A Treatise on the Circumstances which Determine the Rate of Wages and the Condition of the Labouring Classes: Including an Inquiry Into the Influence of Combinations
G. Routledge, 1854 - 117 páginas
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able advance advantage allowed amount banks become better capital carried cause circumstances combination comfort common comparatively condition conduct consequence considerable continue contrary contribute corn demand depend depressed desire determined diminished doubt earnings effect emigration employed employment engaged England enter equal exertions extent facility fail fall families former frequently friendly given greater habits hand higher importance improved increase individuals industry influence injurious interests Ireland labouring classes land latter less live lower manufactures masters means natural necessary never object obtain occasioned paid parties perhaps period poor population portion potatoes poverty prevent principle production proper proportion quantity raise rate of wages reason reduced refer respect result rise savings society sort strikes subsistence sufficient supply supposed things tion trade truth United work-people workmen
Página 1 - A General Dictionary of Geography, Descriptive, Physical, Statistical, and Historical ; forming a complete Gazetteer of the World. By A. KEITH JOHNSTON, FRSE 8vo. 31s. 6d. M'Culloch's Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, and Historical, of the various Countries, Places, and principal Natural Objects in the World.
Página 67 - We trust our health to the physician ; our fortune, and sometimes our life and reputation, to the lawyer and attorney. Such confidence could not safely be reposed in people of a very mean or low condition. Their reward must be such, therefore, as may give them that rank in the society which so important a trust requires.
Página 46 - The liberal reward of labour," says Adam Smith, " as it encourages the propagation, so it increases the industry, of the common people. The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which, like every other human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives.
Página 80 - The property which every man has in his own labor, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable.
Página 2 - M'CULLOCH. -A TREATISE ON THE PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICAL INFLUENCE of TAXATION and the FUNDING SYSTEM.
Página 34 - Smith, such a rate as will enable the labourer to obtain " not only the commodities that are indispensably necessary for the support of life, but whatever the custom of the country renders it indecent for creditable people, even of the lowest order, to be without.
Página 66 - He is liable, in consequence, to be frequently without any. What he earns, therefore, while he is employed, must not only maintain him while he is idle, but make him some compensation for those anxious and desponding" moments which the thought of so precarious a situation must sometimes occasion.
Página 40 - The best interests of society require that the rate of wages should be elevated as high as possible, — that a taste for the comforts, luxuries, and enjoyments of human life should be widely diffused, and if possible interwoven with national habits and prejudices.
Página 46 - ... receives. A plentiful subsistence increases the bodily strength of the labourer ; and the comfortable hope of bettering his condition, and of ending his days perhaps in ease and plenty, animates him to exert that strength to the utmost. Where wages are high, accordingly, we shall always find the workman more active, diligent, and expeditious, than where they are low ; in England, for example, than in Scotland; in the neighbourhood of great towns than in remote country places.