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Finch, Francis M. (page 145), was born at Ithaca, New York in 1827. He was educated at Yale College, and in 1881 was elected an associate judge of the court of appeals of the state of New York. He wrote several poems, but "The Blue and the Gray" is the only one that achieved popularity.

Geike, Sir Archibald (page 215), a Scottish geologist, was born at Edinburgh in 1835. He was for many years professor of geology in Edinburgh University. His works, which are numerous, include a "Student's Manual of Geology," and a

"Memoir of Sir Roderick I. Murchison."

Goldsmith, Oliver (page 99), was born at Pallas, Ireland in 1728. He received his education at several schools, at Trinity College, Dublin, at Edinburgh, and at Leyden. In 1756 he became a resident of London, where he made the acquaintance of several celebrated men, among whom were Dr. Johnson and Sir Joshua Reynolds. His writings are noted for their purity, grace, and fluency. He died in 1774.

Grady, Henry W. (page 142), an American journalist and orator, was born in Georgia in 1851. He was editor of the Atlanta Constitution and achieved great popularity as a public speaker. He died in 1889.




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Byron and Shelley in the publication of literary journal. Mr. Hunt died in 1859.

Irving, Washington (page 187), one of the most famous of American authors, was born at New York in 1783. He left school when sixteen years of age, and did not go to college. He first came prominently into notice upon the appearance, in 1809, of his "Knickerbocker's History of New York," a good-natured burlesque on the early manners and records of the city. The seventeen years following 1815 he spent in Europe, and during this time published several of his best works, as "The Sketch Book," "Life of Columbus," "Conquest of Granada," and "The Alhambra." In 1842-46 he was United States minister to Spain. The refined feeling, genial humor, and simple language of Irving's writings give them a high place in literature. Mr. Irving died at his home near Tarrytown, New York, in 1859.

Jerrold, Douglas William (page 295), dramatist, novelist, and miscellaneous writer, was born in London, 1803. In his tenth year he was sent to sea, but after serving two years was apprenticed to a printer in London. His nautical drama, "Blackeyed Susan" (1829), first brought him into notice, but his subsequent dramatic writings were of a far higher character. In 1852 he became editor of Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, which post he held till his death, in 1857. His collected works are published in six volumes.

Jones, Sir William (page 279), an English scholar and statesman, was born at Westminster in 1746. He was educated at Oxford, and early distinguished himself by his ability as a student. Much of his life was spent in India, and in 1783 he was made judge of the Supreme Court of Bengal. He died at Calcutta in 1794.

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Kinney, Coates (page 76), an American journalist and lawyer was born in Ohio in 1826. He was the writer of several poems, of which "Rain on the Roof" is the best known.

Kipling, Rudyard (page 156), an English writer, was born at Bombay, India, in 1865. He was the author of a number of stories which attained great popularity, and a few poems of

marked originality. His best work is included in his "Jungle Books," collections of stories for young readers.

Lamb, Charles (page 310), an English essayist, was born at London in 1775, and received his education at the school of Christ's Hospital. In 1792 he obtained a clerkship in the office of the East India Company, which he retained until 1825, when he retired on a pension. It is on the "Essays of Elia," collected and printed in 1823, and "Last Essays of Elia," added in 1833, that his reputation rests. In collaboration with his sister Mary, he wrote for children "Tales from Shakespeare," a book which is still in general use. There is a quaint charm of style and a delicate humor in his essays which make them very attractive to people of a dainty taste in literature. Charles Lamb died at Edmonton in 1834.

Lanier, Sidney (page 213), was born at Macon, Georgia, in 1842. He graduated at Oglethorpe College in 1860, and enlisted in the Confederate army. In 1876, through the influence of his friend Bayard Taylor, he was selected to read a Centennial Ode at the Philadelphia Exposition. He soon afterwards removed to Baltimore, Maryland, and in 1879 was chosen lecturer on English literature at Johns Hopkins University. He died at Lynn, North Carolina, in 1881.

Larcom, Lucy (page 97), was born at Beverly, Massachusetts, in 1826. While a young girl working in a cotton factory in her native town, she contributed some poems to the Lowell Offering, which won the admiration and encouragement of the poet Whittier. She taught several years in the seminary at Norton, and her first volume of poetry was published in 1859. She died in 1893.

Lee, Henry (page 288), was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in 1756; died in 1818. In 1799, when Congress received intelligence of the death of Washington, Lee, being a member of that body, was appointed to pronounce the eulogium. The resolutions which he drew up for the occasion, and from which our extract is taken, were presented during Lee's temporary absence by his friend Judge Marshall. Henry Lee was long known in Virginia by the name of "Legion Harry," or "Light

horse Harry," in allusion to the rapid and daring movements of his corps in the War of the Revolution. He was the father of General Robert E. Lee, commander of the Confederate armies in the Civil War.

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (pages 30, 90, 293), was born at Portland, Maine, in 1807. He was educated at Bowdoin College, and having been appointed professor of modern languages in that institution, he went abroad and spent some time in thoroughly fitting himself for the position. In 1835 he was appointed professor of belles-lettres in Harvard College, and he accordingly removed to Cambridge, where he remained until his death in 1882. He was a genuine singer, and the sweetness of his melody has made him the most popular poet of the last half century among the English-speaking peoples.

Lowell, James Russell (page 109), was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1819, and was educated at Harvard College. From 1877 to 1885, he was U. S. Minister, first to Spain, afterwards to Great Britain. He died in 1891. Lowell's powers as a writer were very versatile, and his poems range from the most dreamy and imaginative to the most trenchant and witty. Among his most noted works are "The Biglow Papers," "The Vision of Sir Launfal," "Among my Books," and "My Study Windows."

Miller, Cincinnatus Heine (page 182), commonly known as Joaquin Miller, was born in Indiana, in 1841. At the age of eleven he emigrated with his father to Oregon, and three years later went to California. His "Songs of the Sierras" was published in London in 1871, and "Songs of the Sun Lands at the same place in 1872.

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Nadaud, Gustave (page 37), a French song writer, was born in Paris in 1802. He died in 1893. His beautiful song, "Carcassonne" is known to English readers, through several admirable translations.

O'Gorman, Richard (page 267), was born in Dublin, Ireland, and educated at Trinity College. He studied law and became a conspicuous member of the Irish bar. In 1849 he came to New York, where he devoted himself during the remainder of

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