Racism and Discourse in Spain and Latin America
John Benjamins Publishing, 2005 M01 1 - 197 páginas
This new book extends Teun A. van Dijk's earlier research on discursive racism to the Latin world. He presents a first inventory of elite discourse and racism in Spain and Latin America by examining discursive reactions in Spain to recent immigration, as well as age-old racism and ethnicism in text and talk in Latin America (especially Mexico, Brazil, Argentina and Chile). Through careful analysis of the media, political discourse, textbooks and other public discourses in these countries he shows that discursive euro-racism is ubiquitous also in countries outside Europe. Spain reproduces, but as yet in a less radical way, the kind of racist discourse we find elsewhere in Western Europe. In Latin America, ethnicism and racism against the indigenous peoples and against Afrolatins has prevailed in elite discourse since colonialism and slavery.
This is the first integrated study of discursive racism in the Latin world and provides a useful framework for similar research.
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Elite discourse and racism in Latin America
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action African analysis appear Argentina associated attitudes Brazil chapter conservative countries course crime critical cultural debates defined developed Dijk discrimination dominant elite elsewhere emphasized especially ethnic Europe European everyday example explicitly foreigners forms formulated further Gitanos groups hand hence historical ideologies illegal immigrants important indígenas indigenous instance institutions integration kind Latin America less lives major Mapuche marginalization means mentioned Mexico million minorities negative newspapers official opinion organizations parties police political discourse politicians poor popular population positive practices prejudices problem race racial racism references region relations reports representation represented respect role seen shows social society Spain Spanish stereotypical stories studies suggested talk tend textbooks tion topic University usually various victims women