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amens capio nec sat rationis in armis"-may many a duellist, fully conscious of his wrong doing, say, (Virgil, Æneid, xi. 34.)

The Marshal died in the profession and fulfilment of every religious duty. Almost, indeed, the last words he could utter were, "Fiat voluntus tua, Domine," when exhorted by the ministering clergyman, to bend with pious resignation to the will of Heaven. His bed, too, was surrounded by his mourning and admiring friends, Generals and Ministers of State, and the President of the Republic lost not a moment in expressing to the Marshal's son-in-law, his condolence on the occasion. Madame Bugeaud was then on her way from Limoges, but did not arrive in time. His son-in-law, Colonel Feray, about two years since, became so at Algiers, when Miss Macleod, the sister of our highly respected friend and fellow-citizen, the Rev. D. F. Macleod, who had been for some time on a visit to Madame la Maréchale, gave her hand at the same hour and altar to M. Fourichon, a naval officer of distinguished merit, now in command of a small squadron, as Commodore in the Pacific Ocean. The Marshal has left a son, a youth of seventeen.

We certainly should not here forget an honourable Irishman, Major Mac Elligot. It was gratifying to us to hear from Lafayette himself, the distinction he drew between the humane and generous conduct of this officer towards him, and the harsh restrictions he had to endure from the Austrian officers, under whose charge he was successively placed, as a prisoner of war, at Olmütz. There his wife, after a long incarceration of herself, and the simultaneous immolation, during the reign of terror, of her grandmother



the Duchess of Noailles, of her mother, the Duchess of Ayen, and of her sister! succeeded in joining him with their two daughters. He was far more distinguished for consistency of principle than for capacity adequate to the situations to which he was occasionally raised. Napoleon, as related in Gourgaud's Memoirs, called him a simpleton-"un niais, nullement taillé pour les rôles qu'il avait voulu jouer."

We must not, however, too far pursue our fond course; for were we to compass, to any commensurate extent, the series of actions in which the proscribed sons of Ireland have gathered their laurels, and signalised the characteristic valour of their country, the recital would occupy many a volume. Exclusively of their principal theatre, on which Mr. O'Conor has expended his labours, and yet very far from exhausting the subject, we should have to include in our comprehensive sphere of narrative, the recorded achievements in Spain, of the O'Donnels, O'Farrels, O'Sullivans, O'Reillys, McCarthys, &c., &c., and, in the Sardinian and Neapolitan pay, of the Carews, (of the devotedness of one of whom Boswell, in his Tour to Corsica, relates a most striking instance from the communication of Paoli ;) of the Roches, whose bravery is celebrated by Castruccio Buonamici, in his "Commentarii de Bello Italico," of most classical latinity, (Lugd. Batav. 1750, 2 volumes, 8vo.,) of the Mac Mahons, &c.; and in Germany, of the Lacys, Nugents, Taaffes, Harrolds; and above all, of the Brownes; for, in military genius, we believe that Field Marshal Ulysses Maximilian Browne may claim the highest place in foreign Irish annals; (excluding, of course, Marshal Bugeaud, not directly Irish,) and,

as such, he may for a moment arrest our attention. Born of Irish parents at Basil, the 23rd of October, 1705, he was very early sent to Limerick, the seat of his ancestors, and there educated under the Rev. Mr. Cashin. Having entered the imperial service, his first active campaign was in 1737 against the Turks, and in reward for his distinguished conduct on that occasion, as well as at the battles of Parma and Guastalla, where his relative, Colonel George Browne, met his death, in Italy, was named Field Marshal Lieutenant, in 1739. During the subsequent war for the possession of Silesia, between the Empress Queen, Maria Teresa, and her unprincipled assailant, Frederick, Browne was his ablest opponent; though neither then, nor in the ensuing Seven Years' War, is Mr. O'Conor quite warranted in calling him, at page 368, the "Conqueror of Frederick," who did him more justice, however, than he rendered his real conqueror, in many a conflict, Marshal Daun. Just so we find Napoleon fair, often generous, in estimating those who could boast of no victory over him, while only in anxious search of any errings imputable to his victor. In his history of the Seven Years' War, Frederick describes Browne's march into Saxony after the battle of Lowositz, as a master-piece of military science, "digne des plus grands capitaines anciens ou modernes," to use his own emphatic phrase. But nearly at the opening of that memorable period of Frederick's long balanced fate and final triumph, at the battle of Prague, the 6th of May 1757, by far the greatest encounter between them, (though the repulse of the Prussians from Bohemia had shortly before won for Browne, then Field Marshal in full, the


insignia of the Golden Fleece,) a wound, which proved mortal on the 24th of June, deprived the army of his directing eye and counsel, and himself of a promised victory.* During the short interval of peace after the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748, or about the year 1753, Browne paid a visit to Limerick, when, walking round the then encircling walls of the city with the father of the present writer, they were both arrested, and only released by the influence of the latter's kinsmen, the future lords, Lisle and Pery: such was, at that time, the fear entertained of military strangers, or catholic residents. Browne borne arms for France, the consequences to these gentlemen would have been of severer visitation; but George the Second, as a German Prince, had an inherited reverence for the imperial crown; and we have in the possession of our family a license for one of its members, the writer's uncle, with that sovereign's sign manual, to pursue the profession interdicted him at home, under the Empress Queen's banners, but with a special prohibition to engage in the service of France, although just then at peace with that rival power. Our Hanoverian sovereign did not forget that his grandfather, Ernest Augustus, had been raised to the rank of Elector, the 19th of December, 1692, by MariaTeresa's grand-parent, the Emperor Leopold; while Frederick's first impulse on the throne, which his grandfather equally owed to Leopold, was to despoil her of her legitimate patrimony on the most futile pretence.

See, "Geschichte des Siebenjährigen Krieges, von J. B. Archenholz," page 53. Erster Thiel, ed. Berlin, 1830, 8vo.

In the last page of his history, Mr. O'Conor introduces the name of General Montgomery, a native of Donegal, as second only to Washington, in martial fame, during the American War of Independence. We were not aware that he stood in such high estimation, but are gratified to find it asserted. In 1793, his widow and son had fixed their residence at Toulouse. The latter did not appear to partake very largely of his father's capacity, or spirit, while his wife was a most amiable and accomplished lady. She was the natural daughter of a gentleman then well known in England, as "Black Pigot," from his complexion. He educated her on Rousseau's principles; for he was a most singular being, quite of a congenial mind with the author of the Emilius; but she had the good sense to adopt what was practically useful, and to discard what was eccentric in the Genevese philosopher's system, as she advanced in maturer life. Her mother-in-law, though of an inferior stamp of intellect, made her conversation peculiarly interesting by the variety of anecdotes she was enabled to relate of Washington, whose alternations of popular favor, just then in rapid decline with the dominant or democratic party, presented a striking proof, if any were wanted, of its proverbial instability.

On this subject we may be allowed to relate a personal anecdote. The citizens of the United States never fail, it is known, to celebrate the 4th of July, the anniversary of their declared independence of the British crown. In 1796, we assisted, by special invitation, at Bordeaux to commemorate the day, when after a few early toasts, a round of rascals was proposed, not then an unwonted practice; and at their

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