Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

ornamented cap-all cut from granite in the best style. The words "HIGH SCHOOL" may be seen over this door.

The door in the circular projection, fronting on another street, is the entrance for boys, and has also a fine frontispiece, cut from granite.

The Basement, First and Second Floors, are fitted up as School rooms, and the entire building, thus divided, is capable of accommodating 600 pupils-boys and girls. We will now proceed to give an explanation of the accompanying Plans of the different School-rooms in the building. A reference to Fig. 1 will be advantageous in connexion with such explanation.

The Rooms in the Basement Floor (which is 12 feet high in the clear,) are separated from each other by solid brick walls. The pupils, in the girls' department, entering the house at A, (Fig. 2,) pass into the large lobby C, 12 feet by 28, from which they can go to all parts of the building appropriated to their use.

The furnace room I has a brick floor, and can be kept in as good order as any other parts of the house. The wood_boxes, n, n, and the furnace F, are so constructed that, with an ordinary degree of care, the room may be kept as clean as any of the Schoolrooms. In this room, at m, m, provision is made for setting up umbrellas. It resembles a ladder placed in a horizontal position, and is fastened to the ceiling on one side, and supported on the other by substantial posts of oak or other strong wood turned in a tasteful_style, and let into the floor. The pump, p, accessible to all in the girls' department, connected with a nice sink, lined with lead, affords an abundant supply of excellent water. The rooms E, G and I, nearly 16 feet by 24 each, are appropriated as offices of the School Trustees, Superintendent and Masters, &c.

The large Lecture Room D, on the left hand side of the Plan, is furnished with a sufficient number of seats (a specimen of which is shown at 7,) to accommodate about 250 pupils. On the platform P., which is raised seven inches from the floor, is a long table, d, made convenient for experimental Lectures in Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, &c., having pneumatic troughs for holding gases. At F, (i, g, i,) are suitable provisions for furnaces, &c., required in the preparation of chemical experiments. The pump, p, with a sink like the other, (in room H,) is used exclusively by the pupils in the boys' department.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

At all Lectures and other exercises in this room, the girls, entering at a, occupy the

seats on the right of the middle aisle. The boys, entering by descending the short flight

of stairs b, are seated at the opposite side of the room. This arrangement is deemed advisable in order to obviate the objections sometimes made against having a School for boys and girls in the same building. The departments are thereby kept entirely separate, except in exercises in vocal music and occasional lectures. The boys enter the house at the end door B, which is six feet above the basement floor, and by a short flight of stairs they reach the first story at e (Fig. 3.)

The three rooms, D, E and F, (Fig. 3,) are appropriated to the department for girls. They are easy of access to the pupils, who, ascending the broad flight of stairs (at a, Fig. 2), terminating at B, can pass readily to their respective rooms.

As the course of instruction in this School occupies three years, the room D, (Fig. 3,) is appropriated to the studies of the first year, E to those of the second, and F to those of the thrid. In each room there are three sizes of seats and desks, but the arrangement in all is uniform-the largest being at the back of the room. The largest desks are 4 feet 8 inches long, and 22 inches wide on the top; the middle size is two inches smaller, and the other is reduced in the same proportions. The largest seats are as high as common chairs (about 17 inches,) and the remaining sizes are reduced to correspond with the desks. The passages around the sides of the rooms vary from 2 to 4 feet wide, and those between the rows of desks from 18 to 24 inches.

On the raised platforms, P, P, P, P, are the Teachers' Tables, d, d, d, d, covered with green baize and furnished with four drawers each. The registers, ƒ, ƒ, ƒ, ƒ, admit the warm air from the furnace, and the pipes, P, P, P, conduct it into the rooms in the upper story. The passage, b, leads into the yard, which is ornamented with a variety of shrubbery. The door near e, leading from the room F is used only for Teachers and Visitors, except when the two departments assemble in the hall. In the room C the boys pursue the studies prescribed for the first year. The other rooms in this department are in the next story.

Pupils ascending from the area e, Fig. 3, by two circular staircases, land on the broad space a, c, from which, by a short flight of stairs, they reach the second story, which is sixteen feet high in the clear. This second story is divided into three school-rooms -two of the smalier of which, separated from the third by a nross partition, are fitted up precisely like rooms C and F, in Fig. 3. and are immediately them; and the third is fitted up like D, Fig. 2, only that it is furnished with three rows of seats instead of two, and has three seats and desks on each side of, and parallel to the ends of, the Teacher's platform.

One of the smaller rooms in the second story is appropriated to the middle class, and the other to the senior class of pupils. The arrangement of the seats and desks are the same as in the other rooms, except that they are movable-being screwed to a frame not fastened to the floor. The cross partition, referred to above, is composed of four very large doors, about 14 feet square, hung with weights in such a manner that they may be raised into the attic, thus throwing the whole upper story into one large hall-an arrangement by which one room can be changed into three and three into one, as occasion may require. On all public occasions, such as Quarterly Eqaminations and Annual Exhibitions, the rooms are thus thrown together, and the seats and desks turned so as to face the large platform in the principal School room.

In erecting a building, such as we have described, in which the School rooms are necessarily placed one over the other, care should be taken to deaden the noise overhead. This may be done by filling up (with proper precautions) the spaces between the joice of the floors with tan bark, cork shavings, or some other compact light substance.

[graphic]

PLAN V. PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF A GRAMMAR OR CENTRAL SCHOOL.-FIG. 1.

The building, which has already been erected on a corner lot 198 by 170 feet, is of brick, 70 by 44 feet on the ground. The basement wall, up to the water table, is of stone, laid in hydraulic cement. The roof is covered with tin, laid in white lead.

The basement wall, 10 feet high in the clear, contains a lecture room, (which serves also as a chapel,) 264 by 40 feet, with comfortable seats to accommodate conveniently 200 pupils. The floor descends 2 feet from the rear of the room to the platform, giving 12 feet height immediately in front of it. A laboratory, 12 by 15 feet, adjoins the lecture room, with which it communicates by a door at the end of a platform. The remainder of the basement floor is occupied by the furnaces for warming the building and by the rooms of the Janitor.

The first floor is occupied by the male department, and consists of a School room about 30 by 54 feet, and nearly 15 feet high in the clear, with two recitation rooms, entries, &c. There are 62 desks, each four feet long and accommodating two pupils.

[blocks in formation]

On the second floor are the girls' school room, about 28 by 40 feet, with seats for 76 pupils, 2 recitation rooms, library, hall, and room occupied by primary department. There is a large skylight in the centre of the girls' School room, and another in the library. The rooms are fifteen feet in height.

The building is thoroughly and uniformly warmed by two furnaces, in the basement, and a change of air is secured by ventilators at the top of the rooms, and also near the

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

floor, opening into flues which are carried up in the chimneys. The warmth imparted by the smoke which passes up in the adjoining flues secures a good draft. In the upper story additional means of ventilation are furnished by the sky-lights, which can be partially opened. Illustrations on this subject will be given at the close.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The supports are of wood, however, instead of cast iron, and the seats are easy Windsor chairs. Both seats and desks are firmly seecured to the floor by small iron knees and screws. For patterns, see illustrations at the end.

The School and recitation rooms are all furnished with large slates set in the wall in the room of blackboards.

Description of the teachers' desks in the School rooms will be given at the end. The whole cost of the building, including furnaces, scholars' desks and chairs, slates and inkstands, was about $6,000. As many of the School houses now about being erected in several of the Towns of the Province at about the cost of the building illustrated in the Number, the plans and interior arrangements carried out in this bullding will be an excellent guide in approximating to the cost of one adapted to the wants and resources of the Town in which it is designed to erect one or more superior Schoolhouses.

[graphic][merged small]

PLAN NO. VI. PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF ONE OF THE TORONTO CITY WARD SCHOOLS.

In 1854, the Board of Trustees for the City of Toronto, erected three School-houses similar to the above in the city. Three others of a different construction were erected in 1852. This building will accommodate nearly 500 pupils. The six School-houses will accommodate about 2,500 children. The cost of this building, including fittings, etc., was $12,000. The plan of the interior arrangement, seats, etc., has not been published. It, however, includes the recent improvements as detailed in the accompanyinu diagrams Play-yard and sheds are in the rear.

School house No. VII. has just been erected in Rochester. It is a substantial and elegant building, and in its general arrangement, and adaptation to school purposes, is superior to any other school house in that section of the State One fault of several of the school houses built within the last few years, is the large size of the rooms designed for the primary scholars. The fault is not because there is room to spare-for those of the largest size are full to overflowing, and so many are assembled in one department without recitation rooms, that it is found necessary to employ two teachers in the same This necessarily creates confusion, often prevents the preservation of good order,

room.

« AnteriorContinuar »