree.) We command and order all Officers to put in execution the said judgment, to all our Law Agents to sign their name to it, and to all Military Commanders to employ their force, if required, to secure obedience to the same.— In witness whereof," &c.
[To be signed by the President and Chief Secretary.)
The above Constitutional Law of the Realm is dated from Cape Henry, in the 8th year of Independence, 1811, and is signed by all the Public Authorities composing the Council of State.
FRENCH ARMY IN SPAIN.
ARMY OF THE NORTH.
(prisoners. My light cavalry, after the
Report of the Count D'Orsenne, General-in-5,000 strong, on the heights of Reigo de
(Concluded from page 416.) Bonnet's, Dumoustier's, and Roguet's divisions received orders to pass the Elsa on the 25th, at four in the morning, and to proceed, the first by the Leon road to Astorga on Puente d'Orbigo-the second from Valencia de Don Juan on Baneza -the 3d by Benavente to the same point, and the reserve, at the head of which I was, marched from Valderas, to proceed to Cebrones, passing by Villaquesjida. -The different movements were executed with much unity. General Abadia, who had been informed but a few hours before, had only time to evacuate his position, retiring upon Astorga. Disturbed by the unexpected march of our troops, he retreated with the greatest precipitation. His advanced guard, which was on the height of St. Martin, shewed a determination to defend itself. I ordered the Horse Chasseurs, and light Chasseurs of the Guard to drive them away. Some squadrons of Galician Hussars maintained themselves obstinately, but they were charged by our brave men, who killed or wounded some sixty, and made several
Ambroso, and in spite of a heavy firing the bayonet. General Abadia, who be carried this strong position at the point of held the defeat of his troops, retired hastily by the mountains of Orensee. On the 28th, early in the morning, we entered Villafranca. We found there, and at 15,00rada, 2.500 muskets, 400 uniforms, pounds of rice, and 120,000 cartridges-The enemy lost 300 killed and wounded, and 200 prisoners. We had no one killed-General Corsen, Col. Bartel, and two chasseurs were wounded.-All the reports confirm the entire dispersion of the army of Galicia, and the impossibility time, which fulfils completely the object of its resuming the offensive for a long I had in view. I am, &c.
COUNT D'Orsenne. To the Prince of Neufchatel and Wagram.
Camp of Astorga, Aug. 30.
The information I receive from all parts, confirms more and more the total dissolution and dispersion in the mountains of the different corps of this army. The greatest privations oblige the soldiers to return home-hence these assemblages which for a moment threatened the tranquillity of this province, are dispersed like a cloud. COUNT D'ORSENNE.
ARMY OF PORTUGAL. "Five divisions of the English army have passed the Tagus, and directed their march to the Coa; two divisions remain on the left bank of the Tagus. This movement, at this season, is very fatal to the English. It increases diseases which have fatigued them much for some time. The heat, which is very great this year, is more prejudicial to the English, who are little used to it, than any other nation! Our army is in good cantonments, and is recovering from its fatigues. It has received a great quantity of horses to remount its artillery entirely.
General Roguet, Commandant at St. Andero, suffered himself to be surprised on the 14th August. An hour before daybreak, a column of $00 insurgents marched upon the city, after having travelled all night, carefully avoiding the different posts of the provinces; it thus arrived at the skirts of the town, whilst a second column of 1,800 men proceeded against the important post of Torre Lovega. The guard before the Hospital of St. Andero was the first attacked, and tought with courage; the day having dawned, the enemy was attacked in his turn, beat, and pursued; upwards of 300 men remained on the field, the rest were driven beyond the mountains of Presillas, where more were killed. The column which attacked Torre Lovega was not more fortunate; the garrison defended itself bravely, and more than half the insurgents were killed.
FRANCE.—Decree relative to the Natural ization of Frenchmen. Trianon, 26 Aug.
Napoleon, by the grace of God, and the Constitutions, Emperor of the French, &c. to all present and to come, greeting:
Different questions having been submitted to us with regard to the condition of Frenchmen established in foreign countries, we have thought it right to make known our intentions on that subject.
But no law has yet been laid down either with regard to Frenchmen naturalised in foreign countries, with or without our authority, or with regard to such as may have already entered, or choose to enter. in future, into the service of a foreign Power.
And as it is not our wish to confound those of our subjects who are induced from legitimate motives to naturalise themselves abroad, with those whose conduct will assume the character of felony, we have resolved, by these presents, to complete and make known this important branch of legislation.
For these reasons, on the report of our Grand Judge, Minister of Justice, and our Council of State, being heard,
We have decreed and ordered, and do decree and order, as follows: TITLE I.-Of Frenchmen naturalised abroad with our permission.
Art 1. No Frenchman can be naturalised abroad, without our authority.
2. Our permission shall be granted by letters-patent, drawn up by our Grand Judge, signed with our hand, countersigned by our Secretary of State, inspected by our Cousin the Prince Arch-Chancellor, inserted in the Bulletin of Laws, and registered in the Imperial Court of the last place of domicile of the person to whom they relate.
3. Frenchmen thus naturalised abroad shall enjoy the right of possessing, of transmitting, and of succeeding to property, even when the subjects of the countries where they shall be naturalised do not enjoy those rights in France.
4. The children of a Frenchman born
in the country where he is naturalised, are aliens.
5. Frenchmen naturalised abroad even with our permission, can at no time carry arms against France, under pain of being indicted in our Courts, and condeinned to the punishments enacted in the Penal Code, Book 3d, cap. 75. TITLE II.—Of Frenchmen naturalised abroad without our permission.
6. Every Frenchman naturalised abroad without our permission, shall incur the loss of his property, which shall be confisre-cated; he shall no longer enjoy the right of succession, and all the succession falling in to him shall pass to the next heir, provided he is domiciliated in France.
By our decree of the oth of April, 1809, we have already pronounced with regard to such Frenchmen as have borne arms against their country; and those who, siding with a Power with whom we go to war, do not quit its territory; or who, being summoned by us, do not obey that order.
By the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, it is
provided, that by a process instituted in the Courts of Justice, such persons shall lose their titles if they have any, together with the property attached to them, which shall devolve to the nearest heir, being French, the rights of the wife being secured, which shall be regulated as in the case of widowhood.
11. Those who are naturalised abroad without permission, and against whom the above process has taken place, if found in the territory of the Empire, shall, for the first time, be arrested and conducted beyond the frontiers; if they return, they shall be condemned to a period of imprisonment not less than a year, nor more than 10 years.
TITLE III.—Of Individuals already naturalised abroad.
12. Individuals naturalised abroad at the period of the publication of this decree, may, within a year, if on the Continent of Europe; within three years, if beyond that Continent; within five years, if beyond the Cape of Good Hope and in the Indies, obtain our confirmation according to the forms prescribed in the present Decree.
18. They may nevertheless wear the decorations of foreign orders, when they shall have received them with our consent. 19. They may not enter France but with our special permission.
20. Frenchmen in the service of a foreign power can never be accredited as Ambassadors, Ministers, or Envoys at our Court, nor received as charged with any kind of mission that would render it necessary for them to appear before us in their foreign costume.
21. Frenchmen entering the service of a Foreign Power, without our permission, and remaining in it after war is declared between France and that Power, shall be considered as having borne arms against
from the circumstance alone of their having continued to form part of a military corps destined to act against the French empire or its allies.
22. Our Ministers are charged, each in his own department, with the execution of the present degree.-(Signed) By the Emperor, NAPOLEON.
Count DARU, Secretary of State.
SPAIN.-Head Quarters at Valladolid.
We the Marshal of the Empire, Duke
TITLE IV.-Of Frenchmen in the service of of Istria, Colonel General of the Imperial
a Foreign Power.
13. No Frenchman can enter the service of a foreign power without our special permission, and except under condition of returning, should we recal him either by a general proclamation or a direct order.
14. Those of our subjects who shall have obtained this permission, cannot take the oaths to the power which they serve, without a proviso of never bearing arms against France, and of quitting the service, even without being recalled, should that power happen to go to war with us.
15. The permission of entering the service of a foreign Power shall be granted by letters patent, according to the forms presented in Act 2d.
Guards, General in Chief of the Army of the North of Spain;
Considering that the measures of clemency by which we had flattered ourselves that the people would be brought back to submission, and thus avoid the evils produced by a more protracted resistance, have had no other effect but to increase the audacity of the insurgents and their partisans:
Considering that measures of rigour must be so much the more severe the longer they are deferred, and that we have not adopted them untill we have been convinced that they are the sole means of maintaining the tranquillity of the country:
Upon the report of the Intendant Ge16. They cannot act as ministers pleni-neral, we have ordered and do order as potentiary in any treaty where our inte- follows:rests come into discussion.
17. They must not wear a foreign cockade in countries in subjection to us, nor there appear in a foreign uniform; they shall be authorised to wear the national colours when in the Empire.
Art. 1. There shall be formed by the municipalities in the towns, and by the magistrates in the villages, a list of all the individuals who have quitted their homes, and who do not reside in places occupied by French troops. (To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden :-Sold a so by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall, LONDON:-Printed by T. C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-Street.