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action allowed American Article asylum August 20 authority belliger belligerent rights blockade of Crete British CABLE SERVICE capture carry China Chinese citizens coal commander communication consul contraband cruisers Declaration of Paris declared decree dispatches effect Emperor of China enemy established exercise existence flag France Germany harbor high seas hostile insurgent blockade insurrection interference international law interruption island JULIAN PAUNCEFOTE justified Kiaochow Bay land leased territory liable limits maintain Manila March 21 maritime measure ment merchant vessel military occupation nations naval forces naval officer Naval War Code Naval War College neutral commerce neutral vessels NOTES ON SITUATION obligation operations pacific blockade permit Philippine position possession prevent principles proclamation protection question recognized regard Regulations right of asylum says Secretary seizure ships siege sovereign sovereignty Spain SUBMARINE CABLE telegram tion tral treaty of Berlin treaty of peace United unneutral service violation of blockade
Página 37 - No ship of war or privateer of either belligerent shall hereafter be permitted, while in any port, roadstead, or waters subject to the territorial jurisdiction of her Majesty, to take in any supplies, except provisions and such other things as may be requisite for the subsistence, of her crew, and except so much coal only as may be sufficient to carry such vessel to the nearest port of her own country, or to some nearer destination...
Página 57 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war ; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Página 42 - An Act temporarily to provide for the administration of the affairs of civil government in the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes...
Página 39 - Upon the conclusion and signing of this protocol, hostilities between the two countries shall be suspended, and notice to that effect shall be given as soon as possible by each Government to the commanders of its military and naval forces.
Página 58 - Considering : That maritime law, in time of war, has long been the subject of deplorable disputes; That the uncertainty of the law and of the duties in such a matter, gives rise to differences of opinion between neutrals and belligerents which may occasion serious difficulties, and even conflicts...
Página 37 - The United States is not only a Government, but it is a National Government, and the only government in this country that has the character of nationality.
Página 62 - Having no common superior to judge between them, they stand in precisely the same predicament as two nations who engage in a contest and have recourse to arms.
Página 43 - It may do anything necessary to strengthen itself and weaken the enemy. There is no limit to the powers that may be exerted in such cases save those which are found in the laws and usages of war.
Página 59 - If it is a war, the parent state may institute a blockade jure gentium, of the insurgent ports, which foreigners must respect; but if it is not a war, foreign nations having large commercial intercourse with the country will not respect a closing of insurgent ports by paper decrees only. If it is a war, the insurgent cruisers are to be treated by foreign citizens and officials, at sea and in port, as lawful belligerents. If it is not a war, those cruisers are pirates and may be treated as such.
Página 11 - The practice has been, accordingly, that it is in considerable quantities only that the offense of contraband is contemplated. The case of dispatches is very different; it is impossible to limit a letter to so small a size as not to be capable of producing the most important consequences in the operationsof theenemy.- It isa service, therefore, which, in whatever degree it exists, can only be considered in one character, as an act of the most noxious and hostile nature.