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Our Country Must Be United

In of national andrica must be bound together, strong N this time of unprecedented national peril and world peril, America must be strong today, not so much by the machinery of Government, as by Ideas, held in common by all and fully exchanged, so that all the people throughout the country may understand and sympathize with one another. This is what has brought this great nation together and holds it together.

This result has been accomplished primarily by the Press-particularly the weekly and monthly periodicals and business papers. These periodicals have not local or sectional bias; they go to all parts of America, and serve all parts alike; their great service is in helping to bring all sections close together into one great nation, through a common understanding.

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These nation-binding periodicals are confronted with certain injury and destruction-which means loss to you personally and loss to your country. It will destroy a large part of the periodicals. You will be deprived of the magazines that have kept you informed on your country's problems, that have helped you in your work. Your children will lose the clean publications that have entertained and helped educate them. And eventually, such magazines as do survive will cost you much more.

The Post Office Department has never been considered a money-making institution. It was established, as was the Department of Agriculture, for the benefit of the people. There is no deficit to make up, therefore

No increase is necessary. Last year the Post Office
Department earned a surplus of nearly $10,000,000

The Post Office was never intended as a tax-gathering institution. It was basically designed to give service to the people-to all the people at the same rate. The Publishers are not trying to evade taxation. They will gladly accept any rate of tax upon their profits that may be levied. Most of them have gone on record as being willing to turn over to the Government their entire net profits for the period of the war.

This is the time of all times when America must be a united America-one nation strong with the strength of unity. Let your influence be used to that end and write to your Senator and Representative in Congress urging them to vote for the repeal of this law, which, unless repealed by the present Congress, will go into effect on July 1st. Every such letter will help.

The Authors' League of America, Inc.

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The New Books (Continued)

of his character. It will be welcomed as a memorial by many of his pupils and his contemporaries, but it will also, we hope, inspire to a manly, Christian life many who never personally knew the great teacher. Wessel Gansfort. Life and Writings. By Edward Waite Miller, D.D. Principal Works Translated by Jared Waterbury Scudder, M.A. Illustrated. 2 vols. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. $4.

Next to Wyclif, "the morning star of the Reformation," ranks the illustrious Wessel as a precursor of Luther. The authors of these volumes have redeemed from long forgetfulness a theologian greatly admired by Luther. Luther's famous theses assailed the abuse of Papal indulgences. Wessel attacked the system itself as unscriptural and harmful to morality. His attitude was distinctly Protestant, holding to the Bible as the supreme authority in religion, and to Christ rather than the Pope as giving unity to the Church. In his view of the sacraments he anticipated the most radical of the Reformers. A biography of Wessel introduces the estimate of him as a herald of the Reformation. Following this the more significant of his writings are here for the first time translated from their original Latin.


On Contemporary Literature. By Stuart P. Sherman. Henry Holt & Co., New York. $1.50.

The author is at the head of the Department of English Language and Literature in the University of Illinois. He here discusses freely and unconventionally what he considers "the requisites of sound literature" in different periods, using the work of individual authors to bring out his own views. These can be best indicated here by quoting two or three of his extremely interesting titles. Thus we have "The Democracy of Mark Twain," "The Utopian Naturalism of Wells," "The Esthetic Idealism of James," "The Esthetic Naturalism of Moore," "The Barbaric Naturalism of Dreiser," and so on.


Defenders of Democracy. Edited by the Gift Committee of the Militia of Mercy. President's Edition. Illustrated. The John Lane Company, New York. $2.50.

A medley of good things from many famous authors and artists. There is something here to entertain every one, even if he opens the book with a prejudice against such collections. The reader, indeed, is twice blessed who buys this book, for not only will it interest him, but the purchase of it will help the families of our wounded sailors.

France Bears the Burden. By Granville

Fortescue. The Macmillan Company, New
York. $1.25.

Readable sketches of war-time activities at the front and behind the lines in France. The sacrifices and the burdens so cheerfully borne by the French are accurately and vividly described by a war correspondent who has a record as a fighter as well as a writer. Harry Butters, R. F. A. : "An American Citizen." Life and War Letters. Edited by Mrs. Denis O'Sullivan. Illustrated. The John Lane Company, New York. $1.50.

A charming young soldier is here revealed. While the book will be of greatest interest to those who personally knew him, the descriptions of life at the front are so graphic that even the casual reader will be absorbed by them and regret the tragic finale.


Believing that the advance of business is a subject of vital interest and importance, The Outlook will present in this department each month an article treating some phase of the country's commercial development. These articles will be educational in character and will set forth in a comprehensive way the industrial upbuilding of the Nation. This department is designed to be of service to readers of The Outlook, and inquiries in regard to industrial subjects will be answered by letter or in these pages. All letters of inquiry should be addressed to the Industrial Editor of The Outlook, 381 Fourth Ave., New York




HIS department in The Outlook for December 19 presented a brief review of certain uses of the motor truck in war work and in relieving the railways of the great transportation demands which they have suddenly had to meet. The present article will deal with certain fields of usefulness into which the motor truck has entered in times of peace, and will show how truck manufacturers are helping many American business men to solve the difficult problem of cutting down the high cost of retail and wholesale delivery.

The food question is now of the greatest importance. The war may be won or lost by food or the lack of it. The farmer is having great difficulty in keeping enough labor to harvest and deliver his crops. Any means which helps him solve these difficulties is therefore of the greatest value under present conditions. Instead of riding all night behind a slow-moving team to get his products to market, the modern farmer, equipped with motor trucks, starts out at a reasonable hour and yet beats his less progressive neighbor. On his return. trip from the city he brings back household staples, fixtures for the stable, dairy, poultry yard, kennel, and various other supplies. In addition to hauling products of the garden, orchard, and farm to the city markets, many of the trucks are provided with removable seats, which makes them easily convertible for passenger service. Frequently they are used to transport passengers and baggage between railway stations and the house. The heavy duty trucks have extra large bodies to provide for great bulk as well as great loads. These trucks usually displace from one to three of the largest farm wagons and from two to eight horses. They are used in hauling hay, grain, corn, oats, and wheat to the grist-mills, and in many cases are used also for transporting milk cans from the farm to railway or interurban milk depots.

On the farm, motor trucks carry soil, fertilizer, garden tools, and farm products. They also haul shrubbery, plants, trees, and cattle. In an emergency the power of the truck can be used to drive an electric generator or water pump, to pull a plow, or operate a threshing machine. Formerly the operations that are now possible with a single truck required several pieces of special machinery that aggregated a heavy financial investment. Large estate owners

admit that the motor truck on the farm today has no rival as far as utility is concerned. It makes itself felt when the estate owner counts the cost. Farm hands have time for work that could not be done before the trucks came to the farm. The station wagon has been discarded. Fewer work horses are necessary. The light spring farm wagon is unnecessary. There is a reduction in the cost of feed, stabling, and grooming. In addition barn space is released for other purposes.

The advent of the truck upon the farm has brought a new type of man to superintend the work that is now being conducted on a broader and more extensive scale, to drive the machines and care for their incidental needs. It has given practical mechanical educations to the farm hands and sons of the estate owners. In the great majority of cases the power vehicle has been the means of displacing two or three men, half a dozen work horses, and occasionally road horses, depending upon the type of machine used.

Since the high-powered motor truck has become an intricate part of the country estates and high-class farms, farm life and methods have been completely and quickly revolutionized. To-day the truck is involved in practically every phase of agricultural life. It performs many widely differing duties, all at a great saving of time and labor costs, and has so increased the amount of work possible in any given period of time that the country gentleman who owns a well-managed estate now considers from one to three trucks a necessity, and is loud in his praise of the "iron horse's" performance.

In many instances exacting records are kept of the volume of work the truck does

and the cost of doing it. In practically every instance the truck has shown great reductions instead of increases in the maintenance cost. Records of trucks are compared with those of former years, and this has aided the farm superintendent in establishing himself as an economic factor rather than an item of expense.

It is therefore apparent that transportation problems on the farm which were impossible are now but ordinary tasks for a properly designed motor truck. Farmers and estate owners are beginning to realize that many more tasks can be accomplished more economically and much more quickly by motor, and thus new uses are discovered every day and many 'long-established methods of doing farm work are undergoing radical changes.

One of the most perplexing problems which wholesale and retail merchants have to solve is how to reduce the cost of delivery. Most of the leading truck manufacturers now maintain special research departments, whose province it is to give the merchant, whether a prospective buyer or not, a scientific analysis of his particular haulage problems. One large company, through its advertising, invites merchants to send in their haulage problems to its traffic engineers. Merchants are asked to give the equipment they are now using, general conditions of road, weather, and loads, present cost of operation, loading, unloading, and routing conditions. From these data an analysis is prepared showing the merchant just what changes would be advisable and how he would profit by the use of trucks. These analyses have been of great benefit to the merchant. They have shown him how to secure better service at a lower cost.

The Research Department of another well-known company has furnished us with the following examples of how it is saving money for small merchants by putting their delivery systems upon an efficient basis. In many cases this saving in delivery cost. marks the difference between the success or failure of the business. Each case is an instance of saving in time or money, usually both, effected by displacing the horse with a delivery car. This tabulation fails to show increased territory covered, new business added, and deliveries made on schedule time in all kinds of weather, which helps greatly in holding the good will of the customer.

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different problems to solve, as loading, unloading, and delivery are on such vastly different scales. The wholesaler attempting to move many barrels of flour on a half-ton truck would be as foolish as the baker who used a five-ton truck to deliver his loaves from door to door.

Efficiency and economy are effected only by adapting the transportation unit to the burden to be carried.

In this connection it has been established by the parcel post authorities in Washington that eighty-five per cent of all merchandise delivered by retail merchants can be most efficiently and economically transported in loads up to one-half ton. It is obvious, therefore, that a heavy truck with a half-load is an economic waste, and a light truck with a heavy overload bears an unfair burden. The intelligent merchant can figure out his daily delivery average in pounds, and any up-to-date motor-truck salesman will gladly help him determine on the delivery unit best suited to his individual requirements.

We have been hearing a great deal of the British "tanks," which sally forth over seemingly impassable ground and generally reach their objective. Large three or four ton trucks are being used as tanks on the cattle and sheep ranges of Texas and New Mexico to carry water to the animals which have grazed far from the source of supply. These trucks are equipped with tanks holding from three hundred to three hundred and fifty gallons of water. When filled, they start off over the open prairie where roads are unknown until they reach the cattle. Hauling water in this way is the only method of watering the stock on many of these big ranches, so great dependence must be placed upon the ability of the trucks to perform their work. Many of the trucks sold in this part of the country are driven overland from fifty to three hundred miles and delivered to the owners. They are driven directly across country where often not even a trail shows the way. Of course no supplies can be procured en route, so extra cans of water and gasoline must be carried.

To increase the volume of work performed by a motor truck in a given period of time, and thus reduce the cost of hauling, many enterprising truck-users have improved their shipping facilities to expedite the handling of merchandise. Many others have grasped the opportunity to employ special loading schemes which reduce their

labor but do not disturb their general plan
of handling goods.

In many lines of business the loading of
packages individually is just about as waste-
ful as the loading of a coal truck by shovel.
Undoubtedly the special loading systems
which are most popular and most easily
installed in mercantile lines of business are
those which employ nest bodies, removable
bodies, or loading crates. Being adapted
to the handling of many kinds of merchan-
dise, all of these removable types have
been widely used with good results. It is
not recorded that any firm ever changed
its facilities after having once adopted the
unit-loading principle.

Any plan which reduces the idleness of a truck at the loading platform is an improvement worth making, provided only that the time saved to the truck can be utilized in actual hauling. To reduce the loading time to its lowest point is to create many advantages other than enabling a truck to deliver more merchandise. In giving a truck more hours of productive work, the nest or removable body permits the loading of the detached bodies at the most convenient time and in the most convenient manner. It saves space on the shipping-room floor, eliminates congestion on the platform, and often simplifies the work of routing and checking.

Another point in favor of the nest body is that its adoption does not in any way affect the original carrying capacity of the truck, because the truck may be used without the nests whenever it is advisable or necessary.

Nest bodies may consist simply of smaller bodies mounted on casters and built in such size that they will roll into the truck bodies. Or they may be composed of


a series of uniformly sized bins, such as are used to move material or finished goods from one department to another.

A motor truck with a specially designed body containing all the conveniences of an office and protected against highway bandits is used by the Chicago surface railway lines to carry the pay envelopes of thousands of their employees to car barns and other widely scattered districts.

In some cases the truck merely transports paymasters and large sums of money from one car barn to another. In others trips of several miles are made into the country to pay off line and track men and gangs engaged in special construction work, such as the building of new bridges, tunnels, buildings, and general track improvements.

The truck has accommodations for four paymasters, a chauffeur, and a guard, all of whom go heavily armed. The paymasters are provided with swivel chairs and work at tables which hang on hinges and may be dropped down when not in use. The table in the center of the office, as shown in the accompanying photograph, is used for making up pay-rolls while the truck is en route, and within easy reach on either side are shelves for money trays. The windows are protected by iron bars and connected with an alarm system.

In paying direct from the truck the chief paymaster sits at the extreme end of the office, takes the pay envelopes from the shelf, and passes them out to the workmen through a wicket in a window on his left. While the men are receiving their money the guard stands on duty in the rear of the office and the chauffeur guards the front. When the truck is traveling through the streets, all money and other valuables are carried in a special steel vault built in the body of the truck behind the rear seat.

Satisfying the taste of the "movie"going public for frequent changes of programmes has speeded up the duties of the film producers, necessitating outdoor motion-picture photography at night. At first the problem of proper lighting cause. the producers considerable inconvenience, because at many outdoor locations where motion pictures are made at night there are no near-by electric lines that can be tapped for current. The Vitagraph Company of America was the first to solve this problem successfully by providing a portable lighting system, consisting of an electric generator mounted on a five-ton motor truck. This outfit can supply sufficient light for the filming of night scenes in the largest productions, and the truck, because of its ability to travel over any kind of roads, can reach any desired spot.

The body of the truck is van-like in shape and divided into two compartments. One incloses a dynamo of 218 amperes and a voltage of 120. The rear compartment has a five-cylinder marine engine of 50 horse-power and a speed of 750 revolutions per minute. On each side of the driver's seat are vertical tube radiators to cool the water of the marine-engine circulating system. The body is fireproof inside and insulated from the chassis by rubber mats. The current supplied by the generator is carried by wires to as many of the regular indoor studio arcs as are necessary.

A recent test in taking night scenes for the "Battle Cry of War," sequel to the "Battle Cry of Peace," proved that the



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truck of to-day. Nobody who has studied the problems and needs of the present will deny that the horse is doomed as an economic factor. His speed is about onefourth that of a truck under average conditions; his carrying and pulling power is about one twenty-fifth that of the half-ton truck; his upkeep on the basis of twenty miles a day is nearly double that of a halfton truck; his energy decreases with time, while that of the truck is comparatively unimpaired. So the ratio of efficiency is all in favor of the truck.

It is now a familiar statement that the Allied victories at the Marne and before Verdun were largely due to efficient motor transport systems. The motor truck is playing a large and important part in this war. And when peace comes the truck will continue to become a more and more im

portant factor in the business life of the




I am afraid that the point you have inade against the epistolary intolerance of preachers as a class is well taken. I judge that it comes not only from the fact that the preacher hears no" back talk" when he preaches, but also from the very general tendency among us to confound our theories of truth with the truth itself. We easily persuade ourselves that sonie one is undermining the foundations, and then we fight for the faith, when perhaps we are only bombarding some one's interpretation of the faith. The great need of preachers here is a union of vital piety and the scientific spirit that proves all things, holding fast what is good, and tries all the spirits.

I had not intended to say this when I began, but I do say it-that I feel deeply indebted to the editors of The Outlook for a broader and profounder view of religious truth than otherwise I might have received. It is one of several agencies that has greatly illuminated me.

And yet you understand, don't you, that The Outlook is frightfully unorthodox and that Dr. Abbott is a heretic? Give us more of that particular kind of heresy, say I. (REV.) RAYMOND M. SHIPMAN.

Nevada, Iowa,


"The religious situation at the soldiers' encampments is not without its humor, and must tend to liberalize the men who compose them," remarks the "Christian Register." "Recently a Roman Catholic private, finding on a Friday that the supply of fish had given out, was constrained to partake of a meat diet. By his side at table sat a Jew who, unless he would go dinnerless, had to eat of the forbidden swine's flesh. Too bad! too bad!' said the first, his Irish wit not forsaking him. Two perfectly good religions spoiled!'"


A friend sends this heading from a Boston daily newspaper as "the prize misprint of the year:"

SAYS PLAY IS WORTH THOUSAND LEMONS An elucidation of this remarkable statement reads: "The Wanderer' is worth a thousand sermons."

The London correspondent of "American Art News" tells of high figures for pictures recently sold at auction in London. In one case, he says, a pair of colored engravings by Nutter, after Bigg, similar to those which in 1914 brought 48 guineas, went now for 300 guineas ($1,500). "The prevailing high prices," the writer concludes, "not only in this particular branch of the fine arts, but in several others, are astonishing even to the dealers themselves."

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In " Recollections of a California Pioneer Carlisle S. Abbott, at the age of eighty-eight, tells of crossing the Great American Desert in '49. His party's horses all succumbed to the heat and the canteens were empty. One man, who had been notable for his profanity, had a change of heart and began to pray: "O Lord Almighty, send us just one drop of rain!" To the astonishment of everybody, scattering raindrops soon began to fall. These were caught in a rubber blanket and greedily lapped up, though there was not enough to satisfy the travelers. "The fool!" cried one of them, looking daggers at the miracleworker; "he might just as well have prayed for a barrel of water as for a drop, for he got ten times as much as he asked for !"

The pioneer above referred to had his most exciting adventure as the result of the theft of a bag of gold dust from a claim adjoining his. He was accused of the crime, and two hundred miners assembled to lynch him. His five partners determined to defend him with their lives against the mob. As a compromise, he and another man suspected of the crime were lowered into the mine to stay there until they produced the missing gold. A revolver had been slipped into the author's hand by one of his partners, and with this he forced his companion to produce the gold and hand it over to a waiting committee. The guilty man then made good his escape in the depths of the mine, though the entire camp of enraged miners searched for him for hours. "I went to our little flat for supper," concludes the author, "but my appetite was gone, and for weeks afterwards, as I closed my eyes in sleep, I could see that accursed rope dangling above my head."

Henry James tells in "The Middle Years" about his most vivid recollection of a visit to George H. Lewes and George Eliot at their home at Witley, England. He was accompanied by Mrs. Greville, who unknown to him bad lent to the famous authors a set of his own latest work. When leaving, Mr. James and Mrs. Greville were halted by Lewes with the exclamation, "Ah those books-take them away, please,

away, away!" "The sweep of Lewes's gesture" as he turned to fetch the books, says Mr. James, "could scarce have been bettered by his actually using a broom." Of course neither Lewes nor George Eliot knew that their visitor was himself the author of the unread, unopened volumes!

to "

A moving-picture health car, according Popular Mechanics," is the latest illustration of the possibilities of modern invention. This outfit consists of an automobile equipped with a motion-picture projector and with a lecturer and a mechanic for crew. The car, it is stated, is used by the North Carolina Board of Health in the rural regions of that State for exhibiting films that teach disease prevention.

Miss Ruth Law's famous airplane trip from Chicago to Hornell, New York, without a stop, has been exceeded, according to a news despatch, by Miss Katherine Stinson, who on December 11 made a flight from San Diego, California, to San Francisco without stopping, the distance being about ninety-eight miles greater than that made by Miss Law.

A financial dictionary called "Money and Investments" makes this comment under "Woman's Signature :" "Women puzzle bankers, and business men in general, by the way they often sign their names. The writer has seen four different consecutive letters received from the same woman, all within a period of less than two weeks, the first one signed, we will say, Jane W. Fisher, the second one J. W. Fisher (thus being mistaken for a man), the third Mrs. Jane W. Fisher, and the fourth Mrs. Henry E. Fisher. A system of letter filing in an office may be much upset by this method, and letters incorrectly filed by some clerk and never afterwards located. The best way for a [married] woman to sign her business letters is, to continue above illustration, Jane W. Fisher, and then directly below-(Mrs. Henry E. Fisher)."

Mr. Charles Wharton Stork, editor of "Contemporary Verse," believes in reading The Outlook from cover to cover. In the Philadelphia "Public Ledger" he says: "How many readers of The Outlook miss the fine lyric that is often concealed toward the end of the reading matter? Mr. Hagedorn's 'Ode of Dedication' has indeed been widely mentioned. But The Challenge' of Dysart McMullin and A Poet Enlists' of Miss Burr are among the most sincere poems yet published on the present war." "The Ode of Dedication appeared in our issue of June 20, "The Challenge" May 30, and " A Poet Enlists October 24, 1917. We thank Mr. Stork for the compliment and for the information that the placing of a poem in a conspicuous place at the head of a page is a form of typographical camouflage.



When American soldiers arrive in France, they must not expect to get to the front at once." The journey up to the front is quite a short one," says Lieutenant Hector MacQuarrie in" How to Live at the Front: Tips for American Soldiers," "but do not expect to get there within twelve hours." "I remember," he adds, " censoring a letter written by one of my men to his family at home, describing the journey. He said that the train had been going about an hour when it stopped; a cow was discovered in front of the engine. It was driven off and the train proceeded. The journey then continued for another two hours and the trair once more stopped. It was the same cow.'




Each season brings hundreds of visitors to California for the
winter. San Francisco, Del Monte, Santa Cruz, Santa Barbara,
Pasadena, Los Angeles, Long Beach, San Diego, Coronado,
etc., are most attractive and offer many advantages to both the
tourist and the homeseeker. Accommodations of all kinds, from
small furnished bungalows at a nominal rental to the large com-
fortable hotels, are available. Let us help you plan a trip to
California. There is no charge to Outlook readers for this service.

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Health Resorts

is made possible in many cases The KIRKWOOD where neither medicine nor sur

On Camden Heights

18-hole Golf, Riding, Climate


Hotel Le Marquis Pinehurst

31st Street & Fifth Avenue

New York

Combines every convenience and home comfort, and commends itself to people of refinement wishing to live on American Plan and be within easy reach of social and dramatic centers.

Room and bath $3.50 per day with meals, or $2.00 per day without meals. Illustrated Booklet gladly sent upon request. JOHN P. TOLSON. HOTEL


Montague, Hicks, and Remsen Streets

The science of conducting a hotel properly
is at its highest when it is least apparent.
This is exemplified by the cultured,
livable atmosphere of the Hotel Bossert.
Send for illustrated booklet "B"


ton Square adjoining Judson Memorial Church. Rooms with and without bath. Rates $2.50 per day, including meals. Special rates for two weeks or more. Location very central. Convenient to all elevated and street car lines.



Can accommodate guests who wish to rest and live outdoors in the ideal winter climate of the high pine and sand country. Excellent food and care. Furnished bungalows.


Now Open

NOWHERE in the South is
enjoyable, from
November to May. 3 wonderful
18 holes courses and one of 9
holes. Also excellent clay Tennis
Courts. Trap Shooting, Rifle
Range, Horse Racing, Riding
and Driving. Good roads in
every direction for motoring.

Booklet on request

Pinehurst Office, Pinehurst, N. C.
or Leonard Tufts, 282 Congress St., Boston, Mass.

Health Resorts


Newfoundland, New Jersey

A quiet, restful health resort among the hills
of northern New Jersey. Large sunny porch;
dry, exhilarating air. All forms of hydrother-
apy and massage under medical supervision.
Believing that there is a curable physical basis
for most chronic ailments, we seek the under-
lying cause through a scientific study of each
individual case. Booklet sent on application.

gery can help, by physical cor-
rection and development through
exercises as carried on at


Pompton Lakes, N. J.

This is not, however, a substitute for medical or surgical treatment, if that is needed.

If you are interested we would like to send you our printed matter.

Woodlawn Sanitarium


A high-class place combining facilities of a
sanitarium with comforts and freedom of a
private home. Established 1907. 8 miles from
Boston. Individual treatment. Booklet.

DR. HAMMOND, West Newton, Mass.

"INTERPINES " Beautiful, quiet, restful and homelike. Over 26 years of successful work. Thorough, reliable, dependable and ethical. Every comfort and convenience. Accommodations of superior quality. Disorder of the nervous system a specialty. Fred. W. Seward, Sr., M.D., Fred. W. Seward, Jr., M.D., Goshen, N. Y.

Crest View Sanatorium Greenwich, Ct. First-class in all respects, home comforts. H. M. HITCHCOCK, M.D.

LINDEN The Ideal Place for Sick
People to Get Well
Doylestown, Pa. An institution devoted to
the personal study and specialized treat-
ment of the invalid. Massage, Electricity,
Hydrotherapy. Apply for circular to
(late of The Walter Sanitarium)

Dr. Reeves' Sanitarium

A Private Home for chronic, nervous, and
mental patients. Also elderly people requiring
care. Harriet E. Reeves, M.D., Melrose, Mass.

Real Estate


S able. Get our illustrated lists of good

farms in Virginia, N. Carolina, W. Va., Md.,
and Ohio at $15 per acre and up. Excellent
little farms in colony of Little Planters, Shen-
andoah Valley, at $250 and up, complete, on
easy terms. Fine climate, good markets; best
general farming, fruit, poultry, trucking and
live stock country on earth. Write for full in-
formation now. F. H. LABAUME, Agrl. Agt.,
N. & W. Ry., 446 N. & W. Bldg., Roanoke, Va.



Religion in harmony with reason and emotion.
Free literature.

ASSOCIATE DEPARTMENT E, 25 Beacon St., Boston, Mass.

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MOTHERS desiring hand-made frocks that "different" for girls to ten years should write for my folder. The Exclusive Style Shop, Rock Island, Ill.


Business Situations RAILROAD traffic inspectors wanted. $125 a month and expenses to start; short hours; travel; three months' home study under guarantee; we arrange for position. No age limit. Ask for booklet L 16. Frontier Prep. School, Buffalo, N. Y. Companions and Domestic Helpers

CAFETERIA managers, dietitians, matrons, housekeepers, secretaries, governesses, mothers' helpers. Miss Richards, 49 Westminster St., Providence. Boston, Thursdays, 11 to 1-16 Jackson Hall, Trinity Court.

WANTED, for permanent position, refined young woman to assist in care of children in institution. Must be Protestant, in good health, and A1 character. Send full personal letter and references. 5,554, Outlook.

WANTED, January 1, intelligent young woman to assist in infant department of orphanage. Excellent training, comfortable home, and $25 per month if satisfactory. High school graduate preferred. Must be Protestant, strong, healthy. Send photograph and references. 5,553, Outlook.

Teachers and Governesses WANTED-Competent teachers for public and private schools and colleges. Send for bulletin. Albany Teachers' Agency, Albany, N. Y.

COLLEGE and normal school graduates, men and women, needed for positions open January 1, 1918, and later. Address THE INTERSTATE TEACHERS' AGENCY, Macheca Bldg., New Orleans, La.

SITUATIONS WANTED Companions and Domestic Helpers LADY, pianist, desires position as accompanist for lady singer or violinist, etc. Visit ing or boarding. Great experience. Musical education with European masters. Would travel. 5,525, Outlook.

YOUNG lady desires position as companion. 5,542, Outlook.

EXPERIENCED housekeeper. School or institution. 5,549, Outlook.

Teachers and Governesses LADY desires position as visiting teacher to child. French conversation. Music. Highest references. 5,526, Outlook.

TUTOR, college graduate, experienced, wants tutorial work. 3,547, Outlook.

A French lady living in a clergyman's family desires pupils in French evenings after seven thirty. Address Mlle. de Saulles, 49 East 80th St., New York.


TRAINED institution managers, matrons, dietitians supplied. American School of Home Economics, Chicago, Ill.

UNITED Hospital Training School for Nurses, registered by the State Board of Regents, offers a two and one-half years' course to students. Affiliation with Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City, New hospital, well equipped, beautifully located; delightful nurses' residence. Further information upon request to Superintendent of Training School, Port Chester, New York.

CHAPERONAGE.-Opportunity for one or two young ladies to be chaperoned in private home, New York City. Unusual advantages. References exchanged. 5,555, Outlook.





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