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effort to keep it what it is intended to be-a truly national publication. Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper will contribute to the September number an article on "Canada's International Status."

"Godey's Magazine" for August presents several bright topics for pleasant midsummer reading. Among these are the illustrated travel stories, "Fisher Folk of the Gulf of Mexico," by Leonora E. Ellis, and Life among the Germans at "Freiburg, in Baden," by Katharine F. Reighard, that tells of the lives and customs of certain people little understood by American readers. An article on "The Lebanon Shakers," by Charles S. Haight, is also of marked interest; and a contribution on "The Chicago Public Library" adds a feature not before covered. Two special topics of popular character are found in George E. Walsh's "Gold Extraction from Sea Water," and Andrew T. Sibbald's "Odd Facts About Telegraphy," both full of suggestiveness and information.

The fiction of this issue is especially strong. The principal stories are the continuation of the "Golden Sorrow," the last work of the late Maria Louise Pool, and the closing chapters of "The City Beyond," Agnes L. Pratt's singular tale of " died and dwells in the next planet." Added to these features are a unique Japanese tale written in Japanese style by Adachi Kinuosuke, and a droll story by Alma Carlton, "Brother Dunstan and the Crabs."

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A superb frontispiece by H. W. Phillips, with descriptive poem, "The Tiger," opens the issue of the magazine, and is followed by a charming series of pictures of the "Prominent People of the American Stage of To-day."

A sketch of the life and work of Maria Louise Pool with recent portrait; some timely topics discussed by the editor; and an especially breezy instalment of "The Scrap Book," add to the value of the August number. The illustrations throughout are bright.

CHILDREN AND STARS.

When Doctor Isaac Watts wrote his wellknown hymn beginning:

"Twinkle, twinkle little star,
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky,'

he knew what he was about, and as an observer of Nature had rightly come to the conclusion that children take a good deal of interest in the stars. Numerous books have been written with a view to teach the young idea how to view the heavenly bodies. Some of these have been of too technical a nature to answer their purpose, while others have erred on the side of being too infantile. We do not remember to have seen any work so well suited to teach a child something of the wonders of astronomy as the "Stories of Starland," by Mary Proctor, daughter of the well-known lecturer, Richard A. Proctor. Mr. Morang announces a Canadian copyright edition of this work for next month, and at the moderate price of 75 cents it should have a large

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and continuous sale. This is not an ephemeral production for a season only. If we mistake not, it is a book which will sell for years. It is one of the most charming and instructive books for children that have

been issued for many years. The great truths of astronomy are so clothed and interwoven in story that the child reader is lead entranced through the fairy land of stars under the guidance of this delightful author. Legends of the moon and the stars are told in a most entertaining manner, many appearing in print for the first time.

Miss Proctor absorbed from constant com.

panionship with her father a love of the science, as well as a wealth of information. As a popular writer, she has contributed articles on her favorite subject to the "Youth's Companion," "The Chautauquan." "Popular Astronomy," "Knowledge," "Scientific American," ""The Universe," and many other periodicals. Her "forte " is in writing to children and as a lecturer. She gave a course of popular lectures in Chicago during the World's Columbian Exposition, and Major Pond said of her: "Miss Proctor awoke to find herself famous." Since then she has been in great demand as a popular lecturer and has lectured in nearly all the large cities of the United States. Under the auspices of the Board of Education she has delivered nearly fifty lectures to the general public in New York city. She has also delivered many lectures to audiences of children, and the fact that "the children were still and listened attentively for an hour" is evident that she can talk to children." Her book is as entertaining as her lectures. She is especially happy in her language and uses very few, if any, words unfamiliar to the child. Scientific terms are avoided as far as possible, and the

book is not only adapted as a supplementary reader for schools, but as a popular book for children in the home.

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AUTHORS ARE PAID.

SOME INTERESTING CORRESPONDENCE AS TO

CANADIAN LITERARY CONTRIBUTIONS.

The following correspondence and editorial comment, interesting to all who have anything to do with the market for literary wares in the Dominion, recently appeared in the Quebec "Morning Chronicle":

CANADIAN LITERATURE.

To the Editor of the "Morning Chronicle."

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SIR,-Your contemporary, the "Montreal Witness," prints the following in its review of Morang's new annual "Our Lady of the Sunshine": "This is a real step forward in the way of centralizing the efforts of Canadian writers and making our literature more obviously a national possession. The best of our native story-tellers have, so far, sought recognition abroad rather than at home. This need not be the case if the sentiment, and we may add the market, for Canadian things were properly developed through just such means as this Summer Annual.' Is it possible that the "Witness" believes just what it says, or does it not know that the publication in question does nothing for the development of a Canadian market for literature, pays nothing to its contributors, and consequently does not secure the best of our native storytellers, who still have to seek recognition abroad rather than at home? Mr. Morang can find many to write for his annual, for the mere printing of their work, but there are some who place a higher value upon their wares. Q. E. D.

Quebec, 23rd July, 1898. To this the editor of the publication in question makes the following reply:

CANADIAN LITERATURE.

To the Editor of the "Morning Chronicle": SIR,--My attention has been called to a letter under the above heading, signed "Q. E. D.," which appeared in your issue of July 25th. I am very sorry I did not see it earlier, but I hope you will allow me to give the statements of the anonymous writer a most unqualified denial. He finds fault with the commendatory review of "Our Lady of the Sunshine," which appeared in the "Montreal Witness," and especially with the declaration of the writer of that notice that our "Summer Annual" is a help to Canadian literature, and he further says that our contributions are not paid for. That is not true. With the exception of a few articles, the writers of which freely give of the fruit of their pens to our enterprise, all contributors have been paid at better magazine prices than is usual in Canada. There are 29 writers represented in the Annual. No fewer than 22 of these have received satisfactory cheques. "Q. E. D." can easily prove the truth of this statement; he should have been certain of the reverse before writing his peevish letter. We regard the paying of our contributors as a business principle which it is well to adhere to. I am glad to say that our venture has been received with a chorus of approval by press and public, and that Morang's Midsummer Annual is "here to stay." If "Q. E. D."

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To the Editor of the Mail and Empire:

SIR, The correspondence from the Quebec "Chronicle," reproduced in your columns yesterday, referring to Mr. Morang's

Our Lady of the Sunshine," and the remuneration of Canadian authors, is worthy of more than passing notice. Considering the disadvantages under which Canadian authors have suffered in the past and are suffering to-day, the matter for surprise is not so much that the remuneration of Canadian authors is so small, but that there is any remuneration at all, in Canada, for them. Look at the facts. Prior to 1886, the Canadian author who had written a book and was foolish enough to first print it in Canada, so as to help Canadian printers and other Canadian workmen, enjoyed copyright in Canada only. Any publisher in the United Kingdom or the United States could reprint the work without even the formality of asking permission. The British author enjoyed copyright in Canada, but the Canadian author had no copyright in Great Britain. This, of course, was most unfair to the Canadian author. But its worst aspect was the nipping in the bud of Canadian publishing. These points were plain enough to Canadians. Yet it took years of agitation before the British Parliament could be induced to grant relief on this point. Since 1886 a book first published in Canada has enjoyed copyright throughout the British Dominions. This was some encouragement to Canadian writers and to Canadian publishing interests. At the same time, it is a fact that the interests of both these classes have been grievously retarded on account of the Imperial authorities refusing assent to copyright legislation passed by the Canadian Parliament.

At the pres

sent time, an author who writes a book and first prints it in the United States may and does secure copyright throughout the British Dominions and the United States-thus covering practically the English-speaking world. On the other hand, a Canadian author who writes a book and first prints it in Canada cannot secure copyright in the United States.

What is the natural result of this ridiculously one-sided arrangement ? Simply that many Canadian authors are driven to dispose of their manuscripts to foreign publishers, and we have the poor satisfaction of seeing Canadian publishing interests stunted, while those of the United States flourish like the proverbial green bay tree. Why did Prof. Drummond get his excellent volume of dialect verse printed in the United States? Why did Miss Marshall Saunders get her new story, "Rose a Charlitte". one of the cleverest stories yet written by a

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Canadian-printed in the United States ? Why has Prof. Goldwin Smith had his later books printed in the United States ? All these books could have been printed in Canada in as good a style as they have been printed in the United States. But what Canadian publisher could offer the figures of the United States publisher, when the Canadian publisher knew he would have to set up the type for the books in the United States if he desired United States copyright on them!

If, then, Canadian authors wish to secure a higher remuneration for their work from Canadian publishers, it would seem to be in the interests of Canadian authors to give their moral assistance to those who are en

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deavoring to stimulate Canadian publish- Mucilage, ing interests. If those who sympathize with this view of the case would send me their names and addresses, I should be glad to communicate further with then. Yours, etc.,

RICHARD T. LANCEFIELD. Public Library, Hamilton, Aug. 18.

DEATH OF MR. DAVY.

John Davy, secretary of the Toronto Public Library, died on the 9th inst. Mr. Davy had been ill for some time on account of a stroke of paralysis which he suffered in the spring. He seemed to recover, however, and returned to his duties at the library. He had a relapse a few weeks later, and since then had been steadily sinking. Mr. Davy was born in London, England, 72 years ago, and came to Toronto in 1854. He was appointed secretary to the Mechanics' Institute, and afterwards to the Public Library. Besides a large number of friends who held him in high esteem, Mr. Davy leaves a widow and two sons to mourn his loss. Deceased was a prominent member of the Masons, belonging to Rehoboam Lodge.

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"Many books have been published on the Care of the Sick by medical men and by nurses, but, for the comprehensiveness of its contents and general utility, none has ever equalled the volume now under consideration. Dr. Billroth is a medical scientist of world-wide reputation, is Professor of Surgery in Vienna-it is not often that a man of his position will condescend to produce a book for the use of families and nurses. The translation is excellently well done-it has a large number of diagrams for the help of the reader, those dealing with bandaging and splints being especially useful. Billroth deals with everything connected with the science and art of nursing, whether in the home, hospital, or in epidemics; and the chapter on the care of nervous patients and those mentally diseased, of great value. A special chapter is devoted to aid in accidents, and a whole chapter to the important subject of food and diet. No details are considered too small or unimportant. Both author and translator may be congratulated on the admirable

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