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GENTLEMEN:

TORONTO, Apr. 20, 1899.

We are highly pleased with the nice orders you have been sending us lately, and we think they show that the general condition of things throughout Canada is greatly improving. We have had some nice lines from the North West, and the Maritime Provinces are doing their share, and Quebec has not been backward. Ontario has held her own as a book-buyer as a matter of course-in fact, Ontario is, if anything, a reader. If a good book comes out she wants it every time.

Now, we want to say a word or two about some things we are bringing out at the present time. We know you are always on the alert for good things, and we want you to have the chance of getting them, in fact, our business is to get them for you, and, though you may not realize it, we are keeping watch day and night on your behalf for something coming above the horizon in the way of a good and saleable book.

In a short time we shall be ready to supply you with W. T. Stead's "United States of Europe," to retail in your store for one-fifty, and your customers will be glad to get it for the money-if they went to the U. S. they would have to pay two dollars for it. You know Stead? He is the greatest newspaper pusher on the top of the earth, but there's lots to him, and whatever he gets together is downright interesting. Now, this book on the "United States of Europe," is based on a trip round Europe he took last fall, and we can tell you he saw some people worth talking to. He wanted to find out what people thought of the U. S. starting out on the expansion war-path at the same time that the Emperor of Russia was suggesting that everybody should beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into etc. He's got pictures in this book to beat the band-well, he's got thirty-two pages of beautiful illustrations besides eight or nine maps, and his photographs are up-to-date, and among them. are the pivotal men and women of the world to-day. You have some customers who are

intelligent fellows enough, but they are shaky and hazy as to recent events, movements, doings of people, etc. Show them this book and they'll buy it like a shot. Send in your orders early as the number we have is limited and will be snapped up.

Everything depends on hitting the right class of buyer with the right book. Now, you know the sort of party that comes shyly looking around for a present for a feminine acquaintance, something that will be a little tender and sentimental but not too warm, a nice little bunch-ofviolets thing that the sternest parent can't object to and yet will be enough out of the prosaic to suit the purpose. Show him Paul Laurence Dunbar's" Lyrics of the Hearthside" at one-twenty-five. Why, the very getup of the book is attractive. Of course if he's a little bit farther gone, show him that delightful de luxe thing "In the Forest of Arden" at twotwenty-five. There's lots of gilt on that gingerbread.

Of course you're selling "Dooley" to the people who have a sense of humor-the people with faces as long as a Sunday School form may look askance at it, but it's as clean as a whistle and contains a large number of hearty laughs. And you will sell many a half dozen of "A Ken of Kipling" at fifty and seventyfive cents; the cloth is wonderful value and the portrait of Kipling sells the book.

We need scarcely mention Conan Doyle's new book "A Duet with an Occasional Chorus" -there's music in that, and not of the decadent, patchouli-scented, fleshly kind, either. At onefifty and seventy-five this will be a seller.

Our "Florin Series" has been a hit everywhere, and is taking its place as an article the quality of which may be depended on. Every month in this series you have the freshest and best fiction for fifty cents. Our last issue is "Moran of the Lady Letty," by Frank Norris, and it is a star number. Look out for the "Amateur Cracksman."

Now, let us know if there is anything we can do to assist you in getting these things properly Yours very truly,

out.

GEORGE N. MORANG & COMPANY

LIMITED.

VOL. XII.]

THE

AND LIBRARY JOURNAL.

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The United States is a great and glorious Republic; but its citizens do love royalty. With their usual enterprise Harper & Brothers have secured the services of Julian Ralph, to make an extended tour of India, with the object of preparing a series of letters describing the new and splendid state of Lord and Lady Curzon, the Viceroy of India and his wife. The letters are announced for early publication in "Harper's Weekly," under the title "An American Sovereign." They will be fully illustrated. These letters from India are sure to be of interest to the general reader.

There is need to elevate the standard of some people's reading. A child of 12 recently presented a slip at a public library

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TORONTO, APRIL, 1899.

asking for one of the following books: Peg, the Rake," "A Woman In It," Kitty, the Rag." Asked who the book was for, the reply was "For my elder sister." Asked why the sister did not come herself for the book, the reply was: 66 Because she can't; she works in the cotton mills." A book of a grade somewhat higher than those asked for was picked out by the library assistant, and the child departed quite happy on being told that her sister would enjoy it better than any of those that she had asked for. The assistant, however, had her doubts on that point, although she hoped that the sister would enjoy the selection made for her.

Some publishers lose fortunes in the books they accept, and some lose fortunes in books they decline. Of the latter are the two American firms who were offered Westcott's great story, David Harum," in the manuscript, but did not accept it. The American publisher seems rather less venturesome than his English fellow. He prefers fighting shy of an author till his name is made, and then he sets after him hot-foot. Kipling was refused by the American magazines until, accepted by the English, his name was made, and then the editors could not get enough of him. The only writer who seems to have free and unlimited access to the magazines to the south is the perpetrator of articles on "Our Recent War"and the heroes in that marvellous struggle are trotted out for daily exercise before the eyes of their admiring and credulous coun trymen.

Samuel E. Dawson, the Queen's Printer, in reviewing the work of the Government Printing Bureau during the first decade of its existence, says that nowhere else in the world is there a service equal to the Hansard service at Ottawa. "It is taken now as a matter of course, but there is nothing like it done elsewhere." This is something that But Dr. Canadians may well be proud of. Dawson should be careful. According to the new criticism introduced in the "Review of Historical Publications," edited by Professor Wrong and Mr. Langton, Canadians are liable to make themselves ridiculous in the eyes of the world if they are proud of anything that redounds to the credit of Canadians. Surely an emphatic

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protest should be entered against this new criticism. Canadians will not make themselves ridiculous by being proud of something that is a credit to Canada.

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These be the days of the Index. Not only should every book have a good index; but even the daily papers should be indexed. "The Globe" and "Mail and Empire" are the two leading papers of Canada. "The Globe" already gives an index of But leading features in each day's issue. could we not urge on both papers to give a complete synopsis of each day's issue. The London Times" gives such an index daily ; a similar index for the Canadian papers would be a great improvement. Dealers have frequent enquiries for a copy of one or other of these papers, containing an article or a letter on a certain subject. If each copy had an index it would be a matter of only a few minutes to find the particular date desired. As it is, every page of each issue must be scanned if the customer is to be obliged. Such a daily index would also be of great convenience to literary workers and readers generally. We trust the editors will act on our suggestion.

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CUTTING PRICES.

The question of selling books less than the published price has long been a vexed question in England as well as in Canada and the United States. How to remedy it is the problem. Some stores are carrying it to a senseless extreme. For instance, Appletons publish Conan Doyle's new book, A Duet," at $1.50 for the United States. Some of the departmental stores in the United States are advertising this book at $1. Large buyers can probably buy this book at 90 cents; but what a farce to sell a book for $1 that costs 90 cents net, to which net cost must be added a percentage for freight or express charges. But departmental stores are not the only offenders in this matter. Some Canadian booksellers are just as stupid, as is shown by the following illustration: The Copp, Clark Company publish "The Span o' Life," at 75 cents in paper cover. The Toronto depart.

mental stores offer this book at 65 cents, and, of course, the booksellers there have to follow suit. But the booksellers of Hamilton, where the departmental stores do not

handle the new books, go Toronto one better, and freely advertise the book at 60 cents a copy. If the book costs 50 or 55 cents net, in Toronto, one can see what a suicidal policy it is to waste good money in advertising to sell it for 60 cents. Some years ago the Canadian trade would not handle the books of Canadian publishers because such a small discount was allowed

off the retail price. Now that Canadian publishers are allowing a good discount off the retail price, the booksellers are almost worse off, because they have started in to cut one another's throats, metaphorically speaking. Gentlemen of the book trade, don't you think it is more than time to stop such a stupid practice?

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ARCHIBALD LAMPMAN.

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'Just a year ago," says Bernard McEvoy, in the Mail and Empire, "I called at the Post-Office Department at Ottawa, to see Archibald Lampman, and was told that he was unwell, and had not been to the office for some weeks. " That is his desk,' said my informant, and I looked at it across the office, with a good deal of interest, taking in at a glance the business habitat in which our dead Canadian poet spent so many of his precious hours. There was his chairvacant; and around me was the prosaic routine of a busy Government department, in which there is much continuous coming and going, and the attrition of dusty feet, and but little of that ten-to-four otium cum dignitate which is supposed to abide in some Government offices. An enquiry was made as to whether anybody in the office knew when Lampman' was expected to be there again, but nobody, it appeared, did know, and I sought him at his home. He received me in a simply-furnished upstairs room--I think it was a children's room, and there was a gentle, resigned air about him, which spoke of failing strength, and pulses beating but feebly. There was no trace of querulous repining; on the contrary, much quiet dignity and sweetness in his mien, as though he were quite at peace, and was just waiting and resting for a time. He had the face of an artist, framed with brown, gently curling hair and beard, and the simplicity and goodness of a child. When the end came the other day, I thought much of this interview, and was glad that, if only for so short a time, I had conversed with one whose name as a Canadian poet will have a lasting place in literature. The special and complete edition of Lampman's works which some friends of his have taken in hand to produce, of whom the executive representatives are Dr. S. E. Dawson, F.R.S.C.; Mr. W. D. LeSueur, and Mr. Duncan Campbell Scott, should be bought by all who are interested in poetic literature, and in the Canadian department of it, of which Lampman

It will be in one

was so bright an ornament. volume of 400 to 500 pages, and will be printed in excellent style and on good paper. It will be edited by the late poet's most inintimate friend, Mr. Duncan Campbell Scott, and will contain a portrait of Lampman, and also a short biographical sketch. A fac simile of a sonnet in his own hand will also be included, and the price of the volume has been fixed at $2.25. The gentlemen whose names have been given, and whose address is Ottawa, say in their circular:—

"This somewhat unusual method of direct application has been adopted in order to secure to the widow the full and entire return without deduction or discount of any kind whatever. The undersigned are attending to this work solely as a tribute to the memory of a departed friend, and in aid of his family. There are friends also concerned who wish to be nameless, but it is necessary that some names should appear as responsible for the undertaking. It will not be possible to employ canvassers to solicit subscriptions. Those who have taken the initiative in the matter feel confident that there are many who "strictly meditate the thankless muse" who will assist in sending in subscribers' names, and they believe there are many men busily engaged in important undertakings and reaping the wellearned rewards of more remunerative callings who have the love of letters at heart, and will not grudge the few moments necessary to fill up the enclosed form for copies not only for themselves, but for their friends.

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In this hope we make our appeal, trusting that the response will be prompt and generous, and that a lasting memorial may be established to one whose name, highly honored as it is to-day, is destined, we believe, to greater honor in the future.'"

Now this is all very well, but it stands to reason that if this book is to have such a general sale as it deserves, it must be put into the hands of a publisher, and reach the trade in the usual way. Otherwise it will, we fear, only meet the fate of other books, which, being published in a benevolent basis, and not receiving the amount of push that professional energy is alone capable of, fail to reach the high-water mark. It is not that the motives of the promoters of such books are not as pure as crystal, but the. tendency of such things, as time goes on, is to prove that no honorary committee ever does such effective work as a business house We hope, however, that the poetry of the lamented Lampman may be the exception that proves the rule.

Robert Barr's next book will be a close companion to his recent and most successful novel, "Tekla." Its title is to be "The Strong Arm," and it has to do with "good fighting," along the Rhine and the Moselle. It is to be published in May.

New Books.

A new story, by E. F. Benson, "The Money Market," is announced for early issue by William Briggs.

"Pansy's" new story, "Yesterday Framed in To-day," will be published in the three countries on the 15th instant.

Funk & Wagnalls Company, New York, has published "The American Colonial Handbook," by T. Campbell-Copeland. 16mo, flexible cloth, price 50 cents.

The date for simultaneous publication in Great Britain, Canada, and the United States, of Mrs. Kingsley's new story, "The Cross Triumphant," has been changed from the 15th to the 24th of April. William Briggs will issue the book in paper and in

cloth.

While the American public are paying $1.75 for Mr. Howells' latest and most notable novel, the W. J. Gage Co. are issuing an equally attractive edition containing all the illustrations found in the American edition at a very much lower price, namely 75c.

in paper and $1.25 cloth. "The Ragged Lady" is said by competent judges to be the best work Mr. Howells has yet done, and we predict for it a very wide sale.

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Benj. R. Tucker, of New York, has published The Ballad of Reading Gaol," by C.3.3. (Oscar Wilde). It is a poem of more than 600 lines, dedicated to the memory of a trooper of the Horse Guards who was hanged in the gaol during Wilde's imprisonment there, and depicts the terrible sensations of the author and his fellowprisoners before and after the execution. C. 3. 3. was the poet's prison number. The poem makes a neat booklet of 44 pages, price 10 cents.

"Hugh Gwyeth," a Roundhead Cavalier, is a stirring tale, and aside from its literary merit is a credit to the publishers because of the artistic form in which they have produced it. To those who love a thrilling story of war and adventure, such as Stanley Weyman has made us familiar with, we can heartily recommend "Hugh Gwyeth."

The Toronto "Globe," in a very appreciative review of this book, says that the author's is not a familiar name, and her work comes unheralded by the extravagant terms which commonly commend such publications. These are but transient embargoes on success, for the story is a fascinating one and loses not a whit of its interest to maturer minds by reason of its protagonist being a boy. It appeals to a set of sympathies rarely enlisted by adventurers in this field of fiction in its portrayal of charming devo

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Martyrs of Empire," by Herbert C. MacIlwaine. In "Martyrs of Empire" Mr. MacIlwaine has given us one of the best stories of the Australian back blocks that we have had the pleasure of handling for a long while past. Dinkinbar is the name of a station on which an exquisite young man and his friend have gone to try for themselves the the chances of success at cattlefarming. The exquisite has a sister at home between whom and the friend a very good understanding exists, and when the brother returns sick of his experiences, and inclined to mock at his sturdy Uncle Joseph, the owner of Dinkinbar, and the sister goes out in his place, we have a very good idea of what is to follow. Unfortunately for Susie, and Ned himself for that matter, there are obstacles, chiefly in the shape of a comely black girl, in the way of a natural and sympathetic relationship between the former lovers, and the situation becomes almost tragic before the way is cleared for a mutual understanding and the burying of the past. As a story pure and

simple, "Martyrs of Empire" is not so much out of the common, though it deserves recognition for the simple and natural lines on which it is laid down, as well as for the amount of entertainment it affords. But Mr. MacIlwaine has qualities of more lasting importance to impart to his book, his pictures of life and nature in the great "out back" of Australia, his descriptions of familiar station scenes and incidents, and, above all, his masterly handling of a man's mood under the powerful influences of the silence and solitude of the bush make his Martyrs of Empire" a notable addition to the works of fiction which are rapidly familiarizing us with every part of the globe, from the great north ice tracts to the Antipodes. Geo. McLeod, Toronto; paper, 50c.; cloth, $1.25.

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From the pen of the Deputy Minister of Education for Ontario, Mr. John Milar, B.A, we have had a number of books of real value. His work on "School Management" is one of the best extant on this subject. His Books: a Guide to Good Reading," gives, in addition to wise and discriminative advice as to what and how to read, carefully prepared lists of books suited to the capacities of various grades of readers from the nursery period up.

Mr. Millar has just completed a treatise on Civil Government in Canada, which he | entitles "Canadian Citizenship; " and which will be issued early in May by William Briggs. A glance through the contents shows this to be a comprehensive treatment of the subject, and one that fills well a want long felt. The opening chapters deal with the Government of Self, of the Family, and of the School; then follow discussion of the Rights and Duties of Citizens, the Nature and Forms of Government, and a chapter on Patriotism. The Government of the Empire, of the Dominion, and of the Provinces, and Municipal Government, are taken up in turn, and followed by chapters on the Educational Institutions, the Judicial System, Taxation, Wealth, Political Parties, and closing with a discussion of Twentieth Century Problems. It is hardly creditable that

while in the United States there have been scores of books issued on the ethics of citi

zenship, we have up to the present time had not one in Canada. The thought suggests itself that if some one or two of the subjects now taught in our public and high schools were dropped, and a study of the rights and duties of citizenship taken up instead, it would lead to a vastly more intelligent and more honest electorate in the future. Mr. Millar's work cannot be too widely circulated.

SCOTTISH FOLK-LORE.

A Canadian edition of Rev. Duncan Anderson's "Scottish Folk-Lore" is shortly to be issued by George N. Morang & Company, and it will doubtless meet with a ready sale among people of Scotch descent. Living in Canada as he has for many years, Mr. Anderson turns a retrospective telescope on the town of his nativity more than sixty years ago. As a record of a state of things that has passed or is rapidly passing away, this little book has a distinct value. The little Scotch town, its kirk, its school, its minister, are painted for us with an affectionate attention to detail that rivet the attention of the reader. Occasionally there is an amusing anecdote, as when Mr. Anderson shows the care that the pedagogues took in those days not only in teaching what they held to be pure English, but in getting their pupils to read with an eye to punctuation as well, without which the sense of the passage might have escaped them altogether. "A neighbouring teacher fell upon the unique plan of getting his pupils to pronounce the word tick whenever a comma occurred in a sentence; a semi-colon and colon received two ticks,' while the full stop elicited three 'ticks.' This was to be practised, however, for a short time only, and as the school examination approached the ticks' were duly dropped, and dummy ticks,' so to speak, were used. The great day came at last, and the Bible-class was paraded for duty. Unfortunately the dux had been absent for a few days, and had not been made aware of the new order abolishing the 'ticks.' The chapter for the day was duly pointed out, and the dux, evidently in his nervousness, skipping several important parts of the passage, yet, in a clear and distinct voice, astonished the listening divines with a new rendering of the Scripture lesson :-'And the Lord said unto Moses, tick, say unto the children of Israel, tick, tick; and Moses said unto the children of Israel, tick, tick, tick.'"

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Houghton, Mifflin & Co. have just ready "Letters of Carlyle to His Youngest Sister," edited, with an introduction, by Charles T. Copeland, who has taken a most judicious view of his duties in editing these letters, written to Mrs. Hanning, in Canada, from 1832 to the end of his life.

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