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of Kravonia" (Harper), for it moves with the same rapidity and animation as “ The Prisoner of Zenda.” Court intrigues, dangerous adventures, love scenes, duels, also throng Mr. McCarthy's pages, his “Illustrious O'Hagan " as well coming from the Harper pressrooms.

Instruction to burglars: Every one planning a private visit to the interior of a steel vault should be equipped with an electric drill. For further_particulars, see chapter xii. of “The Wire Tappers" (Little, Brown), where Arthur Stringer and A. W. Brown collaborate in textual and pictorial explanation of the whole process. But “ The Wire Tappers” does not limit itself to the recording of a single crime. Nor does Mr. Walcott's “Blindfolded ” (BobbsMerrill). Either story would make a complete handbook on The Gallows, and How to Reach Them. The prospective criminal should, however, not neglect to supply himself with other light reading, as one's first term of imprisonment is said to be remarkably tedious. Fortunately, the thoughtful Harper Brothers, of Franklin Square, have just now provided against that very emergency by getting together 500 delightful Mark Twain pages, and publishing all these stories and sketches under the title “ The $30,000 Bequest.” The book is for sale to the general public, as well as to malefactors. Both classes, and all others, would be sure to find life better worth the living whether in prison, or out,-if privileged with acquaintance of Marietta Holley's new farcicalities, “Samantha vs. Josiah” (Funk & Wagnalls). An extremely humorous specimen in this book is the betrayal of Nelt Chawgo, the village “he-belle,” by a heartless and designing woman, whom Samantha finally takes to task, with the following result:

Her work had fell into her lap, her face wuz red as blood, and she busted into tears sayin':

"'I am the guilty wretch that wuz the means of that. sweet and innocent young creature's fall; I am the one to blame. But I never realized until you brung it before me the extent of my crime, but I will atone fur the evil as fur as I can. I will marry him and make an honest man of him, and set him right in the eyes of the community.

“And if you'll believe it, she did. It all ended first rate, almost like a real novel story. It seems that woman was so smut with remorse when it wuz brought before her in a eloquent and forcible manner, and she realized the almost irreparable wrong she had committed against that lovely and innocent young man, she offered him the only reparation in her power; she offered him honorable marriage, which he accepted gladly, and they got married the next week, and he brought her to Jonesville the following Monday.”

With George Ade for your guide, you may print. Neither in literature nor in life does the roam Egypt and other “ Pastures New (Mc- village grocery or the kitehen garden produce Clure, Phillips), laughing most of the time; but much mirth that is keen. Rural humor is a if you confine yourself to “Seeing France with sleepy thing. “Samantha vs. Josiah” forms a Uncle John” (Century), you will try to laugh blissful exception to the woeful rule. oftener than you will succeed. In fact, after reading a volume by Mark Twain or Marie

MARINE AND MISCELLANEOUS. Corelli it is difficult even to smile over one by Though their quality be not amazing high, Anne Warner, let alone two by Anne Warner, the quantity of books concerning the briny monwho also publishes another set of “Susan ster leaves no room for complaint. Firstly, we

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A LATE PICTURE OF RUDYARD KIPLING.

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humor and pathos with sympathetic feeling in the two papas on board, themselves ex-orna“ The Tides of Barnegat” (Scribner). But ments of the Royal Navy. Capture, Wrath, tempora mutantur, and we change with them, so Pardon, Marriage, etc. A marriage tragically that Mr. Macphail's rigorous, angular, somber foredoomed to be fatal,-since contracted beOld and New England Puritans of the seven- tween a brother and a sister ignorant of their teenth century throw one into a totally different relationship and so remaining until after the mental and moral atmosphere; “ The Vine of birth of children,-provides the theme for Sibmah” comes from the Macmillan establish- "Gray Mist” (Harper); but the anonymous ment, and it should be noted that the author is author's ideas of Breton, or any life, entirely already known by his " Essays in Puritanism.” preclude meritorious novelistic composition. A private yacht off to the West Indies, and its The greatly gifted German Frenssen's “ Hillicrew there recovering a treasure sunk in a lake, genlei” has been admirably translated by Mary --this theme is worked upon by Phillpotts and Agnes Hamilton under the title of “Holyland Bennett. The “Doub

(Dana Estes). With loons'' (McClure,

people of Phillips) in question

Schleswig coast town were, however, of

for its characters, this modern coinage, since

book has a religious this specie was Rus

purpose, though desian government

parting very radically money that had man

from the orthodox aged to lose itself

views held respecting during the war with

the Christian religion Japan. Those who

and its founder. Herr prefer colder latitudes

Pastor Frenssen's may sail up to the

novel of dissent is Bay of Fundy, where

strong, far too strong C. G. D. Roberts ex

for babes and suckhibits, with pleasant

lings, or, in fact, for scenic touches and

adult children. neat character sketch

Enough said ! ing, some peculiarities

We still have to of a region and com

mention a few miscelmunity very unlike

lanea. Jack London's those near the Bav of

vigorously, one might New York. L. C.

say ferociously, picPage & Co. publish

turesque White Mr. Roberts' novel,

Fang” shows how a “ The Heart That

wild animal,-half Knows”, at Boston.

wolf, half dog,—may Yet further north,

become domesticated. among the fisherfolk,

“ White Fang” is Esquimaux, and mis

really “The Call of sionaries of Labrador,

the Wild ” reversed, conditions still more

and is likewise done unusual prevail,

in this author's best one may see from W. T. Grenfell's “Off the WHITE FANG TORE WILDLY AROUND, TRYING TO

style, which is more

than can be said for Rocks,” printed by SHAKE OFF THE BULLDOG'S BODY."

his recent volume of The Sunday School Illustration (reduced) from“ White Fang."

short stories, called Times Company,

"Moon Face." Mr. Philadelphia. Some

London's books people in Labrador get one mail year. published by the Macmillans. Chippinge BorOtherwise, communication with the outside ough,” which happens to be a rotten ” borough world is so irregular that when Doctor Gren- of the '30's, furnishes Stanley Weyman with rofell, surgeon and missionary, told a man about mantic occasion, while McClure, Phillips & Co. the great Japanese victory over Russia's Baltic add their name to his on the title page. To a Acet, he was asked: “Who be those Japans, borough that is still rotten, the borough of ManDoctor?

hattan, comes young“Don-a-Dreams” (CenThe Trials of Commander McTurk” vin- tury), from simple Canada. He goes on the dicates Cutcliffe Hyne's reputation as a spinner stage, and it takes him some time to find out that of jolly nautical yarns, easy to read and hard in Noo Yawk things are not always what they to quit. W. Clark Russell, another veteran sea seem. But he keeps his (imported) ideals and cook of stories, reels off “ The Yarn of Old poetic feelings, and at last becomes a famous Harbor Town (Jacobs), assuming the affair playwright. to have happened in Nelson's day. A reckless E. Nesbit's satirical way of looking at life lieutenant abducts a very lively and not very makes “ The Incomplete Amorist” (Doubleday, unwilling young lady in a fast sailing brig. Page) an amusing book, and Clarence Underwhich is pursued by a still faster ship with wood embellishes it with agreeable drawings.

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EDITED BY ALBERT SHAW.

CONTENTS FOR FEBRUARY, 1907.

President James McCrea of the The Longfellow Centenary.... 173 Pennsylvania Railroad.......Frontispiece

By Frank Gaylord Cook. The Progress of the World

With portraits and other illustrations. The Railroad Crisis...

131 Not Ready for Public Ownership.

131

Manufacturing in South America.... 177 Railroad Men Under Scrutiny..

131

By G. M. L. Brown and Franklin Adams. Plight of the Small Investor.

132

With illustrations. The Country Ahead of the Roads..

132 An Obsolete System....

132 The Civilizing Work of Modern A Suffering Country.. 133 Christian Missions...

190 As to Railroad Labor..

134

By Cyrus C. Adams. The Needs of the Crisis.

134

With illustrations. One Way to Raise Money.

136 The Investor's Standpoint.

136 The Baroness Burdett-Coutts........ 199 Conditions in the South...

137 Vastness of Corporation Interests..

137

By Joseph Bartlett Seabury. The Trusts Becoming More Solid..

137

With portrait
Accidents Due to Slovenly Management. 138
The Lumber Trust Under the Probe.

138

Swiss Open-Air Parliaments ”.... 205 The Forests and the Public...,

139

By W. G. Fitz-Gerald. The Coal Supply and the Government. 140

With illustrations. Canada and the United States ...

140 Bryce and Canada....

140 Italian Cotton-Growers in Arkansas 209 Root on the Tariff ..

141

By Alfred Holt Stone. Waterways in Demand..

141 Progress of Erie Canal Work.

141 The Merchant Marine Question..

Protecting the Farmer Against Fraud 213

142 Governor Hughes and Electoral Reform. 143

By John Phillips Street. State Legislation - New Features...

144 Taxing and Regulating the Corporations.

The Secret of Successful Motoring.. 217

145 The Kingston Earthquake...,

146

By M. C. Krarup.
Our Relations with Mexico and South America 147
Mr. Root's Visit to Ottawa...

148 Leading Articles of the MonthOur Differences with Canada

148 The President, California, and the Japanese... 220 Canada's Pressing Problems..

148 The Housing Problem in San Francisco.. 222 The British Parliament..

149

The “ Nebraska Man": A Primitive Type... 223 The French Republic and the Church

149 The Strain and Risk of Life in a Submarine.. 225 The German Election Campaign...

151 The $200,000,000 Tunnels of New York City 227 The “Chaos of Pacification" in Russia.. 152 The Great Jewish Invasion of New York.... 230 Elections for the Second Duma..

153 The “Chaos of Pacification" in Russia . ...232 What Stolypin Has Done ..

153 Siberia and the American Syndicate... 234 Sufferings of the Peasants.. 154 Constitutional Government in China.

236 Constitutional Persia Emerges.

154 The History and Religion of the Samaritans.. 238 The Indian National Congress.

155 Industrial Organization India's Only Hope.... 239 Japanese-American Friendship. 156 The Interurban Electric Railroad .

241 Washington, Lincoln, and Longfellow..... 156 The Telephone in Great Britain..

243 With portraits, cartoons, and other illustrations. Railroad Reports and the New Rate Law.... 245 Record of Current Events

Have the Germans Failed in East Africa?.... 247 157

Reasons for Anglo-German Friendship.. 248 With portrait.

Hard Lot of the Swiss Silk-Weavers. Some of the Current Cartoons....... 161 “Little Dorrit" As She Is To-Day.

251 James Bryce: British Ambassador.. 166

The Dangers in a Kiss ...

252
With portraits, map and other illustrations.
By W. T. Stead.
With portraits.
The New Books..

253

.. 250

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TERMS : $3.00 a year in advance ; 25 cents a number. Foreign postage $1.00 a year additional. Subscribers may

remit to us by post-office or express money orders, or by bank checks, drafts, or registered letters. Money in letters is at sender's risk. Renew as early as possible, in order to avoid a break in the receipt of the numbers. Bookdealers, Postmasters, and Newsdealers receive subscriptions. (Subscriptions to the English Review of REVIEWS, which is edited and published by Mr. W. T. Stead in London, may be sent to this office, and orders for single copies can also be filled, at the price of $2.50 for the yearly subscription, including postage, or 25

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Photograph by Gutekunst, Philade p a.

PRESIDENT JAMES MCCREA, OF THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD.

(Early last month Mr. James McCrea, at that time manager of the Pennsylvania lines west of Pittsburg, was chosen president of the entire system to succeed the late A. J. Cassatt. Mr. McCrea has been continuously in railroad work for a period of 42 years. Beginning as a rodman, he soon became an assistant engineer, in which capacity he entered the service of the Pennsylvania, in, 1871. He was rapidly advanced from one managerial position to another, and his organizing abilities quickly won recognition. Like his predecessor in the headship of the Pennsylvania, Mr. McCrea is first of all a railroad man, in the sense that he has all the equipment that only years of experience in the operating department can give, but he is also versed in the financial side of modern railroad management.)

REVIEW OF

OF REVIEWS

VOL. XXXV.

NEW YORK, FEBRUARY, 1907.

No. 2

THE PROGRESS OF THE WORLD.

The Railroad Crisis

Railroad
Men Under

The argument for government ditions to apply practical remedies. Governownership of railroads in the ment inquiry has disclosed the fact that in

United States has usually been spite of drastic laws and a perfectly clear debased upon the view that these highways of velopment of opinion as to the right and commerce are of public necessity and should wrong of the matter, the railroads have been be placed under public control to insure to continuing the general practice of rebates the citizen an equality of advantage in their and favoritism.

The principal argument against such governmental ownership has been the supe

The responsible railroad manrior practical efficiency of private direction

agers have for several years past

Scrutiny. and management. But unless conditions no

looked the country straight in the toriously prevalent just now should soon be face and declared that they were scrupuchanged for the better, the public-ownership lously obeying the laws against discriminaadvocates will become confident and aggres- tion. But when the Bureau of Corporations sive along a wholly new line of advance, and the Interstate Commerce Commission where they have heretofore been on the de- proceed to make investigations, and the Defensive. They will point to the complete partment of Justice takes an active hand in breaking down of efficiency in the actual the business, it turns out that by all sorts of business of transportation in this country, ingenious methods, direct and indirect, the and will begin to claim that the Government favored patrons of our railroads are aided could not possibly do things so badly and by the railroad officials to break down their would in all probability manage the roads competitors in business. The bigger element with a far higher degree of business efficiency. of railroad men,-it is often now asserted,

instead of attending to the practical business Not Ready for

Furthermore, they. will point to for which the stockholders are supposed to

the inability of the great railroad be paying them their salaries, are to be found Ownership.

managers to obtain the money in Wall Street and in the large New York they need to make absolutely necessary im- hotels, building up their private fortunes by provements, whereas the Government of the day, and pursuing their pleasures by night. United States could obtain almost unlimited The smaller fry of railroad officials have capital at half the rate of interest the rail- been the holders of stocks in coal companies, roads would be obliged to pay. It does not grain elevator companies, and other enterfollow that these new arguments will be con- prises along the line, and it would be absurd clusive. There is no evidence as yet to show to deny that as the prevailing rule such comthat the people of the United States, justly panies and enterprises have been favored with exasperated with the railroad managers as a supply of freight cars and other facilities they have become, are by any means prepared for doing business, when their competitors to throw the burden of railroad ownership and the general public have been denied. and administration upon the United States When things like this have been alleged Government. On the other hand, they will against railroad officials, they have turned heartily support the Government in its pres- their eyes to heaven with protestations ent policy of investigating abuses and trying against the injustice of such slanderous accu

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