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GEORGE ATKINSON, Esq.,
"THE PROPER STUDY OF MANKIND IS MAN."
J. ROBINSON, 40, HIGH HOLBORN.
ESTMORLAND, Westmoreland, or as it is anciently written Westmerland, hath its name, according to common acceptation, from its being a western moorish country. The learned archbishop Usher, in his Antiquities of the British churches, page 303, quotes several authors as deriving it from Marius a king of the Britons, who in the first or second century defeated Roderic or Rothinger a Pictish general from Scythia, upon the mountain now called Stanemore; in memory whereof (he says) Reicrois or Rerecrosse (a red, or royal cross) was erected : and from him that part of the kingdom was called Westmerland. But Mr. Camden treats this notion as chimerical, and says, it is only a fancy that some people have taken in their sleep, and is positive that the county hath received its name from the barren, mountainous, uncultivated,
*This is for the most part extracted from Nicholson and Burn's History of the County, with such emendations and remarks as time and circumstances call for included in + +