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and heiress of Sir Gilbert de Haydock,' who survived him, and afterwards married Sir Richard de Molyneux, and died 1439. Sir Peter and Joan had issue,

this Peter Legh, described as of Clifton, (the property of his mother,) on Sir William Athurton of Athurton, in which forty oxen and forty cows were taken out of his closes at Athurton. Unless this transaction took place several years before the award of restitution, Peter Legh must have returned to France a second time, for restitution was only made the 9th of April, 1419; which was several years after the battle of Agincourt.

2 [See p. ix.] The subjoined is a copy of the inscription remaining on her tomb, in Sefton Church:

"Hic jacet Domina Johanna quondā uxor

Petri Legh militis et postea uxor

Molineux militis que fuit Dna de
Bradley Haydoke et similiter tertiæ
partis villarū de Warrington Mikille*
Sonke et Burtonwode ac eciam Dňa
diversaru parcellaru terraru' et
tenement' infra villas de Newton
Golbron Lauton Bold et Walton-
le-dale-quæ obiit in festo S.

Sulpitii Epi. in Ao. Dni. m.cccc.xxxiv cu

jus animæ p'pitietur Deus. Amen."

(From Mr. Raines's Copy of Dr. Theo. Howard's MSS.)

1 The name of Sir Gilbert de Haydock, probably the immediate ancestor of this Sir Gilbert, has acquired an unenviable notoriety, as appears from the following extract from the Quarterly Review, No. lxxvii. January, 1829, pp. 62, 63:-"In the 17th Edward II., we find an indictment preferred against the Sheriff of Lancashire for a false return of knights who had not been elected by the county. But the gravamen was not so much in the nomination of these spurious representatives, as in the job which William le Gentil had concocted for the benefit of his friends. When he returned

* i. 6. Much Sonky.

III. Sir Peter Legh, of Bradley, knighted by the Duke of York, at Wakefield, 31st Dec. 1460, died at Bradley, 1478, æt. 73, aut circ., Inq. p. m. 18th Edward IV. He married (about 1432, ut putatur,) Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard de Molyneux, by Ellen, daughter of Sir William Harrington of Hornby.-Smith's Visitation of Lancashire, 1599, Chet. Lib. They had issue,

Peter Legh, of Haydock and Bradley, who married

(about 1460, ut putatur,) Mabel' daughter and coheir of Sir James Croft, of Dalton. He died at

home with the writ de expensis, he caused his bailiffs to levy £20 for their use, whereas the men of the county alledge that if they had been left to their own choice, they could have had sufficient men to go to Parliament for half the money, or even for less, for ten pounds, or ten marks. The indictment, which relates to the Parliament, 15th Edward II., sets forth that when the writ came down for the election of two knights, qui eligi debuissent per totam communitatem comitatus idem Willielmus elegit Gilbertum de Haydock et Thomam de Thornton sine assensu communitatis qui cum redissent de parliamento tulerunt breve pro expensis suis levandis, per quod præceptum fuit Ricardo et Willielmo de Winwick ballivis ejusdem vicecomitis quod levarent xx libras pro expensis prædictorum militum, ubi communitas istius comitatus habuisse possent de electione suâ propriâ duos sufficientes homines ad eundem parliamentum pro decem marcis vel decem libris."

1 By the kindness of Mr. Langton, (the Treasurer of the Chetham Society,) I am enabled to present the reader with the Will of Mabel Legh, made during her widowhood, which is curious in itself, and as a specimen of our mother tongue in that day. It is as follows:-"This indenture made ye viij day of July ye year of our Lord mcccclxxiiij, witness yt it is ye will of Dame Mabill Lye, be tho avyce of Peres son and heyre to y° said Dame Mabill, S Peres Lye and S Richard Redmayne Knights, yt ilkon of hir sones have c." of yo lyvelode of y said Dame Mabill. That is to say Hammund And after ye decesse of

c. James c. and John c. Dewryng their lyfes.

any of yem ye said Hammond James or John, then ye said c. remayne to y

Macclesfield, on the 2d Aug. 1468, in the lifetime of his father, and was buried at Winwick. His wife survived him, and died at Dalton, in 1475. Besides Sir Peter Legh, who succeeded on the death of his grandf, they had issue, Hamond, James, John, and several daughters.

Margaret married Richard Bruche of Bruche.

IV. Sir Piers Legh, of Lyme, was at the siege of Berwick, 22d Edward IV., where he was made a banneret. He died at Lyme, 11th Aug. 1527, æt. 65, aut circ, and was buried at Winwick. He married Ellen, daughter of Sir John Savage, of Clifton, who died at Bewgenett, in Sussex, 17th May, 1491. In 1511, twenty years after his wife's decease, he became a priest. In 1521 he joined Sir Thomas Butler and others in soliciting contributions to build Lymm steeple. He built Disley Church, and the Cage in Lyme Park, in

said Peres and his heyres. And if it appyn eny of thaym of ye said Hammund James and John to be evel disposit or wrang mynddit and noght be y avice of yair Brother Peres and S. Richard Redmayne Knyght, then ye forsaid c s. remayne to yo forsaid Peres and his hayres. Also it is ye will of yo said Mabill yt ye feoffatos yt is feoffined in Dalton fulfill yo will of Peres Lye late husband to ye said Dame Mabill as touchyng y° maridge of Peres son and heyre to ye said Dame Mabill. And all ye resedewe of ye Lyvelode of y said Dame Mabill yt remaynes ov' yo feoffament of ye said Peres and y xv. li. of ye said Hammund James and John to be deposit by Sir Richard Redmayne Knyght and ye said Peres Lye to helpyng and marying of ye sisters of ye said Peres, and ye money yt salbe receyved for ye feoffament of ye said Peres go to ye helpyng of y° said sisters by the avyce of ye said Richard and Peres. And as for ye said xv. li. assigned to Hammund James and John to be disposit by ye forsaid Richard and Peres to yai be at resonable age to yair behove. In witnes hereof to y p'sent writyng ye said Dame Mabill hath sett hir seale.

Yeven ye day and yere abovesaid.”

1524. He was party to the singular award about the Asshe-
ton arms.
His wife Ellen Savage, according to Ormerod,
(vol. i. p. 429,) had been previously married to Peter Warbur-

1 This Sir Peter, by his Will, directed his executors to take and perceive all the issues and profits of certain hereditaments therein referred to during a term of ten years,-"All which issues and profits thereof to be taken and received by his said executors, he willed should be conveyed to the monastery of St. Werburgh, of Chester, and to be put in safe keeping in a substantial coffer locked there to be standing and remaining of his costs and charges, and that every of his executors should have a several lock and key upon the same;" the said rents to be laid out in a purchase of lands for the use of Disley Chapel. And in certain proceedings preserved in the Duchy Office, it appears that one of the enquiries directed to be made was, "Whether the said Sir Peter Legh willed at any time, by his last Will, that Robert Ardern should have any "advauncement' for the forbearing of his money and whether he gave him the said advauncement besides his debt that he ought to the said Robert, or not, and what recompense of advauncement it was that he willed him." Upon these two extracts, (for which I am indebted to the kindness of Mr. Hardy of the Duchy Office, Duchy Office MSS. vol. xx. M. i.; and vol. xx. 1. 3, a. fol. 10,) we may observe the small degree of confidence which Sir Peter Legh, a knight, and a priest, reposed in the five gentlemen whom he selected for his executors; none of them it seems might be trusted to retain in his hands the money he received, but was to deposit it in a strong box in the distant abbey of St. Werburgh, at Chester, under five separate locks and keys; a cumbrous procedure alike at variance with the convenience of business, and with the trust which a man of rank would place in his equals of the present day. Monasteries seem to have been favourite places of custody then, and for some time before, for in the Annales Furnesienses, p. 266, we read that on the 13th of October, 1345, the abbot of Furness received the royal command to find a proper and strong room in his abbey, in which the collectors of the tenth and fifteenth in this county, might deposit the King's moneys.

The transaction with regard to Robert Ardern's money is hardly less

ton, from whom, as he died in 1495, she must have been separated in his life-time. The dispensation for her marriage with Piers Legh, is dated 4th Paul II., 1468. Sir Piers and Ellen had issue,

singular, and arises out of the ancient difficulty as to receiving or paying interest for money when all interest was thought to be usury, and consequently sin. "Advancement," I apprehend, can mean nothing else but compensation to Robert Ardern, for the use of his money.

In the Duchy proceedings above referred to, we have from several of the witnesses an account of the testator's intention as to the foundation of Disley Chapel. One of these, Thomas Lewyns, priest, of the age of forty-nine years and above, being sworn and examined, says, "It was the will and mind of Sir Perys Legh, knight, and priest, his master, deceased, to have three perpetual priests and two deacons, to minister and do observance in his Chapel at Dysteley, for evermore, and was also determined that he, by the advice of Mr. Parson Trafforth, the Parson of Prestewich, the Parson of Gawseworth, and Mr. Brygges, should have made his foundation thereof; but it pleased God to visit him with sickness before the execution thereof. And at such time as the said Sir Perys did lye in the gates of death, Robert Ardron, in the presence of the said Sir Thomas, and many others, asked the same Sir Perys whether the pre-nominated persons should make the foundation of the said Chapel; the said Sir Perys answered thereunto and said, Yea; and continently, Mr. Gowther Legh asked to know further of his pleasure, saying, Whether shall my brother Perys intermeddle there anent or not? the said Sir Perys to him then said, What else? he must be the head; for it must be his deed, not mine."

Sir Peter Legh's beautiful monumental brass, at Winwick, is amongst the most remarkable monuments of its kind in the kingdom. From it, we know that he survived his grand-father nearly fifty years, and his father not less than fifty-nine years, and died in a good old age, with the family character for prudence, which he owed, in some degree, to the lessons and examples of his grand-father. Singularly enough, his monumental effigy represents him as clad in plate, girt with a sword, and wearing his knightly spurs,

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