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this hidden difference in men by which one remains in the by-eddies of life, and another sweeps out on the crest of the rising tide of history?"

The above random sentences, from the new book by the author of "What is Worth While," show the tremendous questions which are set for answer and the stirring character of the theme. "The Warriors " is well named. It is a book calculated to stir the blood of every toiler struggling to succeed. In the great world-march of conquest are the kings-those who have attained supremacy in any line of thought or endeavor-the prelates and evangelists, the sages, the traders, the workers. To each marcher a special word is addressed, of uplift and inspiration.

The author's ulterior purpose is to show the intimate relation of Christianity and the Church to every field of activity, small or great. The world is tending toward the spiritual, and in proportion as that element is infused into it, civilization will attain its ultimate goal. This brief outline must not give the idea that "The Warriors" is a theological treatise. While it speaks plainly in behalf of the higher life, it is pre-eminently, as we have seen, a fighter's book filled to the brim with wise counsel, stirring entreaty, and just the sort of practical advice which enables the every-day warriors in little things to win the victory.

A strain of martial music is added by the presence of hymns prefacing the various subheadings; and by the chapter heads themselves: Chords of Awakening, Prelude, Processional, The World-March.

The splendid promise given by this author, in her little "What is Worth While " book, now selling in its two hundredth thousand, meets with abundant fulfilment in this more pretentious work. As to the volume itself, the season will scarcely present a more artistic one. From the striking cover to the dignified black-letter type with red initials, every feature of workmanship is complete and pleasing. The book would make an attractive gift.

New titles added to "What is Worth While" series:

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THOMAS DIXON, JR.

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Thomas Dixon, Jr., author of "The Leopard's Spots an "The One Woman,' has lived a life little less remarkable than the story of his sensational hero, Frank Gordon.

Thomas Dixon, Jr., was born in Shelby, North Carolina, on January 1st, 1864. He was the son of the Rev. Thomas and Aman

da Dixon, so says "Who's Who," and was educated at Wake Forest College, in his native State, at Greensboro Law School and John Hopkins University. In 1886 he was admitted to the bar, but even before this he had at the age of twenty been elected to the State Legislature of North Carolina. But in October, 1886, he resign

ed to enter the ministry and in 1887 was ordained Baptist minister. His first charge was at Raleigh, but he had later charges in Boston from 1888-9 and in New York from 1889-99. While in New York, as pastor of the People's Church, he attracted a larger number of hearers than any other preacher in America and many of his descriptions in "The One Woman have been taken direct from life. Since that time Mr. Dixon has retired to his home in Virginia on the banks of the Chesapeake Bay, where he gives his time to the writing of books or goes forth now and then upon lecture tours. In the capacity of lecturer, as in that of preacher, he has made himself widely popular.

Mr. Dixon is a man of decided views and of wonderful mind strength. He has a unique personality which evinces itself in the character of his book. Both his novels have been more or less sensational, but both are forceful and stirring and full of dramatic power, the magnetic quality of their writer having been infused into them thoroughly. His latest book, "The One Woman," has created a literary furor, the opinions upon it being very diverse and loud-voiced. Thousands have denounced it in scathing terms as vulgar, immoral, and in bad taste-hundreds of thousands have read it. From Book News.

Order The New Cook Book, by Ladies of Toronto, from The Musson Book Co., Limited, Toronto.

FLEMING H. REVELL CO.'S BOOK NEWS

Mrs. Sangster's first novel," Janet Ward," met with such decided success that she has come forward with a second, entitled "Elea

nor Lee." One always feels certain of anything that Mrs. Sangster writes, and readers will be glad to hear that "Eleanor Lee" is a romance of singular beauty. The story begins just after the Civil War and comes down almost to our own day.

Mabel Nelson Thurston, editorially associated with "The Youths Companion,' has written a charming little book that she calls "On the Road to Arcady." It is the romance of an outdoor girl, and Ethelwyn is so distinctly feminine that she is irresistible. Revells, the publishers, have issued the book very handsomely, the paper, ink, binding and all uniting to make a symphony in green in harmony with the outdoor tone of the book. The margins throughout are decorated with clever pen-and-ink sketches done by Samuel M. Palmer, who is one of the little colony of artists gathered around Howard

Pyle down in Wilmington, Delaware. The scene of the story is laid just outside Washington, on the hills overlooking the Potomac.

46

Mrs. Ballington Booth has written a book about her seven years' work among prisoners and men just released from prison. She gives it the title After Prison-What?" and modestly insists that her book is not a treatise on criminology, but rather a plea for "my boys." It is bound to be a book of unusual interest, for it is written from the point of view of the cell, and includes the opinions of leading wardens and many letters from the men themselves written to the author. The thinking people of the country have already given their entire sympathy and confidence to Mrs. Booth and the Prisoners' League, and will welcome this book. "After Prison-What?" will be issued this week by the Revell Company.

It seems to be the natural thing for newspaper men and editors to write books these days. Forrest Grissy, Western editor of the " Saturday Evening Post," is publishing this month, through Revells, a book entitled "The Country Boy." It is said that Crissey does for the real country boy what Grahame, in “The Golden Age,' did for the suburban boy, and that people who are familiar with the country around Chautauqua have a pretty good idea where the country boy lived. Mr. Grissy's book is splendidly illustrated with eleven drawings by Griselda Marshall McClure.

66

One of the busiest women in the country is Mrs. Elia W. Peattie, the literary editor of the Chicago Tribune." Besides her newspaper work, she is a constant contributor to the leading magazines, manages a home and family, and is an active member of several clubs and philanthropic societies. Besides all this, she has found time to write a novel, "On the Edge of Things," that has just been issued by Revells. It is a tale of a college man who tries sheep ranching with indifferent success so far as fortune is concerned, unless a charming romance and winning a fine girl can be called a fortune.

Harriet Prescott Spofford has determined to lengthen her vacation and spend the winter in Europe. Revells have just issued a novelette by Mrs. Spofford, with the curi osity-provoking title "That Betty." In a much briefer form and under another title the story was first submitted for publication, and was so pleasing that Mrs. Spofford was asked if she could not enlarge it, and, as a result, she made this little novel. In addition to her customary graceful diction, Mrs. Spofford has given this story a peculiarly attractive quaintness.

One of the most striking figures of the English pulpit to-day is W. J. Dawson. As preacher, editor, lecturer, author, he is everywhere known and every where popular. He is the reputed possessor of one of the best private collections of paintings in London, gathered here and there in the nooks and corners of Europe. Revells have just issued a volume of his sermons, in their "International Pulpit Series," under the title "The Reproach of Christ," with an appreciation by Newell Dwight Hillis. The nineteen sermons that compose the volume are remarkable for their keen-eyed piety and wide grasp of real questions, as well as their beauty of expression.

Charles Barnard has written a book of Bible stories for children, entitled "The

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Door in the Book," that in its own field promises to be what "Alice in Wonderland was in its sphere. It has been described as an "Alice in Bible-Land," as it pictures a little Twentieth Century girl tumbling back in time and talking with the child Miriam and Isaac and others. "The Door in the Book" is illustrated with drawings by Mary E. Lathbury, who has succeeded admirably in catching the author's novel idea.

Margaret Sangster's novel, "Janet Ward," published last winter by The Revell Company, had for a frontispiece the portrait of a very attractive girl supposed to represent the "Ideal Girl of To-day." From a Chicago paper it now appears that the "Ideal Girl of To-day " was a real girl, Miss Carry Woolfolk, and that she has just been married to G. W. Browning, the President of the Univ. of Michigan Alumni Association, and a close friend of Mayor Harrison. Apparently Miss Woolfolk, who was trying to achieve a career as an artist, decided to take Mrs. Sangster's advice given in "Janet Ward," ," "the best career for a 'girl of today' is that which ends in a good man's love."

It is a poor college that does not boast of a volume of local short stories these days, but it is reserved for West Point Cadets to have a whole volume written about themselves. Anna B. Warner, sister of the late Susan B. Warner, has her home at Martlaer's Rock, hardly more than a stone's throw from the Academy, and the shrewd Cadets pounced upon her as their own novelist. Accordingly Miss Warner, out of her knowledge of the Cadet life and the mass of stories that were told her, has woven a story that she calls "West Point Color," which will be published this month by the Revell Company.

Order The New Cook Book, by Ladies of Toronto, from The Musson Book Co., Limited, Toronto.

THE COPP, CLARK CO.'S BOOK
NOTES.

"Following the Deer," by William J. Long, author of "The School of the Woods," is an intensely fascinating story of the northern woods, in which a huge buck is followed through the changing seasonssummer, autumn and winter. At last, when months of trailing have given the boy-hunter some of the woodman's cunning, and when the buck is at his mercy, the huge animal is allowed to go unharmed with his beautiful head on his shoulders. From the moment the trail is struck the same characters and animals reappear through the entire story. Mr. Charles Copeland, the illustrator of Mr. Long's previous books, has made full-page or marginal drawings for every opening of the present volume. The decorative cover design is stamped in full gold (The Copp, Clark Company, Limited; cloth only, $1.50).

The Copp, Clark Company, Limited, publish a new book by Ian Maclaren, entitled "Our Neighbors" (cloth only, $1.50).

Mr. F. Marion Crawford's new novel is named "The Heart of Rome." This striking title is perfectly descriptive of one of the best of Mr. Crawford's novels. He has studied Rome in all its phases, and has been writing novels and serious books about it for twenty years. Here he has endeavored

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written a novel in which, through an absorbing love story, appear the manifold elements that go to make up the life and atmosphere of the Eternal City as it exists at the present time. We find here a picture of Roman and Italian life without a peer (The Copp, Clark Company, Limited; cloth only, $1.50).

Four books, each with two biographical essays and numerous illustrations from photographs, have been published. Robert Louis Stevenson is the subject of one containing two essays, "The Personality and Style of Robert Louis Stevenson," by W. Robertson Nicoll, and "The Characteristics of Robert Louis Stevenson," by G. K. Ches

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terson. Charles Dickens, Leo Tolstoi and Thomas Carlyle are the subjects of the remaining three. Each book is supplemented by a biographical note (The Copp, Clark Company, Limited; leather, gilt edges, $1.50; cloth, 75 cents).

"A Two-Fold Inheritance," by Guy Boothby, is a story of love, adventure and intrigue by a society adventuress. Racing scenes and house-boat parties figure prominently, and the tale contains all the elements that have made its author's work popular the world over (The Copp, Clark Company, Limited; Illustrated, cloth, $1.25; paper, 75 cents).

In "The Valkyries," Mr. E. F. Benson, author of "Dodo," has essayed the peaks of poetic romance with no mean success. The narrative follows as closely as possible the libretto of Wagner's well-known opera of the same name. But Mr. Benson has passed the grim old Norse legend through the prism of his own imagination, and has turned out not only a high order of English prose, replete with poetic imagery the most striking and beautiful, but a story of sustained and compelling interest and tensely dramatic at every turn. There is a wondrous directness and simplicity about all the old Norse and German mythology. Woden and Walhalla still have power to stir the one drop of Saxon or Danish blood in the veins of the modern Englishman (The Copp, Clark Company, Limited; cloth only, $1.50).

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The Copp, Clark Company, Limited, have just published Justus Miles Forman's new novel, Monsigny." Mr. Forman's successful story, "Journey's End," was issued in an attractive form by the same publishers and gained a place on the list of

His

best selling books for the past season. first book is a story of a young English lord who won his way alone in America as a playwright, while the new novel deals with the beautiful descendant of a French family and granddaughter of an English Earl, and the complications following the false accusation of the man she loves. It is said to be a much more ambitious work than the author's first story, combining with the same light touch a forcefulness of passion (Illustrated, decorated cover, $1.25).

The Copp, Clark Company, Limited, publish "McTodd in the Arctic," by Cutcliffe Hyne. McTodd was quite as popular a hero in the last Captain Kettle book as that fiery little sailor, and Mr. Hyne now makes him the chief character in a better story. The author's invention never flags, and the new story is full of incidents and experiences of the liveliest and most fascinating kind, more like those of real people. He has constructed a well-knit and absorbing story; he has out-grown his early crudities, and his new book will greatly strengthen his hold on popular favor (cloth, $1.25; paper, 75 cents).

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Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer," by Cyrus Townsend Brady, will be published shortly by the Copp, Clark Company, Limited. Morgan was the most remarkable of all Buccaneers. The author shows his ferocity and cruelty, and depicts him without lightening the dark shadows of his character. Yet at the same time he brings out the man's dauntless courage, his military ability, his absolute disregard of odds, his wonderful capacity as a sailor, his fertility and resourcefulness, which awaken our admiration in spite of ourselves. He is shown "a real pirate," just as he was

"Squire," he said, and his voice trembled, "Jack's my dog."

From "The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come." 70,000 copies of this book have been sold in two weeks from date of publication."

great and brave, small and mean, skilful, and cruel, and the great lesson of the story is one of just retribution in the awful punishment that is finally visited upon him by those whom he so fearfully and terribly wronged. Profusely illustrated from drawings by J. N. Marchand and Will Crawford (Illustrated; cloth only, $1.50).

"The Long Night," a romance of love, warfare and witchcraft in old Geneva, by Stanley J. Weyman, will be published this month by The Copp, Clark Company, Limited (Illustrated; cloth only, $1.25).

"America at Work," by John Foster Fraser, with thirty-eight full-page plates from photographs, is published by the Copp, Clark Company, Limited (cloth only, $1.00).

"A Flame of Fire" is the title of a new novel by Mr. Joseph Hocking, to be published this month. The proceedings of the Holy Inquisition during the sixteenth century loom largely in Mr. Hocking's pages. There is an awesome fascination about the subject an attraction inseparably connected with mysterious, black-garmented beings in masks, red-hot irons, torture chambers, thumb screws, and the like. These were times, it must be remembered, when every entrance to Spain was carefully guarded, and the English Protestant who forced his way in carried his life in his hands. three heroes have a difficult task when they go to Spain on the expedition of rescuing an English lady and her serving maid from the hands of the Papists, with the further project of discovering the strength of Philip's forces and the probabilities of his success in the plot against England. Something of the interest of the narrative may be imagined from these details (The Copp, Clark Company, Limited; cloth, $1.25, paper, 75 cents).

Our

The Copp, Clark Company, Limited, publish"The Story of the Foss River Ranch," by Ridgewell Cullum. The scene of this story is laid in Canada; not in one of the great cities, but in that undeveloped section of the great North-West where to day scenes are being enacted similar to those enacted fifty years ago during the settlement of the great American West. The story is intense

and quick-moving, with a sustained and well-developed plot, and will thus appeal to the reading public, who demand above all a book that interests (cloth only, $1.25).

The Copp, Clark Company, Limited, publish "Dooryard Stories," by Clara Dillingham Pierson, author of "Among the Forest People," "Night People," etc. Mrs. Pierson says in her preface to her little readers: "These stories are of things which I have seen with my own eyes in my own yard, and the people of whom I write are my friends and near neighbors. Many of them have been told over and over again to my own little boy." The illustrations are in color by F. C. Gordon; decorative cover (cloth only, $1.50).

The praise given "An Irish Cousin," the new novel by E. E. Somerville and Martin Ross, authors of "The Experiences of an Irish R. M.," might be measured by the yard. English critics are most enthusiastic about the book. "The World" says it is "a perfectly simple, natural story, brimming over with fun, and self evident both to those acquainted and to those unacquainted with the life described as an unexaggerated and delightful picture" (The Copp, Clark Company, Limited; cloth, $1.25, paper, cents).

75

BITS OF PHILOSOPHY FROM ROLAND B.

MOLINEUX'S NEW NOVEL,

"THE VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE." Women, who seldom regret their past, are never hopeless as to their future. For this let us thank God. We men are a gloomy and a pessimistic lot; we could accomplish little save for women's dauntless bravery and encouragement.

The Neapolitan officers showed greater courage in their attacks upon bottles than later they displayed in their assaults upon batteries. They loved the vintage of France; they feared her veterans.

STANDARD:

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COMMERCIAL WORKS

Interest Tables, at 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 per cent. per annum, by Napoleon Matte. 5th edition. Price, $3.00.

Three Per Cent. Interest Tables, by the same author. On fine toned paper and strongly bound. Price, $3.00.

Interest Tables and Book of Days combined, at 3, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7 and 8 per cent. per annum, by Charles M. C. Hughes. Price, $5.00.

Savings Bank Interest Tables, at 24, 3 and 34 per cent. (each on separate card), on the basis of one month being 1-12th part of a year, by Charles M C. Hughes. Price, $1.00.

Hughes' Interest Tables, at 6 and 7 per cent. per annum (on the basis of 365 days to the year), at 1 2, 3 and 4 months and days of grace. For use in discounting and renewing promissory notes, by Charles M. C. Hughes. On folded card. Price, $1. Hughes' Supplementary Interest Tables, comprising a Special Interest Table for Daily Balances, showing interest for one thousand days on any amount from $1 to $10,000, or from £1 to £10,000, at per cent. to 3 per cent. inclusive. Also a table showing interest for one thousand days at 5 per cent., by means of which (in connection with Comparative Tables) interest for one thousand days can be obtained at any rate from

per cent. to 10 per cent. inclusive, and Comparative Interest Tables, etc., by Charles M. C. Hughes. Price, $2.00 net.

Buchan's Sterling Exchange Tables, advancing by 8ths and 16ths, with other useful tables. 2nd edition. Price, $4.00.

Buchan's Sterling Equivalents and Exchange Tables. Price, $4.00.

Canadian Customs Tariff, revised to date, with list of Ports, Foreign Tables, Extracts from the Customs Act, etc, Fcap. 8vo, limp cloth, 50 cents.

MORTON, PHILLIPS & CO.

PUBLISHERS, MONTREAL

Wm. Barber & Bros.

Paper

Makers

Georgetown,
Ontario.

We were flirting when we should have been fighting; we were exchanging empty com- Book, News, and Colored pliments with the ladies of Naples when we should have been exchanging shots with the soldiers of France.

Order The New Cook Book, by Ladies of Toronto, from The Musson Book Co., Limited, Toronto.

Papers.

**JOHN R. BARBER.

THE

Canadian Bookseller

AND LIBRARY JOURNAL

VOL. XVI.

THE

TORONTO, NOVEMBER, 1903

will carefully examine the goods advertised

Canadian Bookseller by these stores they will find that the De

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WINDOW ADVERTISING, The importance of a well-dressed window is often overlooked. The cheapest and best advertising medium is a well-dressed window. This cannot be had without trouble, but that trouble is nothing compared to the return it brings the shopkeeper. A window should be changed at least once a week, for the novelty so soon wears off. The store that gives time and attention to the window display soon gets the trade. If you watch the Departmental Stores you will find they value window advertising, they seldom let the display stand more than a day. So make use of this, and watch window. your

THE DEPARTMENTAL STORE. Complaints are often heard from the retail bookseller, both in the city and the country, concerning the competition of the Departmental Stores. But if these dealers

partmental Store simply picks out a number of well-known lines, both English and American, and runs them at cut prices, thus giving the impression that all their goods are at equally low prices. In the majority of cases they have their own special lines of stationery. So the buyer can make no comparison with the local stationer's stock. But any one familiar with the trade is well aware that they make a handsome profit.

The management of the Book Departments in the large stores are generally in the hands of men who have but little knowledge of the business, so they are forced to stay largely with staple lines. The practical bookseller, on the other hand, when selecting his stock, is possessed of such additional knowledge, that he should avoid the common lines, and make a selection of goods not to be found in the Departmental Store. This is easily done, and many of the lines referred to will be found much better value than those that many have been in the habit of handling for years past.

WHISKEY AND BOOKS. Booksellers should desire to see the sale of spirituous liquors restricted in every possible way, for no class of business does more to retard the book business than the whiskey shop.

A correspondent writing to a Toronto paper suggests that, as the Saturday half-holiday has proved such a benefit to all classes, it would be well to make that holiday compulsory in the bar-rooms. We think the idea a good one, and it should receive favorable consideration from the Hon. Mr. Ross.

The closing of bar rooms at seven o'clock was suggested through many of our wageearners being paid, in days gone by, at 6 p.m. Saturdays. The result was the closing of the bar-rooms at 7 p.m. Here these same wages are paid at noon on the Saturdays and the bar-room should close not later than 2 p.m. A visit to our city or town bar-rooms on a Saturday afternoon will convince any reasonable person that the sooner they are closed the better.

No. 8

STOP CANADIAN GRUMBLING.

ENGLAND SHOULD FORCE PRINTING TO BE DONE WITHIN THE EMPIRE.

(Canadian As-ociated Press.) London, Oct. 16.-The St. James' Gazette, referring to the copyright law, says that " now the preferential tariff question is before the country, the Government should enforce the printing of United States books by the citizens of the United States to be done in England or her colonies. This would help Canada, and would greatly stop the grumbling heard in Canada in reference to the copyright law."

The St. James' Gazette, as seen from the above despatch, now favors the contentions of the Canadian Copyright Association for the printing of books in Canada that we use.

We would strongly urge that this important question be again prominently brought before the Dominion Parliament. We have for years sat still while Great Britain hands over our rights to the United States; because a lot of Britishers, entirely ignorant of our country or our trade conditions, dictate a policy of preference to them for years, is no reason why we should stand it longer. We have rights which even these gentlemen cannot override, and with prompt action by our Parliament our rights in the matter of copyright would be secured to us.

No decision has yet been reached in regard to the house in which Dickens was born; so whether it is to be purchased and converted into a museum containing Dickens' desk and Dickens' paper collar, or whether it is merely to have a memorial tablet placed on its outer wall, remains to be seen, says W. L. Alden, in his London letter to the Saturday Review of Books and Art of the "New York Times." There does not seem to be much use in preserving the houses in which great men were born, unless they are built of such material that they need never be renovated. Shakespeare's house at Stratford is doubtless genuine to a certain extent, but the restoration which it has undergone sap the faith of the visitor, and by the time he has duly examined the house and the alleged relics which it contains he begins to doubt the

very existence of Shakespeare. It is possible that the Baconian superstition is partly due to this feeling of universal skepticism which a visit to Shakespeare's house awakens.

THEODORE MOMMSEN

THE GREAT HISTORIAN.

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With the passing of Theodore Mommsen, the German historian, there died the man who was probably more responsible than any other for the wave of antagonism to Great Britain that possessed Germany at the time of the Boer war. He was born at Gerding in Holstein, Nov. 30, 1817, and had he lived but 29 days longer he would have completed his 86th year. He died, however, at Charlottenburg on Nov. 1. Mommsen's greatest work is his Roman History, the first volume of which appeared in 1854. This is not only Mommsen's greatest but his most popular piece of writing. The style is animated and lucid. He has succeeded in detaching himself entirely from the ultra-liberal prejudices of modern German historians and scientists. preciates to the full the value of the despotic Cæsarian reign. The free and untrammeled thinker of the nineteenth century falls in tolerably well with the imperial idea. He recognizes in it the only means by which the empire could have been held together upon a firm basis of law. This system of statecraft has, moreover, furnished a foundation for jurisprudence since that time. In this connection Mommsen rẻmarks that at that time (1850) if the proletariat had the power to put the stamp of law upon his projects it would be the end, not the beginning, of popular government. Mommsen displays a wonderful knowledge of character. Sulla and Marius, Cicero, Catilina, Cæsar, are painted with the free hand of a master in their true colors. His treatment of the political and social development of Rome extends from the beginning of Roman history to the imperial epoch. Of the Roman empire he remarks that it held together a greater number of kingdoms in comparative peace and security longer than any other government known in history. Eight editions of his history have appeared, unfinished though it is, and it has been translated into English, French, Italian, Russian, Polish and Spanish; and Germans are proud to consider it as much a part of their national literature as the works of Lessing, Goethe, Schiller or Ranke. If his "Roman History" is his most popular work, his most erudite is his "Roman Jurisprudence," in three volumes. Innumerable are the lesser studies and essays that Mommsen has written on subjects connected with Roman history, jurisprudence, historical sources, chronology, numismatics and topography. He is an especially distinguished authority on the inscriptions that have survived from ancient days, and was the editor of the great Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, containing all extant Latin inscriptions, published by the Prussian Academy of Science from 1863 to 1893, and filling ten volumes. In search of Latin written monuments and inscriptions he not only pushed up into Switzerland, but over into Illyria toward Byzantium, thus laying foundations for the historian of the Roman and the Lower Roman empires. It is related of Boeking that he once laid down a legal dissertation of Mommsen's with the words,

"Farewell, son of Themis or of Kilo, I know not which." The historian was as well known at Rome as in his own country. Even the beggars knew of his fame. There is a street named for him, he was an honorary "burger" of the city, and his name was inserted in the city's walls.

After the completion of his Roman history, which has been translated into every modern language, Mommsen confined his pen to brochures, letters and occasional articles on current political topics. He was thoroughly alive to the big events of the day, at home and abroad, and was prepared to lend a vigorous voice in defence of cherished ideals. Many Englishmen hold him directly responsible for the wave of Anglophobia which swept Germany like a tornado after the outbreak of the Boer war. A profound and consistent admirer of England, the English and English institutions, and a fluent English speaker, Mommsen assailed the British policy in South Africa upon high moral grounds. His presentation of the Boer case in a series of controversial letters with the late Professor Max Muller, of Oxford, won millions of adherents for the Boer cause throughout the fatherland. The bitterness of his attack upon England appeared in his letter to Sidney Whitman, F.R.G.S., printed in "The North American Review" for February, 1900. In answer to categorical questions he wrote as follows:

“As far as I know, every German is at heart with the Boers, and that not because their cousinship is a little closer than the English, but partly because the hate against your countrymen has reached fearful and, I must add, unjust dimensions; partly be cause this war is not only, as every war is, a calamity, but also an infamy. The repetition of Jameson's raid by the English Government (I won't say by the English nation), dictated by banking and mining speculators, is the revelation of your moral and political corruption and of your military and political weakness. If there remains still in England some wisdom and some patriotism, it would send Mr. Chamberlain to Coventry to elaborate there his threecousined system and would accord to a wronged people not only the peace, but the full sovereignty they have a right to. This is certainly not businesslike, but it would be a moral victory, effacing every military defeat."

After President McKinley's death the old professor cherished the hope that Roosevelt's Dutch ancestry would lead him to bring

about American intervention in the Boers' behalf.

He said that "since 1776 the United States, which won their independence with foreign aid, had owed the world a debt of honor which Roosevelt ought to discharge." It was pointed out to the professor that the Boers had had the moral sympathy of many of the American people from

the start.

"That may be," he replied, "but Platonic love never bore children."

If Mommsen was bitter against England on account of the South African war, he was equally denunciatory of the United States for the war with Spain. In fact, he was a Radical of the Radicals. The Emperor, to whose views Mommsen, as an individualist, Democrat and free trader, was commonly opposed, once called the professor "one of the glories of Germany," and he

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is generally so regarded, his political ideas being treated as the idiosyncracies of great scholar. Mommsen's stormy feelings caused him at times to use iminoderate lan

guage. A few days ago, in an article on the reconciliation between Great Britain and Germany, he called the Pan-Germans "national fools." Had he been a younger man Mommsen would probably have been challenged to fight a duel by one of the offended leaders, and would certainly have declined to fight, as he considered duelling to be childish.

Professor Mommsen had a family of fifteen children, and was surrounded by grandchildren by the dozen. He lived in extremely modest style in a big, old-fashioned stone residence in Charlottenburg, the lovely western suburb of Berlin, and spent his days in the bosom of his expansive family, now and then producing an oracular sort of communication for a favored periodical, like "Dr. Barth's Nation," or re-arranging his invaluable collection of books, writings and memoirs. He had a keen sense of humor, and frequently bespoke sympathy for himself as an "orphan." His name appeared to the last among the members of the faculty of the University of Berlin, but he gave no lectures, only appearing at the grey old college in Unter den Linden in cap and gown on festive occasions, like the inauguration of a new rector.

In Berlin Mommsen was a curious figure. Although in the university he was not of it. At the beginning of every semester he would announce in cramped script on the university bill board that his lectures would begin on a certain day and in a certain room. A hundred or more students would hasten to subscribe for his course, and pay their $6 or $7 each. At the hour set the subscribers would gather in the room indicated and await the coming of the Old Roman. Sometimes he came. As often as not, especially

in recent years, he did not, and the hundred or more students had only the satisfaction of having learned at their own expense that he was off for Italy again to gather ma terials for a new work. At his reading desk the old man was a curiosity. His long, narrow, almost fleshless figure did not half fill his rusty clothes. His long, grey hair fell back from his forehead, leaving entirely clear his yellow, bloodless face. His nose was prominent and not straight; his mouth large and firm; his eyes penetrating and pugnacious, now looking through his spectacles, now glaring over the tops, while the bridge slid down toward the end of his nose. In the street he was hardly less remarkable. He walked with his head slightly bowed; his overcoat bunched back from his shirtcollar, and his figure bent sideways often by a bundle of books under his right arm. He was called by students "the last of the Romans."

The attention attracted in New York to the effect of pulp mills upon the waters of the Lake Champlain section shows the importance a subject which has a fairly dramatic part in the life and politics of the Southern community pictured in Baldwin Sears' remarkable novel "The Circle in the Square," just published by A. S. Barnes & Company.

Order The New Cook Book, by Ladies of Toronto, from The Musson Book Co., Limited, Toronto.

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