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An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen1
Vista completa - 1789
afford almoſt annual bank becauſe BOOK buſineſs cafe capital cattle circulating capital circulation circumftances coin commodities commonly confequence confiderable confifts confumed cultivation demand diminiſh employed employment equal eſtabliſhed Europe exchange expence faid fame manner fcarcity feems feldom feven fhall fhillings fhould filk firſt fmall fmaller fociety fome fometimes fomewhat foon ftate ftill ftock fubfiftence fuch fufficient fuperior fupply fuppofed gold and filver greater quantity himſelf improvement increaſe induſtry intereft itſelf land landlord laſt leaſt lefs leſs mafter manufactures meaſure metals moft money price moſt muft muſt natural natural price neceffarily neceffary occafion otherwife ounce pence perfon pound weight pounds prefent price of corn profit proportion purchaſe purpoſe quantity of filver quantity of labour raiſe real price reaſonable rent revenue rife ſcarce Scotland ſeems ſmall ſtate ſtock themſelves theſe thofe thoſe thouſand tion trade uſe value of filver wages of labour wheat whole workmen
Página 12 - ... the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Página 21 - But man has almost constant occasion for the help of his brethren, and it is in vain for him to expect it from their benevolence only. He will be more likely to prevail if he can interest their self-love in his favour, and show them that it is for their own advantage to do for him what he requires of them.
Página 42 - The things which have the greatest value in use have frequently little or no value in exchange; and, on the contrary, those which have the greatest value in exchange have frequently little or no value in use. Nothing is more useful than water: but it will purchase scarce anything; scarce anything can be had in exchange for it.
Página 44 - The real price of every thing, what every thing really costs to the man who wants to acquire it, is the toil and trouble of acquiring it. What every thing is really worth to the man who has acquired it, and who wants to dispose of it or exchange it for something else, is the toil and trouble which it can save to himself, and which it can impose upon other people.
Página 7 - But in the way in which this business is now carried on, not only the whole work is a peculiar trade, but it is divided into a number of branches, of which the greater part are likewise peculiar trades.
Página 8 - But if they had all wrought separately and independently, and without any of them having been educated to this peculiar business, they certainly could not each of them have made twenty, perhaps not one pin in a day...
Página 22 - ... for them. The greater part of his occasional wants are supplied in the same manner as those of other people, by treaty, by barter, and by purchase. With the money which one man gives him he purchases food. The old cloaths which another bestows upon him he exchanges for other old cloaths which suit him better, or for lodging, or for food, or for money, with which he can buy either food, cloaths, or lodging, as he has occasion.
Página 83 - The commodity is then sold precisely for what it is worth, or for what it really costs the person who brings it to market; for though in common language what is called the prime cost of any commodity does not comprehend the profit of the person who is to sell it again, yet if he sells it at a price which does not allow him the ordinary rate of profit in his...
Página 26 - As it is the power of exchanging that gives occasion to the division of labour, so the extent of this division must always be limited by the extent of that power, or, in other words, by the extent of the market.