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The matter now rested with the officers of King's Chapel, and they accepted the gift. The entry in their books recording the event is as follows: "At a meeting of the Gentlemen of the church this 3d day of August 1713, Referring to the organs given by Thomas Brattle, Esq., De'as'd, Voted, that the organs be accepted by the church." And at another meeting held February, 1714, it was voted, "That the church wardens write to Col. Redknap and desire him to go to Mr. Edwards Enstone who lives next door to Mr. Masters on Tower Hill, and discourse him on his inclination and ability to come over and be the organist here at 30 pounds per annum, this money, which with other advantages as to dancing, music, etc., will, we doubt not, be sufficient encouragement." On March 2 of the same year it was "Voted that the organ be forthwith put up."

We know that the organ lay unpacked in the tower of the chapel from the time it was received until the above vote, a period of seven months, and that between March and December, 1714, pending the arrival of Mr. Enstone, it was played by a Mr. Price.

The following contract was made by Col. Redknap with Mr. Enstone in London, and is interesting from the fact that it is the first agreement of the kind in the country:

"Articles of agreement made, had, and concluded upon the 29th day of June Anno Domini, 1714, and in the thirteenth year of the Reign of our Soverign Lady Ann, By the Grace of God Ruler of Great Brittain, France and Ireland, Queen defender of the Faith etc, Between Edward Instone of the city of London, Gent, of the one part, and Collo

John Redknap of Boston, in North America, Gent, (for and on behalf of the churchwardens and vestrymen now and for the Queens Chappel in Boston aforesaid) of the other part, in manner and form following, viz; whereas, the said Collo John Redknap was authorized by the churchwardens and vestrymen of the Queens Chappel in Boston aforesaid, to procure, contract and agree for them and in their names with a person well qualifyed and would undertake to be organist in the said chappel; and if said Edward Instone being a person fitly qualefied for the said Imployment and willing to undertake the same. It is therefore muttally covenanted, concluded and agreed upon by and between said parties and the said Edward Instone doth agree to ye same, That the said Edward shall and will by or before the 25th day of October next issueing, wind and weather permitting, be in Boston in North America aforesaid and being there shall and will at all proper and usual times of Devine service officiate as organist in the said chappel for and during the space of three years certain, to be computed from the day that the said Edward Instone shall arrive at Boston aforesaid, and afterwards for such term or time as the churchwardens and vestrymen of the said chappel now and for ye time being and the said Edward Instone shall think fit and agree upon. In consideration of which voyage so to be performed by the said Edward Instone, he, the said Collo Jno Redknap, hath this day paid unto ye said Edward Instone the sum of £10 of lawful money of Great Brittain, the Rec't whereof is hereby acknowledged; and the said Collo John Redknap (for and on the part and behalfe of the churchwardens and vestrymen of the Queens Chappel in Boston aforesaid now and for the time being) Doth covenant promise and agree to and with ye said Edward Instone, his exc'r's and adm'r's that the churchwardens and vestrymen of the said chappel now and for the time being shall and will from time to time and at all times will and truely pay or cause to be paid unto the said Edward Instone the sum of £7 10s. per Quarter immediately

after each Quarter day, current money, of New England, for every Quarter of a year that the said Edward Instone shall officiate as organist in ye Chappel. And to ye true performance and keeping of all and singular covenants and agreements herein before curtained each of ye said parties bindeth himself, his exc'r's and adm'r's unto the other of them, his exc'r's and adm'r's and assigns in ye penal sum of £20 of lawful money of Great Brittain by these presents to be paid recovered. In wittness whereof the said partys to these presents have interchangeably set their hands and seals the day and year first above written.


Sealed and delivered in ye presents of JONO GAWTHORNE STEPHEN BELLAS. Gentlemen.

The £10 given to Mr. Enstone was more than the church officers intended should be paid, but Col. Redknap wrote them that as the organist had to pay his wife's passage he could

not start for a less sum and that during the time he was making preparations for the trip to New England he would study the mechanical construction of the organ in order that he would be able to make any repairs in case of accident. It was not until September 7, 1714, that the organist left London for Boston, at least, that is the date of the following letter he brought to the vestrymen of King's Chapel:


According to your former request and Directions I now send you over Mr. Edward Enstone an organist to ye Kings Chappel in Boston. I sent you in July last by Capt. Lethered a copy of article of agreement between him and myself. What I have to say further upon that head is. That he is said to be a person of sober life and conversation and well

qualified for what he has undertaken, and I doubt not but he will approve himself as such which will merit your assistance in other matters relating to his profession.

I am Gentlemen with all respects
Your very humble servant


The organist brought with him not only sacred music to these musicsilent shores, but also secular notes. Judge Sewall records in his diary the following significent entry:

"1716 (Nov) 29-5. After lecture Mr. Welsteed and Capt. Wadsworth acquainted Mr. Bromfield and me that a Ball was designed at Enstone's in the evening; pray'd us to prevent the Gov'r being there. . . . At last his Excel'y promised us not to be there."

That Mr. Enstone's playing was satisfactory to the congregation of the stone chapel is attested by the fact that on January 17, 1717, at the expiration of the three years' contract he was re-engaged at the same salary.

In the year 1756 the organ was sold to the parish of St. Paul's at Newburyport, Mass., and another, said to have been approved by Handel, was imported from England at a cost of £500, and was installed in its place. The Brattle organ remained in its new home till 1836, when it was purchased for Saint John's Chapel in Portsmouth, N. H., by Dr. Burroughs for $400 and set up in the chapel.

In the mean time, or about eighty years after Brattle Street Church refused the gift of its benefactor, a change of opinion in regard to church music had taken place among many of its members, and an organ was purchased in England by subscription. It arrived safely in Boston.

outer harbor, but so great was the opposition to its introduction on the part of some members of the parish that they sent a committee to the minister, Dr. Thacher, desiring him with pledge of making good the cost of purchase, of freight and charges, with damages, if he would make arrangements with the captain of the importing ship to have the cases containing the instrument thrown overboard. But the good doctor, being a progressive man, declined to interfere and the organ was in due time set up and was used in the church till 1872, when the old edifice was taken down and a new one erected in the Back Bay.

The famous Brattle organ is 8 feet 2 inches high, 5 feet wide and 2 feet 7 inches deep, but contains no trace of the maker's name. On the key frame, written with lead pencil, is the name "Mr. Edwards, Portland, Maine." Mr. Edwards was an organ builder and may have made the new case, which is of light colored Honduras mahogany. The sides are panelled and the front is graced with seventeen non-speaking gilded wooden pipes. The key-board trimmings are of rosewood. The wind chest, slides, valves, top-boards, rock-boards and rockboard pins remain unchanged and are of English oak-a common material with old English organ builders.

The organ has six registers: Sesquialter bass, Dulciana, 15th bass, 15th treble, stopped Diapason, and Principal. It is without foot pedal keys and has but one bank of fiftyone keys on the key-board manual from CC to D, but the wind chest is bored for forty-nine pipes, the CC sharp and the D being stationary.

This key-board slides in when not in use. The size of wind chest is that of the key-scale, as the makers did not know the use of the roller board to spread the tone.

The octave or Principal is of wood instead of metal and runs through all the forty-nine pipes. The tone is halfway between the modern octave and the Flute Traverso. The Dulciana is of metal with thirty-one pipes tenor G to E, the Fifteenth of metal with forty-nine pipes divided at C. The Dulciana originally was a two bank mixture of ninety-eight pipes, but this brilliant tone was not so suitable for church music, hence the change.

The stopped Diapason and Fifteenth are original. One of the most marked peculiarities of this instrument is that the stop Diapason treble begins at G second octave, and the Dulciana begins at the same note, and as the stop Diapason bass is not controlled by any draw stop it is on all the time and consequently furnishes the bass for both stops.

The Diapason bass pipes are set at the back of the organ wherever there is room without regard to natural order. This singular arrangement may be accounted for by the inability of the early builders to put in a suitable stop to control these pipes.

One of the lower pipes of the Fifteenth bears the name "Joseph G. Pike, 1831" and "E. G. Morss, 1831," scratched with a sharp instrument. The latter name suggests that of Rev. Dr. Morss, rector of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport, whose son was an amateur organ builder.

The length of the lowest bass pipe is 4 feet, being stopped gives an 8 feet tone, the highest is C sharp fifteenth,

and is pitched two octaves above the Diapason.

In regard to the register stop heads, that of the Dulciana is unmistakably a relic of the old days. The engraving is quaint and inartistic. The Sesquialter bass gives some indication of age, but not so determinate. The remaining register heads are semi-modern and the work resembles that of John Bolton, who about three-quarters of a century ago did such work for all Boston organ builders.

A part of the original framework of the hinged bellows remains, to which

has been attached a rising of flat bellows which is filled by the organist pumping at the front or by an assistant working the pedal at the side.

To the tone character of the several registers great praise cannot be given, because of the lack of proper equality and balance between them, and because of the same lack between the several piped ones of each individual register. Still, the tone is mellow and sweet, and when we remember that it was the first organ that ever pealed to the glory of God in this country, we gladly overlook all its shortcomings.


By Ellen Frances Baldwin

WAY, where the breath of the morning
In mist is enveiling the hills,

The clarion horn of a huntsman

The silence encompassing fills.

The sweep of an oncoming pageant

Far down through the hush draweth near,

All splendid in purple and scarlet

Comes Autumn, the king of the year.

The usurping Summer, before him
Has fled at the sound of his horn,
And on toward her far southern kingdom
He speeds through the mist of the morn.

For naught does he stop in his riding,
And naught in his swiftness he heeds,
Till he reaches the forest's dim chantry
Where Nature is telling her beads;

There, lowly, a blessing he seeketh
Beside the sweet shrine of the fane;
While the woods like a sunset are glowing

Danvers, Massachusetts

By Frank E. Moynahan

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old Danvers, historic and famed, the home of the hateful withcraft delusion no more than the home of some of the noblest men, the bravest heroes, the greatest generals, the ablest legislators, the most skilled physicians, the most gifted writers,-rich in colonial and provincial history, full of sacred soil which covers the dust of men and women revered in all parts of this broad country, one of the most interesting spots in the famous county of old Essex, of the commonwealth, in the land which, in June, 1902, observed its 150th anniversary with elaborate exercises lasting three days.

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