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genius and a brief survey of the epic as a whole. A "preliminary note" enlightens the reader as to Dante's cosmogony, and especially as to the topography of Hell. Each canto is preceded by an elucidating "argument," and the notes themselves, though very brief, are sufficient for the general reader. In a word, this is just the edition of Dante which the Englishspeaking world needs, and it is to be hoped that the volumes of "Purgatorio" and "Paradiso" will appear as speedily as possible. (D. C. Heath & Co.: Boston. Cloth, small 12mo, $1.25.)

Asst. Prof. Austin Cary, of the Harvard Forestry Department, has written "A Manual for Northern Woodsmen." It contains a mass of useful information in the shape of tables, diagrams, etc., together with a clear statement of the methods employed and the principles involved in the survey and valuation of logs, standing timber, and forest land. Land surveyors, scalers, cruisers, and others will find here information which they need to have with them when at work in the woods. Students of forestry in schools and colleges will find the book particularly valuable for its clear, practical descriptions of the best methods now in use. To business men, farmers, and others who may be casually interested in timberland, the concise presentation of the essentials of the subject will be welcome. Although much of the material is general and may be applied anywhere, all the special problems taken up are, as the title indicates, those of the region north of Maryland and east of the Dakotas, including Canada. The work is divided into five parts, which deal with land surveying, map making, log measurement, estimating standing timber, etc. (For sale by the Lockwood Trade Journal Co. Price, $2.10.)

The conflict in his affection for a fascinating society woman, who is his wife,

and for a fascinating intellectual woman, who is her friend, brings the hero of "The Spell" into just the complications which make the warp and woof of a romance. The hero, himself a dreamer, finds both women different in the sequel from what he foresaw but that is the novel's secret. W. D. Orcutt, '94, is the author, and he has successfully woven his knowledge of contemporary Italy into the background of his story. This enables him to introduce some Italians, who add to its picturesqueness. (Harpers: New York. Cloth, 12mo, $1.50.)

Angelo Hall, '91, has performed a pious duty in writing a memoir of his mother, Angeline Hall, "An Astronomer's Wife." It is a story that must interest not only the friends and acquaintances of Mrs. Hall and of her husband, the late Asaph Hall, but any persons who like to become acquainted with a clearly defined, vigorous individuality. Typical in many ways, too, is the story of her career. Mrs. Hall was a pioneer in more than one direction. Her intellectual attainments were considerable; her moral enthusiasms were deep and lasting. (Published by Munn & Co.: 535 N. Howard St., Baltimore, Md. Boards, 12mo, pp. 129.)

Prof. Raymond M. Alden, p '96, assistant professor of English in Stanford University, has prepared "An Introduction to Poetry for Students of English Literature." (Holt: New York. Cloth, 12mo.) It is a concrete work. After devoting a chapter to definitions, Prof. Alden discusses succinctly the various large species — or shall we say genera? - of poetry the epic, the lyric, the drama, with their subdivisions. Then he examines what he properly calls the "internal" basis of poetry, that is, the imagination and its functions, the claims of beauty and of truth, the emotional element and how it may be stimulated.

Coming to the "external" basis, Prof. Alden analyzes rhythm in its various aspects. Then he devotes the rest of his volume to a practical study of English metres, rhyme, stanzas, and other forms. The whole is a striking contribution to a subject which never grows stale, and never can be finally written out until poetry becomes petrified. That could be only in the twilight of the human race, when men had lost their capacity for noble living and for cherishing high ideals.

It may be said without disparagement to the many noteworthy volumes in the Cambridge Edition of the Poets that few are more welcome than the latest "Dryden," edited by George R. Noyes, '94, now assistant professor of English at the University of California. For it has hitherto been impossible to possess the voluminous works of Dryden in less than many tomes, and never with such clear and brief, but sufficient and definitive annotation as that which Prof. Noyes furnishes. Dryden, needless to say, was one of those geniuses not of the first order who nevertheless wrote an amazing amount of remarkable productions which had an immense influence on his time, and, what is more important, on the generation which succeeded him. The man who influences his contemporaries only becomes quickly obsolete. It is the seed-sowers who endure. And Dryden was one of these. If he had never written poetry, he would have shone as a proseman; indeed, to our thinking, he is the first master of modern English prose. Add to this that he was a born critic, who improved himself by acquaintance with the best criticisms, ancient and modern, up to his time, and you get an inkling of the man's importance. Mr. Noyes has edited, with carefulest attention to typographical precision, and patient collation of varying editions,

every piece of verse known to be Dryden's, and in an appendix he reprints a batch of doubtful or supposititious poems. He does well to give also all the author's introductions, wherein Dryden sets forth his purposes, and modern readers can sample his vigorous prose. Notes, a glossary, and an index of first lines complete the volume, which Mr. Noyes himself introduces with a well-weighed but thoroughly appreciative biographical sketch. Thanks to the fine quality of paper and the clear type which the publishers supply for their unrivaled "Cambridge Edition," the book is very convenient for reading. (Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston. Cloth, large crown 8vo, portrait, $3.)

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Pamphlets Received. "Noah Webster's Place among English Lexicographers," address by F. Sturges Allen: G. & C. Merriam Co., Springfield. — "Ut Pictura Poesis: A Historical Investigation," by William G. Howard, '91; reprint from Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, XXIV, 1.—“Conservation of Hawaii's Natural Resources," Legislative report: Board of Commissioners of Agriculture, Honolulu, H. I. — “Cyrus Hall McCormick and the Reaper," by Reuben G. Thwaites: reprint from Proceedings of Wisconsin Hist. Soc., 1908, pp. 234–59. — “Slavery at Groton, Mass., in Provincial Times," by Samuel A. Green, '51: from Proceedings of Mass. Hist. Soc., March, 1909. — "Fifth Report of the Board of Commissioners of Agriculture and Forestry of the Territory of Hawaii, for the year ending Dec. 31, 1908," in large part by Ralph S. Hosmer, a '94; Honolulu, H. I.

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MAGAZINE ARTICLES.

Amer. Historical Rev. (April.) "Treatment of the English Catholics in the Reign of Elizabeth," R. B. Merriman, '96.

Amer. Review of Reviews. (April.) “Europe's Tariff Laws and Policies," F. A. Ogg, p '04.

Appleton's. (March.) "The Press and the Professors," G. S. Hall, p '78.

Atlantic. (Jan.) "Modern Chemistry and Medicine," T. W. Richards, '86. (March.) "Cavour and Bismarck," W. R. Thayer, '81; “The Disorganization of the

Book-Trade," H. Münsterberg, h '01; "A Day with Prof. Child," F. B. Gummere, '75; "Physical Science Today," J. Trowbridge, s '65. (April.) "At the Café d'Orsay," J. M. Howells, '91; "The Skele ton in my Closet," J. D. Long, '57. (May.) "The Worst Hundred Books," S. M. Crothers, h '99; “Is Immortality Desirable," G. L. Dickinson; "The Spectator as an Advertising Medium," L. Lewis, '01.

Century. (March.) "Should the Government Own its Embassies," H. Porter, L.S. S. '57. (April.) "A. L. Lowell," W. R. Thayer, '81.

Fortnightly Rev. (Feb.) "The Beaten Track," W. G. Brown, '91. (March and April.) "Cavour and Bismarck," W. R. Thayer, '81.

Forum. (March.) "An Unlearned Lesson from Wagner," F. R. Burton, '82. Harper's. (March.) "Conquering Our Greatest Volcano," R. S. Dunn, '98.

Harvard Theological Rev. (Apr.) “Calvin and Servetus," E. Emerton, '71; "The Moral Justification of Religion," R. B. Perry, p '97.

Lippincott's. (March.) "A Knight Er rant in Broadway," R. S. Holland, '00. Putnam's. (March.) "Mendelssohn and Chopin in 1909," D. G. Mason, '95.

Scribner's. (March.) "Government vs. Bank Issues," J. L. Laughlin, '73. (April.) "Valuation of Railways," J. L. Laughlin,

'73.

South Atlantic Quarterly. (April.) “Municipal Government by Commission," C. W. Eliot, '53.

Univ. of Penn. Law Review. (March.) "Origin and Development of Legal Recourse against the Government in the United States," C. C. Binney, '78.

World's Work. (May.) "American Success of a Great Spanish Painter," T. R.

Ybarra, '05; "A Public School in the Slums that does its Job," W. T. Talbot, '87.

SHORT REVIEWS.

- History of the Harvard Law School and of the Early Legal Conditions in America. By Charles Warren, '89, of the Suffolk Bar. (Lewis Publishing Co.: New York. Leather, 3 vols., by subscription.) Of this work, the first two volumes contain Mr. Warren's history, and the third contains a list of all the students in the School from its foundation. Mr. Warren has performed his task with thoroughness, accuracy, and literary skill. He has accumulated a vast mass of facts which, if they had been less clearly arranged, would have made hard reading. He devotes nearly 300 pages to his preliminary history of legal practice and evolution in America before the founding of the Harvard Law School in 1817. For the first two centuries he has gleaned far and wide, not only among Colonial and Provincial sources, but in the English records, and he has produced a chronicle at once interesting and important. Throughout his work, he pays great attention to the careers of individual lawyers and jurists, as well as to the development of legal education, with the result that he is enabled to enliven his pages with many personal touches. As soon as he reaches the opening of the Law School, he properly concentrates his attention on its affairs, and it is no exaggeration to say that he has ransacked to good purpose every available store of information. To the present generation his chapters on the early years, with his pen portraits of Royall, Dane, Ashmun, Joseph Story, and Greenleaf, and the physical growth of the School in quarters, plant, and membership, will prove most interesting. Next to these come the teachers of the Pre-Langdellian period - Parker, Parsons, and Washburn.

Nearly half of the second volume is filled with an account of the past 40 years. Mr. Warren omits nothing, so that the seeker for information can find here what he wants, whether it concern the courses of instruction, or the finances, the growth of the Law Library, the Law Clubs or the Alumni Association. The work is interspersed with many half-tone illustrations, some of which lack careful finish, of portraits, buildings, and facsimiles. The third volume, for which Mr. Warren disclaims responsibility, is incorrectly entitled 'Alumni Roll," because it contains the names of all students at the Law School, and not merely those of graduates. It aims to give a brief account of each man's career, with the marking dates. We note a good many errors. Also, through the lack of judicious typography it is hard to find what one wants, and graduates are not distinguished from non-graduates. The Class numerals, instead of being printed in the headline to each page, are printed merely in the text, and in type so small that it requires careful attention to see the division between class and class. So many books of reference are made nowadays, and well made, that one regrets that an expert in typography was not employed on this volume: for the value of its contents, except where it falls short in accuracy, is incontestable. There is, indeed, nothing to take its place. The work as a whole will be welcome to lawyers, not merely Harvard bred but to all who are interested in the history of their profession, and in the lives of some of its most remarkable leaders and teachers in America.

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philosophy of Pragmatism which has made such a stir up and down the world during the past two or three years. He attempts to coördinate and to systematize that which, in the view of his opponents, can never be a system. He shows his wonted skill in leaping from conclusion to conclusion, his matchless gift (among writers on philosophy) of literary expression, and, it will seem to some of his readers, his constitutional lack of convincing ratiocination. The present writer, at least, does not feel that Dr. James has stated his argument so clearly as to make it intelligible to fairly informed students of philosophy. He seems like an Alpine climber who appears now on this peak and now on the next; you see him clearly outlined against the sky; but an impenetrable bank of cloud hides all below the peaks themselves, and you cannot discover how he makes his way from one to the other. Never mind! You will not fail to be entertained by his renewed attack on Hegel; by the ease with which he crumbles the Absolute, like a piece of stale bread, in his hands: by the certitude with which he plants his feet on a new position, as if it were indeed a part of that very Eternal and Absolute, the existence of which he has just exploded. His enthusiasms, too, are unjaded, revivifying and contagious. Take, for example, his chapter on Bergson. "When I read recent transcendentalist literature" (he says) -I must partly except my colleague Royce! —I get nothing but a sort of marking of time, champing of jaws, pawing of the ground, and resettling into the same attitude, like a weary horse in a stall with an empty manger. It is but turning over the same few threadbare categories, bringing the same objections, and urging the same answers and solutions, with never a new fact or a new horizon coming into sight. But open Bergson, and new hori

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zons loom on every page you read. It is government. It is hoped by borrowing like the breath of the morning and the this method from one place and that from song of birds. It tells of reality itself, in- another that we may put together a stead of merely reiterating what dusty- system which will serve better than any minded professors have written about we now have to uplift our American what previous professors have thought. cities. Prof. Munro's work, which is the Nothing in Bergson is shop-worn or at first really important one in English in second hand" (p. 265.) Happy Bergson, this field, ought to do much towards ensay we, to have kindled such admiration lightening every American citizen who from such a poet! For it is as poet, by desires to see his town or city properly imaginative though not by literary managed. Prof. Munro's field is the expression, that we find Dr. James per- government of French, Prussian, and petually interesting. The mere fact that English cities. His study of the first two Bergson can tell us "of reality itself" fills about half of his volume, and that a large order!—is of minor import- of the English cities the other half. This ance. In this volume, as in its predeces- is a fair proportion: because in France sor, Dr. James seems to us to do a work and Prussia municipal government is of profound significance, because he much more uniform than in England, throws down his challenge to hoary, where, in spite of great changes during traditional, stoutly established doctrines. the past half-century, local traditions, He feels that there may be nay, must which tend towards variety, still survive. be-ampler conclusions than are dreamt Prof. Munro always traces the historical of in your philosophy; that dogmatists development of a municipal system behave said long enough: "Thus far shalt fore describing its actual operation tothou go and no farther"; that the ulti- day. He omits no detail. His explanamates - God, the Absolute, the Infinite, tions are clear and businesslike. And the Eternal-conceived as abstractions, from time to time, by drawing parallels belong to a phantasmagoric world; that between system and system, or by it behooves each of us to discover what criticizing some particular point, he lifts is, for us, real and final. Pluralism is his work into the region of higher dismore than a phantasm — it is a possible cussion. Thus the side-lights which he alternative and we welcome therefore throws on our conditions are most perevery attempt to demonstrate its reason- tinent. Mr. Munro is too sound an obableness. Abstracțion has had a long server, however, to suppose that merely inning; it is time for subjectivity to come by transferring certain practices from to the front again. Perhaps it may turn Paris or Berlin or Birmingham we could out that Mr. James's Pluralism is the cure the defects in New York, Philalatest fashion in Subjectivity. delphia or Chicago. The same mechanism will not give the same results when it is run by men of different training, experience, and skill, and especially by men of different aims. Prof. Munro's thoroughness is not less conspicuous than his fairness. He has no thesis to uphold, only a plain statement to make. You feel that he is as dispassionate as an anatomist who dissects a body tissue by

The Government of European Cities. By William Bennett Munro, p '99, Asst. Professor of Government in Harvard. (Macmillan: New York. Cloth, 8vo, $2.50 net.) That American cities are badly governed is accepted as a truism. So our experts and reformers have been seeking for a decade past for examples abroad of good or better municipal

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