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Studies (subjects running more than one year indicated D, C, B, A).1
HIGH SCHOOLS-ENROLLMENT IN STUDIES AND FAILURES IN EACH.
B. G. T. B. G. T. B. G. T. B. G. T. B. G. T.
Per cent failures
on num. ber remaining.
1 Other studies included, but not listed here, are English, mathematics, science, drawing, manual training, industrial activities, commercial activities, physical training, and music. The same forms are used for the second and third terms.
A page devoted to this subject should be included in each city report. The following subheads are recommended--
1. The legal basis:
(a) Independent district or city government; if latter, relation of education department to other departments of the municipal government, especially as to raising of money, erection of buildings, and appointment of members of board of education.
(b) Method of voting and paying bonds.
2. Financial basis:
(a) Limits of taxation and bonded indebtedness for school purposes.
(b) Assessed valuation of independent district or municipality.
(c) What per cent of true valuation is the assessed valuation.
(d) Present tax rates for schools.
(e) Amount of bonded indebtedness for schools.
(f) Amount of local school tax paid by owner of real estate whose true valuation is $5,000.
(g) Per cent of total school moneys received from State, county, municipality, and school district.
(h) Approximate per cent of school moneys paid by business corporations not owned principally by citizens, as railroads and large industrial, mining, and commercial enterprises.
3. (a) Population of city compared with population of four preceding censuses.
(b) Number engaged in each principal class of occupation-agricultural, professional, domestic and personal, trade and transportation, manufacturing and mechanical, and also number engaged in each of the chief occupations that are represented in the city under each of these classes.
4. School census:
(a) Public school enrollment.
(b) Private school enrollment.
(c) Average daily attendance based on number belonging.
(d) Average daily attendance based on enrollment.
(e) Average daily attendance based on school census.
5. Scope of system-number of different kinds of schools, classes, and activities.
6. Organization of administration-relative authority and duties of superintendent, assistant superintendent, supervisors, principals, teachers.
7. Per cent of teachers appointed from outside the city.
The foundation of all statistics concerning pupils is established in the records made by teachers in the schoolroom. Unless these records are expressed in common terms having a definite meaning the data gathered from them are not comparable. School statistics as at present compiled and compared are unreliable and of little value, and they will continue to be so until agreement can be reached not only as to terms used and the definite meaning of these terms, but also, to some extent, as to the method of recording and arranging the original data upon which school statistics are based.
The first work of the committee on uniform statistics consisted of a careful investigation of the subject of school records, and this resulted in the submission of an elementary school record system, through the cooperation of the United States Commissioner of Education, to school superintendents throughout the country. Although several forms were offered for the purpose of getting criticisms and suggestions and for the sake of illustrating the complete working out of a system of school records, chief emphasis was laid on the cumulative record card which was framed to serve as a permanent and progressive record of the pupil's kindergarten and
elementary school career. The form recommended is given below. The card is 6 inches wide and 4 inches high. Copies may be obtained from the Bureau of Education.
(8) Residence. (Use one column at a time. Give new resi- (9) Date of
To be kept for every
Write all dates as
When a pupil is permanently discharged to work, to remain at home, or because of death, permanent illness, or commitment to an institution, this card is to be returned to the principal's office and a full statement of the cause of the pupil's discharge is to be made in the blank space remaining above.