History of the middle and working classes: with a popular exposition of the economical and political principles which have influenced the past and present condition of the industrious orders : also an appendix of prices, rates of wages, population, poor-rates, mortality, marriages, crimes, schools, education, occupations, and other statistical information, illustrative of former and present state of the agricultural, commercial, and manufacturing classes
E. Wilson, 1833 - 604 páginas
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advantages afford agricultural allowed amount appears application authority become better body capital causes circumstances civil classes clothing condition consequence considered consists continue demand depend effect employed employment England equal established evil exchange existing former give greater habits houses human important improvement increase individuals industry influence institutions interest issued keep knowledge labour land latter laws less limited live machinery manufactures masters means ment moral natural necessary never object observed operation paid parish passed pauperism period persons political poor poor-laws popular population possessed practice present principle produce profit progress proportion provision quantity raising reason received regulations relief rent require respect social society subsistence supply tend tion trade wages wealth whole workmen
Página 260 - But what improves the circumstances of the greater part can never be regarded as an inconveniency to the whole. No society can surely be flourishing and happy, of which the far greater part of the members are poor and miserable.
Página 16 - For a pair of diamond buckles, perhaps, or for something as frivolous and useless, they exchanged the maintenance, or what is the same thing, the price of the maintenance of a thousand men for a year, and with it the whole weight and authority which it could give them.
Página 101 - Let us, said he, make relief in cases where there are a number of children, a matter of right and an honour, instead of a ground for opprobrium and contempt. This will make a large family a blessing, and not a curse ; and this will draw a proper line of distinction between those who are able to provide for themselves by their labour, and those who, after having enriched their country with a number of children, have a claim upon its assistance for their support.
Página 519 - By the apostle Paul, shadows to-night Have struck more terror to the soul of Richard, Than can the substance of ten thousand soldiers, Armed in proof, and led by shallow Richmond.
Página 242 - The subsistence which they find there is so scanty, that they are eager to fish up the nastiest garbage thrown overboard from any European ship. Any carrion, the carcase of a dead dog or cat, for example, though half putrid and stinking, is as welcome to them as the most wholesome food to the people of other countries.
Página 62 - ... consult, covenant with, entertain, employ, feed, or reward any evil and wicked spirit to or for any intent or purpose; or take up any dead man, woman, or child out of his, her, or their grave, or any other place where the dead body...
Página 141 - That the Division of Labour is limited by the Extent of the Market...
Página 206 - Without regarding the danger, however, young volunteers never enlist so readily as at the beginning of a new war; and though they have scarce any chance of preferment, they figure to themselves, in their youthful fancies, a thousand occasions of acquiring honour and distinction which never occur. These romantic hopes make the whole price of their blood. Their pay is less than that of common labourers, and in actual service their fatigues are much greater.
Página 142 - It is impossible there should be such a trade as even that of a nailer in the remote and inland parts of the Highlands of Scotland. Such a workman at the rate of a thousand nails a day, and three hundred working days in the year, will make three hundred thousand nails in the year. But in such a situation it would be impossible to dispose of one thousand, that is, of one day's work in the year.