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and no portion of such moneys shall be applied, directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation, or repair of any building or buildings. An annual report by the president of each of said colleges shall be made to the Secretary of Agriculture, as well as to the Secretary of the Interior, regarding the condition and progress of each college, including statistical information in relation to its receipts and expenditures, its library, the number of its students and professors, and also as to any improvements and experiments made under the direction of any experiment stations attached to said colleges, with their cost and results, and such other industrial and economical statistics as may be regarded as useful, one copy of which shall be transmitted by mail free to all other colleges further endowed under this act.
SEC. 4. That on or before the first day of July in each year, after the passage of this act, the Secretary of the Interior shall ascertain and certify to the Secretary of the Treasury as to each State and Territory whether it is entitled to receive its share of the annual appropriation for colleges, or of institutions for colored students, under this act, and the amount which thereupon each is entitled respectively to receive. If the Secretary of the Interior shall withhold a certificate from any State or Territory of its appropriation the facts and reasons there for shall be reported to the President, and the amount involved shall be kept separate in the Treasury until the close of the next Congress, in order that the State or Territory may, if it should so desire, appeal to Congress from the determination of the Secretary of the Interior. If the next Congress shall not direct such sum to be paid it shall be covered into the Treasury. And the Secretary of the Interior is hereby charged with the proper administration of this law.
SEC. 5. That the Secretary of the Interior shall annually report to the Congress the disbursements which have been made in all the States and Territories, and also whether the appropriation of any State or Territory has been withheld, and if so, reason therefor.
SEC. 6. Congress may at any time amend, suspend, or repeal any or all of the provisions of this act.1
1 Stat. L., approved August 30, 1890.
APPENDIX TO VI AND VII.
The following tables are transcribed from The Public Domain, its History with Statistics, compiled by Thomas Donaldson and printed at the Government Printing Office, Chap. XIII:
Grants of lands to States and reservations to Territories for [common] school purposes.
Sixteenth and thirty sixth sections in Territories not granted, but reserved.
Lands in place and indemnity for deficiencies in sections and townships, under acts of May 20, 1826, and February 26, 1859, included in the above statement.
The following table shows the number of acres granted to States and reserved to Territories for seminaries or universities, down to the time of its preparation, June 30, 1880:
States having land subject to selection “in place” for agricultural and mechanical colleges, under act of July 2, 1862, and acts amendatory thereof.
["In place" means that the States having public lands within their limits were to take such lands in satisfaction of their allowance under this law.]
States to which scrip was issued for agricultural and mechanical colleges, and amount.
"In scrip" means an issue of redeemable land scrip or special certificates, assignable, which might be located according to law to States which had no public lands within their limits from which their allowance could be satisfied.]
Land grants and reservations for educational purposes to June 30, 1883. (See the Public
Domain, p. 1250.)
For public or common schools..
For agricultural and mechanical colleges.
For seminaries or universities, to June 30..
Add grants for university purposes to the Territories of Dakota, Montana, Arizona, Idaho, and Wyoming
In all, a grand total to June 30, 1883, of....
Acres. 67, 893, 919
9, 600, 000
1, 165, 520
The value at the minimum price of $1.25 per acre is, in round numbers, $99,000,000; but it may be safely estimated that these educational grant lands have realized to the States more than $250,000,000.
The foregoing exhibit is not complete. Since the last of these tables was compiled provision has been made for agricultural colleges in the new States of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington,
Wyoming, and Idaho upon the usual scale-90,000 acres to each State save to South Dakota, to which 120,000 acres has been given.
They have also received, in lieu of the saline lands, swamp lands, and 500,000-acre grants for internal improvements, specific grants for normal schools, scientific schools, or schools for mines, and also for public buildings.
The method of the Government has been as soon as, in running the lines of public surveys, the school sections in place 16 and 36 are fixed and determined, the appropriation thereof for the educational object is, under the law, complete, and lists are made out and patents thereof issued to the States.
When sections 16 and 36 are found to be covered with prior adverse rights, such as legal occupancy, and settlement by individuals under settlement laws prior to survey of the lands, or deficient in area because of the fractional character of the townships, or from other causes, selections for indemnity are made.
The acts of Congress quoted in Chapters VI and VII, and the tables here given, do not make a complete showing of what the National Government has done for education. Previous to June 30, 1882, there was patented to certain States under various acts of Congress 559,965 acres of saline lands. Previous to June 30, 1883, there was patented to the public-land States, in pursuance of law, 56,455,467 acres of swamp and overflowed lands.2 In 1841 Congress passed what is known as the "State selection act," by which it granted to each State named, and to each new State that should thereafter be admitted into the Union, 500,000 acres of public lands for internal improvements, which included the quantity that was granted to such State before its admission and while under a Territorial government for such purpose. Previous to June 30, 1883, the selections made under this act amounted to 7,806,554 acres. By a long series of acts Congress also granted to the public-land States, except California, 2, 3, and 5 per cent on the net proceeds of the sales of public lands made therein. These allowances were originally made on the condition that the States should not tax lands sold by the Government for a term of years after they were sold. This was with a view of increasing the sales of wild lands. Previous to June 30, 1882, payments to the States on this account amounted to $7,333,069. There have also been many special grants for educational purposes that need not be here enumerated."
Still another source of contribution must be mentioned. By the year 1836 a considerable surplus over and above the wants of the Government had accumulated in the National Treasury, the disposal of which became a political question. Congress finally disposed of both question and surplus by sections 13 and 14 of an act to regulate the
1 Public Domain, pp. 218, 696.
2 Ibid., pp. 222, 1248.
Ibid., pp. 254, 752.
4 Ibid., p. 721.
5 See Donaldson: The Public Domain; and Blackmar: Federal and State Aid to Higher Education.