The Cambridge History of American Literature: Volume 4, Nineteenth-Century Poetry 1800-1910
Sacvan Bercovitch, Cyrus R. K. Patell
Cambridge University Press, 1994 - 368 páginas
This is the first complete narrative history of nineteenth-century American poetry. Barbara Packer explores the neoclassical and satiric forms mastered by the early Federalist poets; the creative reaches of once-celebrated, and still compelling, poets like Longfellow and Whittier; the distinctive lyric forms developed by Emerson and the Transcendentalists. Shira Wolosky provides a new perspective on the achievement of female poets of the period, as well as a close appreciation of African-American poets, including the collective folk authors of the Negro spirituals. She also illuminates the major works of the period, from Poe through Melville and Crane, to Whitman and Dickinson. The authors of this volume discuss this extraordinary literary achievement both in formal terms and in its sustained engagement with changing social and cultural conditions. In doing so they recover and elucidate American poetry of the nineteenth century for our twenty-first century pleasure, profit, and renewed study.
reverence and ambition
Neoclassicism comic and satiric verse
Early narrative and lyric
JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER
the claims of thetoric
Claiming the Bible
addresses American assert authority beauty becomes begins Biblical body called central century Christian claims commitment complex continued critical cultural dead death Dickinson divine economic emerges Emerson England English experience expression female figure finally forces gender give hand heart human identity imagination individual interests interpretation Italy John language later leaves less light lines literary literature living material meaning nature never offers once poem poet poetic poetry political position present President promise publishes question reflects religious remains represents rhetoric role seems sense serves shows slave slavery social society Song soul speak specific spiritual stands structure suggests takes texts things thought tradition turn University verse vision voice Whitman whole woman women writing wrote York
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