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breast; when, remembering that her disability was not the result of her own imprudence or disobedience; but that it was in accordance with the will and arrangement of her Heavenly Father, she would immediately brush away the tear from her cheek, and resume her accustomed placidity and cheerfulness. In the depth of the last of her illness, too, when, in consequence of the irritating nature of the disease, and from the total deprivation of rest for whole weeks in succession, she became so exhausted and spent, and her nervous system so generally and highly excited, that she knew not which way to turn for a moment's bodily ease, she was earnest in prayer, that her patience might not fail: that grace might be given her to bear all that the Lord might see fit to lay upon her. In the sharpest part of his trial she would say: O mother! come and pray for me, that I may not give way to any impatience: that I may be able patiently to go through it all. O that the minister were here to pray for me, that God may give me patience through the whole of my suffering!

About six weeks previous to her removal, after enduring most acute pain, with but feeble strength to sustain it; and having an ardent desire to be with Christ; and daily expecting that every hour would be her last, she somewhat rallied, felt a trifle better, and expressed the patient endurance of her mind, by saying: Well, I suppose I need a little more refining. In her experience it may be said, that patience had its perfect work.

Her love to the Scriptures was strong and sincere. The habitual and prayerful reading of the word of God had been instrumental in enlightening her mind as to her natural depravity, and her need of a Saviour, and had directed her to Christ: in whom she found righteousness and strength. And this was her comfort in her affliction. The Holy Spirit abundantly blessed the Bible to her soul; and from

various parts of it, of her own selection, she uniformly derived support, refreshment, and joy, as from the wells of salvation. The word of God manifestly did its own work-in enlightening the mind, in converting the soul, in leading the sinner to Christ, in directing the mind in Christian duty, and the cultivation of the fruits of the Spirit, and in building up the soul in grace, and preparing it for heaven. From a child she knew the Holy Scriptures, which were able to make her wise unto salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. For, inasmuch as during the greatest part of her life she was unable to attend any place of public worship, and had not in many instances the motives of the gospel in any other way presented to her mind; it was left mainly to the blessing of God on his word, to commence, and continue, and complete, his own work in her soul. While her delight was in the word of God, there were some portions of it which yielded her especial profit and gratification: and of these she frequently spoke as her end drew near. One was the 23rd Psalm. As she looked forward to the solemn event of death she would dwell upon and repeat the 4th verse. "Yea though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil; for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me." Yes, aunt, she often said, and they do comfort me. The 14th of John, was another. Contemplating the object of Christ's ascension into heaven, and his promise to come again to conduct his people there, she would repeat his words: "I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also." Luke 23rd, was also a portion on which she often dwelt with interest and delight. The dying request of the penitent thief, was most expressive of her soul's desire and the reply and gracious promise of the Saviour were her great encourage

ment and joy. "And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me, when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily, I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise;" which, suggesting the hymn that refers to it, she would say,

"The dying thief rejoiced to see That fountain in his day;

And there would I, though vile as he,
Wash all my sins away."

And she requested her beloved aunt, who nursed her with the tenderness, and sympathy, and affection of a parent, that if a funeral sermon should be preached when she died, this passage of Scripture might be the text; a request with which the Minister readily complied.

(To be concluded in our next.)


"FOOTPRINTS OF THE CREATOR; or the Astrolepis of Stromness," by HUGH MILLER, Author of Red Sandstone. London: Johnstone and Hunter.

This book contains a high treat to the devout geologist. It is next to impossible for him to read it without admiring, loving, and adoring the Redeemer more than he did before. Here Goliath is slain with his own sword. Infidelity not long since environed itself with a bulwark of rocks, and hurled at christianity all the ponderous fossils, &c., that science dug from the bowels of the earth. We were all to be crushed at once under mountains of primitive and secondary formations. We were to be buried in exhausted craters that went out a million of million years ago, and to be covered over with the débris of worlds myriads of ages older than Adam. A tumulus of granite was to be our monument, and plesiosauri, ichthyosauri, and megalotheria, were to be the hieroglyphics to show what mad creatures we had been for believing Moses and the prophets. But the tables are turned, and we battle and defeat our opponents with their own implements, Mr. Miller has triumphed gloriously in this little volume, and brought geology to do homage to Moses and the Lamb, He has borrowed his weapons from Stromness, one of the Orkney Islands, and has chiefly used for his triumph the "Astrolepis," a fossil found in that locality." Astrolepis " means “Star

Scale," and was given to this relic of the old world as an appropriate epithet. When the telescope discovered the wonders of the heavens, our sceptical adversaries began to hurl the stars at our head, until the shield of Chalmers caused them to rebound so terrifically that all our foes fell; now these giants tear up the rocks and throw them about in wild dismay, but still christianity remains secure without a scar; and has nearly crushed her assailants with their own ponderous ammunition; so that we can still "walk about Sion, tell her bulwarks and consider her palaces," for "the Lord of Hosts is with us, and the God of Jacob is our refuge."

"ELEMENTARY SKETCHES OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY; Delivered at the Royal Institution, in the years 1804, 1805, and 1806." By the late Rev. SYDNEY SMITH, M.A. London: 1849.

Sydney Smith needs no commendation of ours. His wit and eloquence have given him a name that will not soon die. Perhaps he was one of the last men that ought to have entered the church; though there is reason to believe that, but for his cleverness, his devotion to the whigs would have procured him a mitre. A prelate who pries into every thing and tells what he sees and thinks, is rather in the way in the House of Lords, and therefore it is certain that if these dignitaries were released from their political duties, we should

generally have much better men chosen as spiritual heads. We refer to the present work of the late Dean of St. Paul's, that we may afford an example of the vivacity that may be thrown into metaphysical studies and lectures, as well as to give our readers a quotation or two for which they will be grateful. We only regret that we have not space for more.

The relative faculties of animals and men. "I confess I treat on this subject with some degree of reluctance and apprehension; because, I should be very sorry to do injustice to the poor brutes, who have no professors to revenge their cause by lecturing on our faculties; and at the same time I know there is a very strong anthropical party, who view all eulogiums on the brute creation with a very considerable degree of suspicion, and look upon every compliment which is paid to the ape, as high treason to the dignity of man.

"There may perhaps, be more of rash. ness and ill-fated security in my opinion than of magnanimity or liberality; but I confess I feel myself so much at my ease about the superiority of mankind, I have such a marked and decided contempt for the understanding of every baboon I have yet seen, I feel so sure that the blue ape without a tail will never rival us in poetry, painting and music, that I see no reason whatever why justice may not be done to the few fragments of soul, and tatters of understanding, which they may really possess. I have sometimes, perhaps, felt a little uneasy at Exeter 'Change, for contrasting the monkeys with the 'prentice boys who are teazing them; but a few pages of Locke, or a few lines of Milton has always restored me to tranquillity, and convinced me that the superiority of man had nothing to fear."

Man a gregarious, social, or congregational animal." His gregarious nature is another cause of man's superiority over all


other animals. A lion lies under a hole in a rock and if any other lion happens to pass by, they fight. Now, whoever gets a habit of lying under a hole in a rock, and fighting with every gentleman who passes near him, cannot possibly make any progress. Every man's understanding and acquirements, how great and extensive soever they may appear, are made up of the contributions of his friends and companions. . . . .

"If lions would consort together, and growl out the observations they have made, about killing sheep and shepherds, the most likely places for catching a calf grazing, and so forth, they could not fail to improve; because they would be actuated by such a wide range of observation, and operate by the joint force of so many minds. . .

"A third method in which man gains the dominion over other animals, is, by the construction of his hands, and the mechanism of his body. Suppose, with all his understanding, it had pleased Providence to make us like lobsters, or to imprison us in shells like cray-fish, I very much question if the monkeys would not have converted us into sauce; nor can I conceive any possible method by which such a fate could have been averted.

"The fact seems to be, that, though almost every quality of mind we possess, can be traced in some trifling degree in brutes, yet that degree, compared with the extent in which the same quality is observable in man, is very low and inconsiderable. For instance, we cannot say that animals are devoid of curiosity, but they have a very slight degree of curiosity; they imitate, but they imitate very slightly, in comparison with men; they cannot imitate anything very difficult; and many of them hardly imitate at all. They abstract, but they cannot make such compound abstractions as men do; they have no such compounded abstractions as city,

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This little volume will delight all who read it. The Pilgrims were under the influence of Christian principle, and their proceedings make us proud of a religion which gave to the New World such emigrants and colonists. Their sufferings were great, but we have abundant proof that God was with them. Here there is none of the cruelty and injustice towards the natives which disgraced the conduct of Greeks and Romans, which has so foully stained our national flag in India and Africa, and which now covers with so much infamy the slave-holding American. What glorious beings the aborigines of America might have been made, if the conduct of the pilgrims had been imitated by their sons.

(Continued from page 189.)

GOVERNESSES' BENEVOLENT May 9th. The spacious room was com


On Friday the Annual Meeting of this Charitable Institution was held at the Hanover- square Rooms; the Duke of Cambridge in the chair. The report for the year 1849 stated that the various operations of the society were becoming definitely settled, and its powers of usefulness larger. From the balance-sheet, it appeared that the total receipts of the charity, during the past year, had amounted to £16,285, and the expenditure to £15,434, leaving a balance in hand of £851. The receipts in connexion with the Provident Fund had been £18,594, and the expenditure £17,909. The various resolutions were proposed by Earl Talbot, Mr. Trever, M.P. Mr. Elliott, Mr. Howlett, and Mr. T. C. Hall.


THE annual meeting of this Society was held at Exeter Hall, on Thursday morning,

pletely filled by a very respectable and attentive auditory. The chair was occupied by Sir E. N. Buxton, M.P., who addressed the assembly (after the customary devotional exercises) in an appropriate and effective speech, expressing his cordial attachment to the Society, and urging the importance of its receiving a greater measure of public support.

The Report was then read by the Rev. A. Tidman, D.D.

The Secretary then presented to the Chairman, as a mark of respect and attachment on the part of the directors, copies of the various translations and revisions of the sacred Scriptures, which had been referred to in the Report,-a gift which was feelingly and eloquently acknowledged.

The Rev. Dr. Vaughan, President of the Lancashire Independent College, then moved the adoption of the Report, which he characterised as a document full of matter calling for gratitude to God, and ad

verted to the progress of education, the increase in the numbers of the Missionary Churches, the enlarged number of Scripture translations, and the augmented liberality of the churches.

The Rev. Dr. Wardlaw, of Glasgow, was then called upon, and was welcomed with enthusiastic and prolonged applause. He began by making a feeling allusion to the attacks which had been made upon his christian character, and said he interpreted these cheers as an assurance that he had not lost caste amongst them, any more than amongst his friends in the north (cheers). He observed, that there were two essential conditions of missionary success. The first was a simple-minded, earnest, and consistent advocacy of the cross, the doctrine of Christ crucified, however unpopular it might be. He thought there was a danger of that doctrine being superseded, because it was found to be unfashionable, and something thought to be more intellectual substituted in its place. He contended that the successes of the apostles were the fruit of their not knowing anything but Christ, and him crucified; and that the same thing was true, wherever the labours of their missionary agents were successful. The second thing necessary, was a prayerful dependence upon the presence and blessing of the Divine Spirit. The speaker urged this point at some length, and concluded amid general applause.

The motion was then put to the meeting, and unanimously adopted.

The Rev. Dr. Leifchild moved a resolution, expressing gratitude for the preliminary measures at length taken by Government, and referred to in the Report. The Doctor expressed his hope that he and the meeting had the principle of attachment to the Society so firmly rooted in their hearts, that no circumstances would cause them to lessen their exertions for its support and prosperity. The present times called for more than customary exertion.

The Hon. and Rev. B. W. Noe! rose to second the resolution. After the loud cheering with which his name was received had subsided, he congratulated the Society upon the material change which had taken place in the position and prospects of their missionaries in India. They had formerly to contend with the opposition of the native rulers, the exclusive law of Hindoo caste, and the Indian policy of the British government, in addition to the prejudices of the people. He rejoiced that these obstacles had gradually been removed, and that now, in consequence of the measures alluded to in this resolution, the Christian teacher would no more be put to shame by the taunt of the natives, that the idol he denounces is patronised by his Christian rulers; nor would the convert from Hindooism be any longer subjected to the loss of his property and employment for conscience' sake.

The Rev. W. Clarkson, from India, followed in support of the resolution.

Several other gentlemen addressed the meeting, and the proceedings terminated with a collection in aid of the funds of the Society.


The annual meeting of the United Home, Colonial, and Irish Societies, was held at Exeter Hall, on Tuesday morning, May 7th, Samuel Morley, Esq., in the chair. Prayer having been offered, and the Chairman having briefly addressed the meeting, the Rev. Dr. Massie read the Report.

The aggregate income of the three Societies, for the past year, had been £11,716. 3s. 3d.

The meeting was addressed by the Rev. E. Conder, M.A., the Rev. T. Binney, the Rev. G. Smith, the Rev. Thomas Pullar, Thomas Thompson, Esq., (of Pounsford Park,) and other gentlemen, and the proceedings terminated with a vote of thanks to the chair.

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