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Orders in the Diocese of Llandaff, wherein aspirants for the ministry are examined by the author of this interesting book. Comparison with a recent and scientific hand-book such as Garvie's Apologetics will show that Dr. Harris, though well-read, sincere, and open-minded, belongs to the older school of "defence" rather than to the present-day school of "persuasion." For instance, our author devotes one hundred and twenty pages to "proofs" of the existence and attributes of God, whereas Garvie practically ignores the subject and takes God for granted. Nevertheless, the older treatment is by no means antiquated, especially for readers, whether would-be clerics, working ministers, or the traditional "intelligent layman," that have had no preparation in philosophy. It is interesting to note that Garvie has several paragraphs devoted to "heaven," whereas Harris uses the word only once, and then in a footnote. On the other hand, our author, having left "hell" out of his text, has a canny second thought, and devotes to Hell a sort of "verbiform" appendix at the end of one of his chapters. Since Garvie recognizes the recent tendency toward emphasizing the apocalyptic element of the gospel, he too may have to take more stock of "hell" if his book comes to a second edition.

Useful and readable as Pro Fide is, we must note a few of its shortcomings. Take a sample (p. 439): "There is a certain presumption against miracles arising from the general uniformity of Nature, and a certain presumption in their favor arising from the known character of God, and the need of a revelation. These opposite presumptions balance one another, and there the matter is left to be determined by the evidence." Here we have "Nature" opposed to "God" (à la mode Huxley), the assumption that God's "character" is "known," the further assumption that there is a "need of revelation," and, most questionable of all, the assumption that men who believe in the uniformity of nature are going to accept "evidence" from witnesses who lived in a non-scientific age and evidence that cannot be divorced from dogmatic presumptions. The "sceptic" of to-day may accept evidence for certain happenings regarded as miracles at the time of their occurrence, on account of his accepting the historic Christ, but he will not feel called on to

deduce miracles from the character of God, nor will he admit that the signs and wonders wrought by Jesus in close association with spiritual conditions need necessarily violate the principle of the uniformity of nature.

Among other evidences of the author's lack of adequate equipment for scientific work in apologetics are: (1) His failure to appreciate the internal difficulties of the Fourth Gospel; (2) His question-begging citation of texts favorable to the omnipotence and omnipresence of Jesus; (3) His failure to call attention to the great importance of recent work in psycho-pathology, though he purports to give a summary statement, in his new and useful introductory chapter, of the latest scientific work bearing on apologetics.

The bibliographical lists and references are full and helpful (for the general reader), and constitute one of the best features of the book. T. P. BAILEY.

STORIES OF RED HANRAHAN, THE SECRET Rose, Rosa ALCHEMICA. By W. B. Yeats. New York: The Macmillan Company.

This is a volume of short stories, seventeen in all, divided by the author into three sections. The tales of the first part deal with the adventures of Hanrahan, a vagabond poet and scholar, and are laid in Ireland; those of the second group, "The Secret Rose," are varied, but for the most part tell of monks and are allegories of spiritual things; and the last story in the book, which takes up the entire division, narrates the mystical experiences of an alchemist and visionary. The volume possesses the fine qualities which we associate with Mr. Yeats's prose. It has grace, charm, a subtle humor which sometimes is keen enough to give an edge to poignant satire, and touched throughout with an air of magic and faery. An artist can perhaps set himself no more difficult task than try to convey to others singular experiences of his own in which he seems to become aware of some over-world of supramundane things. Mr. Yeats is less successful in performing this feat when, as in "Rosa Alchemica,' he turns his back on reality and flings verisimilitude away, than when, as in some of Hanrahan's adventures, he mingles the

mystical and the realistic and lets his other world float beyond its borders into this. But the book has certain other qualities, too. For one thing, it has a technical interest in the happy use, made in the first group of tales, of what is called, after the name of Lady Gregory's little history, "Kiltartan English." Heretofore the best English has generally been written by those whose culture was based on the Greek or Roman classics; the Kiltartan style is developed from the English of those who know nothing of the classics but are familiar with the Gaelic language. As a consequence this style has a peculiar novelty and freshness, and Mr. Yeats turns it to his purpose in these tales with exquisite felicity. What is more, he writes here with a certain strength which we have not noted before. His English has always been elegant, but here we are impressed for the first time with a sinewy, athletic element in the style, a virility in the tone. The stories, as well as the style, are the better for this quality; and Red Hanrahan seems to us to contain the best tales, as well as the best prose, which Mr. Yeats has yet given us.


AUS DEUTSCHEN DÖRFERN. By Menco Stern and Robert Arrowsmith. Cincinnati and New York: American Book Company.

A collection of twenty short stories, intended to stimulate in American students interest in and love for the German village and its people. G. M. B.


Contributors to the July Review

EDGAR DAWSON is a member of the faculty in Hunter College, New York City.

WILBUR C. ABBOTT is a Professor of History in Yale University.

JOHN LAWRENCE MCMASTER is a resident of Washington, D. C.

EARL L. BRADSHER is a member of the department of English in the University of Texas.

EDWARD A. THURBER is Professor of Rhetoric in the University of Oregon.

WARWICK JAMES PRICE is a Philadelphia journalist and lecturer.

WILLIAM CHISLETT, JR., lives in Los Angeles, California.

H. MERIAN ALLEN is a Philadelphia lawyer and magazine writer.


Statement of the Ownership, Management, etc., of The Sewanee Review, published Quarterly at Sewanee, Tennessee, required by the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912: Editor, John M. McBryde, Jr., Sewanee, Tenn.; Business Manager, James C. Preston, Sewanee, Tenn.; Publisher and Owner, The University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn., an educational institution, incorporated under the laws of the State of Tennessee; no stock issued.

(Signed) JAS. C. PRESTON, Business Manager. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 31st day of March, 1915. (Signed) D. L. VAUGHAN, Notary Public. My commission expires Oct., 1916.


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