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ADOPTED IN 1846

WITH A

COMPARATIVE ARRANGEMENT OF THE CON
PROVISIONS OF OTHER STATES, CLAS
BY THEIR SUBJECTS.

PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A COMMITTEE OF THE NEW

CONVENTION OF 1867,

BY FRANKLIN B. HOUG

ALBANY :

WEED, PARSONS & COMPANY, PRINTE

1867.

9

140

PREVIOUS to

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adoption of the exa

cable. A concise sta

to present the variou
It would have b
decisions upon constit

upon the plan as mod
From the blending
stated separately, a stri
this inconvenience less

obviate much of the dif
As a general rule, p
circumstances and condit
have been retained, the a

PREVIOUS to the meeting of the present Constitutional C the various provisions found in the existing Constitutions been prepared by Dr. Franklin B. Hough, with the design comparison and reference in the revision of the Constitutio York. This summary was examined by several delegates to after organization the undersigned were appointed a commit ation the expediency of printing in bill form the present C with such comparative references as might be proper. careful examination of the plan proposed by Dr. Hough, arrangement, but recommended a more extended list of ref the page, in the volume of Constitutions forming the first v where the subject referred to would be found in its pro adoption of the exact phraseology used in the several Cons cable. A concise statement was thought proper in cases wh to present the various provisions upon particular subjects at

It would have been desirable to include in this conne decisions upon constitutional points, but the brief time allo upon the plan as modified, rendered this altogether impracti

From the blending of several subjects into one section,

stated separately, a strict classification could not in all cases this inconvenience less sensible, an extended index has be obviate much of the difficulty of reference.

As a general rule, provisions of a strictly local characte circumstances and conditions that have passed away, are of

have been retained, the analogies which they suggest, were

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(1) N. Y., (182 (2) N. Y., (177

-In order to for
justice, insure d
the common defens
and secure the bles
our posterity, do orda
U. S.,9. [Same exe
"Union," I. 151.
-And secure to our
rights of life, liberty an
and guidance of Alm
lish the following Cons
ment. Ala, 72.
-Having the right to
stitution in conformity
United States of Ameri
our posterity the prot
Federal Constitution,
the rights of liberty and
do agree to continue our
dent State, by the name
ordain and establish the f
government thereof. Ar
-In order more effectual
petuate the liberties, right
have derived from their
careful consideration and r
the following Constitution
ment. Ct. 107.

-In order to secure to ou
the enjoyment of all the
property, and the pursuit
agree, each with the othe
Constitution and form of g
said State. Fla. 128.

-In order to form a permane
justice, insure domestic tra
blessing of liberty to oursel
acknowledging and invoking
God, the author of all good
and establish this Constitution
-To the end that justice be e
maintained, and liberty perpe
of. Ind. 169; Or. 447.

-Grateful to the Supreme B
hitherto enjoyed, and feeling ou
for a continuation of those ble
establish a free and independent
name of. Iowa, 182.

-Grateful to Almighty God for privileges, in order to insure th our rights as American citize establish this Constitution. Kan -We, the representatives of

2 any of the rights or privileges secured to any citizens t

3 of the land, or the judgment of his peers.(2)

(1) N. Y., (1821), 41; Minn., 319. (2) N. Y., (1777), 28; (1821), 41.

PREAMBLE.

-In order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution. U. S., 9. [Same except "government" in place of "Union," I. 151.

-And secure to ourselves and to our posterity the rights of life, liberty and property; invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish the following Constitution and form of government. Ala. 72.

-Having the right to establish for ourselves a Constitution in conformity with the Constitution of the United States of America, to secure to ourselves and our posterity the protection and blessings of the Federal Constitution, and the enjoyment of all the rights of liberty and the free pursuit of happiness, do agree to continue ourselves as a free and independent State, by the name and style of, and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government thereof. Ark. 83.

-In order more effectually to define, secure and perpetuate the liberties, rights and privileges which they have derived from their ancestors, hereby, after a careful consideration and revision, ordain and establish the following Constitution and form of civil government. Ct. 107.

-In order to secure to ourselves and our posterity the enjoyment of all the rights of life, liberty and property, and the pursuit of happiness, do mutually agree, each with the other, to form the following Constitution and form of government in and for the said State. Fla. 128.

-In order to form a permanent government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility and secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our posterityacknowledging and invoking the guidance of Almighty God, the author of all good government, do ordain and establish this Constitution. Ga. 142.

-To the end that justice be established, public order maintained, and liberty perpetuated, we, the people of. Ind. 169; Or. 447.

-Grateful to the Supreme Being for the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our dependence on Him for a continuation of those blessings, do ordain and establish a free and independent government by the name of Iowa, 182.

-Grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious privileges, in order to insure the full enjoyment of our rights as American citizens, do ordain and establish this Constitution. Kan. 198.

-We, the representatives of the people of

in Convention asse citizens thereof the liberty and property, ordain and establish ment. Ky. 209.

i

We, the people of Almighty God for ou taking into our seriou for establishing a goo the sure foundation thereof, declare: M Acknowledging, w of the Sovereign Rul us an opportunity s imploring his aid and do agree to form ours ent State, by the styl -The end of the insti istration of Governm of the body politic, to individuals who comp ing in safety and trai the blessings of life; a are not obtained, the government, and to ta safety, prosperity and -The body politic is tion of individuals; the whole people co each citizen with the governed by certain 1 is the duty of the peo stitution of governme mode of making lav interpretation and a f every man may, at all We, therefore, the 1 with grateful hearts, lator of the Universe, His providence, an peaceably, without entering into an orig with each other; and civil government fo devoutly imploring design, do agree up lowing Declaration ment, as the CONST OF. Mass., 279 -Grateful to God f and desiring to per the same to oursel and establish this C

Grateful to Almi of Nations, for our and our connection acknowledging our

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