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DICKENS HOLDS HIS OWN

Does Dickens, it is often asked, really hold his own against the flood of modern stories which pours into the shops of the booksellers? Messrs. Chapman & Hall, his old London publishers, have been looking into their sales of his books. They find that for many years past these have averaged considerably over a quarter of a million copies annually, and that so far from there being any decline, the interest in Dickens and the consequent sales of his works are

increasing every year. It would appear

that the difference in the individual sales of Dickens' books is remarkably small, especially when one thinks of the long list of them. The least popular is the "Child's History of England," and, as might be supposed, the standing favorite is "Pickwick.' During the past three years, however there has been a great increase in the sale of "Tale of Two Cities'-so much so that it would come first by many copies for those particular years. No doubt this is mostly due to the success of Mr. Martin Harvey's play, "The Only Way." While this piece the story dramatized

was being performed in London there was a brisk demand daily for the book. Next to "Pickwick," the permanent favorite, judged by circulation, is "David Copperfield," and, indeed, there is not much to choose between the two. From them there is a rather considerable drop to "Oliver Twist" and the "Old Curiosity Shop," the sales of which have differed from each other only to the extent of three hundred copies.

Three other stories which may be ranked together are "Nicholas Nickleby," "Dombey and Son" and "Bleak House." "Little Dorritt" and "Our Mutual Friend" come along in company with "Martin Chuzzlewit," and the Christmas books not far behind. "Martin Chuzzlewit" is an illustration of the slightness of vicissitude that Dickens' books have shown. When it was published he declared that it was a hundred times the best thing he had done. But somehow the original sales were quite disappointing, and Dickens was really anxious as to whether the reading public was not forsaking him. Every year it improved its position, and if that were to be estimated on its whole sales -and not on those of the past three years only--it would probably come "Pickwick" and "David Copperfield." In his recent article on Dickens, Mr. Swinburne declared that "Great Expectations perhaps the best of his novels. On sales it comes fourteenth in the list, but the recent cheap edition has given it a very large vogue with the public. Generally speaking, the public demand for individual novels by Dickens is in harmony with the verdicts which literary opinion has pronounced upon them. In other words, the books of his which the literary critics have exalted are also most bought by the public.

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The first two volumes of "A Laboratory Manual of Electro-Magnetic Machinery and Apparatus," by Bernard V. Swenson and Budd Frankenfield, both of the Electrical Engineering Department of the University of Wisconsin, is now published. While intended primarily as a college text-book, this elaborate manual has been written with the intention of making it a work of reference for engineers. The Macmillan Company.

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attention to two volumes which were pub- COMMERCIAL WORKS

lished last year-Mr. Wirt Gerrare's "Greater Russia" and Mr. F. H. Skrine's "The Expansion of Russia." The second of these is a history of the growth and extension of Russia since 1815, with considerable reference to the colonizing instinct, the nomad instinct, and the blind impulse of a rapidlygrowing population to burst from ice-bound coasts and gain access to warmer waters. Mr. Skrine says that Russia has studded Manchuria with military posts in order to safeguard the transcontinental railway routes; but she hesitates to annex that province lest Siberia should be overrun by Chinese emigrants." Mr. Gerrare's book is a good instance of a volume based on solid knowledge, yet written in a popular way and well illustrated.

The Rev. J. Arbuthnot Nairn has edited the Mines of Herodas for the "Clarendon Press," with introduction, critical notes, commentary and collotype illustrations. No complete commentary has appeared for some considerable time, even on the continent, and a great mass of new material has been meanwhile accumulating. It will be recalled that a papyrus roll containing some 700 lines of the work of Herodas was found in Egypt in 1891, and thus was recovered one of the leading representatives of an important branch of Greek literature. The value of the find was felt not only by classical scholars in almost every branch, but the interest of a wider public was also aroused. It has been the editor's aim to give the student all needful assistance towards the correct interpretation of that difficult poet. The book will be ready immediately.-Oxford University Press.

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION OF A CHILD.

Interest Tables, at 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 per cent. per annum, by Napoleon Matte. 5th edition. Price, $3.00.

Three Per Cent. Interest Tables, by the same author. On fine toned paper and strongly bound. Price, $3.00.

Interest Tables and Book of Days combined, at 3, 34, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7 and 8 per cent. per annum, by Charles M. C. Hughes. Price, $5.00.

Savings Bank Interest Tables, at 2, 3 and 3 per cent. (each on separate card), on the basis of one month being 1-12th part of a year, by Charles M C. Hughes. Price, $1.00.

Hughes' Interest Tables, at 6 and 7 per cent. per annum (on the basis of 365 days to the year), at 1 2, 3 and 4 months and days of grace. For use in discounting and renewing promissory notes, by Charles M. C. Hughes. On folded card. Price, $1. Hughes' Supplementary Interest Tables, comprising a Special Interest Table for Daily Balances, showing interest for one thousand days on any amount from $1 to $10,000, or from £1 to £10,000, at per cent. to 3 per cent. inclusive. Also a table showing interest for one thousand days at 5 per cent., by means of which (in connection with Comparative Tables) interest for one thousand days can be obtained at any rate from

per cent. to 10 per cent. inclusive, and Comparative Interest Tables, etc., by Charles M. C. Hughes. Price, $2.00 net.

Buchan's Sterling Exchange Tables, advancing by 8ths and 16ths, with other useful tables. 2nd edition. Price, $4.00.

Buchan's Sterling Equivalents and Exchange Tables. Price, $4.00.

Canadian Customs Tariff, revised to date, with list of Ports, Foreign Tables, Extracts from the Cus toms Act, etc, Fcap. 8vo, limp cloth, 50 cents.

MORTON, PHILLIPS & CO.

PUBLISHERS, MONTREAL

Wm. Barber & Bros.

Paper

To a degree never before attained there is an absorbing interest in the moral and spiritual welfare and development of the child; indeed, there seems to be not a little controversy as to method and means. It cannot be denied that some older methods are being superseded by the more modern, nor can it be fully conceded that all the older theories and practices must give way to the present day invasion of newer methods. Yet the question is in the air, and a distinct revival of interest in the youth of the church is everywhere apparent. The Revell announcements of this season contain several contributions to this absorbing and important study, each of distinct value in itself, yet approaching the general topic from several points of view. Their aim appears to be to advance within conservative limits, yet withal to have in mind, first, the winning of the child for Christ. Among recent books on this subject issued by this house are:"The Natural Way," by Patterson DuBois; "The Pedagogical Bible School," by S. B. Haslett; "The Teacher and the Child," by H. Thistleton Mark; Dr. Schauffler's "Pastoral Leadership in Sunday School Forces," and "The Child for Christ," by A. Book, News, and Colored

H. McKinney.

A fifth Canadian edition of THE ONE WOMAN is now in the press for the Musson Book Company.

Makers

Georgetown,
Ontario.

Papers.

**JOHN R. BARBER.

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The Canadian Bookseller earlier education was acquired at the Burgh School, un

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THE AUTHOR OF "THE WEALTH OF
NATIONS."

In these days everyone in Canada is more or less interested in the great fiscal controversy being waged in Britain over the question of Protection vs. Free Trade. For, however you may mitigate the term, call it retaliation or whatever you wish, it is practically protection after all. Before this controversy is ended it is certain that all the theories and principles of international economics will have been discussed and paraded before the people, and one of the most quoted authorities will assuredly be Adam Smith, the author of the epoch-making book, The Wealth of Nations. We have all from our childhood's days heard of the book, but how many of us know anything of the author? A new edition of the book has just been issued in Edinburgh, with an introduction by Hector Macpherson, and it is to this that we are indebted for the facts concerning the author, which we are about to lay before our readers, feeling sure that they will be more interested in the book itself when the author becomes to them more than a mere name, and we can assure them that if they are led to read his work they will not find it the dull, heavy thing which we are accustomed to look for in a book relating to the "dismal science" of political economy. Adam Smith was born in 1723 at Kirkcaldy, Scotland. His father, also named Adam, was the first Judge Advocate of Scotland, an office created at the time of the union of England and Scotland. His

der the mastership of Mr. Henry Miller. Always delicate, he was largely cut off from sharing in those sports and games which other lads of his age were devoted to, but he manifested a love of books and a retentive memory which were remarkable. At the age of 14 re entered Glasgow University, and pursued his course there for three years, winning the Snell exhibition, which entitled him to take a six years' course at Oxford. In 1740 he went to Oxford, entering Balliol College, evidently intending to read for holy orders. But his vocation was not to be the church, and we find him in 1746 again at Kirkcaldy, undecided as to his future career. He met there or in Edinburgh Mr. Henry Home, afterwards Lord Kames, who, recognizing his ability, persuaded him to give a course of lectures on English literature and criticism. These attracted such attention that they led to Smith's receiving the appointment of professor of logic in Glasgow University. One of his colleagues, Prof. Craigie, who held the chair of moral philosophy, falling ill, he undertook his duties as well, and upon his death was transferred to the vacant chair. In this position he extended the scope of his professoriate so as to include not merely ethics and natural philosophy, but also political science, and the research made in these directions was afterwards incorporated in his two works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations. The publication of the former in 1759 led to his recognition as one of the leading thinkers of the age, and also to the appointment offered him of tutor to the Duke of Buccleuch. In 1763 he received this offer, a salary of £300 a year with travelling expenses and the guarantee of a pension of £300 a year for life. He accepted it and resigned his chair in Glasgow. Shortly afterwards, in company with his pupil, he went to France. After visiting Paris, they settled down at Toulouse, where for a year and a half they remained, and led an existence which to neither of them was enjoyable. Here Smith began the work which was to make him famous, in order, as he says, to pass away the time. In 1766 they returned to London, and after a brief stay there Smith returned to Kirkcaldy, where he spent the next ten years, engaged on his "opus magnum.' It was published in March, 1776, and at once attracted attention, though for a time the political turmoil and uncertainty which prevailed, prevented its having the influence it would otherwise have exerted. However, its influence was felt and the great Pitt was among those whose views were largely moulded by its teachings. Cobden and Gladstone after

wards translated many of its precepts into action in the direction of Free Trade. One fact is remarkable, and that is that though Smith could write such a book on the principles of trade, yet he could not do his own buy ing, having to entrust that to a friend.

On his return to Scotland, after the book was published, he received the position of Commissioner of Customs, a place worth £600 a year, which, with his pension of £300 amply sufficed for his wants. He had, however, to leave Kirkcaldy and live in Edinburgh, where he took a house in the Canongate. In 1784 his mother, to whom he was devotedly attached, died, and his loneliness and grief augmented the disease from which he had long suffered. In 1787 he made his last visit to London to consult Dr. Hunter, and while there made the acquaintance of Pitt and Wilberforce. On his return to Edinburgh he met with a pleasant surprise, being chosen Lord Rector of Glasgow University into which position he was installed in 1787.

His health however rapidly failed him, and his loneliness preyed greatly on his mind, and on July 17th, 1790, he passed away. He was buried in Canongate churchyard, and a simple stone informs the visitor that all that is mortal of Adam Smith, the author of The Wealth of Nations rests underneath. His death seems to have attracted little public notice, probably because of the stirring events which then occupied the public mind. However, in the years to come Adam Smith was to come into his own and receive that recognition which was his due as the true father of the great science of Political Economy. And however much in their practical application the principles of this science may seem to alter, one fact will remain, and that is the place which Adam Smith will hold as the author of one of the spoch making books of the world.

AN HONOR TO MARY JOHNSTON. Among all the novelists who have written of pirate ships and their bloodthirsty commanders, it remains for a young American novelist, Miss Mary Johnston, to be singled out by the London Sphere for mention in connection with a double-page pirate picture. "Among recent novelists," says the Sphere, "Miss Mary Johnston has drawn some very vivid pictures of life on a pirate vessel." It seems a literary wonder that a young American woman can draw such virile sea pictures as Miss Johnston has done, and is now again doing in Sir Mortimer in Harper's Magazine, with what would almost certainly be described as masculine vigor.

THE AUTHOR OF "LUX CRUCIS." Samuel M. Gardenhire, author of Lux Crucis: A Tale of the Great Apostle, which has just been published in Toronto by THE BOOK SUPPLY COMPANY, LIMITED, was born in Fayette, Missouri, in 1855. He was educated at the public schools of St. Louis and at Central College, Missouri, and in 1876 began the prac

tice of law. Four years later he went to Kansas and became secretary to the Governor of the State. After several years of active political and journalistic life, during which he established and conducted an afternoon newspaper, and later became a member for a term in the Kansas legislature, Mr. Gardenhire went abroad and devoted two years to extensive travel. For the past ten years he has practised law in New York, and in the intervals of that work has contributed frequently to the magazines.

NEW HARPER BOOKS.

Messrs. Harper & Brothers, New York (Toronto: The Book Supply Company, Limited), promise for this year new books of fiction by each of the following writers: Mark Twain, R. W. Chambers, Mary Johnston, A. E. W. Mason, Finley Peter Dunne, Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, Will N. Harben, Matilde Serao, J. J. Bell, Margaret Horton Potter, Basil King, Elizabeth G. Jordan, James Jeffrey Roche, W. D. Howells, Hamlin Garland, Joseph Conrad, E. F. Benson, George Ade, Josephine Daskam, Katharine Cecil Thurston, E. S. Martin, Frederic Harrison, Roy Rolfe Gilson, John Kendrick Bangs, Bram Stoker and Philip Verill Mighels. In the fields of history, science, reminiscence, the Harpers promise, besides uncollected essays of Thrackeray, books by Albert Bushnell Hart, Michael Davitt, A. R. Colquhoun, Thomas R. Lounsbury, A. H. Savage-Landor, Lyn G. Tylor, E. P. Cheyney, Edward G. Bourne and Henry Smith Williams. Their new juveniles will be by Kirk Munroe, R. W. Chambers, Gertrude Smith and Capt. Charles A. Curtis.

GOOD BOOKS OF 1903.

The Academy, in rounding up the best novels for 1903, makes this remark: "The novel ran like a locust through Great Britain in 1903, devcuring most of the leisure which the public spared from picture puzzles. Of the vast output about ninety, by some merit rarer than readibility, deserved to stay the pulper's inexorable machine." Among the stories selected for mention by the Academy are Mrs. Ward's Lady Rose's Daughter, Mr. James' The Ambassadors, Mr. Benson's The Relentless City, Mrs. Katherine Cecil Thurston's The Circle, and Mr. Basil King's In the Garden of Charity.

BEN HUR.

Speaking of the remarkably long-enduring popularity of Lew. Wallace's Ben-Hur, A Tale of the Christ, Harper & Brothers have just received in a single week three different orders for one thousand volumes each of this novel, irrespective of the smaller orders which aggregate in the thousands. The book occupies a class by itself, which accounts somewhat for its continued claim on public demand. It was first published on November 12, 1880, twenty-three years ago.

THE TRADE JOURNAL AND ADVERTISING.

This has well been called an age of advertising, and more and more each day is the conviction forced upon us that the name is a true one. The deluge of monthly magazines with which we are being inundated is only one sprinkle of the constant shower of advertisements which are poured out unceasingly from the printing houses. They are everywhere in the cars we ride in, on the fences we pass, in the newspapers we read. We see everywhere the same story, advertise! advertise! advertise! It's the spirit of the day, and the business man who fails to turn it to account is the business man who's

little of interest, but to those in it it is the journal most carefully read. There it is they look to see any fresh features of their business, and it is in this fact that the up-to-date wholesale firm will see its opportunity to reap the best returns from its advertising expenditure. But some may say that the commercial traveller after all does this work better, a living agent is better thin a printed page. Yes, but the printed page, if well worded, will smooth the way for the drummer and prepare the would-be purchaser to receive him favorably. In the book business especially is this the case. The buyer will feel that he is not altogether dependent on the "drum

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going to be left behind in the race. Since this is so it behooves us to earnestly consider how we best can use this means of help. A recent writer in the Atlantic Monthly has called attention to what he calls the psychology of advertising, and says the test of an advertisement is, "Does it make me want to buy this article rather than that made by another firm?" We do not propose to go into the question, but to point out what seems to us a great channel of advertising that is not utilized as it might be, and that is the trade journal. Here it seems to us, if anywhere, is the best means for the wholesalers, at any rate, to make known their goods, for the trade journal goes directly to those who are interested. To those outside the particular trade it represents it has

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