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TEACHERS.

LII.

(Form No. 18.)-Directions Given to Candidates for Certificates Before Being Examined.

1. Write your name and the subject of the examination, distinctly, at the top of each page.

2. You need not copy the questions upon the paper, but be careful to number each answer to correspond with the question. 3. If unable to answer any questions, write its proper number, and opposite the same write, "I cannot answer."

4. In answering questions in arithmetic, algebra, &c., give the work as well as the answer.

5. As soon as one exercise is finished, hand it to the examiner before beginning another.

6. After beginning a set of questions, do not leave the room without the permission of the examiner in charge until that exercise is completed.

7. Avoid all communications with other candidates, with visitors, or with anyone else, except the examiners, whether by talking or otherwise. Exercises prepared in violation of this rule will be rejected.

8. All referring to text-books, or to written or printed abstracts, or memoranda of any kind, is forbidden. A violation of this rule will cause your entire examination to be rejected.

9. Do not tear off any portion of the sheet that may remain after you have finished a set of questions, but leave the sheet whole, as the paper will be preserved.

10. Be careful to preserve this card of directions and questions. They will both be called for at the close of the examination.

RULES FOR EXAMINATIONS FOR STATE CERTIFICATES

1. Examinations for State Certificates are held at the State House, in Trenton, on the first Thursday, Friday and Saturday of June and December.

2. In any examination the diploma of a university or college, authorized to confer degrees, may be accepted in lieu of an examination in the academic subjects prescribed, provided the course of study covered by said diploma shall include said prescribed subjects or other equivalent, and shall not have been pursued through correspondence. The State Board of Examiners may, in lieu of an examination in any of the subjects, accept such credentials as it may deem conclusive evidence of scholarship and professional qualification.

3. Any certificate of any grade, issued in this State, in full force and effect, or which shall have been in full force and effect within one year next preceding the date of the examination, may be accepted in lieu of an examination in the academic subjects covered by said certificate, provided said certificate shall show a general average of not less than 75 per cent.

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4. The subjects shall be assigned in the following order: Thursday.-Geometry, Literature, Chemistry and Botany. Friday. Drawing, Psychology, School Law, Manual Training, Principles and Practice of the Kindergarten, Music and Ancient or Modern Languages, Bookkeeping, Commercial Arithmetic.

Saturday. Physical Training, Theory and Practice of Teaching, History of Education, Science of Education, Stenography, Business Practice.

5. No certificate shall be issued to a teacher whose percentage in any subject shall fall below 70.

6. A Third-Grade State Certificate is valid for seven years from its date, and may be renewed without re-examination. No experience in teaching is required. An applicant must be at least twenty years of age. In addition to the subjects required for a First-Grade County Certificate, he will be examined in—

Plane and Solid Geometry, Literature, Botany, Free-Hand Drawing, Psychology, or in lieu of one or more of said subjects,

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such other subject or subjects as the State Board of Examiners shall regard as the equivalent thereof.

7. A Second-Grade State Certificate is valid for ten years from its date, and may be renewed without re-examination. An experience in teaching of not less than two years is required. An applicant must be at least twenty-one years of age. In addition to the subjects required for a Third-Grade State Certificate, he will be examined in—

Chemistry, Manual Training, Physical Training, Science of Education.

8. A First-Grade State Certificate is valid for life. An experience in teaching of not less than five years is required. The examination is the same as that required for a Second-Grade State Certificate. This certificate is issued only to a teacher who presents satisfactory evidence of success as a superintendent, supervising principal or a principal of a graded school employing not less than five teachers, or in such other capacity as the State Board of Examiners shall regard as the equivalent thereof. An applicant must be at least twenty-five years of age.

9. A college graduate, whose diploma is accepted in lieu of an examination in the academic subjects, will be examined in such of the following subjects as are not covered by his diploma: Third-Grade State Certificate.

Theory and Practice, School Law, Psychology, History of Education.

Second-Grade State Certificate, in addition to the subjects above named

Science of Education, Manual Training, Physical Training.

10. Any person desiring to take an examination in any subject or subjects in lieu of those specified, must make application therefor to the State Board of Examiners at least four weeks prior to the date of the examination.

11. Special State Certificates are valid for five years, and may be renewed without re-examination. Special Certificates are granted to teach the following subjects:

Kindergarten, Manual Training, Physical Training, Drawing, Music, Ancient Languages or Modern Languages and Commercial Branches.

12. An applicant for a Special Certificate must present either a diploma from a high school or a Teachers' Certificate valid in

New Jersey, other than Special, which has been in full force and effect within one year next preceding the examination.

13. The subjects for a Special Kindergarten Certificate or a Certificate to Teach Ancient Languages or Modern Languages, are: History of Education, Psychology, Theory and Practice of Teaching, School Law and the special subject to be taught. And in addition thereto, for a Kindergarten Certificate, an examination in Drawing.

14. The subjects for a Special Certificate to Teach Drawing, Manual Training, Physical Training or Music, are: Psychology, History of Education, School Law of New Jersey, and the special subject to be taught, and in addition thereto, for a Certificate to Teach Drawing, an examination in Plane Geometry.

15. The subjects for a Special Certificate to Teach Commercial Branches, are: Psychology, School Law of New Jersey, Bookkeeping, Commercial Arithmetic, Stenography, Theory and Practice of Teaching, History of Education and Business Practice.

16. A graduate of the former Elementary Course of the State Normal School may be granted a Normal Life Certificate upon passing an examination in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Geometry, History of Education, Science of Education and School Law of New Jersey, or in lieu of one or more of said subjects, such other subject or subjects as the State Board of Examiners shall regard as the equivalent thereof.

17. The following text-books will indicate about the extent of the examination in the subjects named:

Theory and Practice.-Lectures on Teaching (Fitch), School Management (White), Courses and Methods (Prince), Lectures on Education (Jos. Payne), Psychology, Briefer course (James), Hand-Book of Psychology (Murray), Theory and Practice of Teaching (Page).

Science of Education.-Elements of Pedagogy (White), Philosophy of Education, Spencer's Edition (Tompkins), Science of Education (Rosenkranz).

History of Education.—(Compayre, Painter, Williams), Educational Reforms (Quick), History of Education (Seeley).

Physical Training.-Light Gymnastics (W. G. Anderson), Swedish System of Educational Gymnastics (Baron Nils Posse), Physiology of Bodily Exercise (Lagrange), Gymnastics in the School-Room (Hans Ballin), Progressive Gymnastics, Day's Orders (Enebriske).

Manual Training.-Industrial Education (Love), Manual Training (Charles Ham), The Manual Training School (Woodward).

In all other subjects, the scope of the examination will correspond to the subject-matter of the ordinary text-book.

18. The subjects required for a First-Grade County Certificate

are

Orthography, Reading, Penmanship, Geography, Arithmetic, English Grammar, United States History, English Composition, Physiology, Bookkeeping, Drawing, Algebra, Physics, General History, Civics, Plane Geometry, Theory and Practice of Teaching, School Law of New Jersey, History of Education.

19. All communications should be addressed to the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, who will furnish blank applications for examination.

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