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Special sions.

ses

Assembly judge of elections, etc. Quorum.

Attendance,

purposes shall be deemed to be appropriated; and until the legislature shall act in such behalf the treasurer may, with the advice of the governor, make the payments necessary for the purposes aforesaid. [33 Stat. L., 659.]

The legislature may be called in special session at any time by the civil governor for general legislation, or for action on such specific subjects as he may designate. No special session shall continue longer than thirty days, exclusive of Sundays.

The assembly shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its members. A majority shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members. speaker, sala It shall choose its speaker and other officers, and the ries, rules, etc. salaries of its members and officers shall be fixed by law. It may determine the rule of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and with the concurrence of two-thirds expel a member. It shall keep a journal of its proceedings, which shall be published, and the yeas and nays of the members on any question shall, on the demand of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.

Journal.

Yeas and nays.

missioners to

States.

SEC. 8 (repealed and superseded by sec. 20, Act of Congress, August 29, 1917 (see pp. 42), except the clause relative to expenses, which is still in force and effect). That at the same time with the first meeting of the Philippine Legislature, and biennially thereafter, there shall be chosen by said legislature, each house voting separately, Resident com- two Resident Commissioners1 to the United States, who the United shall be entitled to an official recognition as such by all departments upon presentation to the President of a certificate of election by the civil governor of said islands, and each of whom shall be entitled to a salary payable monthly by the United States at the rate of five thousand dollars per annum, and two thousand dollars additional to cover all expenses: Provided, That no person shall be eligible to such election who is not a qualified elector of said islands, owing allegiance to the United States, and who is not thirty years of age.

Salaries.

Proviso.

Eligibility.

Court, etc.

SEC. 9 (repealed and superseded by sec. 26, Act of ConSupreme gress, August 29, 1916. See p. 46). That the supreme Jurisdiction. Court 2 and the courts of first instance of the Philippine Islands shall possess and exercise jurisdiction as heretofore provided and such additional jurisdiction as shall hereafter be prescribed by the government of said islands, subject to the power of said government to change the

1 For change of tenure of office to four years, salary, expenses, etc., act of Congress of Feb. 15, 1911, see sec. 2, p. 80.

2 For pay, vacancies, and traveling expenses of justices of Supreme Court, act of Congress of Feb. 6, 1905, sec. 7, see p. 66.

Supreme Court given original jurisdiction in actions involving railroad construction by act of Congress of Feb. 6, 1905, sec. 4, par. 13, see p. 65.

Terms of court fixed by joint resolution Apr. 9, 1910, see p. 78.

Municipal

courts.

practice and method of procedure. The municipal courts of said islands shall possess and exercise jursdiction as heretofore provided by the Philippine Commission, subject in all matters to such alteration and amendment as may be hereafter enacted by law; and the chief justice Appointment of judges. and associate justices of the supreme court shall hereafter be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall receive the compensation heretofore prescribed by the commission until otherwise provided by Congress. The judges of the court of first instance shall be appointed by the civil governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Philippine Commission: Provided, That the admiralty jurisdiction Proviso, of the supreme court and courts of first instance shall not risdiction. be changed except by act of Congress.

Admiralty ju

to United

Court.

SEC. 10 (repealed and superseded by sec. 27, Act of Congress, August 29, 1919. See p. 47). That the Supreme Appeal, etc. Court of the United States shall have jurisdiction to re- States Supreme view, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm the final judgments and decrees of the supreme court of the Philippine Islands in all actions, cases, causes, and proceedings now pending therein or hereafter determined thereby in which the Constitution or any statute, treaty, title, right, or privilege of the United States is involved, or in causes in which the value in controversy exceeds twenty-five thousand dollars, or in which the title or possession of real estate exceeding in value the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars, to be ascertained by the oath of either party or of other competent witnesses, is involved or brought in question; and such final judgments or decrees may and can be reviewed, revised, reversed, modified, or affirmed by said Supreme Court of the United States on appeal or writ of error by the party aggrieved, in the same manner, under the same regulations, and by the same procedure, as far as applicable, as the final judgments and decrees of the circuit courts of the United States.

Improvements of rivers

Protection to

SEC. 11. That the government of the Philippine Islands is hereby authorized to provide for the needs of commerce and harbors. by improving the harbors and navigable waters of said islands and to construct and maintain in said navigable waters and upon the shore adjacent thereto bonded warehouses, wharves, piers, light-houses, signal and life- navigation, etc. saving stations, buoys, and like instruments of commerce, and to adopt and enforce regulations in regard thereto, including bonded warehouses wherein articles not intended to be imported into said islands nor mingled with the property therein, but brought into a port of said islands for reshipment to another country, may be deposited in bond and reshipped to another country without the payment of customs duties or charges.

property, etc.,

SEC. 12 (repealed and superseded by sec. 9, Act of Con- Transfer of gress of August 29, 1916. See p. 36). That all the prop-to Philippine erty and rights which may have been acquired in the government.

122422-202

Philippine Islands by the United States under the treaty of peace with Spain, signed December tenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, except such land or other property as shall be designated by the President of the United Military and States for military and other reservations of the Governtions excepted. ment of the United States, are hereby placed under the control of the government of said islands to be administered for the benefit of the inhabitants thereof, except as provided in this act.

other reserva

Public lands.

Note.-Sections 13 to 62, inclusive, relative to the administration and disposition of public lands in the Philippine Islands, are still in force and effect and will remain in force and effect until altered or repealed by the Philippine Legislature, in accordance with section 9 of the act of Congress of August 29, 1916, which provides:

"That all public lands, except such as may have heretofore been sold and disposed of in accordance with the provisions of the act of Congress of July 1, 1902, shall be placed under the control of the government of said islands to be administered and disposed of for the benefit of the inhabitants thereof, and the Philippine Legislature shall have power to legislate with respect to all such matter as it may deem advisable, but the acts of the Philippine Legislature with reference to land of the public domain, timber, and mining, hereafter enacted, shall not have the force of law until approved by the President of the United States."

Under the authority contained in section 9 of the act of Congress of August 29, 1916, H. No. 1194, Fourth Philippine Legislature, second session, "An act to amend and compile the laws relative to lands of the public domain, and for other purposes," and known as "The public-land law," was passed by the Philippine House of Representatives on February 7, 1918, and on February 8, 1918, it was passed by the Philippine Senate and approved by the Governor General.

The bill was duly submitted to the President of the United States for approval, and the President was subsequently requested by concurrent resolution of the Philippine Legislature, dated October 23, 1918, through the Governor General, to return the bill for the purposes of amendment.

Certain amendments were made in the bill at a special session of the Philippine Legislature, which was convened on March 1, 1919, by a proclamation of the Acting Governor General of the Philippine Islands, dated February 27, 1919.

The bill as amended was finally passed and became effective November 29, 1919. For text of the Public Land Act, see Appendix XII, page 157.

SEC. 13. That the government of the Philippine Islands, subject to the provisions of this act and except as herein provided, shall classify according to its agricultural character and productiveness, and shall immeDisposal of diately make rules and regulations for the lease, sale, or other disposition of the public lands other than timber or mineral lands, but such rules and regulations shall not go Regulations into effect or have the force of law until they have received the approval of the President and when approved by the President they shall be submitted by him to Congress at the beginning of the next ensuing session thereof and unless disapproved or amended by Congress at said session they shall at the close of such period have the

Exception.

Homesteads.

force and effect of law in the Philippine Islands: Pro- Proviso. vided, That a single homestead entry shall not exceed sixteen hectares in extent.

titles by pres

SEC. 14. That the government of the Philippine Islands Perfecting is hereby authorized and empowered to enact rules and ent owners. regulations1 and to prescribe terms and conditions to enable persons to perfect their title to public lands in said islands, who, prior to the transfer of sovereignty from Spain to the United States, had fulfilled all or some of the conditions required by the Spanish laws and royal decrees of the Kingdom of Spain for the acquisition of legal title thereto yet failed to secure conveyance of title; and the Philippine Commission is authorized to issue patents, without compensation, to any native of said islands, conveying title to any tract of land not more than sixteen hectares in extent, which were public lands and had been actually occupied by such native or his ancestors prior to and on the thirteenth of August, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight.

Issuance patents.

of

Limit of sales to settlers.

SEC. 15. That the government of the Philippine Islands is hereby authorized and empowered, on such terms as it may prescribe, by general legislation, to provide for the granting or sale and conveyance to actual occupants and settlers and other citizens of said islands such parts and portions of the public domain, other than timber and mineral lands of the United States in said islands as it may deem wise, not exceeding sixteen hectares to any one person, and for the sale and conveyance of not more than one thousand and twenty-four hectares to any corporation or association of persons: Provided, That the grant or sale of such lands, whether the purchase price be paid at once or in partial payments, shall be conditioned upon actual and continued occupancy, improvement, and cultivation of the premises sold for a period of not etc. less than five years, during which time the purchaser or grantee can not alienate or encumber said land or the title thereto; but such restriction shall not apply to transfers of rights and title of inheritance under the laws for the distribution of the estates of decedents.

Proviso.

Occupancy, improvement,

Preference to actual occu

SEC. 16. That in granting or selling any part of the public domain under the provisions of the last preceding pants. section, preference in all cases shall be given to actual occupants and settlers; and such public lands of the United States in the actual possession or occupancy of any native of the Philippine Islands shall not be sold by Natives. said government to any other person without the consent thereto of said prior occupant or settler first had and obtained: Provided, That the prior right hereby secured to an occupant of land, who can show no other proof of title than possession, shall not apply to more than sixteen hectares in one tract.

1 See rules and regulations issued by Phil. Comm.

Proviso.

Limit

of

area.

Protection of

forests.

Use of receipts.

Forest laws,

SEC. 17. That timber, trees, forests, and forest products on lands leased or demised by the government of the Philippine Islands under the provisions of this act shall not be cut, destroyed, removed, or appropriated except by special permission of said government and under such regulations as it may prescribe.

All moneys obtained from lease or sale of any portion of the public domain or from licenses to cut timber by the government of the Philippine Islands shall be covered into the insular treasury and be subject only to appropriation for insular purposes according to law.

SEC. 18. That the forest laws and regulations now in etc., continued. force in the Philippine Islands, with such modifications and amendments as may be made by the government of said islands, are hereby continued in force, and no timber lands forming part of the public domain shall be sold, leased, or entered until the government of said islands, upon the certification of the forestry bureau that said lands are more valuable for agriculture than for forest uses, shall declare such lands so certified to be agricultural in character: Provided, That the said government Timber li- shall have the right and is hereby empowered to issue

Proviso.

censes.

Basis of water privileges.

Disposal.

Purchase, etc., by

zens.

licenses to cut, harvest, or collect timber or other forest products on reserved or unreserved public lands in said islands in accordance with the forest laws and regulations hereinbefore mentioned and under the provisions of this act, and the said government may lease land to any person or persons holding such licenses, sufficient for a mill site, not to exceed four hectares in extent, and may grant rights of way to enable such person or persons to get access to the lands to which such licenses apply.

SEC. 19. That the beneficial use shall be the basis, the measure, and the limit of all rights to water in said islands, and the government of said islands is hereby authorized to make such rules and regulations1 for the use of water, and to make such reservations of public lands for the protection of the water supply, and for other public purposes not in conflict with the provisions of this act, as it may deem best for the public good.

MINERAL LANDS.

SEC. 20. That in all cases public lands in the Philippine Islands valuable for minerals shall be reserved from sale, except as otherwise expressly directed by law.

SEC. 21. That all valuable mineral deposits in public citi lands in the Philippine Islands, both surveyed and unsurveyed, are hereby declared to be free and open to exploration, occupation, and purchase, and the land in which they are found to occupation and purchase, by Proviso. citizens of the United States, or of said islands: Provided, unpatented ag. That when on any lands of said islands entered and occupied as agricultural lands under the provisions of

Minerals

ricultura lands.

on

1 For these rules and regulations, see Act No. 2152 of Phil. Legis.

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