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CONTENTS.

CONTENTS.

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Changes required by the principles of the Revolution; Law; State

of the Law in Virginia; Entails; Their progress in England;

Docked by fine and recovery; Rigour of entails in Virginia; Aristo-

cracy; Evils of the system; Mr. Jefferson's bill; Entails abolished;

Proposed revisal of the whole legal system of the state; Revisors

appointed; Their labours; Their report partially adopted; Review

of their suggested reforms; Events of 1776; A dictator proposed;

Patrick Henry and Archibald Cary; Progress of the Revolutionary

War; Scientific association; Aid to Hampden Sydney College;

Lafayette and De Kalb; General Thomas Nelson; Legislation as to

British debts; Consequences thereof; Virginia accedes to confedera-

tion; Josiah Phillips; Dismal Swamp; Bill of attainder; Phillips

captured, regularly tried, condemned, and executed; Further im-

portation of slaves forbidden; English Commissioners; Their dis-

graceful conduct; Virginia refuses to hear them; Settlement of the

west; Magnificence of the country; Daniel Boone in Kentucky;

Manners of the western pioneers; English Governor Hamilton;

George Rogers Clarke; Capture of Kaskaskia; Of Fort Vincennes;

Hamilton sent a prisoner to Williamsburg; His rigorous treatment;

General Matthew's incursion; Suffolk burned; Thomas Jefferson,

governor; Defeat of Gates at Camden; Leslie's incursion; Saratoga

prisoners; Arnold's incursion; Proceedings in Richmond; Arnold

enters; Simcoe destroys stores at Westham; Baron Steuben; Skir-

mishes with the enemy; General Phillips takes command of the

English; Marches to Petersburg; Lafayette appointed to defend

Virginia; Phillips, after descending the river some distance, returns

to Petersburg; His death; Cornwallis advances from North Carolina;

Pursues Lafayette; Caution and skill of the Marquis; Simcoe drives

Steuben from the Point of Fork ; Tarleton seeks to capture the Legis-

lature and Mr. Jefferson; Narrow escape; Masterly movement of

Lafayette; Cornwallis retires to the seaboard; Takes post on York

and Gloucester Points; Washington advances from the north with

the combined French and American armies; French fleet enters the

Peace has its dangers; Virginia's generosity; Charters of King James

I.; Domain of Virginia narrowed by charters to other states, and by

Treaty of Paris in 1763; Validity of her claim; Land Companies;

Virginia's claim disputed in Congress; Objections to it considered;

Maryland and the Confederation; Virginia's dignified protest; She

finally cedes her lands northwest of the Ohio; Extent of this gift;

Patrick Henry; British Refugees; Proposed law to encourage inter-

marriages between Whites and Indians; Resolution to incorporate

all religious societies who should apply; Act to incorporate the Pro-

testant Episcopal Church; General assessment to support Religion

proposed; Mr. Madison's memorial against it; It is rejected; Bill of

Religious Liberty; Mr. Jefferson; Memorials of Hanover Presbytery;

Bill adopted by the Legislature; Act incorporating the Episcopal

Church repealed; Capitol; Statue of Washington; Houdon the

statuary; Edmund Randolph Governor; Vices of the Confederacy;

Necessity for a new government; Forms of Civil Government con-

sidered; Ancient debate on the subject; Mixed character of British

Constitution; The conduct of America in 1787–’88 peculiar; Inci-

pient measures to secure a change in plan of Confederation; Federal

Convention in 1787; Constitution proposed; Debate in Virginia Con-

vention; Edmund Pendleton; Governor Randolph; George Nicholas;

Henry Lee; Francis Corbin; John Marshall; James Innes; James

Madison; Opposition to proposed Government; Patrick Henry;~

George Mason; James Monroe; William Grayson; Constitution

adopted by Virginia; Amendments finally secured

CONTENTS.

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Internal interests of Virginia; Slaves; Insurrection headed by Gabriel;

Happily defeated; Establishment of the Public Guard; Incipient

steps for the sale of the glebe lands; Act of 1799; Its character

explained; Memorials asking a sale of the glebes for the benefit of

the public; Act passed for the purpose; Its leading provisions con-

sidered; Its effect and abuses; Constitutionality of the act disputed

by the Protestant Episcopal Church; Manchester Parish case;

Death of Judge Pendleton; Argument in the Court of Appeals;

Court divided; Chancellor's decision that the law was constitutional,

affirmed; Subsequent case; Chancellor Tucker; Court of Appeals,

unanimous in sustaining the law; Complete establishment of reli-

gious liberty; Bank of Virginia chartered; Trial of Aaron Burr;

Burning of the Richmond Theatre, in 1811; Late war with Eng-

land; Virginia invaded; Admiral Cockburn; Mr. Jefferson's gun.

boats; Heroic defence of Craney Island; Hampton attacked and

taken; Horrible outrages there committed by the enemy; Excite-

ment in Richmond; Preparations for defence; Withdrawal of the

enemy; Peace in 1815; University of Virginia; Its obligations to

Mr. Jefferson; Its career; Members elected to a Convention to

amend the Constitution of the State; Their labours; Amended Con-

stitution adopted; Vote; Conflict of sentiment between the East and

West; Explained; The Southampton insurrection of slaves; Crushed;

Excitement throughout the state; Legislature of 1831-32; Case of

Johnson, Smith, and Gansey; Controversy between the Executive of

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