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My native country, thee,
Land of the noble, free,
Thy name I love;

I love thy rocks and rills,
Thy woods and templed hills,
My heart with rapture thrills
Like that above.

Let music swell the breeze,
And ring from all the trees
Sweet freedom's song;
Let mortal tongues awake,
Let all that breathe partake,
Let rocks their silence break,
The sound prolong.

Our fathers' God, to Thee,
Author of Liberty,

To Thee we sing;

Long may our land be bright
With freedom's holy light,
Protect us by thy might,
Great God, our King.


God of our fathers, known of old-
Lord of our far-flung battle line-
Beneath whose awful Hand we hold
Dominion over palm and pine;
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet,
Lest we forget-lest we forget.

The tumult and the shouting dies,
The captains and the kings depart-
Still stands Thine ancient sacrifice,
An humble and a contrite heart.
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet,
Lest we forget-lest we forget.

Far-called our navies melt away—
On dune and headland sinks the fire-
Lo, all our pomp of yesterday

Is one with Nineveh and Tyre!
Judge of the nations, spare us yet,
Lest we forget-lest we forget.

If, drunk with sight of power, we loose
Wild tongues that have not Thee in awe-
Such boastings as the Gentiles use,
Or lesser breeds without the Law-
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet,
Lest we forget-lest we forget!

For heathen heart that puts her trust
In reeking tube and iron shard-
All valiant dust that builds on dust,
And guarding calls not Thee to guard,
For frantic boast and foolish word,

Thy Mercy on Thy People, Lord!

Besides the primary emphasis, which we have largely been considering, there is a secondary emphasis that brings out the lighter touches and more delicate shadings of the word-picture. Into this our exposition cannot profitably go.

It is not maintained that a mastery of the foregoing rules, and the avoidance of the faults mentioned, will give a mastery of the art of emphasis. These rules and cautions are intended to call the student's attention to some basic principles, and the examples are to afford practice in training the voice to obey the will. That attained, the mind must do the rest.


Emphasis should express the relative importance of ideas. This is accomplished, vocally, by pause, time, and stress; but the basis of clear and expressive emphasis is always clear and vigorous thinking.



Definition and Classification. — Inflection denotes the bend or wave of the voice above or below the average key. Its uses are to aid in emphasizing, to express relationships between the ideas in a discourse, and, in general, to give variety to speech. The inflections of a well-modulated voice.

the variations from the dominant key-note- are infinite in number, but the principal movements, with the method of indicating each, are as follows: The Falling Inflection (), the Rising Inflection (), the Falling Circumflex (^), the Rising Circumflex (~), the Double Falling Circumflex ~), the Double Rising Circumflex (~~), the Falling Slide (), and the Rising Slide

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The Falling and Rising Inflections: General Law. commonly known as inflection is the downward or upward bend of the voice on a single word or syllable immediately preceding the pauses in speech. This bend of the voice expresses the relationship between the ideas immediately preceding and following such pause. When the voice bends downward from the key, it is known as the falling inflection, and indicates that the thought is complete at that point; when the voice bends upward, it is called the rising inflection, and indicates that something more is needed to complete the thought. Hence the General Law that determines inflection is as follows: When the thought is complete, the voice falls; when the thought is incomplete, the voice rises. That

is, the completeness or incompleteness of the thought, not the form of the sentence or the punctuation, determines the inflection. Nothing could be more misleading than to suppose that the voice always rises at the comma and always falls at the period. A sentence may be grammatically complete but incomplete in thought. Therefore discard any idea of inflecting according to the punctuation marks.

The Falling Inflection. The falling inflection denotes affirmation, determination, positiveness, assertion, completeness. Completeness includes (1) Finality and (2) Momentary Completeness.

1. Finality. By finality is meant the conclusion of the thought. For the purpose of completing some idea, or of laying down that which is finished, the voice falls.


(a) Service is the law of life. It is a splendid thing to be able to live this life of service. — Abbott.

(b) The modern student knows that a well-developed body and a well-developed mind are necessary partners for intellectual and material triumphs. — DEPEW.

(c) I expect to pass through this life but once. If there is any kindness or any good thing I can do to my fellow-beings, let me do it now. I shall pass this way but once. -WILLIAM PENN.

2. Momentary Completeness. Momentary completeness of the thought may arise, first, from its logical importance, requiring a strong affirmative emphasis.


(a) Then shall the kingdom be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.

(b) Ephesus was upside down. The manufacturers of silver boxes for holding heathen images had collected their laborers

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