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tissue, bone by bone, joint by joint, with the single purpose of showing just what each is and what it can do. His book is a worthy companion to those of Prof. A. Lawrence Lowell, and, like those, it testifies to the rare excellence of Harvard's Department of Government.

- Harvard Orientai Series. Edited by Charles R. Lanman, Wales Professor of Sanskrit. Vol. XI. The Panchatantra, a Collection of Ancient Hindu Tales, edited by Johannes Hertel. (Harvard University: Cambridge. Buckram, royal 8vo, pp. 344, $1.50.) For over two thousand years the tales of the Pancha-tantra have delighted the Hindu heart and mind. Many of them are neither specifically Brahmanic nor Jaina nor Buddhist, but belong to the common stock of stories generally current in India. The texts of them are so various that you could almost say there were as many recensions as there were manuscripts — quot codices, tot textus. No philologically critical edition of any of them had ever been made. To Dr. Hertel belongs the merit of giving us a recension of precisely determined date and authorship (it was made in 1199 A. D. by a Jaina monk named Purnabhadra) and in strictly critical form. This text is based on five manuscripts of the Deccan College in Poona, although Dr. Hertel examined nearly a hundred in the course of his preliminaries. The typography (done at the Clarendon Press) is admirably clear, and the emboxments or emboîtements of the stories (a second in the first, a third in the second, and even a fourth in the third) are shown in a most ingenious and simple manner by vertical wavy lines in the margin, single or double, or even triple, as the case may be. The division of words, which is usually lacking in a Hindu manuscript, is carried through in this edition, greatly for the benefit of the beginner. The general

editor prefixes an elaborate essay on the externals of Indian books, in which the word-division is defended. The argument gives occasion for a good many interesting or amusing cases of misdivision and ambiguity among them GODISNOWHERE. The text is to be followed by an English translation and by a volume on the history of these tales in India and Southwestern Asia and medieval Europe, thus bringing up to date that great pioneer work in Comparative Literature, the Pancha-tantra of Theodor Benfey.

Shelburne Essays. VI. Studies of Religious Dualism. By Paul Elmer More, p '93. (Putnam: New York. Cloth, 12mo, $1.25 net.) In his new volume of essays, Mr. More has done well to assemble several which are more or less related in subject. Sainte-Beuve, indeed, printed some twenty volumes of Causeries, but even so, it would be more convenient for his readers today if his volumes had each a more specific title. Mr. More's present collection includes the following essays: "The Forest Philosophy of India"; "The Bhagavad Gîta"; "Saint Augustine”; “Pascal”; “Sir Thomas Browne"; "Bunyan"; "Rousseau"; "Socrates"; "The Apology"; and "Plato." All but the last three, though written independently of each other, and at different times, are so treated as to emphasize the conviction of dualism which has laid hold, since men first philosophized over good and evil, on many of the most religious minds. Mr. More has the immense advantage over any other literary essayist in America today in having a first-hand knowledge of the Hindu and Greek religions and literatures, and this enables him to draw striking parallels and pregnant inferences. Witness his comparisons of St. Augustine with earlier religionists; witness also his analysis of Pascal (which

may be commended as an antidote to Mr. John Morley's study). But Mr. More never forgets that the manner as well as the message of the great human spokesmen is to be considered; and therefore, in writing on Bunyan and on Rousseau, he gives us his estimate of their literary value. The essay on Rousseau is particularly valuable, because it traces in sharp outlines the development to a common origin of such contradictory systems as the Marxian, with its brutal crushing of the individual, and the Nietzschean, with its abominable exaltation of a few favored individuals. The papers on Socrates and Plato, and the translation of "The Apology," we are glad to see brought together from the volumes in which they first appeared. They serve as touchstones by which to test Mr. More's remarkable equipment as a critic.

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The Chippendales. By Robert Grant, '73. (Scribner: New York. Cloth, 12mo, illustrated, $1.50.) There is something old-fashioned and leisurely about the large sweep of this story. It begins at the beginning, with the youth of the principal personages, and works on steadily and systematically, through 600 closely printed pages, to a logical end. There are no jerks or sudden starts, or surprises, no intrusions of violently picturesque incident. It is written as novels were written 30 years ago, and not a bad way to write them either. Reminiscent of 30 years ago is the predominance of Boston, and one cannot help wondering whether the outside world will not be a little startled to find that Boston - Holmes's Boston, Howells's Boston - - still exists. But it is precisely the disappearance of this venerable relic of the past that Judge Grant has made his theme. On the one hand he presents a group of typical old Boston figures, the Chippendales, admirably alive, if such people were ever alive,

true descendants of the sitters of Copley, blue-blooded, thin-blooded, coldblooded, looking upon their consciences and their manners as equally important and more important than anything else. Over against these are the innovators, in intention reckless, progressive, bent on money and la joie de vivre, but a little less successful than their opposites, because themselves more distinctly Boston than perhaps their creator is quite aware. Just such a contrast Mr. Howells dealt with in "Silas Lapham," less elaborately than Judge Grant, with much less instinctive sympathy and comprehension, but on the whole more vividly. Needless to say that the book is written with vigor and brilliancy and that all the characters utter smart things. Yet even the epigrams have a curiously trim and well-ordered aspect, such as was more in vogue 30 years ago than now. In short, it is the picture of an epoch, which seems more important to some of us than to others, disappearing to slow music and with somewhat melancholy fireworks.

· Dragon's Blood. By Henry Milner Rideout, '99. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, $1.20 net.) This narrative of adventure in China has more background than story. No one of the characters centres the interest and none has sufficient importance in himself or in his relation to others, to carry forward the reader's attention. This accounts for a certain slowness, a certain lack of grip, even in situations of furious intensity. Yet the varied figures are clearly and sharply drawn, so far as they go, the uncouth German factor, the cynical, treacherous Frenchman, the Englishman with the rough speech and the gentle heart; the empty, selfish coquette, and the slim, dark girl, with quiet eyes and courage. But what is really original and effective is the atmosphere, the close, searching, evidently

genuine picture of a far corner of the world. Since Kipling we all know India. And Japan is no longer strange to us. But the kingdom of flowers is much more undiscovered country. And Mr. Rideout paints it like an artist: no slow, laborious accumulation of detail, but quick, sharp touches, sights, sounds, odors, stamped vividly, unforgetably, landscapes and groups of figures, swiftly giving place to others, yet each alive and making an enduring impression of its own. It is a real and great pleasure to roam comfortably with so skilful a guide.

·Shakespeare's Complete Sonnets. With Introduction and Notes by C. M. Walsh, '84. (T. Fisher Unwin: London. Cloth, 12mo, 5 shillings net.) This is an unusually interesting and ingenious study in literary reconstruction. Mr. Walsh proposes to classify Shakespeare's sonnets according to their subjects, instead of leaving them in the helterskelter arrangement in which, apparently without design, they have come down to us. Whoever put the sonnets first to the press had no regard for their proper sequence: hence, the confusion apparent to readers ever since. Hence also much unnecessary mystification, much guessing as to who the persons are whom the poet addresses, and much torturing of meanings. Mr. Walsh includes not only the 154 sonnets commonly accepted, but 14 others, which appear in several of the Plays, and ought, he insists, to have a place in the collection. His divisions are: I, "Early Miscellaneous Sonnets," embracing (a) love sonnets; (b) various sonnets from the Plays; (c) Cupid's inflaming brand; and (d) Venus and Adonis 18 in all. II, "To his Fair Effeminate Friend, in Whom Beauty is Embodied," 30 sonnets. III, “To his Dark Disdainful Mistress," 10 sonnets. IV, "On his Loves," 45 sonnets. V,

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"The Dark Mistress Wooing the Fair Friend," 25 sonnets. VI, “The Fair Friend," 14 sonnets. VII, "Sonnets addressed to his Patron," 14 sonnets. VIII, "Late Miscellaneous Sonnets," 10 sonnets. In his notes, Mr. Walsh gives reasons for his classification, and elucidates the text. Whether one accepts all of his conclusions or not, they are well worth considering. Some of them evidently clear away long-standing obscurities.

- The Mongols in Russia. By Jeremiah Curtin, '63. (Little, Brown & Co., Boston. Cloth, 8vo, $3.) The first half of this work is devoted to the pre-Mongol period; i. e. to the early Russia from the time of Novgorod under Rurik in the ninth century to the first appearance of the Mongols in the thirteenth. For the picture of these 400 years we are grateful,

though nothing in the title of the book led us to expect so much. But some writers on the Mongols in Russia would have reduced this copious preliminary chronicle of mingled strife, horror, ambition, and destruction among rival principalities into one chapter depicting achievements and results philosophically and in due perspective. Perhaps Mr. Curtin, had he lived longer, would have given to these lengthy studies of Russian and Mongol that condensation, order, and finish which they lack. Mackenzie Wallace's compact chapter on "The Mongol Domination" is a fine specimen of the condensation we mean. Only with the middle of the book begins the story which gives its name to the entire work,

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converts the separate Russian princedoms into a single state, while his victory over the oppressors at Kulikovo - a fine chapter arouses all our enthusiasm! The complications of warfare and politics, involving not so much the Mongols as Lithuania, Poland, and Russia, are too long drawn out; only the minute historical student will read them. And yet in the reading we come upon narratives and reflections which we are glad we did not miss. And when finally we reach the expulsion of the Golden Horde and the destruction of Serai, we sigh with relief that Russia is free at last, while we too have traversed some rather dreary desert stretches in the book with just enough of charming oases to fetch us safely through. We must give loud voice to our regret that this work, as well as its companion and predecessor "The Mongols," should go before the public — and what is worse, the student without preface or footnote showing the sources of the narrative. The vague four prefatory lines might so easily have been amplified, by either publisher or editor, with the definite names of the chronicles - Persian, Russian, Chinese-drawn from by the author. What a contrast in this regard does Haworth's great "History of the Mongols" afford! Work in these very difficult and increasingly important fields of research should always be teamwork.

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·Porfirio Diaz. By Rafael de Zayas Enriquez. Translated by T. Quincy Browne, Jr., '88. (D. Appleton & Co.: New York.) For the first time we have here presented a temperate and impartial account of the man who has changed Mexico from a country of chronic revolution, overrun with brigands, to a prosperous, and in many respects progressive country. The book is not a biography in the ordinary sense, though it gives an intimate character sketch of

Pres. Diaz, whom many consider the greatest man now living on this continent. Its chief value lies in the discussion of the underlying principles of democracy, and first-hand evidence of the effect on the people of a highly centralized government. At present, in Mexico there is nothing worthy the name of popular government, practically no bona-fide voting of any kind. The majority of the people are acquiescent and apparently glad to surrender their rights of citizenship into so able a hand as that of their perpetual president, whom they regard as almost a supernatural being. Governors of provinces, mayors of cities and even minor officials are appointed with the consent and approval of the President; in fact, nothing is done without his supervision and direction, not even in the legislative and judicial branches. Under this system of autocratic bureaucracy, it is inevitable that there should be suppressed discontent and little chance to develop politically the mass of the people, or even individual leaders. The book ends with the assertion that the verdict of history will be: "He created a Nation, but he destroyed a People."

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The Chippendales. By Robert Grant, 73. (Scribners: New York. Cloth, 12mo, $1.50.)

The Butler's Story. By Arthur Train, '96. (Scribners: New York. Cloth, 12mo, illustrated, $1.25.)

The Little Gods: A Masque of the Far East. By Rowland Thomas, '01. (Little, Brown & Co.: Boston. Cloth, 12mo, illus trated, $1.50.)

My Cranford: A Phase of the Quiet Life. By Arthur Gilman, h '04. (Houghton

Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, 12mo, illus- (Harpers: New York. Cloth, 12mo, illustrated, $1.25 net.)

Shelburne Essays. Studies of Religious Dualism. Series VI. By Paul Elmer More, p '93. (Putnams: New York. Cloth, 12mo, $1.25 net.)

Select Poems of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Edited by George E. Woodberry, '77. Belles-Lettres Series. (Heath: Boston. Boards, 16mo.)

The Poetical Works of John Dryden. Cambridge Edition. Edited by George R. Noyes, '94, Asst. Professor in the University of California. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, large crown 8vo, $3.)

Dante's Divina Commedia. I. Inferno. Modern Language Series. Edited by Charles H. Grandgent, '83. (Heath: Boston. Cloth, 12mo, $1.25.)

Shakespeare's Complete Sonnets. A new Arrangement, with Introduction and Notes. By C. M. Walsh, '84. (T. Fisher Unwin: London. Cloth, 12mo, 5s.)

The Life and Times of Anne Royall. By Sarah Harvey Porter. (Torch Press: Cedar Rapids, Ia. Cloth, 8vo, $1.50 net.)

The Government of European Cities. By William Bennett Munro, p '99, Asst. Professor in Harvard University. (Macmillan: New York. Cloth, crown 8vo, $2.50 net.)

Spanish Anecdotes. Edited by W. F. Giese, '89, and C. D. Cool, p '00. (Heath: Boston. Boards, 16mo.)

Selections from Diderot. By W. F. Giese, '89. (Heath: Boston. Boards, 16mo, 50 cents.)

Birds of the Boston Public Garden. A Study in Migration. By Horace Winslow Wright, '69. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, 12mo, illustrated, $1.25.)

Our Naval War with France. By Gardner W. Allen, '77. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, crown 8vo, illustrated, $1.50 net.)

The Faith Healer. A Play in Four Acts. By William Vaughn Moody, '93. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, 12mo, $1 net.)

The Life of Edgar Allan Poe. By George E. Woodberry, '77. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, 8vo, illustrated, 2 vols. $5 net.)

The Spell. By William Dana Orcutt, '92.

trated, $1.50.)

An Astronomer's Wife. The Biography of Angeline Hall. By her Son, Angelo Hall, '91. (Munn & Co.: Baltimore. Cloth, 12mo, illustrated.)

Each in His Own Tongue, and Other Poems. By William Herbert Carruth, p '89. (Putnams: New York. Cloth, 16mo, $1.)

An Introduction to Poetry. For Students of English Literature. By Raymond M. Alden, p '96, Asst. Professor in Stanford University. (Holt: New York. Cloth, 12mo.)

Dragon's Blood. By Henry Milner Rideout, '99. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, illustrated, $1.20 net.)

The Playhouse and the Play. And Other Addresses Concerning the Theatre and Democracy in America. By Percy MacKaye, '97. (Macmillan : New York. Cloth, 12mo, $1.25 net.)

Six Orations of Cicero. (Allen & Greenough's Edition.) Revised by J. B. Greenough, '56, and G. L. Kittredge, '82, with a Special Vocabulary by J. B. Greenough. (Ginn: Boston. Half leather, 12mo, illustrated, $1.25.)

A Pluralistic Universe. Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy. By William James, m '69. (Longmans: New York. Boards, 8vo, $1.50.)

MARRIAGES.

It is requested that wedding announcements be sent to the Editor of the Graduates' Magazine, in order to make this record more nearly complete.

1889. Arnold Herman Knapp to Julia James Long, at Camden, S. C., April 24, 1909.

1889. Thomas Suffern Tailer to Harriet Stewart Brown, at Baltimore, Md., April 14, 1909. 1891. Thomas Barron to Elizabeth McCourt, at Saranac Lake, N.Y., April 15, 1909.

1892. James Hathaway Kidder to Mrs. May Clark Avery, at New York, N. Y., April 28, 1909.

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