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Amendments, etc., by legisla

ture.

Revenue and tax laws.

SEC. 7. That the legislative authority herein provided shall have power, when not inconsistent with this Act, by due enactment to amend, alter, modify, or repeal any law, civil or criminal, continued in force by this Act as it may from time to time see fit.

This power shall specifically extend with the limitation herein provided as to the tariff to all laws relating to revenue and taxation in effect in the Philippines. Philippine SEC. 8. That general legislative power, except as otherGeneral pow-wise herein provided, is hereby granted to the Philippine Legislature, authorized by this Act.

Legislature.

ers.

property rights

1755.

Lands from religious ders, etc.

Vol. 32,

706.

Disposal

p.

o f

United States SEC. 9. That all the property and rights which may transferred. have been acquired in the Philippine Islands by the United States under the treaty of peace with Spain, Vol. 30, P. signed December tenth, eighteen hundred and ninetyExceptions. eight, except such land or other property as has been or shall be designated by the President of the United States for military and other reservations of the Governor-ment of the United States, and all lands which may have been subsequently acquired by the government of the Philippine Islands by purchase under the provisions of sections sixty-three and sixty-four of the Act of Congress approved July first, nineteen hundred and two,1 except such as may have heretofore been sold and disposed of in accordance with the provisions of said Act of Congress, are hereby placed under the control of the government of said islands to be administered or disposed of for the benefit of the inhabitants thereof, and the Philippine Legislature shall have power to legislate with respect to all such matters as it may deem advisable; but acts of the public lands. Philippine Legislature with reference to land of the public domain, timber, and mining, hereafter enacted, shall not have the force of law until approved by the President of the United States: Provided, That upon the apApproval by proval of such an act by the Governor General, it shall be by him forthwith transmitted to the President of the United States, and he shall approve or disapprove the same within six months from and after its enactment and submission for his approval, and if not disapproved within such time it shall become a law the same as if it Subsequent had been specifically approved: Provided further, That served lands. where lands in the Philippine Islands have been or may be reserved for any public purpose of the United States, and, being no longer required for the purpose for which reserved, have been or may be, by order of the President, placed under the control of the government of said islands to be administered for the benefit of the inhabitants thereof, the order of the President shall be regarded as effectual to give the government of said islands full control and power to administer and dispose of such lands for the benefit of the inhabitants of said islands.

Provisos.

the President.

transfers of re

1 See p. 23.

Trade rela

laws.

tariff, im mi

SEC. 10. That while this Act provides that the Philip- tions subject to pine government shall have the authority to enact a tariff United States law the trade relations between the islands and the United States shall continue to be governed exclusively Provisos. by laws of the Congress of the United States: Provided, Approval of That tariff acts or acts amendatory to the tariff of the gration, etc., Philippine Islands shall not become law until they shall laws. receive the approval of the President of the United States, nor shall any act of the Philippine Legislature affecting immigration or the currency or coinage laws of the Philippines become a law until it has been approved by the President of the United States: Provided further, Action of the That the President shall approve or disapprove any act mentioned in the foregoing proviso within six months from and after its enactment and submission for his approval, and if not disapproved within such time it shall become a law the same as if it had been specifically approved.

? President.

No export tax.

Imposition of other taxes, etc.

Bonds, etc.,

SEC. 11. That no export duties shall be levied or collected on exports from the Philippine Islands, but taxes and assessments on property and license fees for franchises, and privileges, and internal taxes, direct or indirect, may be imposed for the purposes of the Philippine government and the provincial and municipal governments thereof, respectively, as may be provided and defined by acts of the Philippine Legislature, and, where necessary to anticipate taxes and revenues, bonds1 and authorized. other obligations may be issued by the Philippine government or any provincial or municipal government therein, as may be provided by law and to protect the public credit: Provided, however, That the entire indebtedness of the Philippine government created by the authority conferred herein shall not exceed at any one time the sum of $15,000,000, exclusive of those obligations known as friar land bonds, nor that of any Province or municipality a sum in excess of seven per centum of the aggregate tax valuation of its property at any one time.

Proviso.
Limitations.

Legislature.

Proviso.

SEC. 12. That general legislative powers in the Philip Philippine pines, except as herein otherwise provided, shall be vested Constitution in a legislature which shall consist of two houses, one the of. senate and the other the house of representatives, and the two houses shall be designated "The Philippine Legislature": Provided, That until the Philippine Legisla- Temporary ture as herein provided shall have been organized the continuance of existing Philippine Legislature shall have all legislative thorities. authority herein granted to the government of the Philippine Islands, except such as may now be within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Philippine Commission, which is so continued until the organization of the legislature herein provided for the Philippines. When the Philippine Legislature shall have been organized, the

present au

1 Sec. 1, Act of Congress, Feb. 6, 1905, provides for exemption of bonds from taxation. see p. 63.

etc., of Com

Jurisdiction, exclusive legislative jurisdiction and authority exercised mission to by the Philippine Commission shall thereafter be exercised by the Philippine Legislature.

cease.

Senate.
Term o f

SEC. 13. That the members of the senate of the Philipmembers, etc. pines, except as herein provided, shall be elected for terms of six and three years, as hereinafter provided, by Qualifications. the qualified electors of the Philippines. Each of the senatorial districts defined as hereinafter provided shall have the right to elect two senators. No person shall be an elective member of the senate of the Philippines who is not a qualified elector and over thirty years of age, and who is not able to read and write either the Spanish or English language, and who has not been a resident of the Philippines for at least two consecutive years and an actual resident of the senatorial district from which chosen for a period of at least one year immediately prior to his election.

House of representa

tives.

members, etc.

SEC. 14. That the members of the house of representatives shall, except as herein provided, be elected trienTerms ofnially by the qualified electors of the Philippines. Each of the representative districts hereinafter provided for shall have the right to elect one representative. No perQualifications. Son shall be an elective member of the house of representatives who is not a qualified elector and over twentyfive years of age, and who is not able to read and write either the Spanish or English language, and who has not been an actual resident of the district from which elected for at least one year immediately prior to his election: of Provided, That the members of the present assembly of elected on the first Tuesday in June, nineteen hundred and sixteen, shall be the members of the house of representatives from their respective districts for the term expiring in nineteen hundred and nineteen.

Proviso. Term members

present assem

bly.

Qualification

of voters.

tion.

SEC. 15. That at the first election held pursuant to this First elec-act, the qualified electors shall be those having the qualifiSubsequent. cations of voters under the present law; thereafter and until otherwise provided by the Philippine Legislature herein provided for the qualifications of voters for senators and representatives in the Philippines and all officers elected by the people shall be as follows:

Citizenship and residence.

Present

voters.

Every male person who is not a citizen or subject of a foreign power twenty-one years of age or over (except insane and feeble-minded persons and those convicted in a court of competent jurisdiction of an infamous offense since the thirteenth day of August, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight), who shall have been a resident of the Philippines for one year and of the municipality in which he shall offer to vote for six months next preceding the day of voting, and who is comprised within one of the following classes:

(a) Those who under existing law are legal voters and have exercised the right of suffrage.

(b) Those who own real property to the value of 500 Property, etc. pesos, or who annually pay 30 pesos or more of the es

tablished taxes.

(c) Those who are able to read and write either Span- Literacy. ish, English, or a native language.

SEC. 16. That the Philippine Islands shall be divided into twelve senate districts, as follows:1

First district: Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Ilocos Norte, and Ilocos Sur.

Second district: La Union, Pangasinan, and Zambales. Third district: Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, and Bulacan.

Fourth district: Bataan, Rizal, Manila, and Laguna.
Fifth district: Batangas, Mindoro, Tayabas, and
Cavite.

Sixth district: Sorsogon, Albay, and Ambos Camarines.
Seventh district: Iloilo and Capiz.

Eighth district: Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental,
Antique, and Palawan.

Ninth district: Leyte and Samar.
Tenth district: Cebu.

Eleventh district: Surigao, Misamis, and Bohol.
Twelfth district: The Mountain Province, Baguio,
Nueva Vizcaya, and the Department of Mindanao and
Sulu.

2

Senate tricts.

dis

tive districts.

The representative districts shall be the eighty-one Representanow provided by law, and three in the Mountain Province, one in Neuva Vizcaya, and five in the Department of Mindanao and Sulu.

First elec

tion.

Provisos.
Term

of

The first election under the provisions of this Act shall be held on the first Tuesday of October, nineteen hundred and sixteen, unless the Governor General in his discretion shall fix another date not earlier than thirty nor later than sixty days after the passage of this Act: Provided, That the Governor General's proclamation shall be published at least thirty days prior to the date senators. fixed for the election, and there shall be chosen at such election one senator from each senate district for a term of three years and one for six years. Thereafter one senator from each district shall be elected from each senate district for a term of six years: Provided, That the Governor General of the Philippine Islands shall Appointive appoint, without the consent of the senate and without restriction as to residence, senators and representatives who will, in his opinion, best represent the senate district and those representative districts which may be

1 See p. 152.

members.

2 The 81 representative districts provided by law were as follows: SEC. 136. Apportionment of membership of Philippine Assembly.-The Philippine Assembly consists of eighty-one members, or delegates, elected by the people and apportioned as follows:

Albay, three; Ambos Camarines, three; Antique, one; Bataan, one; Batanes, one; Batangas, three; Bohol, three; Bulacan, two; Cagayan, two; Capiz, three; Cavite, one; Cebu, seven; Ilocos Norte, two; Ilocos Sur, three; Iloilo, five; Isabella, one; Laguna, two; La Union, two; Leyte, four; Manila, two; Mindoro, one; Misamis, two; Nueva Ecija, one; Occidental Negros, three; Oriental Negros, two; Palawan, one; Pampanga, two; Pangasinan, five; Rizal, two; Samar, three; Sorsogon, two; Surgio, one; Tarlac, two; Tayabas, two; and Zambales, one. See p. 153.

122422-20- 4

Elections hereafter.

Terms of elective members.

Appointive

members.

Rights of membership,

etc.

included in the territory not now represented in the Philippine Assembly: Provided further, That thereafter elections shall be held only on such days and under such regulations as to ballots, voting, and qualifications of electors as may be prescribed by the Philippine Legislature, to which is hereby given authority to redistrict the Philippine Islands and modify, amend, or repeal any provision of this section, except such as refer to appointive senators and representatives.

SEC. 17. That the terms of office of elective senators and representatives shall be six and three years, respectively, and shall begin on the date of their election. In case of vacancy among the elective members of the senate or in the house of representatives, special elections may be held in the districts wherein such vacancy occurred under such regulations as may be prescribed by law, but senators or representatives elected in such cases shall hold office only for the unexpired portion of the term wherein the vacancy occurred. Senators and representatives appointed by the Governor General shall hold office until removed by the Governor General.

SEC. 18. That the senate and house of representatives, respectively, shall be the sole judges of the elections, returns, and qualifications of their elective members, and each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, Meetings and with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel an elective organization. member. Both houses shall convene at the capital on the sixteenth day of October next following the election and organize by the election of a speaker or a presiding officer, a clerk, and a sergeant at arms for each house, and such other officers and assistants as may be required. A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may meet, adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members. The legislature shall hold annual sessions, commencing on the sixteenth day of October, or, if the sixteenth day of October be a legal holiday, then on the first day following which is not a legal holiday, in each year. The legislature may be called in special session at any time by the Governor General for general legislation, or for action on such specific subjects as he may designate. No special session shall continue longer than thirty days, and no regular session shall continue longer than one hundred days, exclusive of Sundays. The legislature is hereby given the power and authority to change the date of the commencement of its annual sessions.

Sessions. Annual.

Special.

Limit.

Pay of members.

The senators and representatives shall receive an annual compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the Philippine from arrest, Islands. The senators and representatives shall, in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the

etc.

Immunity

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