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Geikie's School Books.

THIRD READING-BOOK.

BY

CUNNINGHAM GEIKIE, D.D.

The School-master is the Moulder of the World to be.

JEAN PAUL,

LONDON:

W. TEGG AND CO., 12, PANCRAS LANE,
CHEAPSIDE.

EXPLANATORY NOTE.

THIS series of Elementary Readers is based on the principle of lightening, as far as possible, the tedious labour of teaching and learning the often arbitrary and confusing symbols which express the vowel sounds in English, by giving only one of these sounds at a time, first in its simpler, and afterwards in its more unusual forms.

The Sound taught one day is included in the lesson of the next, but only one new vowel sound, or mode of expression of a vowel sound, is given in each lesson. Any exception is an accidental, and, it is believed, a rare oversight.

As in my Spelling Book, the Pronunciation is based on that given by A. MELVILLE BELL, Dr. MORELL, Donald WEBSTER, and the Synopsis of the Systems of WALKER, PERRY, JAMESON, KNOWLES, SMART, and WORCESTER, given in Dr. Goodrich's Edition of Webster.

Since, however, differences obtain among Authorities, and only one Standard could, as a rule, be given, the Compiler trusts that in any case in which Teachers or others, who use this book, would prefer a pronunciation in any measure varying from that indicated, they will kindly remember the difficulty of pleasing all tastes.

GA

PREFACE.

1. THE earlier Reading Books of this Series having led the Scholar step by step from the easier modes of expressing the sounds of words to the more difficult, this THIRD READING BOOK, applies what has been already taught, by a succession of lessons, in which all sounds occur both simply and in combination.

2. As fluent reading, however, is not acquired, by a child, without much labour, under any system, great care has been taken to make the Lessons interesting, that the toil may, as far as possible, be lightened. Prose and poetry will, it is believed, be found alike, thoroughly fresh, and such as will attract children to read for themselves, not as a task but for pleasure.

3. NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS, to rouse the attention. and teach by the eye, have been inserted, yet not so many as to lessen injuriously the amount of reading required.

4. DIFFICULT WORDS are explained at the foot of each page.

5. SPELLING LESSONS are given at the head of each lesson, and others are interspersed through the text.

6. All the difficult words are divided into syllables and accented, to aid in teaching both spelling and pronunciation. 7. OBJECT LESSONS on branches of useful knowledge vary the Reading Lessons.

8. Simple Lessons are given on the ELEMENTARY FACTS OF NATURAL SCIENCE, under the name of "First Lines of Science," in language so easy that it is believed they will at once interest and inform the minds of children.

9. COMMON ERRORS IN SPEECH AND PRONUNCIATION are pointed out in special lessons.

Many of the Lessons in all these Reading Books have been specially written for them, and are thus copyright, while others have been drawn from sources hitherto little used for such purposes.

The Compiler feels deeply the nobleness of a Teacher's calling, for Erasmus was right in saying that a wise and good teacher is in the truest sense the father of the child. Mere instruction, he has felt, is not EDUCATION, and he has not forgotten that to form the character is more than to develop the mere intellect. It has therefore been kept in view throughout, that the tone of the books from which a child learns is ever a great help in moulding the future man,

THIRD BOOK.

Pieces in verse are marked by an asterisk, thus *

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