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called Rabbi," and is a reflection upon the honour of the scripture, the head-› ship of Christ, and the perfection of the Holy Ghost. And what may thus be asserted of Luther, Wesley, and others, may with equal propriety be affirmed concerning Knox, Whitfield, or any other reformers who have been made the masters or leaders of sects. We refer to these things because we are concerned for the word, the sceptre and headship of Christ. We are not denying but there are good things in all the creeds received as orthodox; but then every jot and tittle in them that is binding on us, or worth retaining, is in the Bible, and ought not to be attributed to Luther, Calvin, or Wesley. It would be as preposterous to send an Act of Parliament, after it has passed both Houses, and received the signature of the Queen, to a charity school, to have it signed by one of the pauper children to give it authority, as to have the truth of Jehovah indorsed by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and John Wesley, to make it valid and give it currency among men. Besides, it would be just as easy to make an hydraulic machine which would press the solar system into a nut shell, as to condense the infinite creed of the Bible into 19 or 39 articles, into an Assembly's Catechism, or an Apostles', Nicene, or Athanasian symbol.

The reformers, whether Methodists or others, had no right to make their own minds a mould, into which all other minds were to be cast, that they might thus stereotype the intellects of coming ages; but their business was to say to the world, "The Bible is your creed; search the Scriptures-its range of thought, like the Spirit of its Author, is infinite; arise, and walk through the length and breadth of the land; survey, as far as possible, the whole; and, in the brilliancy of your researches, let our names be buried in everlasting oblivion." Volumes might be written on the evils that have scourged the church and the world, from the sectarian leadership of ecclesiastical rabbis. Heart-burnings have been kindled, brethren in Christ have been separated, Christian love limited, infidelity fed, and souls destroyed. Our motto, before we can have the millennium, must be,


"Let names, and sects, and parties fall,

And Jesus Christ be all in all."

For want of observing this rule, Methodism declined. It placed its elders, not around," but on "the throne," with the Lord Jesus; so that, in many instances, it has been a greater crime to differ from John Calvin, or John Wesley, than from the Son of God. Our folly has been equal to our presumption. Make the Bible your creed, and then every one who dissents is an infidel, because your faith has on it the great seal of heaven; but substitute for this divine standard that of Knox, Luther, or Wesley, and people may differ from the non-essentials of your denomination without impeaching their Christianity.


The Methodists became the authors of spiritual dynasties. And here, if the present Mr. President Jackson is correct, the most famous of all was John Wesley. Wesleyan Methodism, according to the late "Declaration" sent to all the ministers for signature, is a perfect hierarchy; so complete, that we believe it is next to impossible to find its equal. Most of our readers know that the word, "Hierarchy," comes from two Greek terms, "ispòs," a priest, or sacred person, and "dex"," a government; so that it is often used to signify the dominion of persons holding the sacred office, as priests, or ministers of religion. Properly speaking, there are few hierarchies. The Church of England is not a hierarchy, but a state institution, formed, sustained, and governed by the secular power. Its laws, its creed, its prayers, its property, are all from the state. Neither its bishops, priests, or laymen, have one particle of liberty to go beyond the injunctions of their political masters. The civil government can at any time alter its creed, prayers, and discipline, and resume its funds. It could change it into a Unitarian or Mohammedan church at will. In making these remarks, we are not offering an opinion, but stating historical facts; which Churchmen admit, and of which many are proud. Till the secular power shall decide, no one dares say whether baptismal regeneration is, or is not, the doctrine of the Church of England. All these truths prove that our national establishment is not a hierarchy, for the priesthood has no power beyond that which is given it by the state.

So also the Independents, the Baptists, the Quakers, the Whitfieldites, the Connexion of Lady Huntingdon, though called sects, are not hierarchies. Popery, too, can hardly be said to be a hierarchy; because its priests have no power. The Pope is absolute, and his judgment is said to be infallible; and he might in one hour, if he chose, change the whole creed of Romanism into Mohammedanism, or Independency, or Unitarianism, or Socialism. Infallibility is not uniformity; for Pope has differed from Pope, and anathematized all his predecessors. The Greek Church cannot be strictly called a hierarchy; but Wesleyan Methodism, as expounded by its present President, is entirely under the government of a certain number of its priests or ministers. It is not a church, in the Scriptural sense of the word; because, in the New Testament, the term, Church, means a congregation, and includes the laity; but the Conference is a hierarchy, or spiritual dynasty, consisting of an oligarchy of ministers. The first church meeting that we read of, after our Lord ascended to heaven, is recorded in the first chapter of the Acts of the Apostles. It was summoned to choose a successor to the apostleship, from which Judas had fallen; and all the members, whether ministers or people, voted on the occasion. Here was a church meeting-a regular congregational assembly---

an example for all ages; but you find nothing of this kind in modern Wesleyan Methodism. In consequence of this domination, there have already been many offshoots from this sect; and it is certain that the whole of the system, as enunciated by the President, will be sooner or later broken up; for the "Deed of Declaration, enrolled in Chancery," will prove but a feeble bulwark against public opinion, guided by the word and Spirit of God. Other sects of the Methodists flew to an opposite extreme, and vested all power in a few laymen, and constituted spiritual dynasties that little accorded with the Scripture model; and thus paralysed the efficiency and prosperity of their bodies. Christ sits, a king upon his holy hill; his word is his sceptre; and in the New Testament we have the clearest and fullest enunciations of doctrine and discipline for the whole Church. The Apostle has given sound advice to every builder of spiritual temples. The durability shall correspond with the character of the materials. A "Thus saith the Lord," can abide the fire, however intense; but expediency, human leadership, and sectarianism, are the "wood, hay, and stubble," which must inevitably be destroyed in the day of trial; nor can we have a restoration of true primitive Methodism, or rather of real vital Christianity, until we have removed the precious from the vile; have dethroned all ecclesiastical rabbis, fathers, and leaders; and restored to the Son of God his perfect and undivided authority as our Prophet, Priest, and King. Until then, God will not pour out his Spirit upon us; but we shall, to a great extent, labour in vain.

We have more to say on the decline of Methodism, but shall reserve it for our next number; when we hope to add a few thoughts on the dependence upon trust deeds; deference to rank and wealth; silence respecting ecclesiastical domination; and the want of a learned ministry, and efficient laity.


OUR former article showed that we consider that the millennium will consist of the spiritual and personal, but not visible, reign of Christ over the whole world. It will be a glorious period. There will be no political or ecclesiastical tyranny. Babylon, which, according to the Apocalypse, includes the despotism of the temporal and spiritual beast, will have been perfectly annihilated by the efforts of

the saints, The era will be one of light, liberty, religion, and happiness. Human nature will rise to the highest degree of excellence to which the Gospel can elevate it, and earth will make a near approach to the primeval Paradise. Philosophy, art, and science, will have ministered to the improvement and comfort of every human being; Christianity will have adopted them as her handmaids, and


consecrated their vast resources to the There will no longer be any need for Missionary, Bible, or Tract Societies; poisons will have been abandoned, and there will be nothing for Temperance men and women to do; "swords" will have been beaten "into ploughshares, and spears into pruning-hooks; nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war any more;" so that the Peace Congress will no longer exist. There will be no Anti-slavery Societies, nor Parliamentary or Financial Reform meetings.

There will be

no charity-schools, hospitals, jails, or union workhouses. Good government, domestic economy, and frugality; fruitful seasons, free trade, and Christian philanthropy; will bring an abundance to every hearth. Education and evangelical piety will prevent criminality, and render policemen and judges superfluous. The cottage shall be the palace in miniature; taste and elegance will mark every structure, and, in fact, all the works of man. There will be none of the haughtiness of rank, nor of the abjectness of poverty. All men and women will be one in Christ, and consequently equal; and, wherever they go, will be greeted by brethren and friends. The leaven of the kingdom of God will have leavened every one and every thing; and on every "vessel," and even on "the bells of the horses," shall be written, "Holiness to the Lord."

But volumes would be insufficient to describe the glories of those times.

The prophets spoke with ecstacy of the last days, and luxuriated in the prospects which divine visions stretched out before them; and, when the Scripture shall be studied as it ought, and men of genius shall allow God's word, which "giveth light," to guide their thoughts, and lead their imaginations into the regions of prophecy, we shall have Spensers, and Shakspeares, and Miltons, and Goethes, who will transport the world with stirring songs, and glowing descriptions of the latter day glory. The faith of the Church is hardly, as yet, alive to the splendour of the Messiah's reign; and therefore it has done but little to raise up men and women prepared to erect and pitch the tabernacle of our God among


As we believe that the millennium will be the result of the ministry, and not of miracle, we shall now offer a few thoughts on that important subject. Next to the office of Christ, as mediator in heaven, is the ministry of the word upon earth. In fact, the work of Christ is its theme, and the Holy Ghost employs it as his instrumentality. It is ordained to summon the Lord's hosts to victory; to subdue the enemies of the cross-not physically, but morally; to enlighten, elevate, sanctify, and conduct to glory, the fallen sons and daughters of Adam. There is no dignity, that a creature can sustain, equal to it. If envy could pollute the soul of an archangel, he might feel dissatisfied

that mortals should be honoured with a work second only to that of the mediation of the Lord Jesus. We fear that but a comparatively small number of the ministers of the word have duly felt their rank in the moral world, and, consequently, their responsibilities; and that few of our schools for the prophets have as yet baptized their sons with the spirit of their high vocation. Tutors who rarely preach themselves, who have not thrown their own souls into the ministry, can never call forth the energy that shall convert the world. Those who have read Longinus, feel the truth of the assertion, "that he was himself the great sublime he

drew." So the men that raise up Whitfields, must be Whitfields themselves. Heroes inspire heroism, but not by sleeping on feather beds, lolling on sofas, and sporting kid gloves in the assembly room, or at the queen's levee.

In this and a few following papers, we propose to state our views as to the men and the education which are necessary to usher in, throughout the world, the glorious reign of Messiah; and, in doing so, we shall dwell a little on piety-talent-application to study the call of God-education for the work of the ministry, and the discharge of its duties.

PIETY ESSENTIAL TO THE MINISTRY. Nothing can be more absurd than to suppose that persons of little religion, or no religion at all, may be called to preach the Gospel. The sad consequences of employing such individuals are seen throughout Chris tendom. The earth groans under an ungodly and lifeless ministry. It is the plague of plagues, the curse of all curses. Such an agency can destroy souls with an efficiency and certainty which Beelzebub might covet. Under the guise of leading men to heaven, they are conducting them to the bottomless pit. Myriads have been lulled by these destroyers into the most fatal security, and, while dreaming of paradise, have sunk to everlasting misery. Blair intimates that "the common damned will shun

the society" of suicides; but a little. reflection would suggest to us, that there are worse culprits than those who lay violent hands upon themselves; and none so doubly and trebly steeped and dyed in the foulest guilt, as those who undertake to save souls, and, instead of accomplishing the professed object of their labour, destroy them for ever. It will be next to impossible, in that world of oaths, cursing, and blasphemy, to select from the vocabulary of demons an anathema sufficiently maledictory, bitter, and malignant, with which to express the indignation kindled in hell against the iniquity and cruelty of ungodly ministers.

In the very nature of things, piety is essential to the ministry of the

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