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STRICTURE THE SECOND.

PLAN OF A SCHOOL ESTABLISHMENT FOR THE HIGHER AND MIDDLE CLASSES OF SOCIETY.

WHEN we consider the national happiness to be derived from the combinations of science, of the arts, of literature, and christian principles, and the great advancement society may make under their united operation, inasmuch as these combinations increase with the development of our faculties, and occupy the loftier regions of the intellect, while they call forth the most powerful sympathies of the heart; we cannot forbear to use our best endeavours to point out to society some hints we personally received in Pimlico, from the Rev. R. H. Shepherd, upon which he himself successfully acted, in 1814; and which appear to us the most practical means by which the wants of youth may be supplied, their evil propensities subdued, and their ignorance enlightened, through the instrumentality of parents themselves.

We first, then, shall give a plan of a school establishment for the higher and middle classes of society, which shall embrace the various subjects of education enumerated in the foregoing letter.

This institution should be built and conducted without any respect to party, either in religion or politics, by

the united subscriptions of one hundred individuals, in shares at fifteen pounds each. This sum would be ample for the erection of the school, rooms, and offices, for a hundred day pupils; and sufficient also for the purchase of the books, maps, and philosophical apparatus, at first necessary. A president, vice-president, treasurers, bankers, physician, surgeon, solicitor, architect, secretary, directors, and auditors should be appointed, chiefly honorary. Each shareholder should pay the annual sum of ten pounds into the hands of a treasurer, by quarterly instalments, in advance for each share he or she may hold; and for which they should have the privilege of nominating to the school one pupil for every share, to receive the most approved and polished education, free of all further charge whatever. This sum annually raised would procure the best masters, establish a library, purchase school books, mathematical instruments, and defray all expenses incurred; pay back the original sum advanced, and establish a fund, disposable by the shareholders.

The head master should be a married man, and be allowed £300 per annum, with the privilege of taking into his family ten pupils as boarders, to enable him to sustain the character of a gentleman. The second master may be single, and should receive £200 per annum, but no private pupils. The assistant master, a member of the French Academy, should receive £50, and his board and lodging from the head master for the services he would require of him. These salaries would leave a surplus of £450 per annum for the extra occa

sional masters, and other incidental establish a fund for the establishment.

expenses, and

The plan and rules of such a school we have carefully drawn up, ready for operation, and shall be happy to furnish copies to any body of gentlemen who may desire to carry them into effect. Although we have the offer of an appointment, to go out next year to a new colony in Canada, as chaplain and editor, under the most flattering emolument, we would prefer undertaking the superintendence of forming such establishments at home, for the benefit of our own country; and so sure are we of success, that we would immediately even undertake the risk and responsibility, if called on, to found one in any respectable town in England.

It was our intention to point out the improved apparatus for such a school; but we find our strictures already exceed the number that we intended. We will, therefore, in a subsequent Stricture, give our second plan of a National School for the poor and lower classes of society; after which we will make a few remarks on the common subjects of education, and the apparatus to be used.

We have since writing the above, projected THE BRUNSWICK UNIVERSITY, with Five Colleges. An Estate of 106 acres has been secured 14 miles from Fleetwood Station, 5 miles from Farnborough and Winchfield: the Basingstoke Canal, 1 mile in length, forming a boundary on one side, affording superior fishing and boating for the Student. Provision will be made for the reception of pupils at Michaelmas next. The prospectus and Book of Details of this University, which is designed on a broad Catholic basis, can be had on application to the Secretary, at the University Office, 137, Strand, London.

STRICTURE THE THIRD.

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS TO THE PLAN OF A SCHOOL FOR

THE POOR AND LOWER CLASSES OF SOCIETY.

We believe it now to be pretty generally admitted, that the children of the poor ought to be provided with instruction at the hands of the public. However, there is not yet wanting the narrow-minded bigot, who charges popular education with raising the poor from their place; with making them dissatisfied with their condition, and causing an increase of crime. We are bold enough to declare that such charges proceed from ignorance, and prove the very limited education of those who make them. To raise the poor out of their place is a meritorious act, both towards the poor and the public. By cultivating their capacity, we call forth their resources; their character and circumstances are raised, pauperism receives a check, and the poor-rates of the country are diminished. The great demoralizing principle is, skill in manœuvre and low cunning; these, with other evils prevalent amongst the poor, prove the inefficiency of the means that have hitherto been used for the establishment of moral principle, the great object of education. The ambitious and imperfect systems adopted, have certainly had a tendency to demoralize, rather than administer to society the subjugation of

national evils. The schoolmaster has often been taken rough from the field or the workman's shop, and trained mechanically to be the ruler and directing oracle of the various monitors of a school "for reading, writing, arithmetic." Proud and self-important in his elevated situation, he has never been taught to consider that the mechanical system he has learnt was to be subordinate to excellences to which he himself was a stranger,—the cultivation of intellectual endowments, and the establishment of Christian principle. Poor man! he has unthinkingly lent himself to the extension of his mechanical system, which, added to juvenile associations, have given a fresh impulse to crime.

The indigent man, whose mind has been early enlarged by the principles of Christianity, will possess a moral strength, by which his very indigence will become a blessing; he will moderate his desires, and cherish humility, faith, and virtue. The chances of such an one's continuing indigent are few. The development of the moral and intellectual capacities, which a sound education implies, moves back the barrier opposed by an excess of the labouring population to the comforts of the poor, by furnishing them with improved talent, skill, and trust-worthiness. It enables them to go from a market, with their labour, which is almost always overstocked, to a much wider one, which can scarcely ever be overstocked. It greatly multiplies all the resources of industry bestowed by Providence on man. It enables the poorest to take a wide view of his resources, and at the same time restrains him from resorting to such as

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