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THE THIRD EDITION.
HE First Edition of the following Work
was printed in the end of the year 1775, and in the beginning of the year 1776. Through the greater part of the Book, therefore, whenever the prefent ftate of things is mentioned, it is to be understood of the ftate they were in, either about that time, or at fome earlier period, during the time I was employed in writing the Book. To the Third Edition, however, I have made feveral additions, particularly to the chapter upon Drawbacks, and to that upon Bounties; likewise a new chapter entitled, The Conclufion of the Mercantile Syftem; and a new article to the chapter upon the expences of the Sovereign. In all these additions, the prefent ftate of things means always the ftate in which they were during the year 1783 and the beginning of the year 1784.
THE FOURTH EDITION.
this Fourth Edition I have made no alterations of any kind. I now, however, find myself at liberty to acknowledge my very great obligations to Mr. HENRY HOPE of Amfterdam. To that Gentleman I owe the most distinct, as well as liberal information, concerning a very interefting and important fubject, the Bank of Amfterdam; of which no printed account had ever appeared to me fatisfactory, or even intelligible. The name of that Gentleman is fo well known in Europe, the information which comes from him must do fo much honour to whoever has been favoured with it, and my vanity is fo much interefted in making this acknowledgement, that I can no longer refufe myself the pleasure of prefixing this Advertisement to this new Edition of my Book.