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Dear, a.

Deer, s.

animals

hunted for veni

son, stags.

Dear, s.
A word of endear- Beloved, valuable, Plural:

ment; darling.

costly.

Dear, to the heart, and dear to pay,
Alike are writ with e and a;

Two e's the bounding deer will claim,
Whene'er you write their pretty name.

EXERCISE.

Our friend the wealthy contractor can afford to pay dear for this estate, which is superb with its noble timber and deerpark: the mansion stands on a strata of gravel.-Remember, my dear, not to pay too dear for a whistle.

'A man he was to all the country dear,
And passing rich with forty pounds a year.'
'The meek intelligence of those dear eyes-
Blest be the art that can immortalise ;*
The art that baffles time's tyrannic claim
To quench it-here smiles on me still the same.'
'The deer we mark, in the forest dark.'

Dew, s.

Due, s.

Due, a.

A thin, cool vapour A debt, a right, a Exact, proper; that

that

night.

falls at tribute.

Due, ad.-Exactly, nicely.

should have

ar

rived, owing to.

Dew write with w, damp that falls at night;

D-u-e, due, just, proper, lawful, right.

EXERCISE.

'The drop of dew upon this leaf will probably contain animalculæ, visible under the microscope.'-By the mail now due I expect letters from China, the Crimea, Suez, the Morea, New Orleans, Geneva, and Genoa.

'Cold on his cradle the dew-drops are shining,

Low lies his head with the beasts of the stall;
Angels adore Him in slumber reclining-
Maker, and Monarch, and Saviour of all!'

'In every work regard the writer's end,
Since none can compass more than they intend;
And if the means be just, the conduct true,
Applause, in spite of trivial faults, is due.'
'In the nice bee what sense so subtly true,
From poisonous herbs extracts the healing dew.'

*Or immortalize.

Die, s.

Die, v.

Dye, s.

A stamp used in coin- To lose life, to perish, Colouring fluid, a

age (plural dies);

a cube used in gambling (plural dice).

to expire.

tinge.

Dye, v. To tinge with colour.
Write die, with i-to cease to live
The life no mortal hand can give,
The die that gamblers rattle fast,
And die that's used when coin is cast;
But dye, with y, is to impart
A colour by the hand of art.

EXERCISE.

'Let me die the death of the righteous.'
'Teach me to die, that so I may

Rise glorious at the judgment day.'

The gambler may be successful for a time, but he is sure to cast the die once too often; the dice, instead of gain, bring dire ruin, and he dies poor and dishonoured.—The medals are not ready, the first die was broken.—'Wool will take and retain more dye than silk.'-The dyer is dyeing our curtains with a new blue dye he has discovered.

Doe, s.

The female of a buck.

Dough, s.

Paste, kneaded our.

D-o-e, doe, female of buck, is said;
D-o-u-g-h, dough, is unbaked bread.

EXERCISE.

These fawns are very tame: one doe seems timid, the rest of the does seem contented and sleepy, and appear inclined to doze. The bread Martha makes is always tough enough, but to-day it will be worse than usual. She heard Stephen cough, and leaving her dough in the trough, she ran to take him some licorice lozenges.-A pedlar was charged with the atrocious crime of having deliberately mixed arsenic or some other poisonous and deleterious ingredient in the dough; the victim rallied, but is now delirious and dying of erysipelas.

'Vain was the speed of dark-brown doe,
When Malcolm bent his sounding bow;

And scarce that doe, though winged with fear,
Outstripped in speed the mountaineer.'

'How I wish that, instead of this finery making,
She would look to her butter, her dough, and her baking.'
* Or liquorice.

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Dun, a.-Dusky, gloomy; a shade of colour.

D-o-n-e, for done, the verb,

Of acts performed, is said;

Dun, with three letters, gloomy, dark,
Or dun who will be paid.

EXERCISE.

He will not pay till you dun him for the money. His affairs are so involved that every knock he fancies a dun.—'Ample justice has been done by abler pens than mine to the separate merits of your life and character.'-'They promise to furnish a faithful record of current events, parochial, social, political, commercial, financial, literary, and philosophical, and all this is to be done at the cost of one penny to the purchaser.'-What was done was marvellous in its dexterity and its ingenuity; the shipwrecked men had a most providential escape. I can scarcely conceive a more mischievous fellow than this impostor, whose character is a compound of conceit, deceit, and audacity; he has done much harm, and while at liberty will continue to thieve and to receive stolen goods.-Much has been done of late years to improve the style and texture of our textile fabrics.-Charles has done what he can to explain the case, of which he has drawn up a synopsis.

'He must dodge and run

For fear of a dun.'

'Pennons and flags, defaced and stained,
That blackening streaks of blood retained;
And deer-skins, dappled, dun and white,
With otter's fur and seal's unite.'
'November's skies are clouded dun,
November's dead leaves fall.'

'There wanted yet the master-work, the end
Of all yet done-a creature who, not prone
And brute as other creatures, but endued
With sanctity of reason, might erect
His stature, and upright, with front serene,
Govern the rest, self-knowing.'

Draft, s.

A bill of exchange, an order directing the payment of money; often used instead of draught, a sketch, or summary.

Draft, v.

To detach; to select; often used instead of draught, as to draft off men.

Draught, 8.

The quantity of liquor drunk; the act of drinking; current;
a sketch; a detachment of soldiers; act of pulling; a drain.
Draft, that with letters five you make,
Draft, for a sum of money, take;
And from that selfsame draft you catch
The meaning, draft, select, detach.
Draught, spelt with u-g-h, has more
Meanings than draft that went before
It tells of draught, the draught we drink,
And means the draught, a drain or sink;
The draught of weight, delineation,
And draughts we use for recreation;
The draught of vessels thus is told,
And draught of air that gives us cold.

EXERCISE.

These small

I gave a draft on my banker for the amount. boats will be more useful in the shallows than vessels of greater draught.'-Make a rough draught of the subject for me to see. -Our new horse is not strong enough for heavy draught.—I played at draughts, but cannot say I found recreation in the game. By sitting in that draught you incur a risk of bronchitis, neuralgia, rheumatism, and toothache. It is well the practice of using dogs for draught has been stopped by legislative enactment; animals used for draught should have hard hoofs, not soft paws.'-The general will draught † off recruits to healthy stations.-There must have been myrrh and aloes in that nauseous draught.

'Here's a sad, dismal story as ever was told

I sat in a draught, and I caught a bad cold;

Then I coughed, and I sneezed, and I felt very ill,
And the doctor he dosed me with draught and with
pill;

And now I a draft on my banker must draw,

То pay for the draughts that I swallowed before.'

* Johnson speaks of the word draft as a mere corruption of draught; nevertheless custom seems to sanction its use in some instances: the same may be said of the word bye, many writers constantly adding the e in good-bye, by-the-bye, &c., instead of spelling the words good-by, bythe-by, the more correct orthography.

t Or draft.

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Richard's tenants draw unfavourable comparisons.-I am going to draw; can you lend me some india-rubber? You will find some in the drawer of my writing-table; there are some good pencils in the drawer: draw the things out gently.-If you draw him out, the plaintiff will tell a pitiful plaintive story of how he is plagued by the plagiarists purloining his best passages without payment, and appropriating panegyrics and applause that do not appertain to them. He can wield an argument, and will not yield a point; but I do not think even his eloquence will draw many persons over to his side of the question. The drawer contained some diamonds, a sapphire, an opal, and an onyx; I am about to draw up an account of the collection.

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How would our luxurious invalids like the celebrated prescription, 'Live on a shilling a-day, and earn it ? '—No qualm of conscience will deter him if he can earn money.

'Can storied urn, or animated bust,

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath?'
'Now stir the fire, and close the shutters fast,
Let fall the curtains, wheel the sofa round;
And while the bubbling and loud-hissing urn
Throws up a steamy column, and the cups
That cheer but not inebriate, wait on each,
So let us welcome peaceful evening in!'

Observe that, though we give the words draw and drawer, as mistakes occur in spelling them, there is, when they are properly pronounced, sufficient distinction in sound to guide a writer, more particularly when the drawer means one who draws.

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