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arguments, — you may appear to be making a feeble attack, instead of a triumphant defence."
Every orator would do well to study Colonel Chesney's article on battles, in the New Encyclopædia Britannica. Between the lines there is an excellent treatise upon oratory.
NOTE LII. (Page 225.)
An illustration of correct arrangement and transition is found in Burke's speech upon American Taxation:
"The repeal of the tax on tea would not necessarily lead to a demand for further concessions.
The repeal of the other taxes has paved the way for the repeal of this. The exigencies of the East India Company make the repeal necessary. The tax, though small, is none the less unjust; and is foolish from the very fact of being small.
Its repeal is not inconsistent with the dignity of the government, since a repeal of other taxes has taken place under the same circumstances.
Another example is found in the famous speech of Lord Erskine, in behalf of Lord George Gordon :
After the exordium, he begins by reflecting upon the attorney-general for his obscure introduction.
But agrees with him in his estimate of the greatness of the crime of high-treason.
On account of this, the definition of high-treason is most rigidly and explicitly made by the law.
But if this definition be overstrained, the liberty of the subject would be endangered.
From which he proceeds to give a definition of high-treason, and lays down a criterion by which it may be tested, showing that all departures from this have been prudently checked.
The definition is then applied to the present case, and the argument is brought to bear more directly upon the charge, exhibiting the same characteristic of close connection and outgrowth of one argument from another. This is the chief feature of Lord Erskine's style, and distinguishes him beyond others.
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