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effort, has been, as he says, to deal with facts. The other paper is by Hon. David J. Hill, Assistant Secretary of State, and is entitled "The War and the Extension of Civilization." Mr. Hill approaches his subject from a new standpoint, and claims that the terms "imand "expansion" do not meet perialism the case. A more fitting phrase, he considers, to designate the aims and achievements of the nation is the "extension of civilization;" for it expresses the motive and controlling principle of the war and of the treaty, by which, when ratified, it is to be concluded. Hon. Charles Denby contributes to the same number some further arguments Why the Treaty should be ratified."

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The "Writer" for February opens with two practical articles entitled "On Writing Fun" and "A Writer's Tool-chests." In the department headed "Writers of the Day" personal information is given about L. C. Bradford, Annie Eliza Brand, Abel Farewell Brown, Alice Learned Bunner, Madge Sutherland Clarke, Clara Dixon Cowell, Helen A. Hawley, Florence Hotchkiss, Gertrude Evans King, Julie M. Lippman, Lafayette McLaws, Geraldine Merrick, Edwin T. Reed, Evaleen Stein, and Susan Hartley Swett, all recent contributors to leading magazines. The price of "The Writer" is ten cents a number, or one dollar a year. It is published by the Writer Publishing Company, P. O. Box 1905,

Boston.

COPYRIGHT LAW.

(From The Globe, Feb. 25, 1899.)

One would have thought that the views of Hall Caine, Sir Martin Conway and other well-known British authors, as published in the English papers, would have done away forever with the idea that Canadians were piratical in their tendencies so far as literary property was concerned. Unfortunately, such an educated gentleman as the editor of Literature still seems to have such an idea. In an editorial in a recent issue of his journal he makes certain statements which require some attention. He says:" At present a United States author can secure protection in Canada by printing in Great Britain, or in any part of the British dominions." That is true, but it is not the whole truth. As a matter of fact, the United States author can and does obtain protection in Canada by printing his work in the United States, sending a few copies to London, and publishing his book simultaneously in the United States and the United Kingdom. On the other hand, the Canadian author can obtain protection in the United States only by printing his work in the United States. Is not such a one-sided arrangement most unjust and unfair to Canadians? Again, the editor of Literature "The trouble, it is well known, arises because the men who propose to profit by the annexation of literary property are also the proprietors of the great Canadian newspapers." This will surely raise a smile at the expense of the editor in question from the proprietors of the great Cana

says:-"

dian newspapers. There is not a word of truth in such a statement. Is it not really too bad to have the editor of a leading literary journal thus misrepresent Canadian affairs?

Let it not be supposed that Canadians have secured their present copyright privileges without agitation. On the contrary, the struggle to secure them has been a long and bitter one. The Imperial Act of 1842 granted copyright throughout the British dominions to any work first published in the United Kingdom. In the course of time it was discovered that a work first published in a British color y did not enjoy copyright in the United Kingdom but only in the colony where first published. This, of course, was most unfair to the colonists; but great bodies move slowly, and it was not

until 186, forty-four years after the passing of the original act that the claims of the colonists were recognized and the Imperial act amended, placing first publication in a colony on the same footing as first publication in the United Kingdom. Other points in this connection cannot be touched on here, owing to lack of space.

Let our fellow-subjects in the United Kingdom understand that Canadians desire

fair treatment to all. Canadians do not desire the gratuitous services of foreign authors, as insinuated by the editor of Literature. While, as Canadians, we insist on the right to make our own copyright act, we are quite in favor of an Imperial copyright act as long as our interests are protected. The new copyright bill introduced by Lord Herschell into the British House of Lords last year is a good illustration of how the interests of Canadians are not protected.

The first section of Lord Herschell's bill reads as follows:

The author of an original literary or artistic work first published in any part of her Majesty's dominions, or first published simultaneously therein and elsewhere, shall have copyright in his work throughout her Majesty's dominions, whether he is or is not a British subject.”

Contrast this proposed law with the present law. Under the present Imperial law, first publication of a work in the United Kingdom secures copyright for the work throughout her Majesty's dominions.

But in order to secure both Imperial and United States copyright, the publishers of the United States have to publish first in the United States and first in the United Kingdom. It is presumed that simultaneous publication in each country is equivalent to first publication in each country.

Lord Herschell's new bill makes this point more definite. He proposes in effect that first or simultaneous publication in any part of her Majesty's dominions shall secure copyright for the work throughout her Majesty's dominions.

Another point is worthy of consideration. At the present time the Imperial act is not quite clear as to who may secure copyright in the United Kingdom. It is certain that a British subject, and probably that an alien, is entitled to copyright. The United Kingdom has an international copyright convention with France and other countries. The United Kingdom is also a member of the Berne Copyright Convention. The United States has steadily refused to enter into an international copyright convention with the United Kingdom. Nor will the United States enter the Berne Convention.

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"The author of an original literary or artistic work first produced and published in any part of her Majesty's dominions, or first produced and published in any country included in the Berne Convention, or first produced and published simultaneously in any country included in the Berne Convention and in any country not included in the Berne Convention, shall have copyright in his work throughout her Majesty's dominions, whether he is or is not a British subject."

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In this section the word "produced would mean printing and binding, or otherwise producing the work in question.

With some such amendment as this to the first section, and some attention to minor sections, we should have a true Imperial act without sacrificing Canadian interests. Of course, there is always the possibility of the Canadian Parliament passing a Canadian copyright act to protect Canadian interests, no matter what bill the Imperial Parliament may pass, for which let us be thankful. It is doubtful, however, if any better solution of the difficulty can be offered than that embodied in the agreement between the Canadian Copyright Association and Mr. Hall Caine, or a bill based on that agreement. In reality there should be no more friction between Imperial and Canadian interests over this copyright question than there is over banking, patent and other questions.

RICHARD T. LANCEFIELD. Public Library, Hamilton, Feb. 20, '99.

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"Red books-that is to say, books in red covers," was his reply.

And he proceeded to explain : “Of course, there are a few people who know about books, and insist on having the book they want without reference to the color of the binding; but the great mass of our customers judge by appearances. Drab books and gray books and brown books they won't have anything to do with; green books will pass; blue books sell a shade better; but red books always find a market. You can have no idea, unless you're in the trade, what a difference it makes to a book to be bound in red."

FAMOUS NAMES IN NEW YORK CITY.

A correspondent of " 'Literature," published by Harper & Brothers, culls the following interesting literary news from the pages of the New York City Directory:

Reference to the New York City Directory for 1898 and 1899 discloses the interesting fact that there is at present but one Andrew Lang dwelling in the metropolis, and he, singularly enough, is set down as a "polisher." On the other hand there are two Thomas Hardys, one of them in dry goods and the other a "cleaner"; seven George Moores, who are gifted apparently as firemen, musicians, clerks and bricklayers; and twelve William Watsons, whose talents range from night-watching through brokerage to sign-painting. It is interesting to note, too, in this connection that New York has one Shakspere, however badly off she may be in the matter of original playwrights; no Thackerays; two Dickenses; and twenty-one Byrons, all engaged in pursuits other than poetry, although one of them is a gilder.

FRENCH POLITENESS.

"In the reading-room of the Bibliothèque Nationale, as in that of most large public libraries, the behavior of readers is the subject of censure from time to time," says "Literature," published by Harper & Brothers. "One grievance is that they keep their seats with their hats, and wander

away to amuse themselves elsewhere, with absolute sans-gêne; another is that readers whose desks are uncomfortably crowded with their books use their neighbors' desks as hat stands without asking leave. Such a practice is obviously unworthy of philosophers, and inconsistent with the traditions of the politest people in the world; and one can only wonder that, if persisted in in the face of protest, it does not sometimes result in damage to the hat. Among brutal Anglo-Saxons it would be liable to do so. On the other hand, the absence of any complaint of readers who surreptitiously munch sandwiches over large paper editions, or who fall asleep and are caught snoring over their labors, may indicate that, in certain of the 'minor morals,' the advantage is with the French."

THE CARE OF BOOKS.

An enthusiastic book lover once upon a time, we are told, cancelled his engagement to a most estimable lady because she had marked a borrowed book. He took the high moral ground that "a person capable of such an act of piracy could not be loyal to any constitutional estate." He might perhaps have gone further and argued that such an offensive intrusion of her opinions boded no good for the future peace of the domestic circle. A friend may not borrow our garments and alter them to suit his physical peculiarities, and then return them to us unrebuked-and yet our books come back to our homes so charged with the per

sonality of the borrower that we have an uncomfortable sense of invading privacy when we turn the pages. It is not our book any longer-that alien volume that emphasizes what we prefer to slight, and calls attention in black lines to the very points we would ignore, and at best chatters mental confidences in which we have no interest. The law declares that our property shall not be wantonly defaced and the offender go free, but there is no redress for the interlarded volume with its adjectives and exclamation points or queries.

To remedy evils of this kind Richard de Bury founded a library at Durham College in the university of Oxford during the fourteenth century. He organized a most elaborate system of lending books, and, while acting as librarian, was assisted by a corps of bookbinders, for he held that the proper care of covers was an important item for the reader to learn. From time to time he burst into awful rages at the careless folk who then as now had no conscience in the matter of book-handling. In more vigorous Saxon than now obtains he sketched the following portrait, which, allowing for the changes in men and manners which five centuries have brought, applies with equal force to a certain class of borrowers to-day. He writes: "You will perhaps see a stiffnecked youth lounging sluggishly in his study while the frost pinches him in winter time. For such a one I would substitute a cobbler's apron in the place of his book. He has a nail like a giant's, perfumed with a stinking odor, with which he points out

Gage's Fiction Series.

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Two Men of Mendip.

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Hugh Gwyeth.

A Roundhead Cavalier. By BULAH MARIE DIX.

This is a capital stirring novel of war and adventure which has the double advantage of appealing, not only to adults, but also to the youth and mature girl. It is a well constructed plot and the story interest is increasingly strong, which quality is almost a supreme test of good fiction. The period is that of Charles I., as the title shows. The characters of the story are clear-cut, well sustained and with interesting individualities, while the novel itself is emphatically one of action and incident. Its atmosphere, its color and phrasing all belong to those great years in English History which witnessed the struggle between Cromwellian and Stuart forces. Cloth, $1.25. Paper, 75 cents.

The W. J. GAGE CO., (Limited) Publishers, TORONTO.

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the place of any pleasant subject. He distributes innumerable straws in various places, with ends in sight, that he may recall by the mark what his memory cannot retain. These straws, which the stomach of the book cannot digest-verily volumes had life for De Bury !-and which nobody takes out, at first distend the book from its accustomed closure, and, being carelessly left to oblivion, at last become putrid. He is not ashamed to eat fruit and cheese over an open book, and to transfer his empty cup from side to side upon it, and because he has not his alms-boy at hand, he leaves the rest of the fragments in his book."-Harper's Bazar.

Mr. William Laird Clowes, in his introduction to the third volume of the "History of the Royal Navy" (Little, Brown & Co.), gives expression to the following generous sentiment:

"This book has much to say concerning the beginnings and the early exploits of the United States Navy, which in the days of Hull and Decatur proved itself to be as capable and chivalrous an opponent as Great Britain ever had to meet upon the seas, and which since and not only in the days of Tatnall has shown itself as true and loyal a friend to Britain and her navy in peace time as it was a gallant foe in war. I cannot, therefore, refrain from expressing here a sentiment which in the course of the late short but brilliant struggle must have welled up often in the heart of many a Briton. We triumph wherever the race wins fresh glories; and we feel proud in the thought that the victory has been gained by men speaking our speech, bearing our names, sharing our blood, and inspired by the traditions bequeathed equally to both nations

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Interest Tables, at 4. 5. 6. 7, 8. and 10% per annum, by Napoleon Matte. 5th edition. Price $3.00. Three Per Cent Interest Tables, by the same author. On fine toned paper, and strongly bound. Price $3.00. Interest Table and Book of Days combined, at 3. 32. 4: 5. 5, 6, 7 and 8% per annum, by Charles M. C Hughes. Price $5.00. Supplementary Interest Tables, comprising a special interest table for daily balances, also comparative interest tables for obtaining interest at any rate from % to 10%. By Charles M. C. Hughes. Price $2.00 net. Savings Bank Interest Tables, at 3 or 32% (each on separate card), calculated on the basis of 1 month, being 1/12 part of a year, by Charles M. C. Hughes. Price $1.00.

Buchan's Sterling Exchange Tables, advancing by 8ths and 16ths, with other useful tables. 2nd edition. Price $4.00.

Buchan's Sterling Equivalents and Exchange Tables. Price $4.00.

Oates' Sterling Exchange Tables, from 1⁄2 of 1% to 12%, advancing by 8ths. Price $2.00.

Stock Investors' Hand-Book of Rates, showing what rate of income is derivable from investments in stock paying any rate of dividend, from 3 to 16%, when bought at any price from 50 to 300. Price 50c. Equivalent Quotations, New York into Canada, advancing by 4 cents, less brokerages, and other tables. Price $1.50.

The Importers' Guide, a hand-book of advances on Sterling Costs in Decimal Currency from one Penny to one thousand Pounds, with a Flannel Table, by R. Campbell and J. W. Little. Cloth, 75c.; Leather, $1.00.

The Customs and Excise Tariff, with list of Warehousing Ports in the Dominion. The Franco-Canadian Treaty, etc., and also a Table of the Value of Francs in English money, Harbour Dues, etc., etc., and many other useful items. Cap. 8vo, Cloth, soc.

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Toronto.

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ENGRAVERS
DESIGNERS Carbon Papers.

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by Howard, Drake, Hawkins, Blake, Boscawen and Hawke. Not to us has it fallen in these recent years to illustrate those traditions and to add to them fresh epics. Yet, since our brothers of the New World have shown themselves at Manila and Santiago the same men that they were at Mobile and New Orleans, we are surely justified in hoping that we, should the hour for action come again, shall be able to prove that our branch of the old stock retains, in a similar manner, the old grit and the old sea virtues."

Fine editions are the refuge of the bibliophil from the cheapness of the age. Here, for instance, is one that T. Fisher Unwin, London, is about to issue of "The Last Days of Percy Bysshe Shelley." It does

Try our Special Non-filling Ribbons and Copyable Carbon Paper. Samples on Application.

14 and 16 Johnson St., Telephone No. 1829. TORONTO.

not assure the reader of a hundred pounds if he comes to grief in a railway carriage while perusing it. It has no coupon attached to it securing for the possessor a remote interest in a bicycle or a freehold house. It is just a book for the sake of those who like to contemplate and handle pretty and comely things. As for its contents, it will be remembered that they correct from the mouths of living witnesses certain erroneous impressions about the cremation of Shelley for which Trelawny was responsible.

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ROLL PAPERS, ALL WIDTHS, ALWAYS IN STOCK.

CANADA PAPER COMPANY, Limited, TORONTO.

WM. BARBER & BROS.

PAPER MAKERS

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Book, News and Colored Papers.

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....Musson's New Publications....

Anglo-Saxon Superiority: To What It Is Due.

By EDMOND DEMOLINS.

Translated from the French 10th Edition by Louis Bret Lavigne.

Cloth, 12mo, $1.25; Paper, 12mo, 75c.

:

: Trade Price, Paper, 55c; Cloth, 75c.

M. Demolins became famous one week after publication of his book. Within two months it had attained its fifth edition, and the strange thing is that, while it contained at once an accusation and a confession which must have deeply wounded French sensibilities, the arrangement, painful as it was, seems to have provoked no anger.

Just at this time, when the Anglo-Saxon is forging to the front as he never did before, the book makes good reading for Canadians. For ourselves, who have long held that the future of the world lies with the Saxon, we are grateful to M. Demolins for a new assurance that the best future of the Saxon and of every other race will be assured by the continued superiority of the Anglo-Saxon.

Captain Satan; or, The Adventure of Cyrano de Bergerac.

Translated from the French of Louis Gallat by Hattie E. Miller.
(This is not the play, but the story of Cyrano.)
Illustrated paper edition, 75c.; cloth, $1.25. Trade price-
Paper, 55c.; cloth, 85c.

An Enemy to the King.

From the recently discovered Memoirs of the Sieur de la Tournoire. By Robert Neilson Stephens. Illustrated by H. De M. Young. An historical romance of the sixteenth century, describing the adventures of a young French nobleman at the Court of Henry IV. and on the field with Henry of Navarre. Paper edition, 75c.; cloth, $1.25. Trade price-Paper, 55c.; cloth, 85c.

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THE BOOK OF THE MONTH.

DAVID HARUM

BY

EDWARD NOYES WESTCOTT.

Cloth, $1.25. Paper, 75 Cents.

Philadelphia Item: We give Edward Noyes Westcott his true place in American letters-placing him as a humorist next to
Mark Twain, as a master of dialect above Lowell, as a descriptive writer equal to Bret Harte, and, on the whole, as a novelist on
a par with the best of those who live and have their being in the heart of hearts of American readers. If the author is dead-
lamentable fact-his book will live.

The N.Y. Critic: David Harum is a masterly delineation of an American type.

There is life with all its joys and sorrows.

David Harum lives in these pages as he will live in the mind of the reader. . He deserves to be known by all good
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The Boston Literary World: True, strong and thoroughly alive, with a humor like that of Abraham Lincoln and a nature
as sweet at the core. The spirit of the book is genial and wholesome, and the love story is in keeping with it.
The book
adds one more to the interesting list of native fiction destined to live, portraying certain localities and types of American life and

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