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Senate for this great achievement. I hope the Hague Court will be increased in power and permanence.


United States Senator from Kentucky.

YAZOO CITY, Mississippi, April 3d, 1907.

I cannot too much impress upon you an idea, which I have talked over with the President of the United States, and which was embodied in a resolution of mine endorsed by the American delegates and referred to and carried over by the Executive Committee of the last Congress, which was held at London. That idea is to give stability and permanency and independence to the Hague Court, as well as dignity to its personnel, by having each country pay a good, substantial salary to the members of the Court appointed by it, by giving them a long tenure of office, either for life, or for ten or fifteen years, by forbidding them to act as counsel for any nation, while holding a place as member of the Court, thus enabling each country to select international lawyers of international reputation who can make a long work, if not a life work, of the objects set before the Hague Court for accomplishment. My plan further embodied the idea of making it a part of the duty of the members of the Court to collate the recognized principles of international law and to suggest to the nations of the earth amendments thereto, in furtherance of the general object of making arbitration, and not war, as far as possible, the means of settlement of issues arising between sovereignties. Of course, all the members of the Hague Court never act as arbitrators at any one time, but no member of the Court ought to be permitted to be an attorney before his fellow members representing any nation which has a controversy before the Court. It follows that in order to make it a great international lawyer's worth-while to take a place upon the Court-surrendering this privilege, that he should have a good salary. If the Court be given the dignity and prestige, which this would give it, then when matters at issue are left to controversy, they will always be left to the Court itself instead of having a government here and there suggest some other sort of arbitration. My idea is to make the Court of the Hague an Amphyctionic Council of the civilized world. JOHN SHARP WILLIAMS,

Congressman from Mississippi and Member of

Interparliamentary Group.

Representatives of Foreign Countries who
Participated in the Congress


DR. JOHN RHYS, Head of Jesus' College and Pro Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

THE REV. E. S. ROBERTS, Master of Gonville and Caius College and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.

COLONEL SIR ROBERT CRANSTON, ex-Lord Provost of Edinburgh.
DR. JOHN Ross, Chairman Carnegie Dumferline Trust.


W. T. STEAD, Editor Review of Reviews.

SIR ROBERT BALL, F.R.S., Professor of Astronomy at the University of Cambridge.

DR. P. CHALMERS MITCHELL, F.R.S., Secretary Zoological Society of London.

SIR WILLIAM HENRY PREECE, F.R.S., Electrical Engineer.

MR. WILLIAM ARCHER, Dramatic Critic, London Tribune.
SIR EDWARD ELGAR, Musical Composer.


BARON D'ESTOURNELLES DE CONSTANT, Member of French Senate; head of French Section of International Peace Conference.


PAUL DOUMER, Chairman of the Senate.

J. RAIS, Secretary of the International Conciliation Committee.
LEONCE BENEDITE, Director Luxembourg Gallery, Paris.
CAMILLE ENLART, Director of the Trocadero Museum, Paris.


FREDERICH S. ARCHENHOLD, Astronomer, Director Theptow Observa


MR. J. M. W. VAN DER POORTEN-SCHWARTZ ("Maarten Maartens"). Author and traveler.

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Subscribers to the National Arbitration and

Andrew Carnegie,

Miss Grace H. Dodge,

John D. Rockefeller,

Jacob H. Schiff,

Morris K. Jesup,

George Foster Peabody,

August Belmont,

Elbert H. Gary,

Thomas F. Ryan,

Isaac N. Seligman,

Alfred Nathan,

William Church Osborne,

Peace Congress


Mrs. William Church Osborne,

R. Fulton Cutting,

John E. Parsons,
John Crosby Brown,
M. Taylor Pine,
Frederick Potter,
Charles A. Coffin,
Emerson McMillin,
John D. Crimmins,
James J. Hill,
Mrs. Russell Sage,
John S. Huyler,
Clarence H. Mackay,
John Claffin,
Clarence Whitman,
William F. King,

Society for Ethical Culture,

Seth Low,

Felix Warburg,
Otto Kahn,

Mortimer L. Schiff,
Cornelius N. Bliss,
W. Bayard Cutting,
Cleveland H. Dodge,
Herbert Parsons,
F. S. Witherbee,
Francis Lynde Stetson,

Nathan Bijur,

M. Hartley Dodge,
James Speyer,

Bishop Henry C. Potter,

A. R. Shattuck,

E. H. Outerbridge,
James H. Post,

Paul Fuller,

James A. Byrne,

Jacob Hasslacher,

Warner Miller,

John F. Praeger,
Henry Rowley,
Warner Van Norden,
John A. McKim,
Lewis Gawtry,
A. C. Hodenpyl,
William F. Allen,

James Talcott,

Elverton R. Chapman,

William C. Demorest,

Franklin Allen,

Fred C. Cocheu,

E. C. Schaeffer,

Walter Frew,

George Maccoullough Miller, Anton Eilers,

Edward Lauterbach,

Charles A. Schieren,
Jefferson M. Levy,
Newell Martin,
George E. Blackwell,
D. P. Kingsley,
A. H. Bickmore,
Charles S. Davidson,
Marshall S. Driggs,
A. Abraham,
Stephen H. Olin,
John P. Dunn,

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