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[For other Correspondence see page 796]
To the Editors of The Outlook:
Your letter of October 15, 1896, was duly received. I should be glad to take your paper, but I think $3 is too high these times under a gold standard. Two dollars will buy as much now as $4 would a few years ago. As you are in favor of the existing gold standard, you ought to be satisfied to reduce the price of your paper to $2. You are too intelligent to believe that bimetallism will ever be established by the co-operation of Great Britain and the principal co mmercial nations, unless it is first established by the United States. What the St. Louis platform says about it is a "tub thrown to amuse the whale."
I am in favor of a paper currency based on gold and silver in the Government vaults, dollar for dollar. I would cancel all greenbacks and Treasury notes as fast as they are redeemed; have no banks of issue and circulation; wind up all national banks as fast as their charters expire; would favor and regulate banks of deposit and discount; issue government certificates on all the gold and silver bullion offered at the present weight and ratio, and make them a legal tender for all debts, public and private; coin the bullion at the convenience of the Government; pay creditors gold or silver at the option of the debtor; place gold and silver on an equality as
The country will then have a stable currency, not based on confidence or fiat money, and not liable to create a panic for fear it cannot or will not be kept on a par with gold, as the gold and silver parties alternate in power; a currency that will expand as fast as the wealth and population of the country expand. It will require no expert skill in banking to provide a currency of that kind. Such a revolution in the currency should be wrought out gradually, with a desire to produce as little disturbance of business and injustice as possible.
Very likely gold would go to a premium at first. but the immense demand for silver would so enhance its value that the two metals would soon circulate at par as money. Its commercial value, fixed by the gamblers of the stock exchange in London, Berlin, Paris, and New York, would fluctuate, but the mint value would be practically stable. Our experience from 1792 to 1873 shows that such a currency in substance could be established, if gold financiers would consent to it. Then the currency question would not be political.
It appears to me that the "two principles by which we may well be guided in times of moral perplexity," found on page 643 of The Outlook for October 10th, are too shadowy to be applied to this currency question, when you agree that we are suffering from the fraud of 1873 demonetizing silver, when the Matthews resolution, January 25-28, 1878, passed the Senate by a vote of two to one, and the House by a vote of three to one, provided" that to return to its coinage such silver coins as legal tender in payment of said bonds, principal and interest, is not a violation of the public faith, nor in derogation of the rights of the public creditors," when the House passed a free-coinage bill in 1890, which McKinley voted for, and when the Senate now has a majority of nine for free silver. If the doctrine of your two moral principles had prevailed, slavery never would have been abolished. Where one creditor will be hurt by free coinage, fifty debtors will be benefited; and many creditors will be more benefited by the appreciation of other property than hurt by decline in money.
If these low prices continue until a majority of the farmers become tenants of their creditors, the country at large will suffer more than it will if a few thousand creditors lose a few millions of dollars by the decline in money. Let me state a case. The great majority of our creditors are the holders of greenbacks, and the bonds bought with greenbacks. They cost, on an average, fifty cents on the dollar, measured in gold. Under a gold standard they have doubled in value by the appreciation of gold, giving them a profit of four dollars to one. Do you call that just? Would there be any injustice now to redeem the greenbacks and bonds in silver worth fifty-three cents on the dollar, measured by the commercial value (which is not the mint value) and 100 cents by the mint or money value? I have tried to condense. Hope I am understood. D. L. PRATT, Ex-Cir. Judge.
A Clergyman's View To the Editors of The Outlook: Democracy and republican institutions are being greatly distrusted and discredited by those who have been unflinching supporters of popular government. Men and papers whose views naturally allied them with popular movements heretofore have become, strange to say, and in an hour when the Nation needed them most, either direct upholders of unrepublican policies, or apologizers for a busi
ness and economic system whose evils are widely felt and acknowledged.
Into certain aspects of this conduct The Outlook has entered, which, if the writer understand the position of an accredited independent catholic jour
nal—a journal imbued with the scientific and social
spirit-is a step its friends did not expect to see it
take. To instance, The Outlook of June 27 said, in substance, that we are obliged to take the judgment
of experts upon the money question, though experts are likely to be biased, or are not always disinterested parties; that the gold standard has worked great injury and injustice; that free coinage of silver would, without the consent of the leading nations to bimetallism, produce greater injustice and inequality; and that, therefore, we had better remain under a gold standard, though serious evils attend it, until bimetallism is secured by international agreement. The admissions in the above declaration are all that the gold-standard advocates asked in the opening of the campaign, as subsequent
discussion has proven.
The first admission is that the money question must be referred to experts; the next is that silver monometallism would be worse than gold monometallism; the third is that bimetallism cannot exist without the joint agreement of nations.
These neutralize completely the accusations, which are, first, that experts may be selfish; and, second, that gold has wrought great injustice.
Now, the logic of all who have supported the St. Louis platform is that expert judgment assures the only safe financial policy; that the people are not capable of rendering a just decision upon so important a matter, and, therefore, they should vote for a financial system proposed by those who believe that gold is the only sound basis for money, or is the only money furnished by commercial experience and nature; that no legislation is needed upon the question. Hence The Outlook's first admission is made the reason for shifting the whole question of finance from the people, from legislation, from Congress, to the men who are called experts, and these are the few who have pronounced the gold standard sound and safe. This virtually distrusts the popular convictions, which are bimetallic, and which have arisen, not out of unmoral nor immoral people, but out of those basic virtues which declare what is just and right between men.
Concerning the second admission of The Outlook, that silver would be worse than gold as the only basic money, it turns out that the party The Outlook supports holds, in the arguments made, that the gold standardihas no evils and has not wrought great injustice, and hence it is not to be set aside. And as to having bimetallism by international agreement, the arguments of this party are that the commercial nations do not want bimetallism. This was the only thing in The Outlook's deliverance that pointed to the settlement of the question by popular consent; and yet, after the Republican leaders, speakers, and interpreters have spent the time in this campaign in showing that bimetallism has proven a failure in the commercial nations, it seeks to swell the vote for Mr. McKinley in a series of editorials saying that he is more likely to secure bimetallism for us than Mr. Bryan. If this party had made an argument throughout the discussion harmonizing with its plank on the money issue, or had acknowledged the evils of the present system and that we must get around to bimetallism as soon as possible, The Outlook would not be in quite so bad an attitude, and it would not have given substantial aid to views that seriously distrust the popular mind of this country. The Outlook contends strongly for democracy and the acceptance of democracy's results, though these may involve some evils; but this writer has noticed that when a real issue arises in politics-not in religion or theology-it departs from its creed.
It is time for journals and teachers who feed the social virtues to show absolute or practical faith in their philosophy.
G. E. CUNNINGHAM, Pastor M. E. Church.
Had Never Picked a Flower Thirty-five boys and girls in Chicago, who recently applied for admission to the Joseph Medill Summer School, were asked to answer the following six questions: 1. Were you ever in the woods? 2. Did you ever see the lake? 3. Did you ever pick a flower? 4. Were you ever in the park? 5. Did you ever ride in a wagon behind horses? 6. Did you ever ride in a car on the railroad?
On examining the answers it was found that thirty out of thirty-five had never been in the woods, nineteen had never seen Lake Michigan, eight had never picked a flower. During the writing of the answers one little girl was
help some people by pointing out the right way. They won't see it. Even if you prove to them that it's the easiest way, and the safest, and cheapest, they won't walk in it. But this isn't so with all. It's only a few, comparatively. We're not complaining. There are millions of women who have seized on Pearline's way of washing-glad to save their labor, time, clothes, and money with it. Most women don't need much urging when they fully understand all the help that comes with Pearline. 500
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The regular winter schedule of trains to Lakewood via the Central Railroad of New Jersey went into effect October 13. This is the only route to the great resort in the New Jersey pines, and the Company offers a service up to the highest standard of excellence. Trains leave New York, station foot of Liberty Street, as follows: 1:45 and 4:40 P.M., reaching Lakewood at 3:35 and 6:25 P.M., respectively. Each train carries a Pullman car through. Express trains to New York leave Lakewood at 7:45 and 10:50 A.M. Two of the large hotels are now open; likewise many of the cottages.
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TRAVELERS' R. R. GUIDE Formerly Appletons'. R. R. Maps and Time-Tables. Conveniently Indexed. Monthly-25 cents. 24 Park Place. N. Y.
Europe and The Orient
Select Party will leave New York January 5, 1897, by express steamer" Columbia," 106 days' tour through Italy, Greece, Syria (Damascus), Palestine, Egypt, the Nile (to first cataract), the Riviera (Nice), Switzerland, France, and England. Strictly firstclass; exceptional advantages. For particulars of winter and summer tours address Mrs. M. A. CROSLEY, 502 Bedford Ave. Brooklyn. or Norwich, Conn.
If you will write, telling us as to what sort of a trip you are planning for, we shall be glad to give you all the information possible bearing on the points to be visited and the routes thereto. No charge is made for this service to Outlook readers. Address RECREATION DEPARTMENT, THE OUTLOOK, 13 Astor Place, N.Y.
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Through rates and bills of lading to all Oriental ports. Special rates for Missionaries. For freight,
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Accommodation for 400 guests. Occupies ar entire block. Souvenir mailed. G. G. GREEN, Owner. J. H. HOLMES, Mgr.
BAXTER TERRACE Santa Barbara,
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Be sure to include in your itinerary a sojourn at the beautiful
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Charming winter resort. Climate beyond compare.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.: The Antlers
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to meet with a family of four or five adults to board with them for the winter. Highest references given and required. Address G. F. R., No. 2,027, The Outlook Co.
New York City
Broadway and 11th St., NEW YORK Opposite Grace Church EUROPEAN PLAN Rooms $1.00 per Day and Upward In a modest and unobtrusive way there are few better conducted hotels in the metropolis than the St. Denis. The great popularity it has acquired can readily be traced to its unique location, its homelike atmosphere, the peculiar excellence of its cuisine and service, and its very moderate prices. WILLIAM TAYLOR & SON.
Proprietors of first-class city or winter resort hotels desiring a manager, or one to take charge of steward's department, are requested to address the advertiser, who has indorsements of the highest character for either position. Address G., No. 2,028, care The Outlook.
ELMIRA, N. Y.
1852 (Formerly Elmira Water Cure) 1896
REST AND RECREATION GUESTS RECEIVED WITH OR WITHOUT MEDICAL ATTENTION
Pure Spring Water: Good Table; Fine Views; Pure Air. All forms of Baths, Electricity, and Massage. All modern improvements. Under the care of medical graduates of long experience. Send for illustrated Booklet.
Dr. Strong's Sanitarium
Saratoga Springs, N. Y.
For health or pleasure. The appointments of a firstclass Hotel. Elevator, electric bells, sun-parlor, and promenade on the roof. Suites of rooms with baths. Massage, Electricity, all baths and health appliances. New Turkish, Russian, and Natural Sulphur-Water baths. Dry tonic air, Saratoga water, croquet, lawn-tennis, etc. Open all the year. Send for illustrated circular.
A Sanatorium for those Seeking Health and Rest under the Medical management of experienced Physicians. Neptune Brine Baths, for RHEUMATISM, GOUT, and NERVOUS DISEASES. Neptune Spring is a 67 Brine, containing the largest amount of Chloride of Calcium of any Spring in the world. Carbonated Neptune Brine Baths (the Nauheim treatment), for chronic diseases of the Heart. All approved forms of Hydrotherapy and Electricity, Massage, Swedish Movements, Turkish and Russian Baths. Valuable Mineral Springs, Muriated, Alkaline, Chalybeate, Iodo-Bromated, and Brine, especially efficacious in disorders of Digestion, Gouty conditions, Diabetes, Anæmia, Nervous diseases, and Chronic affections of the Kidney.
Climate mild, dry, and equable. No Malaria. No Hay Fever. Location overlooks thirty miles of Seneca Lake. Sixty acres of private Park, Golf Links, Tennis Courts, Bowling-Alleys, &c. All the appointments of a first-class hotel. No Insane or other objectionable cases reccived. Correspondence with physicians solicited. Send for illustrated book.
WM. E. LEFFING WELL, Manager, Watkins, N.Y.
Oak Crest Spring Valley, N.Y.
for invalids and aged people. Situated in the beautiful Ramapo Hills. A very healthy neighborhood. Pleasant drives over well-kept roads. Modern improvements Write E. E. POTTS, Spring Valley, N. Y.
Notes and Queries
1. Does Christ teach that God is the Father of all men? If so, where? Was not the Sermon on the Mount, in which the Fatherhood of God is implicitly taught, addressed primarily to the disciples alone? Does not Christ, in John viii., 41 ff., explicitly deny that God is the Father of some? Do you think the preaching of the universal Fatherhood of God is harmful on the ground that men, if taught that they already are sons of God, will think nothing further is necessary? 2. In Matt. xix., 17, where Christ asks, "Why callest thou me good?" does he deny his own sinlessness? 3. How does Kains's Introduction to Philosophy" rank, and by whom is it published? 4. I notice a recent correspondent asks for a text-book on systematic theology written from the standpoint of modern scholarship, and you reply, "There is none." I think "An Outline of Christian Theology," by Professor William N. Clarke, of Hamilton Theological Seminary, which can be obtained direct of Dr. Clarke, would be the thing your correspondent desires. R. A. A.
1. The parable of the Prodigal Son, referring as it does to "publicans and sinners," is conclusive proof that Jesus taught the universal Fatherhood of God. The text you refer to does not deny this, but shows only what men make themselves to be, as in Matt. xxiii., 15 (R. V. marg.). The preaching of this truth is no more harmful than preaching what Paul referred to as "the goodness of God [which] leadeth thee to repentance" (Rom. ii., 4). 2. No; see R. V. and margin. In reading the different version of this saying found in Mark x., 18, Luke xviii., 19, emphasize the why." This will put you on the line of Jesus's suggestion to his inquirer, viz., that if the address "Good Master" conveyed more than a compliment, it practically acknowledged Jesus's authority to answer him by the Spirit of God, since he could be really good only as God was in him. 3. We do not know the book, and have endeavored to find it without success. 4. Another friend writes: "Dr. Clarke's 'Outline' is one of the best books I know on the subject. It is written from the standpoint of modern scholarship." The Baptist Publication Society, Fifth Avenue, New York, can supply it, at $2.50.
Please explain to me the essential difference, if any, between the Unitarians and the Liberal Orthodox. One sometimes hears it said by a Unitarian in speaking of a minister of the Liberal Orthodox variety," He is a good enough Unitarian for me," and yet he always denies that he is a Unitarian. A CONSTANT READER.
Those who make such remarks upon single ser mons would qualify them after a three months'
hearing. The essential, though not the only impor
tant, difference is in their estimate of Jesus. Uni
tarians believe Jesus to have been of human paren
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tage on both sides, and to have been related to God
I have been intensely interested in two editorials in your issue of October 17-"A Theological Etching" and "The Invalid." I like the theology that they breathe. Will you be kind enough to state the a system of such theology?
title or titles of one, two, or three volumes that give Russian Sable, Seal, Otter, Mink,
There is a legion of books which are pervaded by such theological ideas, but for systematic theology of that kind see President Hyde's "Outlines of Social Theology" (The Macmillan Company), and Professor W. N. Clarke's "Outline of Christian Theology," a larger work, to be had of the Baptist Publication Society, New York.
Please tell me why the inhabitants of the District of Columbia are not allowed to vote for Presidential electors. I have tried to find out, but no one of whom I have inquired is able to enlighten me. cannot conceive of any reason for the prohibition. F. A. J.
For the same reason that the inhabitants of the Territories have likewise no vote. The Constitution, framed before the District or Territories were organized, provide: for the choice of electors in the States only, in such manner as each State may determine.
A. H.-Your letter has unfortunately been mislaid, so that its queries cannot be reproduced, though answered from memory. For the influence of the North African Church upon Christian theology, see J. B. Heard's "Alexandrian and Carthaginian Theology" (T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh). As to what can be said for the influence of Egypt, see J. F. Clarke's Ten Great Religions." Oriental influences manifested themselves mainly in the Gnostic and Manichæan heresies, which the Church successfully withstood. The development of Mariolatry owes little to any specific outside source.
may be said for Christian eschatology. As to Bishop Brooks's cure of his stammering, we can only repeat, from hearsay, that he overcame it by forcing himself into a habit of rapid speech.
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Ex-President Harrison on
Last Sunday evening ex-President Harrison thus vigorously denounced the attempt to coerce workingmen and the counsel to workingmen to render a feigned submission to the attempt when made:
"My friends, Mr. Bryan assumes that Mr. Ingalls and I have justified coercion. It is an assumption absolutely without truth. [Great applause.] Mr. Ingalls has publicly proclaimed that every employee of every railroad in his charge should be free to vote as he pleased. [Applause.] He has publicly de
Its Diamond Qualities have
won Golden Opinions
ISTORY FOR READY
clared that if any subordinate of his dismissed History for Ready Reference
any man because of his political opinions, or attempted in any way to coerce his action and vote, he would dismiss that man and reinstate the workingman that was dismissed. [Applause.]
"It is not a question at all of justifying coercion. I denounce it; I have always denounced it. I have always proclaimed as American doctrine that every man should vote according to the dictates of his own conscience [applause]; that no man should coerce him, and that his vote, when cast, should be honestly counted. This gentleman does me wrong when he imputes to me any acquiescence in the suggestion that the vote of any man shall be coerced.
"But what of his position? My view of the situation is that if any railroad president, if any employer of labor, attempts to control the political convictions of any employee, he should assert his manhood then and there [great applause], and declare to that president or employer that he would vote as he pleased [continued applause], and that declaration of his will be supported by everybody. [Great applause.]
"I will undertake to defend this principle everywhere, not only here, but if an instance of this kind is brought to my attention I will pledge myself as a citizen and a lawyer to rebuke it. [Great applause.] What shall be said, however, of the suggestion that Mr. Bryan makes? I would have the workingman assert his manhood; not only vote as he pleases, but wear the button that he pleases [applause], march in the parade that he pleases, and ask no man's consent. [Applause.]
"I cannot think of stultification that goes further than for a man to cover his face with a mask and march under a banner that he declares he has to use to conceal his face in order to keep his place. [Applause.] That is not the spirit of a free man, and Mr. Bryan greatly undervalues the manhood of the American workingman when he commends such a programme as that to him. [Applause.] He greatly undervalues the sense of fairness of the American people; for I undertake to say that if there were one well-authenticated instance in the city of Indianapolis where the poorest workingman had been coerced in his convictions, the entire press of the city, the entire public sentiment of the city, would be felt in condemnation of the base act. [Applause.] "
Want advertisements of thirty words or less will be published under this heading at one dollar a week. Four cents a week is charged for each word in excess of thirty.
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AN AMERICAN LADY, refined, amiable, and intelligent, wishes position in charitable organization, as lady's companion, private secretary, or wherever tact and energy are required. Has occupied responsible position. Highest references. Address E. C., Box DD, Danbury, Conn.
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