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afford almoſt annual becauſe BOOK cafe cattle circumftances coin commodities commonly confequence confiderable confifts cultivation demand diminiſh dities employed employment England Engliſh equal eſtabliſhed Europe expence faid fame manner fame quantity fcarcity feems feldom fervants feven fhillings fhould filk firft firſt fmall fmaller fociety fome fometimes fomewhat foon ftate ftill ftock fubfiftence fuch fufficient fuperior fupply fuppofed gold and filver greater quantity greateſt himſelf improvement increaſe induſtry intereft itſelf land landlord laſt leaſt lefs mafters manufactures meaſure metals moft money price moſt muft muſt natural natural price neceffarily neceffary occafion otherwife ounce pariſh perfon Peru pound weight pounds prefent price of corn profit proportion purchaſe purpoſe quantity of filver quantity of labour raifing raiſe real price reaſonable rent rife Scotland ſeems ſtate ſtill ſtock thefe themſelves theſe thofe thoſe tivated trade ufual uſe value of filver wages of labour wheat whole workmen
Página 44 - The real price of every thing, what every thing really costs to the man who wants to acquire it, is the toil and trouble of acquiring it. What every thing is really worth to the man who has acquired it, and who wants to dispose of it or exchange it for something else, is the toil and trouble which it can save to himself, and which it can impose upon other people.
Página 21 - But man has almost constant occasion for the help of his brethren, and it is in vain for him to expect it from their benevolence only. He will be more likely to prevail if he can interest their self-love in his favour, and show them that it is for their own advantage to do for him what he requires of them.
Página 188 - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man lies in the strength and dexterity of his hands; and to hinder him from employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper without injury to his neighbour, is a plain violation of this most sacred property.
Página 83 - The commodity is then sold precisely for what it is worth, or for what it really costs the person who brings it to market; for though in common language what is called the prime cost of any commodity does not comprehend the profit of the person who is to sell it again, yet if he sells it at a price which does not allow him the ordinary rate of profit in his...
Página 84 - The market price of every particular commodity is regulated by the proportion between the quantity which is actually brought to market, and the demand of those who are willing to pay the natural price of the commodity, or the whole value of the rent, labour, and profit, which must be paid in order to bring it thither. Such people may be called the effectual demanders, and their demand the effectual demand ; since it may be sufficient to effectuate the bringing of the commodity to market.
Página 7 - But in the way in which this business is now carried on, not only the whole work is a peculiar trade, but it is divided into a number of branches, of which the greater part are likewise peculiar trades.
Página 17 - The shepherd, the sorter of the wool, the woolcomber or carder, the dyer, the scribbler, the spinner, the weaver, the fuller, the dresser, with many others, must all join their different arts in order to complete even this homely production. How many merchants and carriers, besides, must have been employed in transporting the materials from some of...
Página 20 - It is common to all men, and to be found in no other race of animals, which seem to know neither this nor any other species of contracts.